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Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 20867: 1998 010 04 M&E, SNAKE RIVER YEARLING FALL CHINOOK SALMON
Project Number:
Title:
Monitor and Evaluate (M&E) Performance of Juvenile Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon from Fall Chinook Acclimation Project
Stage:
Closed
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Blue Mountain Snake Hells Canyon 100.00%
Contract Number:
20867
Contract Title:
1998 010 04 M&E, SNAKE RIVER YEARLING FALL CHINOOK SALMON
Contract Continuation:
Previous: Next:
4025: 1998-010-04 M&E OF YEARLING SNAKE RIVER FALL CHINOOK
  • 25677: 1998 010 04 M & E SNAKE RIVER YEARLING FALL CHINOOK SALMON
Contract Status:
History
Contract Description:
A:  ADMINISTRATIVE SUMMARY:

Organization:  Nez Perce Tribe
Address:  P.O. Box 365, Lapwai, ID 83540
Project Leader:  Stephen J. Rocklage
Telephone:  (208) 843-7145 Ext. 3560
Address:  PO Box 365, Lapwai, ID 83540
Administrative Contact: Arleen Henry
Telephone:   (208) 843-7317 Ext. 2437
Project Period:  January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2005

B:  AUTHORIZATION:

The Northwest Power Planning Council's (NPPC) 1994 Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (FWP), Section 7.5.B.1, called on fisheries managers to:

"As quickly as possible and in consultation with the National Marine Fisheries Service, develop an experimental design for implementing, monitoring and evaluating supplementation, of and, if appropriate, a captive brood stock program for, Snake River fall chinook."

The NPPC 2000 FWP vision is an "ecosystem that sustains an abundant, productive, and diverse community of fish and wildlife", in part, through ecological health assessment, support of native species in native habitat, monitoring and evaluation of program measures, and adaptive management.  Another scientific principle of the FWP (Basinwide Provisions B.2 Principle 7) states that "ecological management is adaptive and experimental."  The FWP calls for an adaptive management approach which involves monitoring and evaluation of implemented programs.  In addition, the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) 2000 Biological Opinion (9.1.6) states "specific scientific studies must be undertaken with rigorous monitoring and evaluation, focusing on determining population status and the mechanisms that regulate salmon populations."  The FCRPS 2000 Biological Opinion (9.1.6) recommends implementing monitoring programs to "provide data for resolving a wide range of uncertainties, including determining population status, establishing causal relationships between habitat (or other) attributes and population response, and assessing the effectiveness of management actions. The information gathered through monitoring programs will be a cornerstone in identifying alternative actions and refining recovery efforts.  Such programs are, therefore, critical to the successful implementation of this RPA."
This project will evaluate the success of fall chinook supplementation above Lower Granite Dam and facilitate management decisions for the future conservation and perpetuation of naturally spawning populations of fall chinook salmon in the Snake and Clearwater Rivers above Lower Granite Dam specifically addressing RPA 184 in the FCRPS 2000 Biological Opinion and as recommended in the FWP, Snake Hell's Canyon and Clearwater Subbasin Summaries and Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit.

C:  COORDINATION:

This project complements and collaborates with several other Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) projects as recommended in the Snake Hell's Canyon and Clearwater Subbasin Summaries.  Foremost is the Fall Chinook Acclimation Project (FCAP), which consists of BPA projects 199801005, 199801007 and 199801008.  These projects are the operations of the Pittsburg Landing, Captain John Rapids, and Big Canyon Fall Chinook acclimation facilities, respectively.  This project conducts monitoring and evaluation on the supplementation yearling and subyearling fall chinook that are reared at Lyons Ferry Hatchery (LFH) and transferred for acclimation and release from these facilities.

This project shares personnel, equipment and vehicles with the fall chinook portion of the Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery M&E (NPTH M&E) Project (198335003).

Beginning in 2003 we took the lead for conducting fall chinook salmon spawning ground surveys on the Grande Ronde, Imnaha and Salmon Rivers.  The NMFS and WDFW complement this project by sampling adult fall chinook returns to LFH and Lower Granite Dam.  The Idaho Power Company (IPC) and USFWS (project 199801003) conduct spawning ground survey activities on the Snake River and the NPTH M&E project (198335003) leads spawning ground surveys in the Clearwater subbasin and Selway River.  

All PIT tagging operations at the acclimation facilities are led by the NPT and may be assisted by WDFW.  PIT tagging activities at Pittsburg Landing in 1996 were conducted cooperatively between the USFWS and NPT.  The USFWS led PIT tagging operations at Pittsburg Landing in 1997 and 1998.  The NPT has led PIT tagging operations at Pittsburg Landing in 1999.  The NPT has led all PIT tagging activities at the Big Canyon Creek facility since 1997 and will continue to do so in the future.  The NPT has led PIT tagging activities at the Captain John Rapids facility since 1998 in close coordination with WDFW.

We coordinate with USFWS Idaho Fish Health Laboratory personnel on the transfer of the fish health sampling data, which we analyze and report.

We coordinate with co-managers (USFWS, WDFW, IDFG, NMFS, IPC, ODFW, etc.) and TAC to develop fall chinook management and monitoring and evaluation planning documents through the US v. Oregon proceedings.

