Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
SOW Report
Contract 77262: 2003-011-00 EXP COLUMBIA R ESTUARY HABITAT-- RESTORATION (EP)
Project Number:
Title:
Columbia River Estuary Habitat Restoration
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Columbia River Estuary Columbia Estuary 50.00%
Lower Columbia Columbia Lower 50.00%
Contract Number:
77262
Contract Title:
2003-011-00 EXP COLUMBIA R ESTUARY HABITAT-- RESTORATION (EP)
Contract Continuation:
Previous:
70379: 2003-011-00 EXP COLUMBIA R/ESTUARY HABITAT (EP)
Contract Status:
Issued
Contract Description:
BPA Project Number:  2003-011-00
CR-309275
Performance/Budget Period: October 1, 2017 – September 30, 2019

Technical Contact/Project Lead:  Catherine Corbett
Lower Columbia Estuary Partnership
811 SW Naito Parkway, Suite 410
Portland, Oregon 97204
Phone: (503) 226-1565 Ext. 240
Fax: (503) 226-1580
corbett@estuarypartnership.org

Contracting Contact: Tom Argent
Lower Columbia Estuary Partnership
811 SW Naito Parkway, Suite 410
Portland, Oregon 97204
Phone: (503) 226-1565 Ext. 242
Fax: (503) 226-1580
targent@estuarypartnership.org

BPA Project Manager:  Anne Creason
Bonneville Power Administration
905 NE 11th Avenue
Portland, Oregon 97208
Phone: (503) 230-3859
amcreason@bpa.gov

Background
There are two contracts associated with this Project:  1) Direct implementation (this contract)- for restoration projects identified, designed, constructed and monitored for effectiveness by Estuary Partnership staff and for those projects where Estuary Partnership provides support to partners on hydrodynamic and ecological functions modeling and effectiveness monitoring, and 2) Coordination (contract #310545) - as part of the National Estuary Program (NEP), an important role of the Estuary Partnership is to identify gaps and provide support to partners for ecosystem restoration of the lower Columbia River, specifically in this Project by providing project evaluation, ranking and funding recommendations to BPA; providing technical assistance funding to partners for assessing restoration project feasibility and preliminary engineering designs; providing funding to partners for full engineering designs, permitting, construction and effectiveness monitoring for their restoration projects; providing data and other information to partners to ensure best available science in restoration design and evaluation; and hosting networking and coordination events. This contract focuses on the direct implementation of restoration projects by the Estuary Partnership.

The Lower Columbia Estuary Partnership’s (Estuary Partnership) 2011 Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan (Management Plan) calls for 25,000 acres of habitat to be restored and/or protected by 2025 in the lower Columbia River and estuary. This goal was updated in 2016 to: 1) no new net loss of native habitats as of 2009 (2009 baseline represents 50% loss, or 114,050 acres, since 1870 [see Marcoe and Pilson 2017]), 2) recover 30% by river reach of historic extent for priority habitats by 2030 (restore 10,382 acres) and 3) recover 40% of historic extent for priority habitats by river reach by 2050 (restore 22,480 acres). Since 2000, the Estuary Partnership has been implementing the Lower Columbia River Ecosystem Restoration Program (Program) to restore lower Columbia River ecosystem structure and function, with funding from Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The geographic scope of the Program is within the study area of the Estuary Partnership, and encompasses the lower 146 river miles of the Columbia River from Bonneville Dam to the Pacific Ocean. The overall Program includes toxic contaminant reduction and species recovery efforts, representing the umbrella program for the lower river. BPA funding under this Project focuses on a subset of actions addressing BPA’s Columbia River Ecosystem Restoration Program (CEERP) goal of improving habitat opportunity, capacity and realized function for aquatic organisms, specifically salmonids. Overall funding of this Project provides direct funding for multiple restoration actions under CEERP annually and provides leverage for the Estuary Partnership to expand restoration efforts beyond CEERP for a comprehensive, integrated and collaborative ecosystem based restoration program.    

