Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 69274: 1991-029-00 EXP USGS EMERGING ISSUE/MEASURE SNAKE R FALL CHIN ESU
Project Number:
Title:
Snake River Fall Chinook Research & Monitoring
Stage:
Implementation
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Basinwide - 100.00%
Contract Number:
69274
Contract Title:
1991-029-00 EXP USGS EMERGING ISSUE/MEASURE SNAKE R FALL CHIN ESU
Contract Continuation:
Previous: Next:
65395: 1991-029-00 EXP USGS EMERGING ISSUE/MEASURE SNAKE R FALL CHIN ESU
  • 72898: 1991-029-00 EXP USGS EMERGING ISSUE/MEASURE SNAKE R FALL CHIN ESU
Contract Status:
Closed
Contract Description:
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Regional Back Ground
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Project 199102900 began in 1991 to provide some of the first biological data on the contemporary population of fall Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha in the Snake River basin that was eventually listed in 1992 under the Endangered Species Act as the Snake River fall Chinook salmon evolutionary significant unit (ESU). As in past years, project 199102900 staffed by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service and U. S. Geological Survey will complement and be coordinated with existing Snake River fall Chinook salmon ESU projects including staff of Idaho Power Company, the Nez Perce Tribe Department of Fisheries Resources Management, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, University of Idaho, and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.

The 2008 Biological Opinion and RPA have received much attention from the resources management community in the Pacific Northwest.  Most recently it was reviewed by the Obama Administration.  This review led to an Adaptive Management Implementation Plan (AMIP).  A full review of the AMIP is beyond the scope of this back ground statement, but it builds on the 2008 Biological Opinion and parallels and supports the other regional actions outlined above.  The AMIP advocates collecting more data and improving analytic tools to better inform future adaptive management decision making.  It calls for enhanced research on salmon predators and invasive species including a determination of whether removals of smallmouth bass in areas of intense predation could reduce the mortality of juvenile salmonids.  It supports enhanced RM&E actions to fill data gaps including: adult status and trend monitoring, juvenile status and trend monitoring, and the development of expanded life-cycle and passage models.  Project staff will be actively involved in the AMIP process.

We will also summarize historical data and collect new data to make progress towards answering two questions posed in the Monitoring, Evaluation, Research and Reporting plan: (1) is the ESU abundant, diverse, productive, and spatially distributed; and (2) is the ESU responding to implemented actions as anticipated?  We recast these two questions as regional objectives: (1) increase the abundance, productivity, and spawning distribution of natural origin adults, and (2) increase the abundance and diversity of natural-origin subyearlings during early freshwater rearing and migration.  The success criteria for regional objective 1 will be: (1) an increased understanding of the anthropogenic, biological, and environmental factors that influenced historical and contemporary trends in adult abundance, (2) an increased understanding of how varying influential anthropogenic, biological, and environmental factors might facilitate meeting the minimum viability threshold, and (3) documentation of the status of escapement of natural-origin adults to the spawning areas relative to the explicit population level spatial structure criteria, and (4) support for expanded life cycle and passage modeling.  The success criteria for objective 2 will be: (1) estimates of passage abundance for natural-origin fall Chinook salmon subyearlings at Lower Granite Dam during the spring, summer, and fall, (2) an increased understanding of the anthropogenic, biological, and environmental factors that influence trends in passage abundance, (3) an increased understanding of how varying influential anthropogenic, biological, and environmental factors might increase passage abundance of natural-origin fall Chinook salmon subyearlings, (4) an increased understanding of the effect of predation in riverine habitat on passage abundance of natural-origin fall Chinook salmon subyearlings, and (5) support for expanded life cycle and passage models.

We will accomplish the regional objectives by accomplishing several scientific objectives each of which will produce final deliverables including models to support the AMIP process.


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Regional Objective 1 Final Deliverables
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Final deliverable 1A will be a set of models that provide a historical retrospective of adult abundance and spawning distribution that will rely on adult counts made without distinction of adult origin, but with redd counts made throughout the Snake River basin from 1947 to 2012. These models will accomplish the following scientific objectives: (1) describe the numerical trends in the adult counts, (2) describe the numerical and spatial trends in redd counts; (3) evaluate changes in the ability to use redd counts as accurate and precise predictors of adult counts, and (4) increase the understanding of how the numerical trends in the adult counts were influenced by anthropogenic, biological, and environmental change.  We will strive to complete a journal manuscript describing the results before the end of 2013. The models and the manuscript will confirm completion of the regional objective 1 success criterion 1.

Final deliverable 1B will be a second set of models that help to explain and predict increases in the abundance, productivity, and spawning distribution of natural origin adults by focusing on estimated counts of natural-origin adults at Lower Granite Dam from run construction and on redd counts made upstream of Lower Granite Reservoir after 1982 (or as early as possible depending on data availability).  It will accomplish the following scientific objectives: (1) increase the understanding of how the numerical trends in the estimated counts of natural-origin adults during 1983–2013 were influenced by anthropogenic, biological, and environmental change, (2) predict how varying influential anthropogenic, biological, and environmental factors might affect the status of natural-origin adults relative to the minimum viability threshold, and (3) predict the status of escapement of natural-origin adults to the spawning areas relative to the explicit population level spatial structure criteria.  We begin developing in 2013 using the redd count data we collect in the Snake River and the basinwide redd data collected by our research group.  We will strive to complete a journal manuscript describing the results before the end of 2015. The model and the manuscript will confirm completion of objective 1 success criteria 2 and 3.


