Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 56940: 2000-039-00 EXP WDFW WW SALMONID PRODUCTION M&E
Project Number:
Title:
Walla Walla River Basin Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E)
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Columbia Plateau Walla Walla 100.00%
Contract Number:
56940
Contract Title:
2000-039-00 EXP WDFW WW SALMONID PRODUCTION M&E
Contract Continuation:
Previous: Next:
51995: 2000-039-00 EXP WDFW WW SALMONID PRODUCTION M&E
  • 61347: 2000-039-00 EXP WDFW WW SALMONID PRODUCTION M&E
Contract Status:
Closed
Contract Description:
The Walla Walla Salmonid Monitoring and Evaluation Project (WWM&E) was established in 2007 as a collaborative project (BPA project No. 2000-039-00), and it was included under the 2008 Columbia Basin Fish Accords Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) between the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) and BPA.   CTUIR and WDFW had submitted a joint proposal to BPA in 2005 to combine our previous projects that included fish monitoring work in the Walla Walla Basin. In January 2007, BPA requested that this collaborative project proposal be amended to focus on salmonid status and trend monitoring for the highest priority population parameters. Tribal and state partners agreed to collaborate on the proposal, budget, statement of work, and annual report, but each has retained separate contracts with BPA.  Prior to this collaboration, the CTUIR and WDFW conducted separate monitoring and evaluation projects in the Walla Walla Basin under BPA project numbers 200003900 and 199802000, respectively (see http://data.umatilla.nsn.us/, http://wdfw.wa.gov/conservation/research/projects/se_wa_fish/, and efw.bpa.gov).  

The Walla Walla Subbasin supports two populations of native steelhead and multiple populations of bull trout, which are all listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), and a reintroduced population of spring Chinook.  These populations are depressed relative to historic levels.  Prior to the initiation of CTUIR's and WDFW's projects funded by BPA, the subbasin co-managers did not have adequate information to assess adult abundance, distribution, age structure, genetic characteristics, adult to adult productivity, smolt to adult survivals, and natural spawning escapement.  In addition, numerous habitat protection and rehabilitation projects to improve salmonid freshwater production and survival have been implemented in the subbasin and they are in need of effectiveness monitoring.  While our monitoring efforts outlined here will not specifically measure the effectiveness of any particular project, they will provide much needed background information for developing context for project-specific effectiveness monitoring.  In the future, we will begin to monitor the CTUIR spring Chinook hatchery program as a major part of this monitoring and evaluation program.

The purpose of this collaborative project is to conduct natural production, habitat, and hatchery monitoring and evaluation. Our goal is to provide ecological information to decision makers in support of adaptive management for ESA recovery, population restoration, conservation, and preservation of cultural, social, and economic salmonid resources.  We do this by emphasizing monitoring of populations' status and trends to estimate "adults in and juveniles out" as a measure of population viability within the subbasin, and as an evaluation of the spring Chinook hatchery program.

Project objectives were chosen to answer specific management questions regarding Viable Salmonid Population (VSP) parameters (McElhany et al. 2000) of abundance, productivity, spatial structure, and diversity for reintroduced spring Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), ESA-listed summer steelhead (O. mykiss), and bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) in the Walla Walla Subbasin.  Project results help inform the Tribes' First Foods management with ceded lands.

Primary management questions addressed by this project are based on the Draft Adaptive Management and Research, Monitoring and Evaluation of the SE WA Salmon Recovery Plan (see Appendix C, SRSRB 2011).  Primary monitoring questions 1 and 3 of that Appendix are most directly associated with this project.  Those questions are: "Is the status of the population/ ESU/DPS improving?" and "Are hatchery programs meeting specific mitigation goals?"  We used the following primary management questions derived from Appendix C (SRSRB 2011) to guide our reporting of status and trends.
- Is the abundance of adult fish trending towards restoration goals for each population?
- Is the population productivity of fish trending towards restoration goals for each population?
- What is the spatial structure of each population?
- What are the major life history strategies for each population?
- Are populations viable or meeting mitigation goals?

Project field methods were adapted from the Salmonid Field Protocols Handbook (Johnson et al. 2007) to collect a few key fish population indicators.  For adults-in our main population metric is adult abundance estimated at counting stations at dams or traps, or in some cases through use of spawning surveys (depending on the species and location).  The primary population productivity indicators are natural origin adult abundance and Adult to Adult Return (AAR) based on spawning escapement.  In the future, our long-term objective is to establish adult enumeration sites in the lower Walla Walla River, if possible, to better estimate total returns.  For juveniles out, our primary indicators are smolt abundance and smolt to adult returns (SARs).