To implement the Program, the Estuary Partnership staff work regularly with and rely on the Estuary Partnership’s Science Work Group, a committee of technical experts from throughout the region from the public and private sectors with specific knowledge in related sciences. Lessons learned during earlier phases of the Program have guided the development of the current approach, which now includes multiple major components. The components are designed to address the region’s goal of ecosystem restoration and support the needs of resource management programs and partner restoration practitioners:
1) A coordination structure designed to improve efficiencies and increase results;
2) An ecosystem-based restoration strategy that includes identified locations to focus habitat protection and restoration actions based on restoring historic habitat diversity as well as quantifiable goals, or habitat coverage targets;
3) A technical assistance program that provides capacity and support for restoration partners who individually cannot afford this expertise to work with landowners to identify, develop, construct and monitor restoration actions;
4) A rigorous scientific review process to evaluate and prioritize individual restoration actions;
5) A restoration inventory database to track status of actions in a GIS-based system, allowing comparison to habitat coverage targets and annual reporting to BPA and others; and
6) An adaptive management framework that includes:
a) Ecosystem monitoring to track trends in habitat conditions and fish use, provide a suite of reference sites for use as end points in restoration actions and place results of RME findings into the context with the larger ecosystem (via project #2003-007-00);
b) Action effectiveness monitoring to track whether restoration actions are meeting goals and need for future actions; identifies actions that work best and informs how to improve our actions (this project and #2003-007-00); and
c) Critical uncertainties research to address specific questions (e.g., salmon use of estuarine habitat’s contribution to adult returns) (via USACE AFEP projects).

Under this contract, the Estuary Partnership focuses on working with partners and landowners to identify, scope, design, construct and assess multiple restoration actions.  The Estuary Partnership will also continue to partner with the Columbia River Estuary Study Taskforce, Columbia Land Trust, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, the Cowlitz Indian Tribe, watershed councils, local governments and others to provide modeling, data collection, environmental compliance and other support to implement the Program. This statement of work describes the work elements, milestones and deliverables for the Program efforts that will be implemented from October 1, 2017 to September 30, 2019.

Review of Prior Work
From 2000 -2017, Estuary Partnership funding (through BPA, NOAA or EPA grants with the Estuary Partnership), has supported 76 actions that have restored or protected over 4,159 acres and opened over 79 miles of stream habitat. When combined with partners’ efforts, partners have accomplished 209 actions representing 23,195 acres restored or protected in the lower river.

Since 2003, the Estuary Partnership with help from its partners has tracked these restoration and protection actions throughout the region in our Restoration Inventory, a geodatabase (see http://www.estuarypartnership.org/our-work/map for maps resulting from this database).  The Estuary Partnership records all identified, planned and completed protection and restoration actions for the lower Columbia River, including those funded not only through BPA but also OWEB, LCFRB, NOAA and others. Information presently tracked in the database include the project sponsor; actions performed at the site; site descriptions; limiting factors and threats addressed; acres and stream miles protected or restored; and known species using the site.

The Restoration Inventory addresses multiple objectives. Information on individual sites is periodically uploaded to the Estuary Partnership website so that partners and the public can use it. Data is also used to produce summary reports and maps upon request for partners such as BPA, the USACE and USEPA to fulfill various needs. The Estuary Partnership reports progress to USEPA and, through an annual brochure, to our partners. Additionally, the Restoration Inventory is used to compare where restoration and protection actions align with our voluntary habitat coverage targets in order to evaluate progress in implementing the targets and gaps in coverage. This information is periodically presented at workshops and conferences and provided to our restoration partners in hopes of ultimately addressing implementation gaps for priority habitats.

