Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 55488: 1983-350-03 EXP NPTH M&E
Project Number:
Title:
Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E)
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Mountain Snake Clearwater 100.00%
Contract Number:
55488
Contract Title:
1983-350-03 EXP NPTH M&E
Contract Continuation:
Previous: Next:
50644: 1983-350-03 EXP NPTH M&E
  • 60243: 1983-350-03 EXP NPTH M&E
Contract Status:
Closed
Contract Description:
COORDINATION:

The Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery M&E Program and Chinook salmon supplementation research activities have been developed in coordination with the Bonneville Power Administration, Idaho Department of Fish and Game, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Marine Fisheries Service, and the U.S. Forest Service.  The project is also a cooperative with BPA's Idaho Supplementation Studies (ISS) Project.  The M&E Action Plan, describing the goals, objectives, tasks and activities of the NPTH M&E Program has been reviewed and approved by the Independent Scientific Review Panel, and calls for continued coordination with regional co-managers.  

PROJECT SUMMARY:

In June of 2000 the Northwest Power Planning Council approved the construction of the Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery.  The NPTH was scheduled to begin rearing and releasing spring, fall and early-fall stocks of Chinook salmon starting in 2003 as part of the Nez Perce Tribe's overall goal to restore self-sustaining Chinook salmon to their ancestral habitats in Clearwater River Subbasin.  In June of 2006, the Independent Scientific Review Panel recommended funding this project.  In October of 2006, the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's final recommendations for funding 2007 through 2009 projects included this project.

The Monitoring and Evaluation Program for NPTH is designed to provide adaptive management guidance at multiple life stages for both hatchery and natural fish segments as outlined in the M&E Action Plan (Hesse and Cramer 2000).  Supplementation benefits to be evaluated under the proposed M&E program include increases in the distribution, abundance, and harvest of hatchery and natural Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytcsha) populations in the Clearwater River subbasin. To measure these benefits, changes in the abundance of Chinook salmon in the mainstem Clearwater River and its tributaries will be monitored over the next 15 to 20 years.  In addition to measuring project related benefits, the M&E Program is designed to provide information on the capacity of the natural environment to support Chinook salmon production, give early warning of adverse impacts caused by the project on resident biota, and track trends in environmental quality, management, and policy that may affect the project's success.  

Changes in fish populations in the mainstem Clearwater River and its tributaries over the next 15 to 20 years will be used to determine whether desired results are being achieved, and to enable adaptive management. The M&E program examines the performance and status of hatchery and natural fish, species interactions and impacts to non-targeted fish populations, sustainability of harvest, and will communicate its findings to enable adaptive management of NPTH.  The action plan covers multiple aspects of Chinook salmon life history in all treatment streams.  Treatment streams are Meadow Creek (Selway River), Lolo Creek, and Newsome Creek for spring Chinook salmon, the lower reaches of the South Fork Clearwater and Selway rivers for early-fall Chinook salmon, and the mainstem Clearwater River for fall Chinook salmon.  Outcomes in these treatment streams will also be compared to those in similar non-treatment (reference) streams and other hatchery programs to help distinguish treatment effects from the effects of environmental variation between years.

The M&E Program assesses which NPTH supplementation strategies are best for supplementing natural, depleted, or non-existent spring, early fall, and fall Chinook salmon populations and what effect supplementation has on these and resident fish populations.  The program will identify which of the supplementation strategies employed are beneficial in terms of increasing adult returns (to harvest and spawning streams) and the level of supplementation necessary to sustain specific levels of adult returns.  Biological evaluation points include parr density, summer and winter survival to stream mouth, survival to Lower Granite Dam and other downstream dams, adult returns to weirs, spawning escapement, and pre-smolt and smolt yield from both treatment and control streams.  Genetic monitoring of the treatment and reference populations will also occur.  

Although NPTH did not start releasing fish until 2003, the NPTH Program has actively been involved in supplementing a number of streams in the basin since 1993.  The M&E Program has been actively assessing the effects of trial supplementation efforts in order to:
  
1) evaluate the effectiveness of supplementation,
2) monitor changes in the environment that are causally linked to supplementation,
3) provide information on the capacity of the natural environment to assimilate and support supplemented salmon populations, and
4) to detect early warning of changes in environmental quality and management policy that may affect the project's success.

