Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 37902: 1992-010-00 EXP FORT HALL HABITAT RESTORATION
Project Number:
Fort Hall Habitat Restoration
Province Subbasin %
Upper Snake Snake Upper 100.00%
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Contract Description:
This Statement of Work addresses the objectives and tasks of the thirteenth year of Project Number 92-10, Fort Hall Reservation Stream Restoration.
The Fort Hall Indian Reservation is located in southeastern Idaho, near Pocatello, and covers roughly 544,000 acres.  Reservation surface-water resources are two large, mountainous watersheds drained by the Blackfoot and Portneuf rivers which eventually flow through the Snake River plain and enter its channel at river miles 750 and 726.  Ferry Butte, at the confluence of the Blackfoot and Snake, is the northern boundary of an undeveloped 29,000 acre prairie draining numerous springs known as the Fort Hall Bottoms.  These spring streams flow southwesterly into the lower channel of the Portneuf River, where 27,000 acres of the Bottoms have been flooded by American Falls Reservoir.  The primary goal of the project is to restore fluvial salmonid habitat that has been degraded by past anthropogenic uses, primarily agriculture, irrigation, livestock grazing, and impounded and regulated river flows.

In March 1992, the Resident Fisheries Program, by cost-sharing Bonneville Power Administration and Bureau of Indian Affairs projects, began a comprehensive program combining instream structures, riparian fencing, and riparian planting-designed to narrow and deepen stream channels, clear spawning gravels, raise water tables, stabilize banks, aggrade silt, provide cover, and reduce summer water temperatures.
In other studies instream structures have increased pools, usable spawning gravel, and undercut banks in an Oregon stream (House and Boehne 1986) and salmonid biomass in two Arizona streams (Rinne 1981).  Numerous examples with beneficial results have been shown using structures in Danish watercourses to restore meanders, banks, riffles, spawning gravels, deep pools, water quality, and fish passage (Madsen 1995).  Stream bank revegetation combined with fencing to exclude livestock has had widespread success in improving riparian vegetation, bank stability, water quality, stream morphology (Madsen 1995; Clary and Webster 1989; Duff 1977) and avifaunal diversity (Dobkin 1998); and although more difficult to prove, well designed studies have shown an associated increase in trout biomass (Madsen 1995; Platts 1981; Platts and Rinne 1985).  Well designed instream structures are expensive and must be considered as part of an overall plan which considers factors which initially produced poor habitat  (Cederholm et al. 1997).

Results from the first nine years of the Fort Hall study show that habitat enhancements in 1.9 km of Clear Creek initially increased wild trout populations 15 times and biomass 10 times over pre-treatment levels.  Density and biomass of fishes have since dropped to near pre-treatment levels.  Within two years a bison exclosure fence around 2.5 km of Clear Creek in the upper pasture reduced bare banks from a 30% frequency to less than 5%, along with an associated re-growth of upper-bank willows, dogwoods, and birch.  Bank stabilization and revegetation work on Spring Creek series 200 and 300, since 1993, has reduced eroding, un-vegetated banks from 15% frequency down to 9% along 9 km of stream.

Activities in 2008 will follow those of previous years, except in the 200 and 300 series of Clear Creek until adequate resolution of buffalo herd is reached, also where experience has enabled streamlining of work and reduction of costs to achieve optimum results.   An overall "gentle," or labor intensive yet low-tech, approach to stream restoration has proven far more effective than more expensive, high-tech, heavy equipment alternatives from both biological and political aspects.   Therefore, further implementation will continue on East Fork of Diggie Creek  in the form of habitat structures, planting and sloping, and fencing of stream banks.  In addition, tracking adult trout movement on and off reservation through telemetry will continue throughout 2004 and 2005.  New sites for enhancement and restoration will include approximately 200m of baseline data on Spring Creek and Big Jimmy for implementation in 2008 and 2009.  However, an exception to the low-tech approach which has proven effective in previous years, the location on Spring Creek car removal project will require the use of and excavator to remove cars from within the channel and fill and restore streambank and channel width utilizing large rock and logs.  Low tech approaches will be utilized on the Big Jimmy site.
Efforts to optimize management of land and water use, especially in relation to irrigation and ranching will continue to be a priority in this project.  Adequate resolution of the buffalo issue will be of high priority in 2008 which will hopefully include reduction and rotation of the herd and monitoring of range vegetation carried out by appropriate departments jointly with the fisheries department. In 2008, exclosure fencing will be erected to protect sensitive springs and riparian areas.  In addition to fencing, suitable areas of bare bank will be sloped and planted with willows.  Areas of stream that have been fenced during the past ten years have shown marked improvements in bank stability and density of riparian plant species.   Jack and Rail exclosure fencing has degraded over time, requiring complete replacement in some areas and frequent repair in others.  Over thirty-five structures/sites on Spring Creek, Big Jimmy Creek and Diggie Creek have been restored using the aforementioned low cost, low tech restoration techniques (Taki and Arthaud 1993; Arthaud and Taki 1994; Arthaud et al. 1995, Arthaud et al. 1996; Moser and Colter 1997, Moser 1998; Moser 1999; Moser 2000).