The Estuary Partnership applies these results to adaptively manage our restoration program. Examples of this include a 2010 analysis that demonstrated that over 80% of salmon-focused restoration actions are located near Astoria or within the Portland urban boundary (Corbett et al. 2010). The analysis documented a spatial gap in restoration and protection activities above Portland and within the National Scenic Gorge area. As a result of this finding, and a lack of potential restoration partners working within this region, the Estuary Partnership expanded its role in the Habitat Restoration Program to include implementing restoration actions within this region. An updated analysis in 2012 demonstrated that the majority of restoration and protection actions were still located in the estuary section of the lower river, with 60% of actions occurring in Reaches A-C.  Only seven actions were found above Portland. These findings were reported in the USACE “Synthesis Memo” by Thom et al. 2012.  

Work Efforts for October 1, 2017 to September 30, 2019
Implementation of the Project will allow us to continue restoring the lower Columbia River ecosystem structure and function, focusing on habitat opportunity, capacity and realized function for aquatic organisms. This Project will increase habitat opportunity by reconnecting historic channels, floodplain and wetland habitats to the mainstem lower Columbia and tidal tributaries. It will improve habitat capacity by increasing habitat complexity and native species, in turn promoting site conditions supporting the production of preferred invertebrate prey, high assimilation efficiencies and low predation and competition levels. Ultimately, these improvements should improve physiological conditions within organisms using these sites including foraging success, growth, fitness and survival. The overarching project goal is to ensure ample coverage of diverse, quality habitats throughout the lower river to aid the recovery of juvenile salmonid natural life history diversities. We will accomplish this with the following:
• Identify and prioritize protection and restoration actions working with landowners in the lower Columbia River;
• Assess feasibility, scope, design, permit, and construct restoration actions within the lower Columbia River;
• Undergo technical evaluation process by the Estuary Partnership’s Project Review Committee and provide information to the Expert Regional Technical Group for the assignment of mitigation credits;
• Collect pre- and post-construction action effectiveness data to evaluate the success and effectiveness of restoration actions for adaptive management;
• Provide technical support to partners by:
• providing field data collection, quality assurance, management, analysis and reporting, modeling and feasibility assessment;
• providing hydrologic, hydrodynamic and ecological functions modeling; and
• providing environmental compliance support.
• Work with the Action Agencies to identify new restoration techniques (e.g., enhancing cold water refuges, modifying native species plantings, allowing wetland migration inland), new locations for restoration actions (e.g., above Bonneville Dam) and new foci for restoration actions (e.g., adult returning salmon and steelhead) for implementation in 2018 and out years.  

Through this contract the Estuary Partnership proposes to continue to identify, design and construct restoration projects within the lower Columbia River. These actions will:
• Improve habitat opportunity through breaching levees; reestablish flow patterns altered by causeways, culverts and tide gates; restore channels in intertidal areas and restore and enhance connections between sloughs, side channels and floodplains with the mainstem
• Improve habitat capacity through adding large woody debris; remove or manage invasive and nuisance vegetative species; plant native plant species; and enhance thermal conditions.
Restoration projects will largely focus on tidally influenced habitats in the lower Columbia River that provide benefits to juvenile salmonids, but we will work with the Action Agencies to explore expanding this focus for 2019 and subsequent years. Present project types may include dike breaches, tidegate removal or retrofits, large wood placement, riparian plantings and habitat creation.

The Estuary Partnership will provide information to BPA on identified potential projects and for those projects selected for funding by BPA as requested by BPA. The Estuary Partnership will coordinate with contractors, engineers, and agencies as needed, and will ensure compliance with all applicable laws.

The Steigerwald Floodplain Restoration project is currently in the 60% design stage with multiple on-going environmental compliance efforts underway. We anticipate completing permit applications and submitting 90% designs for the USACE 408 review in 2018, and constructing the project in 2019. As part of the 60% design stage, we anticipate performing ecological functions modeling to answer landowner questions of impacts of increased connectivity on native species.

