Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 75382: 2011-006-00 EXP CHAMP - ODFW - U GR RONDE & CATHERINE CK
Project Number:
Title:
Columbia Habitat and Monitoring Program - (CHAMP)
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Basinwide - 100.00%
Contract Number:
75382
Contract Title:
2011-006-00 EXP CHAMP - ODFW - U GR RONDE & CATHERINE CK
Contract Continuation:
Previous: Next:
71863: 2011-006-00 EXP CHAMP - ODFW - U GR RONDE & CATHERINE CK
Contract Status:
Closed
Contract Description:
For 2018, ODFW will perform work under this modification:

Off-site mitigation for the juvenile and adult mortality associated with the operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) includes the restoration of tributary habitat. The primary assumption of this approach is that improvements in tributary habitat will result in greater survival/production of juvenile emigrants and survival of adult migrants.  Problematically, the relationship between freshwater productivity and tributary habitat conditions has been elusive. The integrated Status and Effectiveness Monitoring Project (ISEMP; BPA Project Number 20013-017-00) developed and validated a Quantile Random Forest (QRF) model that estimates the total capacity of Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) summer parr (e.g., total number of Chinook parr that can be supported by available habitat) using habitat metrics generated by the Columbia Habitat Monitoring Program (CHaMP; BPA Project Number 2011-006-00). These estimates can be generated at the site-scale, tributary-scale, or watershed-scale in watersheds sampled by CHaMP. Moreover, using model-assisted regression informed by globally-available attributes, these estimates can be generated throughout the interior Columbia River Basin (CRB), with the possible exception of the Clearwater River Subbasin, which is not well represented by CHaMP data. Using CHaMP data and funding provided by the Bureau of Reclamation "Upper-Salmon Integrated Rehabilitation Assessment" and collaboration with the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW), redd capacity QRF models were developed for Chinook salmon and steelhead/rainbow trout (O. mykiss); likewise summer capacity models were extended to steelhead summer parr capacity estimates.

This contract supports data collection and analysis to generate QRF winter capacity estimates for Chinook salmon and steelhead. Combined with existing redd and summer QRF capacity estimates, a simple deterministic model of survival from across these life-stages will enable tributary habitat restoration efforts to more explicitly target habitat deficiencies, and provide guidance on the amount/types/locations of tributary habitat restoration actions necessary to most efficiently achieve de-listing and recovery goals in a standardized and quantitative fashion throughout the interior Columbia River Basin.

This contract funds the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife to conduct snorkel surveys at up to 50 sites previously surveyed by CHaMP within the upper Grande Ronde River watershed: . The density of juvenile Chinook Salmon and rainbow trout/steelhead will be estimated using the "Protocol for Snorkel Surveys of Fish Densities v1.0 (https://www.monitoringresources.org/). Densities will be expanded to estimate total juvenile abundance at each CHaMP site using depletion or mark-recapture methods described in the protocol "ISEMP Field Manual of Scientific Protocols for Capture, handling, and Tagging of Wild Salmonid" (https://www.monitoringresources.org/).

Survey data from this effort, similar efforts conducted by the WDFW in the Asotin, Entiat, Methow, and Wenatchee watersheds, and Quantitative Consultants, Inc. in the Lemhi River and Secesh River watersheds will be combined to develop a Chinook salmon and steelhead/rainbow trout winter habitat capacity QRF model utilizing the "ISEMP Data Analyst Protocol" (https://www.monitoringresources.org).

Work on hold for 2018:

This is cooperative effort with ODFW focusing on sampling 25 sites within the steelhead population in the Upper Grande Ronde and CRITFC concentrating their efforts in the spring Chinook populations in the Upper Grande Ronde/Catherine Creek with 25 sites. In addition, ODFW will assist CRITFC in sampling five additional sites within the spring Chinook salmon distribution, which overlap with the steelhead distribution, to maximize the number of sites sampled and data sharing between the two agencies to achieve both programs' long term monitoring goals for steelhead and Chinook salmon in the Upper Grande Ronde River. ODFW will use CRITFC methodology when and where appropriate, in conjunction with CHaMP methodology to achieve these goals.

ODFW will assist and collaborate with CHaMP lead coordinators and partners to produce RM&E, BiOp, and "Lessons Learned" reports.