D:  BACKGROUND:

Agreements were reached through U.S. v. Oregon to release 450,000 yearling fall chinook salmon on-station at Lyons Ferry Hatchery as well as and additional 450,000 (total) yearlings from three acclimation facilities above Lower Granite Dam.  The USFWS Lower Snake River Compensation Plan (LSRCP) funded the first two years (1996 and 1997) of this project, through the BPA.  Direct BPA funding began in 1998.  Supplementation of LFH fall chinook yearlings and monitoring and evaluation studies were initiated with the commencement of operations of the Pittsburg Landing acclimation facility on the Snake River in 1996.  The Big Canyon facility on the Clearwater River and the Captain John Rapids facility on the Snake River began operating in 1997 and 1998, respectively.  The acclimation facilities have also accommodated annual releases of up to 2.4 million subyearling fall chinook in all but one year since 1997 due to ample broodstock availability.  Releases have typically occurred at 2 different times, early (May) and late (June).  These subyearling releases have no specific monitoring and evaluation associated with them as mandated in the FCRPS 2000 Biological Opinion, FWP, Snake Hell's Canyon and Clearwater Subbasin Summaries and Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit.  We proposed to the 2002 Provincial Rolling Review to expand our scope to include tagging a portion of the subyearling release groups as these releases have not received funding for monitoring and evaluation, however the additional funds we requested have not been made available.

Our primary study area includes the mainstem Clearwater River from Big Canyon Creek downstream to the mouth, the mainstem Snake River from Pittsburg Landing downstream to the mouth, and the Columbia River from the Snake River confluence downstream to Bonneville Dam.

Our monitoring and evaluation efforts from 1996-2004 have resulted in obtaining up to 9 years of comparative size, condition and health data as well as documenting survival estimates, migration rates and timing of yearlings from the FCAP facilities to Lower Snake and Columbia River dams.  Data from 1999-2003 have been analyzed and annual reports for these years are currently in draft and under review.

Results from the 1996-2004 monitoring and evaluation of yearling fall chinook are encouraging.  Numbers of adult fall chinook returning to Lower Granite Dam have increased dramatically since 1998 (the first year of adults returns from FCAP releases), indicating that supplementation efforts appear to be having positive effects on abundance.  Health assessments for BKD levels have been variable over the years.
Account Type(s):
Expense
Contract Start Date:
01/01/2005
Contract End Date:
12/31/2005
Current Contract Value:
$252,391
Expenditures:
$252,391

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 30-Sep-2020.

BPA COTR:
Env. Compliance Lead:
Contract Contractor:
Work Order Task(s):
Contract Type:
Contract (IGC)
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
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Full Name Organization Write Permission Contact Role Email Work Phone
Deborah Docherty Bonneville Power Administration Yes COTR dldocherty@bpa.gov (503) 230-4458
Arleen Henry Nez Perce Tribe No Administrative Contact arleenh@nezperce.org (208) 621-3833
Paul Krueger Bonneville Power Administration Yes F&W Approver pqkrueger@bpa.gov (503) 230-5723
Steve Rocklage Nez Perce Tribe Yes Technical Contact stever@nezperce.old (208) 476-3626
Kristi Van Leuven Bonneville Power Administration No Contracting Officer kjvleuven@bpa.gov (503) 230-3605
Kelly Wasson Nez Perce Tribe No Administrative Contact kellyw@nezperce.org (208) 843-7317


Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Complete
Deliverable complete A: 118. Attend fall Chinook coordination meetings 12/31/2005 12/30/2005
Deliverable complete B: 122. Local and regional Snake River fall Chinook M&E planning 12/31/2005 12/30/2005
Deliverable complete C: 161. Fish health data summary 12/31/2005 10/11/2005
Deliverable complete D: 157. Collect Length and Weight Data 12/31/2005 10/11/2005
Deliverable complete E: 158. PIT tag yearling and subyearling fall Chinook 10/11/2005
Deliverable complete F: 157. Collect PIT tag data 06/30/2005 10/11/2005
Deliverable complete G: 157. Collect tag/mark retention data 06/30/2005 10/11/2005
Deliverable complete H: 159. Upload/download PIT tag data to/from the PTAGIS database 09/30/2005 10/11/2005
Deliverable complete I: 159. Download river flow and temperature data 12/31/2005 12/30/2005
Deliverable complete J: 162. Analyze PIT tag data 12/31/2005 08/31/2005
Deliverable complete K: 162. Analyze length and weight data 12/31/2005 08/31/2005
Deliverable complete L: 132. Annual Report 12/31/2005 10/11/2005
Deliverable complete M: 165. Ensure environmental compliance requirements have been met 12/31/2005 10/11/2005
Deliverable complete N: 119. Manage and Administer Project 12/31/2005 10/11/2005
Deliverable complete O: 157. Conduct Spawning ground surveys 12/31/2005 12/08/2005
Deliverable complete P: 161. Disseminate Summary Reports 10/31/2005 10/11/2005

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 118 Attend fall Chinook coordination meetings
B 122 Local and regional Snake River fall Chinook M&E planning
C 161 Fish health data summary
D 157 Collect Length and Weight Data
E 158 PIT tag yearling and subyearling fall Chinook
F 157 Collect PIT tag data
G 157 Collect tag/mark retention data
H 159 Upload/download PIT tag data to/from the PTAGIS database
I 159 Download river flow and temperature data
J 162 Analyze PIT tag data
K 162 Analyze length and weight data
L 132 Annual Report
M 165 Ensure environmental compliance requirements have been met
N 119 Manage and Administer Project
O 157 Conduct Spawning ground surveys
P 161 Disseminate Summary Reports
Q 185 Quarterly Reports