Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 81781: 1991-029-00 EXP USGS SNAKE R FALL CHINOOK RESEARCH AND MONITORING
Project Number:
Title:
Snake River Fall Chinook Research & Monitoring
Stage:
Implementation
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Basinwide - 100.00%
Contract Number:
81781
Contract Title:
1991-029-00 EXP USGS SNAKE R FALL CHINOOK RESEARCH AND MONITORING
Contract Continuation:
Previous: Next:
79371: 1991-029-00 EXP USGS EMERGING ISSUE/MEASURE SNAKE R FALL CHIN ESU
  • 84776: 1991-029-00 EXP USGS SNAKE R FALL CHINOOK RESEARCH & MONITORING
Contract Status:
Issued
Contract Description:
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Regional Back Ground
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Project 199102900 began in 1991 to provide some of the first biological data on the contemporary population of fall Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha in the Snake River basin that was eventually listed in 1992 under the Endangered Species Act as the Snake River fall Chinook salmon evolutionary significant unit (ESU). Up until 2018, the project was implemented cooperatively by staff of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.S. Geological Survey. In 2018, the USGS assumed primary sponsorship of the project. As in past years, the project continue to complement and be coordinated with existing Snake River fall Chinook salmon ESU projects including staff of Idaho Power Company, the Nez Perce Tribe Department of Fisheries Resources Management, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, University of Idaho, and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.

The 2008 Biological Opinion and RPA have received much attention from the resources management community in the Pacific Northwest.  Most recently it was reviewed by the Obama Administration.  This review led to an Adaptive Management Implementation Plan (AMIP).  A full review of the AMIP is beyond the scope of this back ground statement, but it builds on the 2008 Biological Opinion and parallels and supports the other regional actions outlined above.  The AMIP advocates collecting more data and improving analytic tools to better inform future adaptive management decision making.  It calls for enhanced research on salmon predators and invasive species including a determination of whether removals of smallmouth bass in areas of intense predation could reduce the mortality of juvenile salmonids.  It supports enhanced RM&E actions to fill data gaps including: adult status and trend monitoring, juvenile status and trend monitoring, and the development of expanded life-cycle and passage models.  Project staff will be actively involved in the AMIP process.

We will also summarize historical data and collect new data to make progress towards answering two questions posed in the Monitoring, Evaluation, Research and Reporting plan: (1) is the ESU abundant, diverse, productive, and spatially distributed; and (2) is the ESU responding to implemented actions as anticipated?  We recast these two questions as regional objectives: (1) increase the abundance, productivity, and spawning distribution of natural origin adults, and (2) increase the abundance and diversity of natural-origin subyearlings during early freshwater rearing and migration.  The success criteria for regional objective 1 will be: (1) an increased understanding of the anthropogenic, biological, and environmental factors that influenced historical and contemporary trends in adult abundance, (2) an increased understanding of how varying influential anthropogenic, biological, and environmental factors might facilitate meeting the minimum viability threshold, and (3) documentation of the status of escapement of natural-origin adults to the spawning areas relative to the explicit population level spatial structure criteria, and (4) support for expanded life-cycle and passage modeling.  The success criteria for objective 2 will be: (1) estimates of passage abundance for natural-origin fall Chinook salmon subyearlings at Lower Granite Dam during the spring, summer, and fall, (2) an increased understanding of the anthropogenic, biological, and environmental factors that influence trends in passage abundance, (3) an increased understanding of how varying influential anthropogenic, biological, and environmental factors might increase passage abundance of natural-origin fall Chinook salmon subyearlings, (4) an increased understanding of the effect of predation in riverine habitat on passage abundance of natural-origin fall Chinook salmon subyearlings, and (5) support for expanded life-cycle and passage models.

We will accomplish the regional objectives by accomplishing several scientific objectives each of which will produce final deliverables including models to support the AMIP process.


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Regional Objective 1 Final Deliverables
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Final deliverable 1A will be a set of models that provide a historical retrospective of adult abundance and spawning distribution that will rely on adult counts made without distinction of adult origin, but with redd counts made throughout the Snake River basin from 1947 to 2018. These models will accomplish the following scientific objectives: (1) describe the numerical trends in the adult counts, (2) describe the numerical and spatial trends in redd counts; (3) evaluate changes in the ability to use redd counts as accurate and precise predictors of adult counts, and (4) increase the understanding of how the numerical trends in the adult counts were influenced by anthropogenic, biological, and environmental change. In 2019, we will add to our existing adult data set to address these objectives. The models and continued analysis of adult productivity through empirical data collection and life-cycle modeling will help complete regional objective 1 success criterion 1.