ODFW will participate and assist in 1) protocol development, 2) adaptive management programs to assist in the development of anadromous salmonid life cycle models with data from the CHaMP program, 3) lead an effort in the comparison of ODFW Aquatic Inventories Project monitoring protocol with the goal of leveraging continuous habitat surveys with CHaMP's GRTS design, and 4) evaluate the effectives of restoration actions aimed at improving key limiting factors at multiple scales.

__________________________________________

Background on CHaMP:

This contract is in support of BiOp Fast track II.

In support of habitat restoration, rehabilitation and conservation action performance assessments and adaptive management requirements of the 2008 Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion (FCRPS BiOp), the Bonneville Power Administration is working with NOAA and other regional fish management agencies to monitor status and trends of fish habitat for each major population group (MPG) in the Pacific Northwest identified through the Endangered Species Act (ESA).   Status monitoring provides information on the quantity and quality of current habitat and thus maximizes spatial coverage with a given number of sample sites.  Trend monitoring is used to detect changes in habitat through time and thus requires repeat samples at given sites.  Minimizing sampling and measurement error is crucial in order to differentiate this variability from natural variability though time and space.  In order to compare information across multiple MPGs, BPA is adopting a standardized fish habitat monitoring protocol, the Columbia Habitat Monitoring Program (CHaMP) for the Columbia River Basin monitoring programs.  

CHaMP is a Columbia River basin-wide habitat status and trends monitoring program built around a single habitat monitoring protocol with a program-wide approach to data collection and management which meets FCRPS Action Agency (2010) programmatic prescriptions for habitat monitoring.  CHaMP was developed by the Integrated Status and Effectiveness Monitoring Program (ISEMP) to capture habitat features that drive fish population biology and will result in systematic habitat status and trends information that will be used to assess basin-wide habitat condition and correlated with biological response indicators to evaluate habitat management strategies.  CHaMP is integrated with ongoing Pacific Northwest Aquatic Monitoring Program (PNAMP) and Recovery Planning efforts, as well as the collaborative process across Columbia Basin fish management agencies and tribes and other state and federal agencies that are monitoring anadromous salmonids and/or their habitat.  

The CHaMP is being proposed by the ISEMP and eight collaborating agencies  to help BPA meet the requirements of the 2008 FCRPS BiOp and RPA 56.3.  This program will provide information on the status/trends in habitat conditions, and will support habitat restoration, rehabilitation and conservation actions, performance assessments, and the adaptive management requirements of the 2008 FCRPS BiOp.  In addition, the CHaMP meets RPA 56.3, RPA 57, and RPA 3 by characterizing stream and fish responses to watershed restoration and/or management actions in at least one population within each steelhead and Chinook MPG which have, or will have, fish in-fish out monitoring (identified in RPA 50.6).  The watersheds originally identified for CHaMP include: Hood River, Wind River, Toppenish, Klickitat, Fifteen Mile, Lower Mainstem JD, North Fork JD, Upper Mainstem JD, Middle Fork JD, South Fork JD, Umatilla, Upper Grande Ronde, Catherine Ck, Imnaha, Lolo Ck, Tucannon, Asotin, SF Salmon, Big Ck, Lemhi, Pahsimeroi, Wenatchee, Entiat, Methow, and Okanogan.  These watersheds were chosen to maximize the contrast in current habitat conditions and also represent a temporal gradient of expected change in condition through planned habitat actions.  Following recommendations of the ISRP review, CHaMP is being implemented in a subset of these subbasins, which are Lower Mainstem JD, North Fork JD, Upper Mainstem JD, Middle Fork JD, South Fork JD, Upper Grande Ronde, Catherine Ck, Tucannon, SF Salmon, Lemhi, Wenatchee, Entiat, and Methow,  CHaMP collaborators will be supported by cross-project data management, stewardship and analysis staff, annual pre- and post-season meetings, annual field protocol and data management tool implementation training sessions.  

Program Elements

(1) Sampling Design
A Generalized Random-Tessellation Sampling (GRTS) survey design was recommended by Crawford and Rumsey (2009) for monitoring habitat status and trend in the Columbia River Basin.  The GRTS design was initially developed under the EPA’s Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program and is a probabilistic sampling design that has been shown to be advantageous for generating habitat condition parameters with known statistical characteristics.  The CHaMP monitoring design follows a  GRTS design with a 3 year rotating 1-to-1 split panel structure to distribute sampling effort in space and time, and has management tools for sampling design.  Implementing a GRTS survey design correctly is critical to producing a final dataset with known statistical characteristics requiring the implementation of strict procedures during the site evaluation and selection process.  A GRTS Site Selection Protocol and Tool will be provided to each collaborator to support field crews with efficiently completing the process while strictly enforcing design requirements.  

