Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 72676: 1993-056-00 EXP - UW ADVANCE HATCHERY REFORM RESEARCH
Project Number:
Title:
Advance Hatchery Reform Research
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Basinwide - 100.00%
Contract Number:
72676
Contract Title:
1993-056-00 EXP - UW ADVANCE HATCHERY REFORM RESEARCH
Contract Continuation:
Previous: Next:
68647: 1993-056-00 EXP UW - ADVANCE HATCHERY REFORM RESEARCH
  • 76269: 1993-056-00 EXP UW ADVANCE HATCHERY REFORM RESEARCH
Contract Status:
Closed
Contract Description:
Reasonable and Prudent Alternative (RPA) 63.2 of the FCRPS Biological Opinion calls for determining the effects of implemented hatchery reforms on salmon and steelhead populations. There is currently a specified gap in coverage for Upper Columbia River steelhead (RM&E workgroup June 2009 predecisional draft document and subsequent workgroups). This proposal provides for implementation and evaluation of major hatchery reforms identified by the RM&E workgroup for the US Fish and Wildlife Service’s Winthrop National Fish Hatchery (WNFH).  The required transition to local broodstock requires hatchery reform actions that i) can accommodate a later return and spawn timing, ii) induce proper smoltification, iii) promote high survival, and iv) maintain natural levels of fitness in the hatchery stock. Simply, transition to local broodstock cannot be successful without effective implementation of the hatchery reforms described in this proposal, which is part and parcel to the HGMP being developed by the USFWS for WNFH.

Steelhead in Pacific Northwest hatcheries are typically reared for release as 1-year-old smolts, rather than the 2¬and 3-year-old smolt life history patterns found in nature. High growth rates associated with accelerated hatchery rearing to a 1-year-old smolt life history may contribute to maladaptive behavioral traits and reduced post-release survival, and may constitute a primary mechanism leading to reduced fitness in hatchery fish. The current proposal offers a unique opportunity to evaluate genetic, physiological, and life history impacts of rearing 1- vs 2-year-old steelhead smolts. The study is cost effective in that it will be conducted using groups of integrated steelhead already being reared in Washington tributaries of the upper Columbia River as part of ESA recovery efforts. The study will aim to provide husbandry solutions that will help increase fitness, and alleviate maladaptive traits of hatchery-reared steelhead. The design fills identified gaps the FCRPS BiOp Reasonable and Prudent Alternatives 39, 63.2, 64.2. It will develop hatchery reform actions and best management practices for artificial production programs to make a net positive contribution to recovery of listed populations.

Nearly all steelhead intervention programs within the Basin will require non-conventional rearing methods in order to minimize the fitness loss described by Araki et al. (2008 and 2009) while achieving high smoltification and survival rates. The methods developed and tested under this proposal will be transferable in real time to other intervention programs wrestling with the same issues (e.g., Touchet, Tucannon, East Fork Salmon River). The RME workgroup indicated under RPA 64.2 that additional analysis may be needed to determine if supplementation programs are having a negative impact on recovery. Negative effects from ecological interactions constitute one of the primary concerns with hatchery programs. This project will focus on the effects of hatchery reform actions on residualism, which can exacerbate competition and predation effects on natural-origin fish survival. Hatchery-induced residualism caused by early male maturity would make it nearly impossible to implement hatchery reform alternatives because controlling the proportionate natural influence (PNI) and other important parameters included in HSRG models cannot be controlled if residuals are maturing and interbreeding with natural-origin fish.

The project has three biological objectives: 1) Improve survival and reduce fitness loss in Columbia River steelhead smolts by minimizing unnatural selection on body size and other smolt characteristics, 2) Identify behavioral and physiological traits under selection through laboratory-scale research, and 3) Evaluate both the reproductive traits and reproductive success of S1 and S2 adults returning to the Methow River and WNFH. The project will pursue the objectives by intensive monitoring of S1 and S2 steelhead smolts at WNHF until the 2015 release year and conducting mechanistic laboratory-based research on the same populations.  Evaluation of S1 and S2 relative reproductive success and survival of their offspring will occur in artificial stream channels constructed at WNFH, and with genetic evaluations conducted at NOAA’s Northwest Fisheries Science Center Laboratories.
Account Type(s):
Expense
Contract Start Date:
06/01/2016
Contract End Date:
06/30/2017
Current Contract Value:
$204,064
Expenditures:
$204,064

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-May-2024.

BPA CO:
Env. Compliance Lead:
Contract Contractor:
Work Order Task(s):
Contract Type:
Contract (IGC)
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
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Full Name Organization Write Permission Contact Role Email Work Phone
Barry Berejikian National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Yes Interested Party barry.berejikian@noaa.gov (360) 871-8301
Deborah Docherty Bonneville Power Administration Yes COR dldocherty@bpa.gov (503) 230-4458
Amy Mai Bonneville Power Administration No Interested Party aemai@bpa.gov (503) 230-7349
Lisa Renan Bonneville Power Administration Yes Interested Party lnrenan@bpa.gov (503) 230-4332
Jessica Roshan University of Washington Yes Supervisor jroshan@uw.edu (206) 616-9521
Ashlee Rudolph Bonneville Power Administration No Interested Party abrudolph@bpa.gov (503) 230-4475
Robert Shull Bonneville Power Administration Yes Env. Compliance Lead rwshull@bpa.gov (503) 230-3962
Amanda Snyder University of Washington No Administrative Contact osp@uw.edu (206) 543-4043
Penny Swanson National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Yes Technical Contact penny.swanson@noaa.gov (206) 860-3282
Chris Tatara National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Yes Technical Contact chris.p.tatara@noaa.gov (360) 871-8304
Dorothy Welch Bonneville Power Administration Yes F&W Approver dwwelch@bpa.gov (503) 230-5479
Karen Wolfe Bonneville Power Administration Yes Contracting Officer ktwolfe@bpa.gov (503) 230-3448
Graham Young University of Washington Yes Contract Manager grahamy@u.washington.edu (206) 543-4291
Elham Zolmajd-Haghighi Bonneville Power Administration No CO Assistant ezolmajd-haghighi@bpa.gov (503) 230-7414


Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Concluded
Obtain Environmental Clearance A: 165. Provide environmental compliance documentation to BPA 06/30/2017 06/13/2017
Data on behavioral and physiological traits under selection through laboratory-scale research B: 157. Identify behavioral and physiological traits under selection through laboratory-scale research 06/30/2017 06/13/2017
Data on gamete traits of returning S1, S2 and natural adults C: 157. Reproductive success of returning adult S1 and S2 steelhead 06/30/2017 06/13/2017
Manage and administer contract D: 119. Manage and Administer Contract 06/30/2017 06/13/2017
Provide Data/Information to NOAA as needed for BiOp RPA report F: 202. Provide Data/Information to NOAA as needed for BiOp RPA report 06/30/2017 03/08/2017

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics Customize

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements
Steelhead (O. mykiss) - Upper Columbia River DPS (Threatened)
  • 2 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 165 Provide environmental compliance documentation to BPA 06/01/2016
B 157 Identify behavioral and physiological traits under selection through laboratory-scale research 03/27/2017
C 157 Reproductive success of returning adult S1 and S2 steelhead 03/27/2017
D 119 Manage and Administer Contract 06/01/2016
E 132 Submit Progress Report for the period January 2016 - December 2016 06/01/2016
F 202 Provide Data/Information to NOAA as needed for BiOp RPA report
G 185 Periodic Status Reports for BPA 06/01/2016