Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 30600: 1989 098 00 SALMON STUDIES IN IDAHO RIVERS NPT
Project Number:
Title:
Salmon Studies in Idaho Rivers
BPA PM:
Stage:
Closed
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Mountain Snake Salmon 100.00%
Contract Number:
30600
Contract Title:
1989 098 00 SALMON STUDIES IN IDAHO RIVERS NPT
Contract Continuation:
Previous: Next:
n/a
Contract Status:
Closed
Contract Description:
The purpose of the Idaho Supplementation Study (ISS) is to help determine the utility of supplementation as a potential recovery tool for imperiled stocks of spring and summer Chinook salmon in Idaho.  Our goals are to assess the use of hatchery Chinook salmon to restore or augment natural populations, and to evaluate the effects of supplementation on the survival and fitness of existing natural populations.  The program operates in both the Clearwater and Salmon sub-basins, and encompasses 30 streams throughout Idaho. Sixteen streams have received supplementation treatments and 14 are non-supplemented controls.  Data collection responsibility is partitioned among the Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Nez Perce Tribe, Shoshone-Bannock Tribe, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  
Our experimental design utilizes three main approaches.  The first and main level of evaluation is large-scale population production and productivity studies designed to provide relatively generic inferences state wide.  The second level uses the same study streams as individual “case histories” to evaluate specific supplementation programs (i.e., individual hatchery programs), although inferences at this level are limited to only descriptive assessments.  The third level represents small-scale studies designed to address specific hypotheses concerning the mechanism of supplementation.

The long-term design tests the response of populations to treatments (supplemented) over time compared to controls (non-supplemented).  To evaluate these effects, we monitor a number of production and productivity response variables.  Production variables measure the effects of supplementation on fish numbers.  Productivity variables measure the effect of supplementation on the overall replacement ability of the naturally spawning populations.  Our general hypothesis is that supplementation can increase natural production but not productivity.  However, we hypothesize that reductions in natural productivity can be minimized through the use of locally derived broodstocks (where available) so that enhanced production more than compensates for reduced productivity.  

The ISS study design uses a multi-phased approach to evaluate supplementation. In Phase I, local adult returns were collected to develop supplementation broodstock. Phase II (treatment phase) used the returning supplementation adults to augment natural reproduction in treatment streams. In Phase III, or evaluation phase, supplementation treatments will be terminated, but we will continue to monitor production and productivity in both treatment and control populations for one Chinook salmon generation (i.e., five years). Determining population response after supplementation ceases will provide valuable insight into the long-term effects of supplementation.  Currently, the project is in transition between Phase II and III.

In response to ISRP recommendations, the program’s data sets were assessed, and the original ISS study design was updated in 2005.  The data set review indicated the data will be sufficient to address the program’s two main goals (defined above) and that the ANOVA technique proposed in the original study design would be appropriate for much of the analysis.  Alternatively, regression and graphical techniques were also developed for some data sets as recommended by the ISRP.  The effect of general production hatchery strays into ISS study streams was also addressed in the updated study design.  Additional carcass collections were initiated to better quantify the magnitude of this unintended supplementation and will be continued throughout the remainder of the program.  We also developed a supplemental proposal to use microsatellite DNA parentage analyses to address the relative reproductive success of natural, supplementation, and general production fish in a subset of study streams.  However, this would represent a large and costly commitment by the region, and would require additional funding to undertake.

