Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 42367: 1988-065-00 EXP IDFG KOOTENAI RIVER INVESTIGATIONS
Project Number:
Title:
Kootenai River Fishery Investigations
Stage:
Implementation
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Mountain Columbia Kootenai 100.00%
Contract Number:
42367
Contract Title:
1988-065-00 EXP IDFG KOOTENAI RIVER INVESTIGATIONS
Contract Continuation:
Previous: Next:
37711: 1988-065-00 EXP IDFG KOOTENAI RIVER FISHERIES INVESTIGATIONS
  • 47135: 1988-065-00 EXP IDFG KOOTENAI RIVER FISHERIES INVESTIGATIONS
Contract Status:
Closed
Contract Description:
The Kootenai River Fisheries Recovery Investigation is managed by the Idaho Department of Fish and Game and is comprised of four major projects collectively called the Kootenai River Fisheries Recovery Investigations.  Most of the investigations are transboundary in nature and cooperative with various state, federal, provincial, and tribal agencies.  Notable past accomplishments include determination that the fish community in the Kootenai River since Libby Dam has changed to a greater representation of omnivores; the Kootenai River is nutrient poor and that the additions of phosphorus has improved primary production, secondary production and most recently fish biomass; Kootenai River white sturgeon spawning migration can be accurately predicted by river temperature and stage;  micro habitat and spawning locations of sturgeon have been shown (10 or m of water, sand, temp of 8 C or more and velocities of 0.5 m/s) and that about 60 kcfs is necessary to scour sand from existing cobbles and gravels to provide more suitable spawning substrates; sturgeon spawn first at Shorty's Island and as the season progresses move further up stream but also with high discharge; sturgeon adults are perishing at about 9% a year with only about 10 new recruits a year and that within 20 years the population will be extinct, with mitigated flows sturgeon spawn but the spawning substrate is unsuitable for satisfactory incubation and rearing, PVA studies suggest that at least 210 recruits each year are now necessary to recover the population in 25 years; burbot travel rate, migration and spawning is dictated by discharge with high discharge>12 kcfs during winter impairing burbot spawning, also warmer winter temperatures are delaying migration and may have disrupted burbot maturation and spawning synchrony PVA studies have also been accomplished for burbot rehabilitation with an interum goal of 5,500 fish and an ultimate goal of 17,500; bull trout numbers are stable but low spawning primarily in Calahan creeks; rainbow trout recruitment and growth is low and that there are at least two life history forms with adfluvial fish in the Deep Creek drainage and primarily fluvial fish above Bonners Ferry, Boulder Creek in Idaho is the most important tributary to rainbow recruitment but about 50% of the adults spawn in Montana tributaries.  These accomplishments and more are also found in more than 35 annual reports and about18 peer reviewed publications with several more in progress.  Also, included in the investigation is the cost of restoring Smith Creek to it's natural channel and rejoining the Kootenai River and habitat work on several tributaries that have barriers to rainbow trout spawning.

1) First the white sturgeon measures were taken to rehabilitate the Kootenai River white sturgeon population, an endangered species, the goal is to rehabilitate sturgeon to a fishable level and remove them from the ESA list.  The FY8 goals and tasks will focus on assessing the management application of the "Pilot Project" site and woody material each is or will be in a high use spawning site with the objective of recovery for white sturgeon, the Pilot Project is the first phase of habitat enhancement of a sturgeon spawning site to improve incubation and rearing habitat.  Adult sturgeon will have VEMCO transmitters implanted and their activity around the proposed site will be determined to document Pilot Project use.   This will provide information for future habitat enhancement work. In Aug of 2006 the USACE initiated the Pilot Project by placing  large rock in the Kootenai River at this spawning site.  A stratified random sampling method will be used to statistically document the use of the Pilot Project for the second year and compared to other spawning locations, non-spawning locations and preferred spawning locations.  This will be done through a series of sampling techniques at each early life stage.  Also, juvenile sturgeon will be sampled to identify the success of recovery measures by the USACE as mitigation for sturgeon spawning and recruitment.  Further, juvenile wild and hatchery sturgeon will be sampled in July and August to determine hatchery sturgeon survival and contribution of wild sturgeon from previous mitigation measures by the USACE and BPA.  There will also be an evaluation of a very substantial laval release.

