Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 57486: 1994-049-00 EXP KOOTENAI RIVER RESIDENT FISH ASSESSMENT
Project Number:
Title:
Kootenai River Ecosystem Restoration
Stage:
Implementation
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Mountain Columbia Kootenai 100.00%
Contract Number:
57486
Contract Title:
1994-049-00 EXP KOOTENAI RIVER RESIDENT FISH ASSESSMENT
Contract Continuation:
Previous: Next:
54017: 1994-049-00 EXP KOOTENAI RIVER ECOSYSTEM
  • 61690: 1994-049-00 EXP KOOTENAI RIVER RESIDENT FISH ASSESSMENT
Contract Status:
Closed
Contract Description:
The overarching goal of project 1994-049-00 is to recover a productive, healthy and biologically diverse Kootenai River ecosystem, with emphasis on native fish species rehabilitation. It is designed to aid the recovery of important fish stocks, i.e. white sturgeon, burbot, bull trout, kokanee and other salmonids important to the Kootenai Tribe of Idaho and regional sport-fisheries.  

The major objective of the project has been to address factors limiting key fish species within an ecosystem perspective. Major components completed include: establishment of a comprehensive and thorough biomonitoring program, investigation of ecosystem-level productivity, testing the feasibility of a large-scale Kootenai River nutrient addition experiment, evaluation and rehabilitation of key Kootenai River tributaries important to the health of the Kootenai River ecosystem, provision of funding for Canadian implementation of nutrient addition and monitoring in the Kootenai River ecosystem (Kootenay Lake) from lost  productivities created by construction and operation of Libby Dam, providing written summaries of all research activities, and, holding an annual workshop with other agencies to discuss management, research, and monitoring strategies related to this project and providing a forum to coordinate and disseminate data with other projects involved in the Kootenai River basin.    

The proposed biological objectives include : continuation of a system-scale multi trophic-level biomonitoring and water quality program sensitive to changes in biological  productivity,  continued evaluation and rehabilitation of key Kootenai River tributaries important to the health of the Kootenai River ecosystem, provision of funding for Canadian implementation of nutrient addition and monitoring in the Kootenai River ecosystem (Kootenay Lake), holding an annual meeting to convene with other agencies and institutions to discuss management, research, and monitoring strategies for this project and disseminate information, and, providing written summaries of all research  activities related to the project.  

Therefore this project, which addresses system productivity and other ecosystem level management issues (e.g. restoring normative flows as part of hydro operations), is crucial to recovery of the Kootenai River ecosystem in the post-Libby Dam era.

Problems Project Addresses:

The Kootenai River aquatic ecosystem has been significantly degraded due to wetland loss and impoundment during the last century causing nutrient deficiencies and reductions in habitat types and complexity. Very low levels of phosphorous and nitrogen have been found downstream of Libby Dam resulting in oligotrophic and ultra-oligotrophic conditions in most reaches. Chlorophyll a levels, macroinvertebrate, and salmonid densities are well below similar-sized regional rivers. Macroinvertebrate biomass, diversity, and fish condition factors are low and generally decline with increased distance from Libby Dam (Holderman and Hardy 2004). Kootenai River white sturgeon (Acispenser transmontanus ), burbot (Lota lota) and all salmonid species (Oncorhynchus spp.), important to Kootenai Tribal and regional sport fisheries, are scarce relative to historical accounts and are currently unfishable.

This project (199404900) is designed to address ecosystem level problems within a adaptive management framework. Currently system productivity in the regulated mainstem of the Kootenai River has been identified as a strong limiting factor to biogenic development in the river, ultimately resulting in reduced fisheries (KRSA 2004; Holderman and Hardy 2004). The International Kootenai River Ecosystem Team (IKERT) recommended in 2003 to initiate a 5 year experimental nutrient restoration effort, which began in July of 2005 with additions of liquid phosphorus to the Kootenai River near the Idaho-Montana border. However, additional problems remain. Most notable are a lack of habitat complexity (especially in the meander reach downstream of Bonners Ferry, ID, and key Idaho tributaries), and regulated flow patterns that are often at odds with the "natural" hydrograph that occurred prior to the construction of Libby Dam in 1972.