Fish population performance indicators used are:

Adults-in
- Adult to adult return
- Adult abundance
- Spawning escapement
- Fish per redd
- pre-spawn loss and stray fish
- redds per kilometer
- harvest

Juveniles-out
- smolt to adult return
- smolt abundance
- smolts per redd
- survival (Cormack-Jolly-Seber) & run timing

Project Work Elements (WE) include:  adult enumeration, spawning surveys, PIT-tagging, outmigrant monitoring, electrofishing and fish salvage, and juvenile production monitoring.  However, we also collect water temperature and flow data because they are such major factors determining salmonid distributions.  We believe these monitoring and evaluation actions meet the highest priorities for fish population monitoring as identified by the Walla Walla Subbasin Plan (Walla Walla County 2004), the Middle Columbia River Steelhead Distinct Population Segment Recovery Plan (NMFS 2009), Snake River Salmon and Steelhead Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for SE WA (Appendix C in SRSRB 2011), the Independent Science Review Panel, the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's draft Guidance for Monitoring, Evaluation, Research and Reporting Plan (MERR 2010), the NOAA Draft Guidance for Monitoring Recovery of Salmon and Steelhead (NOAA 2009), and the Draft Anadromous Salmonid Monitoring Strategy (ASMS 2010).  

Project work emphasizes Mill Creek, and the Walla Walla and Touchet rivers, and is coordinated with local stakeholders whenever possible (e.g. ODFW, USFWS, USACE, USFS, the Walla Walla Watershed Council, Snake River Salmon Recovery Board, local irrigation districts, Tri-state Steelheaders, and other public and private groups).
Account Type(s):
Expense
Contract Start Date:
03/01/2012
Contract End Date:
02/28/2013
Current Contract Value:
$156,110
Expenditures:
$156,110

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Jan-2020.

Env. Compliance Lead:
Work Order Task(s):
Contract Type:
Contract (IGC)
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
Click the map to see this Contract’s location details.

Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Complete
Compliance for WEs C-L completed B: 165. Compliance for WEs C-L 02/28/2013 02/28/2013
Adult enumeration data C: 157. Adult enumeration 02/28/2013 02/28/2013
Spring Chinook spawner/ carcass survey data in the Touchet River D: 157. Spring Chinook Spawner / carcass surveys in the Touchet River 12/31/2012 12/31/2012
Outmigrant monitoring and evaluation data E: 157. Outmigrant monitoring for population estimates, survival, and migration characteristics 02/28/2013 02/28/2013
Up to 8,000 salmonids PIT tagged F: 158. PIT tag Chinook, steelhead, bull trout 02/28/2013 02/28/2013
Fish salvage data G: 28. Fish salvage 02/28/2013 02/28/2013
Steelhead redd count survey data H: 157. Steelhead redd count surveys 02/28/2013 02/28/2013
Bull trout redd survey data I: 157. Bull trout redd count surveys 02/28/2013 02/28/2013
Electrofishing or snorkel survey data J: 157. Electrofishing and snorkel surveys 02/28/2013 02/28/2013
Water temperature summaries K: 157. Deploy, monitor, and retrieve water temperature monitors 02/28/2013
Flow monitoring data summaries L: 157. Monitor stream discharges 02/28/2013 02/28/2013
Analyzed data M: 162. Analyze data 02/28/2013 02/28/2013
Manage Walla Walla Salmonid Monitoring and Evaluation Project O: 119. Manage & Administer Walla Walla Salmonid Monitoring and Evaluation Project 02/28/2013 02/28/2013

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements
Chinook (O. tshawytscha) - Mid-Columbia River Spring ESU
  • 1 instance of WE 28 Trap and Haul
  • 5 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 158 Mark/Tag Animals
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Steelhead (O. mykiss) - Middle Columbia River DPS (Threatened)
  • 1 instance of WE 28 Trap and Haul
  • 6 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 158 Mark/Tag Animals
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Trout, Bull (S. confluentus) (Threatened)
  • 1 instance of WE 28 Trap and Haul
  • 5 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 185 Periodic Status Reports for BPA 03/01/2012
B 165 Compliance for WEs C-L 03/01/2012
C 157 Adult enumeration 03/01/2012
D 157 Spring Chinook Spawner / carcass surveys in the Touchet River 03/01/2012
E 157 Outmigrant monitoring for population estimates, survival, and migration characteristics 03/01/2012
F 158 PIT tag Chinook, steelhead, bull trout 03/01/2012
G 28 Fish salvage 03/01/2012
H 157 Steelhead redd count surveys 03/01/2012
I 157 Bull trout redd count surveys 03/01/2012
J 157 Electrofishing and snorkel surveys 03/01/2012
K 157 Deploy, monitor, and retrieve water temperature monitors 03/01/2012
L 157 Monitor stream discharges 03/01/2012
M 162 Analyze data 03/01/2012
N 132 Technical Progress Report for 3/1/2011 - 2/29/2012 03/01/2012
O 119 Manage & Administer Walla Walla Salmonid Monitoring and Evaluation Project 03/01/2012