2) A burbot (a species of special concern) investigation in FY09 is designed to determine the management application of measures through a Conservation Strategy to rehabilitate burbot and it is undertaken each fall and winter.  This Goal to is to rehabilitate burbot to a fishable level.  Burbot are winter spawners and the most important measures are designed to improve spawning migration by reducing temperature and discharge in the river.  The capture of adults pre and post spawn and biopsies provides vital information on whether or not these measures result in spawning.  Larval tows are made and light traps are set to search for evidence of spawning success with the capture of larva.   An experimental release of burbot larva in a small pond in the Kootenai basin had moderate success.  But larvae released in a pen in the same pond had 78% survival.  Draining of the pond revealed an estimate of about 99 burbot fingerlings were reared by the begining of September 2008.  Burbot will be sampled at the larvae stage and growth measured. The purpose would be to rear burbot extensively and release them as fingerlings in the Kootenai River for a recovery measure.  

3) Ecosystem nutrient restoration to restore nutrients to the Kootenai River was first undertaken in FY05 with a goal to improve primary production lost to the nutrient sink affect of Lake Koocanusa.  The Kootenai River is the largest river in the world that nutrients are purposely being added to to restore primary production and fish growth and survival.  The main objective is to measure the response at the various trophic levels, this is a cooperative investigation with the Kootenai Tribe of Idaho.  The main tasks will involve not only calculating P and N releases and the precise ratio needed daily but biomonitoring of all food transfer levels from algae to the fish community.   Results in FY05, through 08 showed great promise to improve primary production, secondary production, and fish biomass.  Under the nutrient restoration program, mountain whitefish are being studies in particular as an indicator species of ecosystem health before and after nutrients are added.  In 2009 the trout studies will be combined with the addition of winter rainbow trout telemetry.
Account Type(s):
Expense
Contract Start Date:
05/01/2009
Contract End Date:
04/30/2010
Current Contract Value:
$745,753
Expenditures:
$745,753

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Oct-2022.

BPA COR:
Env. Compliance Lead:
Work Order Task(s):
Contract Type:
Contract (IGC)
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
Click the map to see this Contract’s location details.

No photos have been uploaded yet for this Contract.

Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Complete
Temporal and spatial extent of white sturgeon spawning events A: 157. Egg Mat Sampling 03/31/2010 07/10/2009
Embryo or free embryo release and larval white sturgeon sampling B: 157. Early Life History Studies 04/30/2010 04/30/2009
Year class strength/contribution of wild juvenile white sturgeon will be determined C: 157. Recruitment of juvenile white sturgeon 03/31/2010 03/31/2009
Adult white sturgeon tagging and population trends D: 158. Kootenai River White Sturgeon Adult Sampling and Movements 03/31/2010 10/15/2009
White Sturgeon Annual Report Completed E: 132. White sturgeon Annual Report for the period 5/01/09 to 04/30/10 04/30/2010 04/30/2010
Identify costs to improve fish passage at degraded habitat F: 157. Identify costs to remove barriers or improve degraded habitat 04/28/2010 03/05/2010
Evaluate effectiveness of extensive rearing of larval burbot G: 157. Evaluate burbot extensive rearing survival 04/30/2010 04/29/2010
Bull trout redd surveys H: 157. Bull trout redd surveys and population trends 10/01/2009 10/01/2009
Collect salmonid population data prior to barrier removal or habitat restoration I: 157. Collect salmonid population data prior to barrier removal or habitat restoration 04/30/2010 03/25/2010
Biomonitoring complete J: 157. Nutrient restoration biomonitoring 04/30/2010 04/29/2010
Vital statistics of burbot completed K: 157. Estimate burbot from Bonners Ferry, ID to Kootenay Lk, BC & provide estimate of recruitment 04/30/2010 03/30/2010
Analysis of trout movements relative to changes in flow during the winter L: 157. Habitat use relative to changes in flows (trout) 04/30/2010 04/29/2010
Identification of juvenile burbot nursery stream/streams M: 115. Identify most prospective nursery stream for release of extensively reared burbot 08/31/2009 09/15/2009
Physical microhabitat preferences of adult white Sturgeon N: 183. Produce comprehensive report or manuscript of adult sturgeon physical microhabitat use using b 04/28/2010 03/25/2010
Coordination of Restoration Efforts For The Kootenai River O: 189. Coordination of nutrient restoration efforts with Kootenai Tribe of Idaho 04/30/2010 01/01/2010
Burbot Annual Report Completed P: 132. Burbot Annual Report Draft Report for the period (5/1/2009) to 4/30/2010 04/30/2010 04/29/2010
Describe the nDNA makeup of rainbow trout in the Kootenai River, ID Q: 183. Publish results of examination of rainbow trout DNA 04/30/2010 03/26/2010
Funding Package - Submit draft to COTR R: 119. Manage and Administer Kootenai River Fisheries Recovery Investigation Project 02/26/2010 02/25/2010
Meetings attended and data provided S: 189. Agency and public coordination for fish work 04/30/2010 04/29/2010
Telemetry analysis U: 183. Produce comprehensive report or manuscript on white sturgeon telemetry 04/30/2010 04/29/2010
Burbot and sturgeon sampling in BC coordinated and completed V: 189. Coordination of transboundary burbot and sturgeon studies with BCME 04/30/2010 04/29/2010
Compliance Documents will be produced W: 165. Nutrient Restoration Permits 04/30/2010 10/30/2009
Salmonid Annual Report Completed X: 132. Salmonid Annual Report for the period 5/1/2009 to 4/30/2010 04/30/2010 04/29/2010
Population viability and recovery criteria for Kootenai R burbot by supplementation and wild stocks Y: 183. Produce a report or ms. on burbot population viability and recovery criteria 02/20/2010 03/26/2010
West side tributary restoration cost studies Z: 189. West side tributary restoration feasibility studies 04/30/2010 04/29/2010
Nutrient Restoration Annual Report AA: 132. Ecosystem Rehabilitation Draft Annual Report for the period (5/1/2009) to (4/30/2010) 04/30/2010
Movement and behavior patterns of KR bull trout AB: 183. Produce journal artical on bull trout movements 04/30/2010 04/29/2010
Response of mt whitefish to nutrient restoration AC: 183. Produce journal artical on nutrient restoration and mt whitefish 04/30/2010 04/29/2010
Changes to fish assemblage after nutrient restoration AD: 183. Produce journal artical on changes to fish assemblage post nutrient restoration 04/30/2010 04/29/2010