Of the 30 streams involved in the ISS program, the NPT portion of the project encompasses nine (9) streams; 5 in the Clearwater River sub-basin (Lolo Creek, Eldorado Creek, Newsome Creek, Fishing Creek, and Legendary Bear Creek) and 4 in the Salmon River sub-basin (Slate Creek, Secesh River, Lake Creek, and Johnson Creek).  Treatment streams include Lolo Creek, Newsome Creek, Fishing Creek, Legendary Bear Creek, and Johnson Creek.  The remainder are control streams (Eldorado Creek, Slate Creek, Secesh River, and Lake Creek).  The Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery program (NPTH) (BPA Project No. 1983-350-03) collects all data required by the ISS program in Eldorado Creek and operates adult weirs on Lolo Creek and Newsome Creek as well as juvenile traps on Lolo Creek and Newsome Creek.  All data that is collected is provided to the cooperative ISS project as needed.  The Johnson Creek Artificial Propagation Enhancement program (JCAPE) (BPA Project No. 1996-043-00) collects all data required by the ISS program and operates an adult weir on Johnson Creek as well as a juvenile trap on Johnson Creek.  All data that is collected is provided to the cooperative ISS project as needed.  The Chinook Salmon Adult Abundance Monitoring in Secesh River, Idaho program (BPA Contract No. 1997-030-00) operates a DIDSON weir in Secesh River for adult abundance estimates.  All data that is collected is provided to the cooperative ISS project as needed.  The NPT ISS project (BPA Project No. 1989-098-02) collects all ISS data in Fishing Creek, Legendary Bear Creek, Slate Creek, Lake Creek, and Secesh River and operates juvenile traps in Lake Creek and Secesh River.  In 2007 and beyond, if funding is available and the activity is approved, the NPT ISS project wishes to operate the video weir on Lake Cr..  All data that is collected is provided to the cooperative ISS project as needed.  Coordination between all projects is required to maintain standardization of all data collected by all factions involved within ISS.  When personnel or equipment shortages might occur within cooperating agencies, NPT ISS personnel and equipment are available for temporary use to install or operate equipment or to collect other data as needed to maintain consistent operations and data for the entire cooperative ISS program.  

Since the streams involved in the ISS program are encompassed within numerous National Forests, National Forest Ranger Districts, State, and private lands, coordination amongst numerous Federal, State, Local, and private organizations is required.  Additionally, whether taken directly or indirectly, listed species are taken and coordination with the Federal agencies that are responsible for recovery is necessary (NMFS, USFWS, and State).  A core group of project leaders from each cooperative agency collects and assembles all the data for evaluation and report writing.  Annual reports (based on brood year) are assembled by cooperators, routed to cooperator agencies for approval, and sent to BPA for posting on their website.  As with all cooperators, NPT ISS is available to assist temporarily any cooperator install or maintain equipment, collect data, or coordinate activities as needed.
Account Type(s):
Expense
Contract Start Date:
01/01/2007
Contract End Date:
12/31/2007
Current Contract Value:
$518,701
Expenditures:
$455,929

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-May-2022.

Env. Compliance Lead:
Contract Contractor:
Work Order Task(s):
Contract Type:
Contract (IGC)
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
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Full Name Organization Write Permission Contact Role Email Work Phone
Roy Beaty Bonneville Power Administration Yes COTR rebeaty@bpa.gov (503) 230-5213
Arleen Henry Nez Perce Tribe No Administrative Contact arleenh@nezperce.org (208) 621-3833
Jay Hesse Nez Perce Tribe Yes Supervisor jayh@nezperce.org (208) 621-3552
Jerry Lockhardt Nez Perce Tribe Yes Contract Manager jerryl@nezperce.org (208) 634-5290
Peter Lofy Bonneville Power Administration Yes F&W Approver ptlofy@bpa.gov (503) 230-4193
Shannon Stewart Bonneville Power Administration No Env. Compliance Lead scstewart@bpa.gov (503) 230-5928
Kristi Van Leuven Bonneville Power Administration No Contracting Officer kjvleuven@bpa.gov (503) 230-3605
Kelly Wasson Nez Perce Tribe No Administrative Contact kellyw@nezperce.org (208) 843-7317


Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Complete
Environmental compliance A: 165. Ensure program environmental compliance 02/01/2007 02/01/2007
Installed sampling infrastructure B: 70. Install Screw Traps and Adult Weirs 07/15/2007 06/29/2007
Additional carcass collections C: 157. Additional Carcass Surveys 10/01/2007 09/28/2007
Adult escapement data D: 157. Monitor Adult Escapement into Study Streams 10/01/2007 09/28/2007
Adult DNA samples E: 157. Collect DNA Samples from Adult Chinook Salmon at ISS Weirs 10/15/2007 09/28/2007
Juvenile DNA samples F: 157. Collect DNA from Juvenile Chinook Salmon at ISS Traps 12/01/2007 12/15/2007
Juvenile outmigration data G: 157. Operate Juvenile Screw Traps 12/31/2007 12/27/2007
Migration and survival data H: 159. Manage PIT Tag Files 09/15/2007 09/28/2007
Migration and survival data I: 158. Mark Juvenile and Adult Chinook Salmon 11/30/2007 11/29/2007
Program database J: 159. Upload ISS Juvenile Chinook Salmon Data to Centralized Database 07/30/2007 04/30/2007
Adult production estimate K: 162. Estimate Adult Abundance in ISS Study Streams 10/31/2007 12/27/2007
Juvenile production estimate L: 162. Estimate Juvenile Production in ISS Study Streams 10/31/2007 09/28/2007
Juvenile survival estimate M: 162. Estimate Juvenile Survival to Lower Granite Dam 10/31/2007 10/31/2007
Coded wire tag collection N: 157. Provide Snouts to Laboratories for CWT Extraction and Reading 11/30/2007 11/15/2007
Redd counts and carcass collections O: 157. Conduct Redd Counts and Carcass Surveys 10/15/2007 09/28/2007
Interagency cooperation P: 157. Supplemental Data Collection 12/31/2007 12/27/2007
Program coordination Q: 189. Coordination of project activities between cooperators and outside agencies 08/31/2007 09/28/2007
Public outreach and education R: 99. Public Outreach for Fisheries Education 08/31/2007 08/31/2007
Draft funding package S: 119. Produce CY2008 SOW, budgets, and inventories 09/30/2007 09/28/2007
Joint annual "brood year" report T: 132. Produce Joint Annual Reports 12/31/2007 12/31/2007
ESA compliance U: 141. ESA Take Reporting to NOAAF and USFWS 12/31/2007 12/27/2007

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics Customize

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements
Chinook (O. tshawytscha) - Snake River Spring/Summer ESU (Threatened)
  • 1 instance of WE 70 Install Fish Monitoring Equipment
  • 8 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 158 Mark/Tag Animals
  • 2 instances of WE 159 Transfer/Consolidate Regionally Standardized Data
  • 3 instances of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Chinook (O. tshawytscha) - Snake River Spring/Summer (not listed)
  • 1 instance of WE 70 Install Fish Monitoring Equipment
  • 8 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 158 Mark/Tag Animals
  • 1 instance of WE 159 Transfer/Consolidate Regionally Standardized Data
  • 3 instances of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 165 Ensure program environmental compliance 02/09/2007
B 70 Install Screw Traps and Adult Weirs 02/09/2007
C 157 Additional Carcass Surveys 02/09/2007
D 157 Monitor Adult Escapement into Study Streams 02/09/2007
E 157 Collect DNA Samples from Adult Chinook Salmon at ISS Weirs 02/09/2007
F 157 Collect DNA from Juvenile Chinook Salmon at ISS Traps 02/09/2007
G 157 Operate Juvenile Screw Traps 02/09/2007
H 159 Manage PIT Tag Files 02/09/2007
I 158 Mark Juvenile and Adult Chinook Salmon 02/09/2007
J 159 Upload ISS Juvenile Chinook Salmon Data to Centralized Database 02/09/2007
K 162 Estimate Adult Abundance in ISS Study Streams 02/09/2007
L 162 Estimate Juvenile Production in ISS Study Streams 02/09/2007
M 162 Estimate Juvenile Survival to Lower Granite Dam 02/09/2007
N 157 Provide Snouts to Laboratories for CWT Extraction and Reading 02/09/2007
O 157 Conduct Redd Counts and Carcass Surveys 02/09/2007
P 157 Supplemental Data Collection 02/09/2007
Q 189 Coordination of project activities between cooperators and outside agencies 02/09/2007
R 99 Public Outreach for Fisheries Education 02/09/2007
S 119 Produce CY2008 SOW, budgets, and inventories 02/09/2007
T 132 Produce Joint Annual Reports 02/09/2007
U 141 ESA Take Reporting to NOAAF and USFWS 02/09/2007
V 185 Periodic Status Reports for BPA 02/09/2007