Overall, the project has continued to capitalize on itself in that restoration sites implemented and completed year after year have ultimately increased the availability of adult and juvenile habitats for native trout, although still limited are these habitats on the bottoms in addition to spawning substrates.  In addition, restoration efforts applied have improved over the life of the project through cost-sharing programs in coordination with BPA project to purchase fencing through the Permit Fishing Program and native wetlands plugs propagated in tribal nursery and outplanted on project sites.  Cost-sharing will continue throughout 2008 utilizing these programs and provide additional services.
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* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 29-Feb-2020.

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Contract (IGC)
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
Click the map to see this Contract’s location details.

Full Name Organization Write Permission Contact Role Email Work Phone
Mickey Carter Bonneville Power Administration Yes Env. Compliance Lead (503) 230-5885
Chad Colter Shoshone-Bannock Tribes No Supervisor (208) 239-4553
Joe Deherrera Bonneville Power Administration Yes COTR (503) 230-3442
Hunter Osborne Shoshone-Bannock Tribes Yes Contract Manager (208) 239-4564
Kristi Van Leuven Bonneville Power Administration No Contracting Officer (503) 230-3605
Shannelll Ward Shoshone-Bannock Tribes Yes Contract Manager (208) 478-3821
Pam Waterhouse Shoshone-Bannock Tribes No Administrative Contact (208) 478-3819
Benjamin Zelinsky Bonneville Power Administration Yes F&W Approver (503) 230-4737

Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Complete
Funding Package - Submit draft to COTR A: 119. routine administration of contract 04/01/2009 06/02/2008
Obtain all EC from BPA B: 165. Clearance from BPA 07/01/2008 05/31/2008
Coordination C: 99. coordination 04/30/2009 03/31/2009
Photos and numbers planted, % survival. D: 47. Protect and Restore Riparian Habitats of the Reservation Streams 04/29/2009 08/29/2008
Fence installed, photo points. E: 40. Install Fence to protect riparian areas and projects 03/28/2009 06/30/2008
Inventory spp. with digital photo and file on desk top computer. F: 190. remove non-native/exotic fish 11/30/2008 06/30/2008
Field data sheets and logged on excel spreadsheets. G: 157. Treatment and control strata in Spring Creek 02/27/2009 06/27/2008
Field data sheets, and entered on computer. H: 157. Treatment and control comparison in Diggie and Big Jimmy Cr. 01/01/2009 12/29/2008
Before/after photos of instream improvements. I: 29. Install Habitat Improvement Structures 02/28/2009 08/07/2008
Attach Progress Report in Pisces K: 132. Submit Progress Report for the period 5.1.07 thru 4.30.08 (FY07) 07/21/2008 07/16/2008
Attach Progress Report in Pisces L: 132. Submit Progress Report for the period 6.1.08 thru 4.31.09 (FY08) 04/27/2009 06/27/2008

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements
Cutthroat Trout, Yellowstone (O. c. bouvieri)
  • 1 instance of WE 190 Remove, Exclude and/or Relocate Animals
  • 1 instance of WE 29 Increase Aquatic and/or Floodplain Complexity
  • 1 instance of WE 40 Install Fence
  • 1 instance of WE 47 Plant Vegetation
  • 2 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 119 routine administration of contract 02/09/2007
B 165 Clearance from BPA 02/09/2007
C 99 coordination 02/09/2007
D 47 Protect and Restore Riparian Habitats of the Reservation Streams 02/09/2007
E 40 Install Fence to protect riparian areas and projects 02/09/2007
F 190 remove non-native/exotic fish 02/09/2007
G 157 Treatment and control strata in Spring Creek 02/09/2007
H 157 Treatment and control comparison in Diggie and Big Jimmy Cr. 02/09/2007
I 29 Install Habitat Improvement Structures 02/09/2007
J 185 Periodic Status Reports for BPA 02/09/2007
K 132 Submit Progress Report for the period 5.1.07 thru 4.30.08 (FY07) 02/09/2007
L 132 Submit Progress Report for the period 6.1.08 thru 4.31.09 (FY08) 02/09/2007