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Regional Objective 2 Final Deliverables
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Final deliverable 2A will be set of models that help to explain and predict variation in passage abundance of natural-origin subyearlings at Lower Granite dam during 1992–2014. The scientific objectives will be to: (1) describe numerical trends in passage abundance of natural-origin fall Chinook salmon subyearlings estimated by reconstructing the run; (2) compare annual passage timing distributions calculated using different methods, (3) increase the understanding of how the numerical trends in passage abundance were associated with anthropogenic, biological, and environmental change, (4) use the results from scientific objectives 1 and 2 to predict how varying influential anthropogenic, biological, and environmental factors might increase abundance of natural-origin fall Chinook salmon subyearlings. We will begin developing the models in 2012, add new PIT-tag data from our project and collected by our collaborators as it becomes available, and strive to complete a journal manuscript describing the results before the end of 2015. The models and the manuscript will confirm completion of objective 2 success criteria 1, 2, and 3.

Final deliverable 2B will be a set of models that focus on predation by smallmouth bass in riverine rearing habitat along the lower Snake River during 1997–2014. The scientific objectives will be to: (1) estimate the abundance of smallmouth bass, (2) describe the diet of smallmouth bass, and (3) estimate subyearling loss to predation by smallmouth bass. We will begin collecting data in 2012 and strive to complete a journal manuscript describing the results before the end of 2015. The models and the manuscript will confirm completion of objective 2 success criterion 4.
Account Type(s):
Expense
Contract Start Date:
06/01/2015
Contract End Date:
05/31/2016
Current Contract Value:
$302,497
Expenditures:
$302,497

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Jan-2021.

BPA CO:
BPA COTR:
Env. Compliance Lead:
Contract Contractor:
Work Order Task(s):
Contract Type:
Contract (IGC)
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
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Full Name Organization Write Permission Contact Role Email Work Phone
William Connor US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) Yes Interested Party william_connor@fws.gov (208) 476-2242
Deborah Docherty Bonneville Power Administration Yes COTR dldocherty@bpa.gov (503) 230-4458
Israel Duran Bonneville Power Administration No Env. Compliance Lead induran@bpa.gov (503) 230-3967
Elizabeth Gordon US Geological Survey (USGS) No Administrative Contact egordon@usgs.gov (509) 538-2299x241
Jennifer Harlan US Geological Survey (USGS) No Administrative Contact jharlan@usgs.gov (509) 538-2983
Khanida Mote Bonneville Power Administration No Contracting Officer kpmote@bpa.gov (503) 230-4599
Kenneth Tiffan US Geological Survey (USGS) Yes Contract Manager ken_tiffan@usgs.gov (509) 538-2972
Steve Waste US Geological Survey (USGS) No Supervisor swaste@usgs.gov (509) 538-2299x236
Dorothy Welch Bonneville Power Administration Yes F&W Approver dwwelch@bpa.gov (503) 230-5479


Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Complete
Complete environmental compliance requirements A: 165. Ensure environmental compliance requirements have been met 05/31/2016 05/27/2016
Collect smallmouth bass for abundance estimation B: 157. Collect smallmouth bass for abundance estimation 05/31/2016 05/27/2016
Estimate abundance C: 162. Estimate smallmouth bass abundance 05/31/2016 03/01/2016
Smallmouth bass diet data D: 157. Collect smallmouth bass diet data 05/31/2016 05/27/2016
Analyze smallmouth bass diets E: 162. Analyze smallmouth bass diets 05/31/2016 03/01/2016
Hatchery adjustment factor F: 162. Adjust estimate fall Chinook loss to predation 05/31/2016 03/14/2016
Preliminary winter passage estimation methods G: 162. Juvenile run reconstruction 05/31/2016 05/27/2016
Redd video files H: 157. Aerial redd surveys 05/31/2016
Redd count I: 162. Enumerate redds 01/31/2016
FY15 Project and contract management complete J: 119. Manage And Administer Project 1991-029-00 05/31/2016 05/27/2016
Attach Progress Report in Pisces K: 132. Submit Progress Report for the period 1/1/15 through 12/31/15 03/15/2016 03/15/2016
BiOp RPA report for calendar year 2015 L: 202. BiOp RPA report for calendar year 2015 03/15/2016 03/15/2016

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics Customize

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements
Chinook (O. tshawytscha) - Snake River Fall ESU (Threatened)
  • 3 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 5 instances of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 165 Ensure environmental compliance requirements have been met 06/01/2015
B 157 Collect smallmouth bass for abundance estimation 06/01/2015
C 162 Estimate smallmouth bass abundance 06/01/2015
D 157 Collect smallmouth bass diet data 06/01/2015
E 162 Analyze smallmouth bass diets 06/01/2015
F 162 Adjust estimate fall Chinook loss to predation 06/01/2015
G 162 Juvenile run reconstruction 06/01/2015
H 157 Aerial redd surveys 06/01/2015
I 162 Enumerate redds 06/01/2015
J 119 Manage And Administer Project 1991-029-00 06/01/2015
K 132 Submit Progress Report for the period 1/1/15 through 12/31/15 06/01/2015
L 202 BiOp RPA report for calendar year 2015
M 185 Periodic Status Reports for BPA 06/01/2015