(2) Field Sampling
Habitat field sampling will follow the Bouwes et al. (2010) protocol that was developed after a review of fish habitat requirements, interactions of processes that influence fish habitat, the spatial scales for the context of these interactions, and current monitoring programs.  The protocol has the greatest probability of being comparable to other protocols and most relevant to salmonids and has been designed to be applied across varying spatial contexts depending on the logistical constrains of the sites.  In areas where GPS signals can be obtained, along with aerial photos, habitat units within reaches can be superimposed onto aerial photos with a map grade GPS.  In situations, where a GPS signal is not obtainable, units can be referenced to aerial photos and supplemented with on the ground measurements.  Finally, in situations where a GPS signal and aerial photos cannot be obtained a stick-and-tape method can be employed to delineate the reach into habitat units.  All approaches use a GPS map-grade data logger and thus do not require new gear for differing spatial contexts across related approaches.  

(i) Standardized Crew Training: Sampling and Data Capture Tool
Standardized field crew training in the recommended methods will be employed in all the CHaMP watersheds.  This standardized approach will promote crew efficiency and improved standardization across the region.  In addition to agency-specific safety and other training, CHaMP will provide training to support cooperating agencies that implement the recommended habitat protocol.

(ii) QA/QC crews to do repeat sampling across all participating watersheds
Repeated sampling of habitat monitoring sites within the same sampling season has proven to be an important component of GRTS-based, watershed-scale habitat monitoring.  Repeat sampling assists with 1) quality assurance/quality control, 2) the assessment of crew variability as a component of variation, and 3) providing improvements to temporal variability recognition (i.e., trend detection).  Furthermore, repeat sampling will be important to ISEMP’s research goals of testing the performance of the recommended protocols across the Columbia Basin.  To achieve these objectives, CHaMP will conduct repeat sampling visits for all watersheds in this program at 10 percent of all sampling sites during the low-flow index period.

(3) Data Management
For a monitoring program at the scale of the Columbia River Basin to be successful a robust data management system must be in place before initiating data collection.  Monitoring habitat in the CHaMP watersheds will generate a massive volume of data.  A system of data processing, storage, analysis, reporting, and distribution is available to meet the needs of a large-scale monitoring program, such as (a) documenting monitoring objectives, study design and intended analysis; (b) summarizing how, when, and where the monitoring data were collected, (c) supporting a range of analytical methods, such as hypothesis testing, time series analysis, structural equation modeling, and GIS support; and (d) adapting to changing requirements in the future.  The data system includes a centralized data warehouse and web-based data discovery tool (CHaMPmonitoring.org); data exchange and loading procedures; a database schema that defines data storage format (Aquatic Resources Schema, ARS); metadata tools; data capture, validation, and summary tools; quality control and assurance procedures; and data stewards who support the system.

(i) Field Data Capture Tools: Hand Held Loggers
Field crews will need applications to support data capture, review, summarization, and reporting and a suite of handheld and desktop tools to support both habitat and fish monitoring is available.  These tools have XML-based mechanisms to synchronize data.  This workflow includes documenting metadata about project and statistical design, entering survey event information and observations, performing quality assurance procedures, deriving metrics, and submitting data for archiving.

(ii) GIS Data Management and Geoprocessing
The large spatial scales that the CHaMP will cover means that assimilating and managing spatial datasets in GIS, accounting for the geomorphic context of sampling, and performing watershed or subbasin-scale analyses are important data features within these programs.  GIS data management support, coordination, and basic processing for monitoring programs that require data management guidance or processing assistance is available and development of geospatial models, the use of remote sensing technologies to collect continuous GIS datasets, such as LIDAR and aerial photos, and integrating field-based tabular data within a geospatial context is ongoing.  

(iii) Data Storage and Retrieval
The CHaMP will have multiple groups collecting data and it will be critical to have data accessible and available for use by all groups within the program.  CHaMPmonitoring.org serves as a long-term storage facility for monitoring datasets including metadata and features online interfaces for searching, viewing, and downloading datasets and documents associated with the coordinated monitoring program.