Field activities for the NPTH M&E Program in 1993 began with the outplanting of approximately 100,000 fingerling Chinook in Meadow Creek.  Habitat use and species interactions were monitored using snorkeling to evaluate the effectiveness of various release strategies and impact on resident fish.  Fish migration out of Meadow Creek was also measured to assess survival, growth in the natural environment, and emigration timing using a rotary screw trap.

Plans for 2012 include the monitoring and evaluation of hatchery and natural fish.  Primary monitoring activities to be conducted under the Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery Monitoring and Evaluation Program with associated evaluation products.

PIT Tagging • Ongoing • All Stocks (Hatchery & Natural)
1. Estimate and 95% confidence interval of survival from release (or natural parr) to emigration.
2. Estimate and 95% confidence interval of survival (egg-to-smolt and release -to-smolt) to LGR or other mainstem dams.
3. Estimate the percentage of fish barged from LGR and other mainstem dams from each treatment group.
4. Estimate of difference in survival to Lower Granite Dam between spring Chinook salmon presmolts that overwinter in the treatment stream and presmolts that overwinter in the Clearwater or Snake rivers.
5. Population estimates and 95% confidence intervals of hatchery and wild juvenile Chinook salmon passing the trap as fry, parr, presmolts, and smolts.
6. Estimate and 95% confidence interval for the number of smolts produced from each stream.
Median, 20th percentile, and 80th percentile travel times (days) and arrival at detector dams in the Snake and Columbia rivers.
7. Estimated and 95 % confidence interval of survival during mainstem passage from LGR to JDD for each treatment group.

Weir Operation and/or Spawning Ground Surveys • Ongoing • All Stocks
1. Hatchery and natural escapement at weirs.
2. Counts of hatchery and  natural Chinook, by age, taken for brood stock.
3. Percentage that each age composes of the returns, by sex, to each stream.
4. Time-frequency of arrival at brood collection points.
5. Differential survival rate between subyearling and yearling smolts for early-fall Chinook in South Fork Clearwater River.
6. Estimates of the minimum percentage of spawners that strayed from their home stream for each release strategy in each stream.
7. Percentage that NPTH strays compose of spawners in non-target streams
8. Total redds in each reach surveyed
9. Time frequency of redd construction in each reach surveyed.
10. Percentage of total redds contained in discrete stream sections.  
11. Estimated number of hatchery and natural spawners in each reach surveyed (Mark-recapture of fish from weirs).
12. Estimates of age and sex-specific maturity rates for each race, and possibly each treatment stream
13. Annual estimates of the percentage of carcasses that are less than 80% spawned in each stream.
14. Differential survival rate between subyearling and yearling smolts for fall Chinook.
15. Estimates of the minimum percentage of spawners that strayed from their home stream for each release strategy in each stream.
16. Percentage that NPTH strays compose of spawners in non-target streams
17. Change in spawning time and age at maturity across generations of natural Chinook in stream where NPTH strays constitute at least 10% of all spawners.

Screw Trapping • Ongoing • Spring Chinook
1. Time-frequency distribution of emigration.
2. Mean and 95% confidence interval, regression of mean length for each life stage and Julian day.
3. Estimate of the ratio of spring Chinook salmon presmolt (fall) to smolt (spring)  migrants passing the rotary-screw trap from each brood.
4. Difference in fall presmolt passage at the upper and lower traps in Lolo Creek.
5. Estimate of parr abundance, based on marked-to-unmarked ratio of fish arriving at the screw trap.
6. Estimate of survival from parr to smolting in each treatment stream.
7. Estimate of survival from emigration to Lower Granite Dam (McNary).

Habitat Surveys • 11 years • Spring Chinook
1. Comparison of weekly water temperatures and flows within and between streams.
2. Weekly water temperatures at the time and location of spawning and egg incubation within each stream.

