Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 55275: 1998-019-00 EXP WIND RIVER WATERSHED USGS
Project Number:
Title:
Wind River Watershed
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Columbia Gorge Wind 100.00%
Contract Number:
55275
Contract Title:
1998-019-00 EXP WIND RIVER WATERSHED USGS
Contract Continuation:
Previous: Next:
50481: 1998-019-00 EXP WIND RIVER WATERSHED USGS
  • 59821: 1998-019-00 EXP WIND RIVER WATERSHED USGS
Contract Status:
Closed
Contract Description:
Title: Wind River Watershed Project: FY2012

Work and funding for USGS in the Wind River watershed has increased in FY11 and FY12.  These increases reflect RM&E expanded funding to expand fish monitoring throughout the watershed.  Increased PIT tagging of parr steelhead and deployment of instream readers in tributary and mainstem locations will contribute to understanding of varying life-histories of steelhead within the Wind River.  Expanded instream detection capability out side the Trout Creek watershed will provide companion data to compare adult populations within the Wind Subbasin.  

Below are listed some of the specific research questions we hope to address with increased data and scope of work.


The Wind River Project involves data collection under two of the monitoring types listed in the Draft Columbia River Basin Monitoring, Evaluation, Research, and Reporting Plan (MERR): 1) Status and Trend, and 2) Action Effectiveness.  Status and trend data (abundance estimates) are collected on wild lower Columbia River steelhead smolts and adults in the Wind River subbasin, which is managed as a wild steelhead sanctuary with no hatchery steelhead.  These data, and a study design that will allow evaluation of the removal of Hemlock Dam on Trout Creek, will provide Action Effectiveness Monitoring for habitat restoration actions including Hemlock Dam removal and instream restoration actions.  The MERR recommends that Action Effectiveness Monitoring be conducted in an intensively monitored watershed, which the Wind River has been listed as by the Washington Salmon Recovery Funding Board (SRFB) and the Lower Columbia River Salmon Recovery Plan (Ruckelshaus and Koenings 2005; LCFRB 2004a).

The Columbia River Basin Research Plan (CRBRP) lists 12 focal research areas, each with critical uncertainties that need to be addressed.  The work of the Wind River Project will contribute information to four of these focal research areas and their associated critical uncertainties.

Tributary and Mainstem Habitat –
Work with lower Columbia River (LCR) steelhead in the Wind River will help address questions related to the full life cycle of this salmonid species.
Critical uncertainties that Wind River data can contribute to understanding:
1)To what extent do tributary habitat restoration actions affect the survival, productivity, distribution, and abundance of native fish populations?
2)Are the current procedures being used to identify limiting habitat factors accurate?

Harvest –
PIT tagging of LCR steelhead in the Wind River provides marked fish to determine losses of adult steelhead between Bonneville Dam and the Wind River due to tribal harvest and sport fishery mortality.
Critical uncertainties that Wind River data can contribute to understanding:
1)What are the effects of fishery interceptions and harvest in mixed-stock areas, such as the ocean and mainstem Columbia, on the abundance, productivity and viability of ESUs or populations, and how can fishery interceptions and harvests of ESUs or populations, both hatchery and wild, best be managed to minimize the effects of harvest on the abundance, productivity, and viability of those ESUs and populations?

Population Structure and Diversity –
Work with LCR steelhead in the Wind River subbasin and its watersheds will provide data to evaluate processes influencing their distribution, interconnection, and population dynamics through time and space.  Estimation of populations of smolts and adults and PIT tagging of parr coupled with instream PIT tag readers in mainstem and tributaries to provide data on movement and rearing habits will contribute to understanding of co-occurring life-history types and use of tributary and mainstem habitats.
Critical uncertainties that Wind River data can contribute to understanding:
1)What approaches to population recovery and habitat restoration are most effective in regaining meta-population structure and diversity that will increase viability of fish and wildlife in the Columbia River Basin?

