Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 55011: 1995-011-00 EXP CHIEF JO. KOK. ENHANCEMENT PROJECT
Project Number:
Title:
Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Intermountain Columbia Upper 100.00%
Contract Number:
55011
Contract Title:
1995-011-00 EXP CHIEF JO. KOK. ENHANCEMENT PROJECT
Contract Continuation:
Previous: Next:
51092: 1995-011-00 EXP CHIEF JO. KOK. ENHANCEMENT PROJECT
  • 59250: 1995-011-00 EXP CHIEF JO. KOK. ENHANCEMENT PROJECT
Contract Status:
Closed
Contract Description:
The construction of Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph dams on the Columbia River in 1939 and 1956 blocked anadromous fish passage. The area above the two dams is offten referred to as the "blocked area". The Confederated Tribes of the Colville Indian Reservation (CCT) work cooperatively with the Spokane Indian Tribe and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife to enhance fishing opportunities in Lake Roosevelt as mitigation for the loss of anadromous fish (resident fish substitution). The Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project (CJKEP) is one such resident fish substitution project. This project was amended into the council's Fish and Wildlife program during the 1995 amendment process and its first year of implementation began in 1996. The goal of the CJKEP is to protect and enhance the naturally producing kokanee populations above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee dams in an effort to support the tribal subsistence and non-tribal recreational sport fisheries.

Since its inception, the CJKEP has strived to identify and address factors limiting naturally produced kokanee with the objective of increasing naturally produced kokanee abundance. This includes entrainment studies on Grand Coulee Dam, habitat studies to quantify kokanee spawning potential, a basin wide genetics study to understand stock structure, water quality monitoring in key tributaries, and predation impacts on wild and stocked salmonid populations. Adult counts at traps placed in key tributaries to Lake Roosevelt since 2000 have consistently indicated low wild adult escapement (<50 spawning adults). Escapement in the Sanpoil River averages less than 20 adults a year, and the population is considered extinct. However, a wild kokanee population exists in Lake Roosevelt and contributes between 50-80% (depending on the season) of the overall kokanee harvest. The wild kokanee average between 380 and 590 mm total length (15 - 23 inches), making it a high quality, desirable fisheries resource.

A recent genetics study, using microsatellite DNA techniques, conducted by Kassler et al. (2010) indicated that the wild kokanee stock in Lake Roosevelt is distinct from sources found in the upper Columbia River in Canada, and is unique to Lake Roosevelt. However, the source of the population is unknown. To date, large numbers of wild kokanee have not been detected spawning in tributary streams, leading biologists to hypothesize the wild populations are utilizing deep water spawning habitat at depths below the drawdown elevations (> 17 m). Water quality and habitat surveys conducted in the Sanpoil River drainage in 2009-10 found areas that had conditions indicative of high quality kokanee spawning. Model results suggested the Sanpoil River could support a spawning escapement of 238,464 to 1,703,315 kokanee. The spawning habitat is currently being underutilized in the Sanpoil River. In order to determine the reasons for the underutilization, a predation impacts study was initiated in 2010 to quantify non-native predator (walleye and smallmouth bass) consumption of kokanee and rainbow trout out-migrating from the Sanpoil River to Lake Roosevelt. The bioenergetics model indicated walleye and smallmouth bass consumed 94.7% of the kokanee fry and 40.1% of the kokanee yearlings planted.  These unsustainable values prompted a pilot study in 2011 to experiment with decreasing predator densities in the Sanpoil Arm to increase kokanee survival.

To reach the primary goal of enhanced wild kokanee populations in the blocked area, the 2012 CJKEP has implemented three primary objectives:
Objective 1. Increase the abundance of naturally produced kokanee in the Sanpoil River. To accomplish this objective the project will:
    A. Experiment with egg and yearling kokanee plants. The project has contracted (non-BPA funds) with Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, at the Colville State Hatchery, to provide CCT with 500,000 eyed eggs (otolith marked), and 15-20,000 yearling kokanee (adipose marked yearlings raised at Spokane Tribal Hatchery). CCT has also added a request to Canada to purchase an additional 500,000 kokanee eggs from the Meadow Creek run found in Kootenay Lake (availability of this stock varies per year). Each stocking method will be evaluated for survival from stocking to out-migration, timing of out-migration, harvest in the fishery, adult escapement, and location of spawning within the Sanpoil River.