Genetic Analysis • Ongoing • All stocks and Hatcheries
1. Annual gene frequencies for populations of natural spawners in each study stream.
2. Difference in gene frequencies between natural juveniles and natural adults of the same brood in each study stream.
3. Annual gene frequencies for populations of Chinook salmon in each NPTH treatment, including Lyons Ferry Hatchery.

Harvest Monitoring • Ongoing • All Stocks
1. Estimated fraction of Chinook salmon harvested by age and race each year (1) in the ocean and (2) within the Columbia River
2. Estimated number of Chinook salmon harvested by age and race each year within the Clearwater River subbasin.
3. Estimated difference in hatchery :natural ratios in the catch for specific times, locations or gears within the Clearwater Basin.
4. Estimated mortality rate prior to spawning on fish that are caught and released by fisheries in the Clearwater Basin.
Account Type(s):
Expense
Contract Start Date:
01/01/2012
Contract End Date:
12/31/2012
Current Contract Value:
$1,689,302
Expenditures:
$1,689,302

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Aug-2021.

Env. Compliance Lead:
Contract Contractor:
Work Order Task(s):
Contract Type:
Contract (IGC)
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
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Full Name Organization Write Permission Contact Role Email Work Phone
Bill Arnsberg Nez Perce Tribe Yes Contract Manager billa@nezperce.org (208) 476-7296x3578
Hannah Dondy-Kaplan Bonneville Power Administration Yes COTR hadondy-kaplan@bpa.gov (503) 230-4071
Arleen Henry Nez Perce Tribe No Administrative Contact arleenh@nezperce.org (208) 621-3833
Jay Hesse Nez Perce Tribe No Supervisor jayh@nezperce.org (208) 621-3552
Paul Krueger Bonneville Power Administration Yes F&W Approver pqkrueger@bpa.gov (503) 230-5723
Sherman Sprague Nez Perce Tribe Yes Contract Manager shermans@nezperce.org (208) 621-3585
Kristi Van Leuven Bonneville Power Administration No Contracting Officer kjvleuven@bpa.gov (503) 230-3605
Jason Vogel Nez Perce Tribe No Interested Party jasonv@nezperce.org (208) 621-3602
Nancy Weintraub Bonneville Power Administration Yes Env. Compliance Lead nhweintraub@bpa.gov (503) 230-5373


Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Complete
NEPA Requirements A: 165. Obtain ESA permits and submit copies to BPA-NEPA 01/28/2012 01/28/2012
Marking and Tagging of Hatchery and Wild Chinook B: 158. Mark hatchery and wild Chinook salmon and PIT tag 12/09/2012 12/28/2012
Collection of Adult spring Chinook Biological Data C: 157. Adult Spring Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 12/31/2012 12/28/2012
Collect Juvenile spring Chinook Biological Data D: 157. Juvenile Spring Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 12/31/2012 12/28/2012
Flow and water temperature E: 157. Collect flow and water temperature 12/31/2012 12/28/2012
Collect genetic samples for parentage analysis, gene expression, parental based tagging. F: 157. Collect Genetic Samples from Spring and Fall Chinook Salmon 12/31/2012 11/16/2012
Collection of Adult fall Chinook Biological Data G: 157. Adult Fall Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 12/31/2012 12/20/2012
Collect Juvenile fall Chinook Biological Data H: 157. Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 12/31/2012 12/20/2012
Upload all PIT Tag and Coded Wire Tag Data I: 159. Transferring/uploading Data 12/28/2012 12/20/2012
Analyze adult spring Chinook salmon performance measures. J: 162. Analyze Adult Spring Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 12/31/2012 12/28/2012
Analyze juvenile spring Chinook salmon performance measures. K: 162. Analyze Juvenile Spring Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 12/31/2012 12/28/2012
Analyze spring Chinook salmon survival and productivity performance measures. L: 162. Analyze survival and productivity of spring Chinook 12/28/2012 12/28/2012
Analyze in-stream flow and water temperature data. M: 162. Analyze flow and water temperature data 12/28/2012 12/20/2012
Analyze adult fall Chinook salmon performance measures. N: 162. Analyze Adult Fall Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 12/31/2012 12/20/2012
Analyze juvenile fall Chinook salmon performance measures. O: 162. Analyze Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 12/31/2012 12/20/2012
Analyze fall Chinook salmon survival and productivity performance measures. P: 162. Analyze survival and productivity of Fall Chinook 12/28/2012 12/20/2012
Installation and Removal of Juvenile and Adult Traps Q: 70. Install & Remove Screw Traps and Adult Weirs 12/10/2012 12/10/2012
Summary Reports R: 141. Produce Summary Reports 12/28/2012 12/20/2012
Attach 2008 Progress Report in Pisces S: 132. Submit Fall Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2008 to Dec 2008 11/06/2012
Attach 2009 Progress Report to PISCES T: 132. Submit Fall Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2009 to Dec 2009 12/03/2012
Attach 2010 Progress Report to PISCES U: 132. Submit Fall Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2010 to Dec 2010 12/21/2012
Attach 2011 Progress Report in Pisces V: 132. Submit Fall Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2011 to Dec 2011 12/31/2012
Attach 2009 Progress Report to PISCES W: 132. Submit Spring Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2009 to Dec 2009 06/13/2012
Attach 2010 Progress Report to PISCES X: 132. Submit Spring Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2010 to Dec 2010 07/30/2012
Attach 2011 Progress Report in Pisces Y: 132. Submit Spring Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2011 to Dec 2011 09/26/2012
Statement of Work and Property Inventory Z: 119. Develop Annual Statement of Work within PISCES 08/16/2012 11/30/2012