How this SOW Addresses Objectives:

This SOW addresses the aforementioned objectives in several ways. The biomonitoring work (monitoring of water quality and biologic trophic levels) is designed to characterize the ambient conditions in the Kootenai River, and provide a template of comparison for current and future restoration work within the basin (an exception to this is the fine-scale monitoring associated with the nutrient restoration in the main stem Kootenai River. This work is designed to directly monitor the effects of nutrient additions and provide data to finely tune and evaluate the project, and, meet state and federal water quality compliance standards). SOW work elements concerning nutrient restoration in Kootenay Lake and river are addressing biological productivity issues that have been identified in the Kootenai River Sub Basin Plan (KRSBP 2004). The river fertilization work is designed to replace limiting nutrients lost within Libby Reservoir, and boost primary productivity in the Idaho reach of the river, ultimately resulting improved fisheries (eg. more rainbow trout per mile; improved sturgeon growth and condition, improved forage base for all fish species). Tributary riparian restoration work addresses habitat needs that will benefit resident fish species, such as kokanee, rainbow trout and burbot, all species that play important roles in the Kootenai River ecosystem. Kokanee provided a seasonal food source for white sturgeon, and cycled nutrients from Kootenay Lake back to Idaho tributaries in quantities that likely had a significant effect on stream productivity, which in turn benefited resident salmonids and juvenile burbot. Kootenay Lake nutrient work is designed to benefit kokanee, sturgeon, trout and burbot stocks in the South Arm of the lake. All these species make annual spawning migrations to Idaho streams that fed the Kootenai River. Thus the nutrient restoration work in Kootenay Lake, B.C., tributary habitat restoration in Idaho, main stem fertilization, and other aspects of this project are designed to compliment one another.

Kootenai Tribe Working in Coordination with the B.C. Ministry of Environment to plant eyed Kokanee eggs in tributaries to the Kootenai River and Kootenay Lake:

South Arm of Kootenay Lake kokanee escapements are virtually non-existent and have not responded to North Arm fertilization even though the North Arm stock has.  Review of the historical data supports the notion that larger South Arm escapements were evident, at least in the low thousands, 3-4 decades ago. Today they are in the low hundreds.  The same trend is evident for escapement data summarized for North Idaho streams that flow into the lower Kootenai River.  The 2006 stream counts in BC and Idaho indicated that only a few fish (most < 25) were present in several streams.  In 2007, however, kokanee spawners increased to several hundred in several streams in B.C. and north Idaho indicating that nutrient augmentation in Kootenay Lake is working.

With recent implementation of nutrient enhancement in the South Arm of Kootenay Lake, eyed kokanee egg plants in the South Arm tributaries will produce kokanee fry that benefit from South Arm fertilization and restore South Arm kokanee runs.

B.C. Ministry staff will plant  2-3 million eyed kokanee eggs in four tributaries to the South Arm of Kootenay Lake in October/November 2008. The following creeks will receive the following number of eggs: Crawford Creek 300,000; Boulder Creek 200,000; Goat River 1,000,000; Summit Creek 500,000.
Account Type(s):
Expense
Contract Start Date:
06/01/2012
Contract End Date:
05/31/2013
Current Contract Value:
$1,691,068
Expenditures:
$1,691,068

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Dec-2021.

BPA COTR:
Env. Compliance Lead:
Contract Contractor:
Work Order Task(s):
Contract Type:
Contract (IGC)
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
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Full Name Organization Write Permission Contact Role Email Work Phone
John Barco III Bonneville Power Administration No Interested Party jwbarco@bpa.gov (503) 230-3223
Charles Holderman Kootenai Tribe Yes Contract Manager cholderman@kootenai.org (208) 267-3620
Sue Ireland Kootenai Tribe Yes Supervisor ireland@kootenai.org (208) 267-3620
Paul Krueger Bonneville Power Administration Yes F&W Approver pqkrueger@bpa.gov (503) 230-5723
Edna Runyan Kootenai Tribe Yes Administrative Contact edna@kootenai.org (208) 267-3620
Kristi Van Leuven Bonneville Power Administration No Contracting Officer kjvleuven@bpa.gov (503) 230-3605
Virgil Watts III Bonneville Power Administration Yes COTR vlwatts@bpa.gov (503) 230-4625


Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Complete
Completion of NEPA and Permitting in support of the Nutrient Project B: 165. NEPA Work for River Restoration Activities 05/31/2013 05/31/2013
Nutrients added to Kootenai River complete C: 44. Kootenai River Nutrient Restoration Experiment--Nitrogen and Phosphorus Additions 11/15/2012 10/16/2012
Water Quality Sampling Complete D: 157. Biomonitoring--Water Quality 05/31/2013 05/31/2013
Algae Sampling complete E: 157. Biomonitoring--Algae 05/31/2013 05/31/2013
Fine-Scale Monitoring Analyses of Nutrient Experiment Complete F: 157. Fine-Scale Algae & Water Quality Monitoring 05/31/2013 05/31/2013
Macroinvertebrate Sampling complete G: 157. Biomonitoring--Macroinvertebrates 05/31/2013 05/31/2013
Fish Community Sampling Complete H: 157. Fish Species/Community Dynamics & Abundance 05/31/2013 05/31/2013
Ecosystem Monitoring on Trout, Parker, and Long Canyon Creeks Complete I: 157. Monitoring on Trout, Parker, and Long Canyon Creeks 05/31/2013 05/31/2013
Nutrient delivery and lake monitoring complete J: 44. Kootenay Lake Nutrient Restoration 05/31/2013 05/31/2013
Statistical Analyses of Trophic Data & Water Quality Complete K: 162. Statistical Analyses of Trophic & Water Chemistry Data 05/31/2013 05/31/2013
Kokanee Genetic Analysis complete L: 162. Kokanee Genetic Analyses - S.P. Cramer and Assoc., Inc. 05/31/2013 05/31/2013
Kootenai River Ecosystem database work complete M: 160. Kootenai River Ecosystem Project Data Base 05/31/2013 05/31/2013
Reporting, Publications, other assistance complete N: 183. Assistance with Reporting, Publications, and Public Relations Documents 05/31/2013 05/24/2013
IKERT meeting complete O: 99. Annual International Kootenai River Ecosystem Restoration Team (IKERT) Conference 05/31/2013 05/31/2013
Development. of SOW, LIB, MR, Accruals complete P: 119. Development of SOW, LIB, Metric Reporting and yearly Accruals 05/31/2013 05/31/2013
Project Annual Report Complete Q: 132. Submit Progress Report for the period June 1, 2012 to May 31, 2013 05/31/2013 05/31/2013

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics Customize

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements
Cutthroat Trout, Westslope (O. c. lewisi)
  • 1 instance of WE 44 Enhance Nutrients in Water Bodies
  • 2 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Cutthroat Trout, Yellowstone (O. c. bouvieri)
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Kokanee (Oncorhynchus nerka)
  • 1 instance of WE 44 Enhance Nutrients in Water Bodies
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 2 instances of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Sturgeon, White (A. transmontanus) - Kootenai River DPS (Endangered)
  • 2 instances of WE 44 Enhance Nutrients in Water Bodies
  • 4 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Trout, Brown (Salmo trutta) [OBSOLETE]
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Trout, Brook (Salvelinus fontinalis)
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Trout, Bull (S. confluentus) (Threatened)
  • 1 instance of WE 44 Enhance Nutrients in Water Bodies
  • 4 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Trout, Rainbow (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • 1 instance of WE 44 Enhance Nutrients in Water Bodies
  • 1 instance of WE 183 Produce Journal Article
  • 5 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Trout, Interior Redband (O. mykiss gairdnerii)
  • 2 instances of WE 44 Enhance Nutrients in Water Bodies
Whitefish, Mountain (Prosopium williamsoni)
  • 1 instance of WE 44 Enhance Nutrients in Water Bodies
  • 1 instance of WE 183 Produce Journal Article
  • 2 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 185 Periodic Status Reports for BPA 06/01/2012
B 165 NEPA Work for River Restoration Activities 06/01/2012
C 44 Kootenai River Nutrient Restoration Experiment--Nitrogen and Phosphorus Additions 04/03/2012
D 157 Biomonitoring--Water Quality 05/04/2012
E 157 Biomonitoring--Algae 05/04/2012
F 157 Fine-Scale Algae & Water Quality Monitoring 05/04/2012
G 157 Biomonitoring--Macroinvertebrates 05/04/2012
H 157 Fish Species/Community Dynamics & Abundance 05/04/2012
I 157 Monitoring on Trout, Parker, and Long Canyon Creeks 05/04/2012
J 44 Kootenay Lake Nutrient Restoration 04/18/2012
K 162 Statistical Analyses of Trophic & Water Chemistry Data 06/01/2012
L 162 Kokanee Genetic Analyses - S.P. Cramer and Assoc., Inc. 06/01/2012
M 160 Kootenai River Ecosystem Project Data Base 06/01/2012
N 183 Assistance with Reporting, Publications, and Public Relations Documents 06/01/2012
O 99 Annual International Kootenai River Ecosystem Restoration Team (IKERT) Conference 06/01/2012
P 119 Development of SOW, LIB, Metric Reporting and yearly Accruals 06/01/2012
Q 132 Submit Progress Report for the period June 1, 2012 to May 31, 2013 06/01/2012