Monitoring and Evaluation –
Monitoring of LCR steelhead populations in the Wind River provides a critical dataset on a wild steelhead population in the Lower Columbia, relatively free of hatchery influence.  Evaluation of habitat restorations projects, including the removal of Hemlock Dam, will help to quantify what gains may be expected from restoration actions taken to restore depressed populations of wild steelhead.
Critical uncertainties that Wind River data can contribute to understanding:
1) Can a common probabilistic (statistical) site selection procedure for population and habitat status and trend monitoring be developed cooperatively?
2) Can empirical (e.g. regression) models for prediction of current abundance or presence-absence of focal species concurrent with the collection of data on status and trends of wildlife and fish populations and habitat be developed.


The Wind River Subbasin Plan outlines a number of goals that on-going work in the Wind River will help to address.  Work with PIT tagging and instream detection systems in mainstem and tributaries will provide information to help address the goal that the summer steelhead population in the Wind River be productive, abundant, exhibits multiple life history strategies, and utilize significant portions of the subbasin.  Implementation of habitat project, along with monitoring of habitat and water temperatures will help address the goals of lowering water temperatures, improving flows, and restoring habitat diversity.


The ISRP/ISAB Tagging Report (ISRP/ISAB 2009) makes a number of recommendations for improvements and better collection of data with various tagging methods.  Because the Wind River Project is using PIT tags and includes monitoring of parr to smolt to adult life history strategies and survivals, we will be deploying multiple instream PIT tag detection systems.  These methods and data should help further knowledge related to recommendation 3.5, which states: “We recommend for PIT tags, further development of prototype in-stream transceivers for detection in tributaries to monitor smolt and adult movements in both large and small tributaries to better understand salmonid behavior and migration timing, fate of juvenile, smolt, and adult migrants before and after dam passage and to spawning grounds.”   Installation of multiple instream PIT-tag detection systems in the mainstem Wind River and tributaries will help further the understanding of knowledge that can be gained with these systems.

The Tagging Report lists, as examples of data contributing to better understanding of salmonid behavior and migration timing, the fall migrants documented at Beaver Creek in the Methow Subbasin and Rattlesnake Creek in the White Salmon Subbasin.  Both of these projects were done by personnel from USGS Columbia River Research Laboratory (CRRL) who will be primary personnel in the Wind River project.  These varied life history expressions are critical to a complete understanding of salmonid population dynamics and may be critical to maintain with environmental changes through restoration, climate change, or introduced species.  

In-stream detection does require some ability to estimate detection efficiencies at different life-stages and flows.  Personnel from CRRL have been exploring methods for efficiencies (Connolly et al. 2008) and guidelines have been provided (Connolly 2010) in the PNAMP Special Publication, Tagging, Telemetry, and Marking Measures for Monitoring Fish Populations (Chapter 7, Wolf and O’Neal 2010).



Objectives, Tasks, and Methods

OBJ 1. Install a Multiplexing PIT tag interrogator in the Wind subbasin near Stabler or in Panther Creek.

OBJ 2. Install Allflex PIT tag interrogators in Trapper Creek, Paradise Creek, and the Wind River upstream of Paradise.  
      
OBJ 3. Maintain PIT tag interrogation systems with cooperation from WDFW.  Ensure data from PIT tag interrogators is submitted to the PTAGIS database.

OBJ 4. PIT tag 1,500 steelhead parr in headwater areas of the Wind River subbasin.

OBJ 5. Produce November 2010 - October 2011 Annual Report.

OBJ 6. Maintain thermographs in the Wind River subbasin
Account Type(s):
Expense
Contract Start Date:
11/01/2011
Contract End Date:
10/31/2012
Current Contract Value:
$195,005
Expenditures:
$195,005

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Mar-2021.

BPA CO:
BPA COTR:
Env. Compliance Lead:
Contract Contractor:
Work Order Task(s):
Contract Type:
Contract (IGC)
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
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Full Name Organization Write Permission Contact Role Email Work Phone
Patrick Connolly US Geological Survey (USGS) Yes Contract Manager pconnolly@usgs.gov (509) 538-2299x269
Elizabeth Gordon US Geological Survey (USGS) No Administrative Contact egordon@usgs.gov (509) 538-2299x241
Edward Gresh Bonneville Power Administration Yes Env. Compliance Lead esgresh@bpa.gov (503) 230-5756
Mary Haight Bonneville Power Administration Yes COTR mthaight@bpa.gov (503) 230-3112
Ian Jezorek US Geological Survey (USGS) No Technical Contact ijezorek@usgs.gov (509) 538-2908
Peter Lofy Bonneville Power Administration Yes F&W Approver ptlofy@bpa.gov (503) 230-4193
Alec Maule US Geological Survey (USGS) No Supervisor amaule@usgs.gov (509) 538-2299x239
Andrew Montano Bonneville Power Administration No Interested Party ammontano@bpa.gov (503) 230-4145
Khanida Mote Bonneville Power Administration No Contracting Officer kpmote@bpa.gov (503) 230-4599
Kimberly Upham Bonneville Power Administration No Interested Party kaupham@bpa.gov (503) 230-3196
Seok Wilson US Geological Survey (USGS) No Administrative Contact shwilson@usgs.gov (509) 538-2299


Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Complete
Document that all EC has been completed B: 165. Document that all EC has been completed 02/01/2012 08/01/2012
Annual report 2010-2011 uploaded to the BPA website C: 132. Submit Annual Report for the period Nov 2010 - Oct 2011 05/17/2012 05/17/2012
Revised final funding package D: 119. Manage and Administer Project 08/31/2012 10/01/2012
Share project information E: 191. Share project activity and progress with partner agencies 10/31/2012 10/31/2012
Maintain thermologgers F: 157. Maintain and download thermologgers 10/19/2012 10/19/2012
Maintain upper Wind/Stabler PIT tag interrogation system H: 157. Maintain the upper Wind PIT tag interrogation system and ensure data collection 10/31/2012 10/31/2012
Maintain PIT tag interrogation system I: 157. Maintain the Trout Creek PIT tag interrogation system and ensure data collection 10/29/2012 10/29/2012
Install Allflex PIT tag interrogators in Trapper, Paradise, and the Wind River above Paradise. J: 70. Install Allflex PIT tag interrogators in Trapper, Paradise, and the Wind River above Paradise 10/31/2012 10/31/2012
PIT tag 1,500 steelhead parr K: 158. PIT tag a total of 1,500 steelhead parr in the headwaters of the Wind River subbasin 10/31/2012 10/31/2012
Trout Creek PIT tag interrogation system relocation L: 70. Relocate the Trout Creek pit tag interrogation system 09/30/2012 09/30/2012
Analyze adult steelhead detection data from the Trout Creek interrogator for detection efficiency M: 162. Analyze adult steelhead passage data at the Trout Creek interrogation site for detection efficiency 05/17/2012 05/17/2012
Install Upper Wind PTIS at Government Mineral Springs (GMS) Bridge N: 70. Install the Upper Wind PIT tag interrogation system 10/31/2012 10/31/2012
Purchase Multiplexing transciever O: 98. Purchase Multiplexing Transceiver for use in Panther Creek PIT tag site 07/01/2012 07/01/2012

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics Customize

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements
Steelhead (O. mykiss) - Lower Columbia River DPS (Threatened)
  • 1 instance of WE 98 Other
  • 4 instances of WE 70 Install Fish Monitoring Equipment
  • 3 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 158 Mark/Tag Animals
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 185 Periodic Status Reports for BPA 11/01/2011
B 165 Document that all EC has been completed 11/01/2011
C 132 Submit Annual Report for the period Nov 2010 - Oct 2011 11/01/2011
D 119 Manage and Administer Project 11/01/2011
E 191 Share project activity and progress with partner agencies 11/01/2011
F 157 Maintain and download thermologgers 11/01/2011
G 70 Build and install PIT tag interrogation system for Stabler, or Panther Creek
H 157 Maintain the upper Wind PIT tag interrogation system and ensure data collection 11/01/2011
I 157 Maintain the Trout Creek PIT tag interrogation system and ensure data collection 11/01/2011
J 70 Install Allflex PIT tag interrogators in Trapper, Paradise, and the Wind River above Paradise 07/23/2012
K 158 PIT tag a total of 1,500 steelhead parr in the headwaters of the Wind River subbasin 11/01/2011
L 70 Relocate the Trout Creek pit tag interrogation system 07/23/2012
M 162 Analyze adult steelhead passage data at the Trout Creek interrogation site for detection efficiency 11/01/2011
N 70 Install the Upper Wind PIT tag interrogation system 07/23/2012
O 98 Purchase Multiplexing Transceiver for use in Panther Creek PIT tag site 11/01/2011