Final deliverable 1B will be a second set of models that help to explain and predict increases in the abundance, productivity, and spawning distribution of natural origin adults by focusing on estimated counts of natural-origin adults at Lower Granite Dam from run construction and on redd counts made upstream of Lower Granite Reservoir after 1982 (or as early as possible depending on data availability).  It will accomplish the following scientific objectives: (1) increase the understanding of how the numerical trends in the estimated counts of natural-origin adults during 1983–2018 were influenced by anthropogenic, biological, and environmental change, (2) predict how varying influential anthropogenic, biological, and environmental factors might affect the status of natural-origin adults relative to the minimum viability threshold, and (3) predict the status of escapement of natural-origin adults to the spawning areas relative to the explicit population level spatial structure criteria.  Using the redd count data we collect in the Snake River and the basinwide redd data collected by our research group, we will strive to complete a journal manuscript describing the results before the end of 2019. The model and the manuscript will confirm completion of objective 1 success criteria 2 and 3.


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Regional Objective 2 Final Deliverables
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Final deliverable 2A will be set of models that help to explain and predict variation in passage abundance of natural-origin subyearlings at Lower Granite dam during 1992–2018. The scientific objectives will be to: (1) describe numerical trends in passage abundance of natural-origin fall Chinook salmon subyearlings estimated by reconstructing the run; (2) compare annual passage timing distributions calculated using different methods, (3) increase the understanding of how the numerical trends in passage abundance were associated with anthropogenic, biological, and environmental change, (4) use the results from scientific objectives 1 and 2 to predict how varying influential anthropogenic, biological, and environmental factors might increase abundance of natural-origin fall Chinook salmon subyearlings. By adding new PIT-tag data from our project and collected by our collaborators as it becomes available, we will strive to complete a journal manuscript describing the results before the end of 2019. The models and the manuscript will confirm completion of objective 2 success criteria 1, 2, and 3.

Final deliverable 2B will be a set of models that focus on predation by smallmouth bass in riverine rearing habitat along the lower Snake River during 1997–2016. The scientific objectives will be to: (1) estimate the abundance of smallmouth bass, (2) describe the diet of smallmouth bass, and (3) estimate subyearling loss to predation by smallmouth bass. We have made much progress toward completing this work since 2012. Efforts in 2019 will focus on producing a river-wide subyearling loss estimate due to predation that will be summarized in a report by 2020. The models and the report will confirm completion of objective 2 success criterion 4.
Account Type(s):
Expense
Contract Start Date:
04/01/2019
Contract End Date:
03/31/2020
Current Contract Value:
$1,152,364
Expenditures:
$1,154,488

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 30-Apr-2021.

BPA CO:
BPA COTR:
Env. Compliance Lead:
Contract Contractor:
Work Order Task(s):
Contract Type:
Iaa
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
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Full Name Organization Write Permission Contact Role Email Work Phone
Deborah Docherty Bonneville Power Administration Yes COTR dldocherty@bpa.gov (503) 230-4458
Israel Duran Bonneville Power Administration No Env. Compliance Lead induran@bpa.gov (503) 230-3967
Desmond Gelman Bonneville Power Administration No CO Assistant dxgelman@bpa.gov (503) 230-4960
Jennifer Harlan US Geological Survey (USGS) No Administrative Contact jharlan@usgs.gov (509) 538-2983
David Kaplowe Bonneville Power Administration Yes F&W Approver djkaplowe@bpa.gov (503) 230-5365
Khanida Mote Bonneville Power Administration No Contracting Officer kpmote@bpa.gov (503) 230-4599
Kenneth Tiffan US Geological Survey (USGS) Yes Contract Manager ken_tiffan@usgs.gov (509) 538-2972
Steve Waste US Geological Survey (USGS) No Supervisor swaste@usgs.gov (509) 538-2299x236


Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Complete
Complete environmental compliance requirements A: 165. Ensure environmental compliance requirements have been met 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Collected PBT samples from juvenile fish B: 157. Collect PBT samples 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Preliminary juvenile run reconstruction methods C: 162. Juvenile run reconstruction 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Life-cycle model D: 162. Snake River fall Chinook life-cycle modeling 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Beach seine wild fall Chinook salmon subyearlings E: 157. Beach seine wild fall Chinook salmon subyearlings in 2019/2020 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Produce accessible, error-checked dataset of fish origin F: 157. Collect genetics samples from seined fish 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Error-free data set of fish run G: 162. Analyze genetics of seined fish 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
PIT tagged wild fall Chinook salmon subyearlings H: 158. PIT tag wild fall Chinook salmon subyearlings in 2019/2020 03/31/2020 09/30/2019
Uploaded PIT-tag data I: 161. Upload 2019/2020 PIT-tag data to PTAGIS 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Uploaded error free data set of fish origin J: 162. Analyze origin of subyearlings consumed by smallmouth bass 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Analyzed 1992-2019 beach seining and PIT-tag data K: 162. Analyze/Interpret the 1992-2019 beach seining and tagging data 09/30/2019 09/30/2019
Recaptured PIT-tagged Clearwater River subyearlings L: 157. Recapture PIT-tagged fish 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Estimated growth M: 162. Estimate growth of PIT-tagged fish 12/31/2019 12/13/2019
Survival estimate for Clearwater River subyearlings N: 162. Estimate Clearwater subyearling survival 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Collected prey data O: 157. Collect fall Chinook prey data 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Analyzed prey P: 162. Analyze prey data 03/31/2020
Collected juvenile fall Chinook in Lower Granite Reservoir Q: 157. Seine fall Chinook in reservoir 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Analyzed catch data R: 162. Analyze habitat use 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Completed surveys of deepwater fall Chinook salmon spawning sites S: 157. Deepwater redd surveys 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Completed aerial redd surveys T: 157. Aerial redd surveys 03/31/2020
Aerial redd count U: 162. Count aerial redds 03/31/2020
Count of deepwater redds V: 162. Count deepwater redds 01/30/2020 12/13/2019
Collected carcasses W: 157. Collect carcasses 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Summarized 1991-2019 redd count data X: 161. Analyze/Interpret the 1991-2019 redd count data 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
AMIP and management briefings Y: 161. Coordinate AMIP activities and provide management briefings 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Effective implementation management and timely contract administration Z: 119. Contract and project management for 1991-029-00 03/31/2020 03/31/2020
Completed 2019 Annual Report AB: 132. Submit Progress Report for the period January 2019 - December 2019 03/31/2020

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics Customize

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements
Chinook (O. tshawytscha) - Snake River Fall ESU (Threatened)
  • 9 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
  • 1 instance of WE 158 Mark/Tag Animals
  • 3 instances of WE 161 Disseminate Raw/Summary Data and Results
  • 11 instances of WE 162 Analyze/Interpret Data

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 165 Ensure environmental compliance requirements have been met 06/01/2019
B 157 Collect PBT samples 04/15/2019
C 162 Juvenile run reconstruction 06/01/2019
D 162 Snake River fall Chinook life-cycle modeling 04/01/2019
E 157 Beach seine wild fall Chinook salmon subyearlings in 2019/2020 04/01/2019
F 157 Collect genetics samples from seined fish 04/01/2019
G 162 Analyze genetics of seined fish 04/01/2019
H 158 PIT tag wild fall Chinook salmon subyearlings in 2019/2020 06/01/2019
I 161 Upload 2019/2020 PIT-tag data to PTAGIS 06/01/2019
J 162 Analyze origin of subyearlings consumed by smallmouth bass 04/01/2019
K 162 Analyze/Interpret the 1992-2019 beach seining and tagging data 06/01/2019
L 157 Recapture PIT-tagged fish 04/15/2019
M 162 Estimate growth of PIT-tagged fish 06/01/2019
N 162 Estimate Clearwater subyearling survival 06/01/2019
O 157 Collect fall Chinook prey data 04/15/2019
P 162 Analyze prey data 06/01/2019
Q 157 Seine fall Chinook in reservoir 04/01/2019
R 162 Analyze habitat use 06/01/2019
S 157 Deepwater redd surveys 04/01/2019
T 157 Aerial redd surveys 04/01/2019
U 162 Count aerial redds 06/01/2019
V 162 Count deepwater redds 04/01/2019
W 157 Collect carcasses 06/01/2019
X 161 Analyze/Interpret the 1991-2019 redd count data 06/01/2019
Y 161 Coordinate AMIP activities and provide management briefings 06/01/2019
Z 119 Contract and project management for 1991-029-00 06/01/2019
AA 132 Submit Progress Report for the period January 2018 - December 2018 04/01/2019
AB 132 Submit Progress Report for the period January 2019 - December 2019 06/01/2019
AC 202 BiOp RM&E 2019 report
AD 185 Periodic Status Reports for BPA 06/01/2019