We have identified two other potential projects:
* Multnomah Natural Area, owned by Metro - we have begun a feasibility assessment working with Metro and multiple other stakeholders, namely ODFW, EMSWCD, CREST, on this project.  A key first step is to complete an ecological functions model for this property as well as neighboring parcels to evaluate the impacts of increasing hydrologic connectivity on herptiles, waterfowl, neotropical migrants and invasive species. ODFW and Metro manage the suite of parcels along Multnomah Channel for multi-species including red-legged frogs; painted and pond turtles; and migrating neotropical bird species; and have expressed concerns for altering water management in these areas.
*La Center Bridge wetlands, owned by multiple private landowners along the East Fork Lewis River- Outreach with the landowners was initiated in summer 2017.
We anticipate the need for an engineering firm to help with the feasibility assessments and preliminary designs for both projects in FY2018.

All proposed restoration projects will be reviewed by the Estuary Partnership’s Science Work Group - Project Review Committee at the 30% design phase, if not before. For more complex projects or if significant questions arise from the Project Review Committee, we will ensure another review at the 60% design phase to ensure comments and concerns are addressed appropriately. Additionally, we will ensure our restoration projects undergo a second technical review and are assigned a mitigation credit score, the salmon Survival Benefit Unit (SBU), by the Action Agencies’ Expert Regional Technical Group at the 60% design stage.

We will collect pre- and post- construction Level 3 action effectiveness monitoring (AEM) data at La Center Wetlands; Horsetail Creek; Wahkeena and Multnomah creeks; Steigerwald Floodplain restoration projects as appropriate. We will provide support to the Columbia Soil and Water Conservation District and Lower Columbia Watershed Council on Level 3 AEM data for LA Swamp and Batwater Station.

Estuary Partnership staff will continue to provide partners with relatively inexpensive technical support in multiple ways. First, we will provide support on action effectiveness monitoring by providing field data collection, quality assurance, management, analysis and reporting for the Wallooskee-Youngs and Westport Slough restoration projects in FY2018. Second, we will provide hydrologic, hydrodynamic and ecological functions modeling on multiple projects (the Lower Columbia Watershed Council’s Westport Slough Restoration Project; CREST’s JR Palensky and McCarthy Creek projects in combination with our Multnomah Channel Natural Area project. Third, we will continue to routinely provide support to partners for meeting BPA’s environmental and regulatory compliance requirements.

We propose to support the Action Agencies by evaluating new restoration techniques (e.g., enhancing cold water refuges, modifying native species plantings, allowing wetland migration inland), new locations for restoration actions (e.g., above Bonneville Dam to Hood River) and new targets for restoration actions (e.g., adult returning salmon and steelhead) to meet NEPA requirements or implementation in the 2018 or subsequent BiOps. We propose to work with the ERTG Steering Committee to identify techniques, locations or targets of interest and to use Estuary Partnership staff and engineering firms to assess feasibility and address key uncertainties, including stakeholders’ willingness, constructability, cost effectiveness, and likelihood of success. Our ability to complete this task is contingent on BPA approval.

Estuary Partnership staff will continue to work with partners and Action Agencies to track restoration project information, including wetted acres and river miles restored; status; permitting and other issues; types of restoration actions; costs; and other information. The Estuary Partnership staff will continue to track this information in a central database and work on making this available to partners with different levels of permission for read/write accessibility. The Estuary Partnership will provide maps to the Action Agencies of results and provide project descriptions and maps to the public over the Estuary Partnership website for projects after receiving approval from partners and Action Agencies. The Restoration Inventory database will continue to allow the Estuary Partnership and its partners to track the status of restoration projects and help ensure that restoration in the lower Columbia is implemented in a coordinated manner.