   B. Conduct a non-native predator reduction program. Walleye and smallmouth bass will be targeted with gill nets and boat electrofishing during the key outmigration periods (May - June) at the reservoir/ river interface of the Sanpoil River. A pilot study was conducted in 2011 that experimented with timing, location, gill net mesh size, and gill net orientation. The results will be used to develop a program that limits by-catch of native fish while increasing catch of non-native predators. This program will be implemented in the designated time period during 2012.

Objective 2. Establish a run of naturally produced kokanee in Barnaby Creek. To accomplish this objective the project will (dependent on kokanee egg availability):
   A. Begin an experiment with kokanee egg plants in Barnaby Creek. In 2011, the culvert at Barnaby Creek was replaced, which opened up spawning habitat to kokanee. Previously, kokanee could not access Barnaby Creek from Lake Roosevelt in the fall because the culvert was above the fall water levels. Egg planting methods, egg to fry survival and out-migration timing, and adult escapement will be monitored.

Objective 3. Locate wild kokanee spawning grounds within Lake Roosevelt. To accomplish this objective the project will:
   A. Build on data to be collected in the fall of 2011 which will determine if wild kokanee utilize the Sanpoil Arm of Lake Roosevelt for spawning. The next focus area will be in the lower reservoir area from Grand Coulee Dam to the Swawilla Basin area. The Keller Ferry area, or mid reservoir will be the third focus area.  Hydroacoustic surveys will be used to locate aggregations of fish. The aggregations of fish will be identified by snorkeling, scuba diving, or gill netting.
Account Type(s):
Expense
Contract Start Date:
01/01/2012
Contract End Date:
12/31/2012
Current Contract Value:
$825,890
Expenditures:
$825,890

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-May-2022.

BPA COR:
Env. Compliance Lead:
Contract Contractor:
Work Order Task(s):
Contract Type:
Contract (IGC)
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
Click the map to see this Contract’s location details.

No photos have been uploaded yet for this Contract.

Full Name Organization Write Permission Contact Role Email Work Phone
Colette Adolph Colville Confederated Tribes No Administrative Contact colette.adolph@colvilletribes.com (509) 422-5652
Billy Gunn Colville Confederated Tribes Yes Administrative Contact billy.gunn@colvilletribes.com (509) 422-7740
Peter Lofy Bonneville Power Administration Yes F&W Approver ptlofy@bpa.gov (503) 230-4193
Terri Mail Colville Confederated Tribes Yes Administrative Contact terri.mail@colvilletribes.com (509) 634-2124
Carlos Matthew Bonneville Power Administration Yes COTR cjmatthew@bpa.gov (503) 230-3418
Cindy McCartney Colville Confederated Tribes No Administrative Contact cindy.mccartney@colvilletribes.com (509) 634-2112
Holly McLellan Colville Confederated Tribes Yes Contract Manager holly.mclellan@colvilletribes.com (509) 209-2415
Kary Nichols Colville Confederated Tribes No Interested Party kary.nichols@colvilletribes.com (509) 422-4782
Bret Nine Colville Confederated Tribes Yes Supervisor bret.nine@colvilletribes.com (509) 209-2419
Jenna Peterson Bonneville Power Administration Yes Env. Compliance Lead jepeterson@bpa.gov (503) 230-3018
Norma Sanchez Colville Confederated Tribes No Administrative Contact norma.sanchez@colvilletribes.com (509) 634-2109
Tom Sargent Colville Confederated Tribes No Interested Party tom.sargent@colvilletribes.com (509) 634-2853
Kimberly Upham Bonneville Power Administration No Interested Party kaupham@bpa.gov (503) 230-3196
Kristi Van Leuven Bonneville Power Administration No Contracting Officer kjvleuven@bpa.gov (503) 230-3605
Shay Wolvert Colville Confederated Tribes Yes Technical Contact shay.wolvert@colvilletribes.com (509) 722-7619


Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Complete
Collection Permit A: 165. NEPA 02/01/2012 02/01/2012
Predator Reduction Plan B: 174. Sanpoil Bay predator reduction plan 05/01/2012 05/01/2012
Coordination C: 191. Coordination with other BPA projects and hatcheries 12/31/2012 12/31/2012
Funding Package - Submit draft to COTR D: 119. Project Administration 08/01/2012 09/14/2012
Phase III. Historical data population and function enhancement E: 160. Database Development 12/31/2012 12/31/2012
Predator Reduction in the Sanpoil River F: 157. Non native predator reduction in the Sanpoil River 07/13/2012 06/29/2012
Adult Kokanee Escapement Analysis G: 162. Analyze adult kokanee data 04/12/2012 12/31/2012
Non native predator data analysis H: 162. Analyze predator study data 04/30/2012 06/01/2012
Weir trap installation and maintenance on the Sanpoil River and Barnaby Creek I: 70. Weir trap installation and maintenance on the Sanpoil River and Barnaby Creek 12/31/2012 12/31/2012
Sanpoil River Kokanee Plants J: 66. Sanpoil River kokanee stocking 12/31/2012 12/31/2012
Kokanee egg to fry survival and out-migration timing K: 157. Kokanee egg to fry survival and out-migation timing 12/31/2012 12/31/2012
Adult Kokanee Monitoring in the Sanpoil River and Barnaby Creek L: 157. Adult kokanee monitoring in the Sanpoil River and Barnaby Creek 12/30/2012 12/30/2012
Shoreline Spawning Surveys M: 157. Identify kokanee spawning areas 12/21/2012 12/21/2012
Attach Progress Report in Pisces N: 132. Submit Progress Report for the period (Jan 11) to (Dec 11) 12/31/2012
Attach Progress Report in Pisces P: 132. Submit Progress Report for the period (JAN 2010) to (DEC 2010) 11/01/2012

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics Customize

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements
Kokanee (Oncorhynchus nerka)
  • 1 instance of WE 66 Trap/Collect/Hold/Transport Fish - Hatchery
  • 1 instance of WE 174 Produce Plan
  • 1 instance of WE 70 Install Fish Monitoring Equipment
  • 4 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 2 instances of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Trout, Interior Redband (O. mykiss gairdnerii)
  • 1 instance of WE 174 Produce Plan
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Walleye (Stizostedion vitreum) [OBSOLETE]
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 165 NEPA 01/01/2012
B 174 Sanpoil Bay predator reduction plan 01/01/2012
C 191 Coordination with other BPA projects and hatcheries 01/01/2012
D 119 Project Administration 01/01/2012
E 160 Database Development 01/01/2012
F 157 Non native predator reduction in the Sanpoil River 01/25/2012
G 162 Analyze adult kokanee data 01/01/2012
H 162 Analyze predator study data 01/01/2012
I 70 Weir trap installation and maintenance on the Sanpoil River and Barnaby Creek 01/25/2012
J 66 Sanpoil River kokanee stocking 02/28/2012
K 157 Kokanee egg to fry survival and out-migation timing 02/28/2012
L 157 Adult kokanee monitoring in the Sanpoil River and Barnaby Creek 02/28/2012
M 157 Identify kokanee spawning areas 02/28/2012
N 132 Submit Progress Report for the period (Jan 11) to (Dec 11) 01/01/2012
O 185 Periodic Status Reports for BPA 01/01/2012
P 132 Submit Progress Report for the period (JAN 2010) to (DEC 2010) 01/01/2012