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics Customize

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements
Sturgeon, White (A. transmontanus) - Lower Columbia River
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Burbot (Lota lota)
  • 1 instance of WE 183 Produce Journal Article
  • 2 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Sturgeon, White (A. transmontanus) - Kootenai River DPS (Endangered)
  • 2 instances of WE 183 Produce Journal Article
  • 2 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 158 Mark/Tag Animals
Trout, Bull (S. confluentus) (Threatened)
  • 1 instance of WE 183 Produce Journal Article
  • 2 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Trout, Rainbow (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • 2 instances of WE 183 Produce Journal Article
  • 4 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Whitefish, Mountain (Prosopium williamsoni)
  • 1 instance of WE 183 Produce Journal Article
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 157 Egg Mat Sampling 02/09/2007
B 157 Early Life History Studies 02/09/2007
C 157 Recruitment of juvenile white sturgeon 02/09/2007
D 158 Kootenai River White Sturgeon Adult Sampling and Movements 02/09/2007
E 132 White sturgeon Annual Report for the period 5/01/09 to 04/30/10 02/09/2007
F 157 Identify costs to remove barriers or improve degraded habitat 02/09/2007
G 157 Evaluate burbot extensive rearing survival 02/09/2007
H 157 Bull trout redd surveys and population trends 02/09/2007
I 157 Collect salmonid population data prior to barrier removal or habitat restoration 02/09/2007
J 157 Nutrient restoration biomonitoring 02/09/2007
K 157 Estimate burbot from Bonners Ferry, ID to Kootenay Lk, BC & provide estimate of recruitment 02/09/2007
L 157 Habitat use relative to changes in flows (trout) 02/09/2007
M 115 Identify most prospective nursery stream for release of extensively reared burbot 02/09/2007
N 183 Produce comprehensive report or manuscript of adult sturgeon physical microhabitat use using b 02/09/2007
O 189 Coordination of nutrient restoration efforts with Kootenai Tribe of Idaho 02/09/2007
P 132 Burbot Annual Report Draft Report for the period (5/1/2009) to 4/30/2010 02/09/2007
Q 183 Publish results of examination of rainbow trout DNA 02/09/2007
R 119 Manage and Administer Kootenai River Fisheries Recovery Investigation Project 02/09/2007
S 189 Agency and public coordination for fish work 02/09/2007
T 185 Periodic Status Reports for BPA 02/09/2007
U 183 Produce comprehensive report or manuscript on white sturgeon telemetry 02/09/2007
V 189 Coordination of transboundary burbot and sturgeon studies with BCME 02/09/2007
W 165 Nutrient Restoration Permits 02/09/2007
X 132 Salmonid Annual Report for the period 5/1/2009 to 4/30/2010 02/09/2007
Y 183 Produce a report or ms. on burbot population viability and recovery criteria 02/09/2007
Z 189 West side tributary restoration feasibility studies 02/09/2007
AA 132 Ecosystem Rehabilitation Draft Annual Report for the period (5/1/2009) to (4/30/2010) 02/09/2007
AB 183 Produce journal artical on bull trout movements 02/09/2007
AC 183 Produce journal artical on nutrient restoration and mt whitefish 02/09/2007
AD 183 Produce journal artical on changes to fish assemblage post nutrient restoration 02/09/2007