(4) Collaboration and Coordination
This is cooperative effort with ODFW focusing on sampling 25 sites within the steelhead population in the Upper Grande Ronde and CRITFC concentrating their efforts in the spring Chinook populations in the Upper Grande Ronde/Catherine Creek with 25 sites. In addition, ODFW will assist CRITFC in sampling five additional sites within the spring Chinook salmon distribution, which overlap with the steelhead distribution, to maximize the number of sites sampled and data sharing between the two agencies to achieve both programs' long term monitoring goals for steelhead and Chinook salmon in the Upper Grande Ronde River. ODFW will utilize CRITFC methodology when and where appropriate, in conjunction with CHaMP methodology to achieve these goals.

CHaMP collaborators will also be supported by cross-project data management, stewardship and analysis staff, annual pre- and post-season meetings, annual field protocol and data management tool implementation training sessions.  The project collaborators are also working with the US Forest Service PIBO staff monitoring program to coordinate on "efficiencies" with implementation of both the CHaMP and PIBO monitoring programs.  This work will continue through 2014.
Account Type(s):
Expense
Contract Start Date:
03/01/2017
Contract End Date:
02/28/2019
Current Contract Value:
$330,571
Expenditures:
$330,571

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Jan-2020.

BPA COTR:
Env. Compliance Lead:
Work Order Task(s):
Contract Type:
Contract (IGC)
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
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Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Complete
Environmental Compliance supporting documentation B: 165. Environmental Compliance documents 02/28/2018 02/28/2018
All administrative tasks fulfilled with timely quality products C: 119. M & A ODFW CHaMP in Upper Grand Ronde and Catherine Ck 02/28/2019 02/28/2019
CHaMP habitat data from 30 sites in the Upper Grande Ronde River and Catherine Creek D: 157. Conduct CHaMP fish habitat surveys in steelhead and Chinook salmon populations in the UGR 09/30/2017 09/30/2017
Upload quality assured data to CHaMPmonitoring.org E: 159. Deliver habitat data to www.CHaMPmonitoring.org 10/17/2017 10/17/2017
Contribute to CHaMP CY 2017 BiOp report G: 202. BiOp RPA Report for CHaMP CY 2017 02/14/2018 02/28/2018
Joint training H: 189. Joint-training 11/01/2017 11/01/2017
Conduct nighttime winter snorkel surveys I: 157. Conduct nighttime winter snorkel surveys 02/28/2018 02/28/2018
Conduct summer snorkel surveys J: 157. Conduct summer snorkel surveys 02/28/2019 02/28/2019
Develop/validate winter Chinook salmon and steelhead QRF model K: 162. Develop/validate winter Chinook salmon and steelhead QRF model 02/28/2019 02/28/2019
Review final winter Quantile Random Forest model report. L: 122. Review final winter Quantile Random Forest model report. 02/28/2019 02/28/2019

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements
Chinook (O. tshawytscha) - Mid-Columbia River Spring ESU
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Chinook (O. tshawytscha) - Snake River Fall ESU (Threatened)
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 159 Transfer/Consolidate Regionally Standardized Data
Chinook (O. tshawytscha) - Snake River Spring/Summer ESU (Threatened)
  • 3 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 159 Transfer/Consolidate Regionally Standardized Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Chinook (O. tshawytscha) - Upper Columbia River Spring ESU (Endangered)
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Chinook (O. tshawytscha) - Upper Columbia River Summer/Fall ESU
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Steelhead (O. mykiss) - Middle Columbia River DPS (Threatened)
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Steelhead (O. mykiss) - Snake River DPS (Threatened)
  • 3 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 159 Transfer/Consolidate Regionally Standardized Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data
Steelhead (O. mykiss) - Upper Columbia River DPS (Threatened)
  • 1 instance of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 185 Periodic Status Reports for BPA 03/01/2017
B 165 Environmental Compliance documents 03/01/2017
C 119 M & A ODFW CHaMP in Upper Grand Ronde and Catherine Ck 03/01/2017
D 157 Conduct CHaMP fish habitat surveys in steelhead and Chinook salmon populations in the UGR 03/01/2017
E 159 Deliver habitat data to www.CHaMPmonitoring.org 03/01/2017
F 132 Contribute to CHaMP/ISEMP CY 2017 annual report 03/01/2017
G 202 BiOp RPA Report for CHaMP CY 2017
H 189 Joint-training 03/01/2017
I 157 Conduct nighttime winter snorkel surveys 10/06/2017
J 157 Conduct summer snorkel surveys 10/06/2017
K 162 Develop/validate winter Chinook salmon and steelhead QRF model 03/01/2017
L 122 Review final winter Quantile Random Forest model report. 03/01/2017