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics Customize

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements
Chinook (O. tshawytscha) - Snake River Fall ESU (Threatened)
  • 1 instance of WE 70 Install Fish Monitoring Equipment
  • 4 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 158 Mark/Tag Animals
  • 1 instance of WE 159 Transfer/Consolidate Regionally Standardized Data
  • 3 instances of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Chinook (O. tshawytscha) - Snake River Spring/Summer (not listed)
  • 1 instance of WE 70 Install Fish Monitoring Equipment
  • 4 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 158 Mark/Tag Animals
  • 1 instance of WE 159 Transfer/Consolidate Regionally Standardized Data
  • 4 instances of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 165 Obtain ESA permits and submit copies to BPA-NEPA 01/01/2012
B 158 Mark hatchery and wild Chinook salmon and PIT tag 01/01/2012
C 157 Adult Spring Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 01/01/2012
D 157 Juvenile Spring Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 01/01/2012
E 157 Collect flow and water temperature 01/01/2012
F 157 Collect Genetic Samples from Spring and Fall Chinook Salmon 01/01/2012
G 157 Adult Fall Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 01/01/2012
H 157 Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 01/01/2012
I 159 Transferring/uploading Data 01/01/2012
J 162 Analyze Adult Spring Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 01/01/2012
K 162 Analyze Juvenile Spring Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 01/01/2012
L 162 Analyze survival and productivity of spring Chinook 01/01/2012
M 162 Analyze flow and water temperature data 01/01/2012
N 162 Analyze Adult Fall Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 01/01/2012
O 162 Analyze Juvenile Fall Chinook Salmon: Performance Measures 01/01/2012
P 162 Analyze survival and productivity of Fall Chinook 01/01/2012
Q 70 Install & Remove Screw Traps and Adult Weirs 01/01/2012
R 141 Produce Summary Reports 01/01/2012
S 132 Submit Fall Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2008 to Dec 2008 01/01/2012
T 132 Submit Fall Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2009 to Dec 2009 01/01/2012
U 132 Submit Fall Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2010 to Dec 2010 01/01/2012
V 132 Submit Fall Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2011 to Dec 2011 01/01/2012
W 132 Submit Spring Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2009 to Dec 2009 01/01/2012
X 132 Submit Spring Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2010 to Dec 2010 01/01/2012
Y 132 Submit Spring Chinook Progress Report for the period Jan 2011 to Dec 2011 01/01/2012
Z 119 Develop Annual Statement of Work within PISCES 01/01/2012
AA 185 Periodic Status Reports for BPA 01/01/2012