In summary, under this contract the Estuary Partnership will work in coordination with the Action Agencies, partners and others to accomplish the following:
• Identify and prioritize protection and restoration actions working with landowners in the lower Columbia River;
• Assess feasibility, scope, design, permit, and construct restoration actions within the lower Columbia River;
• Undergo technical evaluation process by the Estuary Partnership’s Project Review Committee and provide information to the Expert Regional Technical Group for the assignment of mitigation credits;
• Collect pre- and post-construction action effectiveness data to evaluate the success and effectiveness of restoration actions for adaptive management;
• Provide technical support to partners by:
• providing field data collection, quality assurance, management, analysis and reporting, modeling and feasibility assessment;
• providing hydrologic, hydrodynamic and ecological functions modeling; and
• providing environmental compliance support.
• Work with the Action Agencies to identify new restoration techniques (e.g., enhancing cold water refuges, modifying native species plantings, allowing wetland migration inland), new locations for restoration actions (e.g., above Bonneville Dam) and new foci for restoration actions (e.g., adult returning salmon and steelhead) for implementation in 2018 and out years.  
The outcome of this contract will be several completed restoration projects, pre- and post-construction data collected to allow us to evaluate the success of newly completed projects, and potential new project techniques. Results will allow the Action Agencies and regional partners to adaptively manage ecosystem restoration in the lower Columbia River, at both the program and project levels to provide a greater likelihood of success over the long term.
Account Type(s):
Expense
Contract Start Date:
10/01/2017
Contract End Date:
09/30/2019
Current Contract Value:
$2,937,314
Expenditures:
$2,790,449

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Oct-2019.

BPA CO:
BPA COTR:
Env. Compliance Lead:
Work Order Task(s):
Contract Type:
Coop
Pricing Method:
Cost Reimbursement (CNF)
Click the map to see this Contract’s location details.

Viewing of Work Statement Elements

Deliverable Title WSE Sort Letter, Number, Title Start End Complete
Environmental Compliance Documentation B: 165. Environmental Compliance Work 09/30/2019 09/25/2019
Effective implementation and administration of contract C: 119. Project Management and Administration 09/30/2019 09/25/2019
Completed Annual Report D: 132. Produce FY 2017 Annual Report 03/15/2018 03/15/2018
Completed Annual Report E: 132. Produce FY 2018 Annual Report 04/26/2019 04/18/2019
Submit BiOp RPA Report in Taurus H: 202. BiOp RPA Report for CY2017 via Monitoring Contract 03/15/2018 03/15/2018
Submit BiOp RPA Report in Taurus I: 202. BiOp RPA Report for CY2018 via Monitoring Contract 03/15/2019 03/15/2019
Preliminary scores for two estuary restoration projects J: 114. LA CENTER BRIDGE & MULTNOMAH CHANNEL--Preliminary Scores 11/30/2017 11/30/2017
Final Engineering Designs K: 175. ***CCR-41958;**CCR-40982--STEIGERWALD-- Produce Final Designs and Construction Contractor Procurement 04/19/2019 04/19/2019
Steigerwald Level 3 AEMR data collection-- Year ONE pre construction for 2 years L: 157. STEIGERWALD-- Collect PRE-Construction AEMR Level 3 data 09/30/2019 09/25/2019
Wallooskee Youngs Level 3 AEMR data collection-- POST years 1 and 2 M: 157. WALLOOSKEE-YOUNGS-- Collect POST-Construction AEMR Level 3 data 09/30/2019 09/13/2019
La Center wetlands Level 3 AEMR data collection-- POST years 3 and 4 N: 157. LA CENTER WETLANDS Restoration site-- Collect POST-Construction AEMR Level 3 data 09/30/2019 09/06/2019
Wahkeena Creek Level 3 AEMR data collection-- POST years 4 and 5 O: 157. WAHKEENA and MULTNOMAH CREEKS -- Collect POST-Construction AEMR Level 3 data 09/30/2019 09/25/2019
Horsetail and Oneonta Creeks Level 3 AEMR data collection-- POST year 5 P: 157. HORSETAIL CREEK -- Collect POST-Construction AEMR Level 3 data 10/01/2018 09/30/2018
LA CENTER WETLANDS-- Phase 2-- Concept designs Q: 175. *CCR-40166: LA CENTER WETLANDS Phase 2 - Feasibility Assessment 02/01/2019 02/01/2019
MULTNOMAH CHANNEL-- Concept designs R: 175. *CCR-40166: MULTNOMAH CHANNEL Natural Area - Feasibillity Assessment 09/30/2019

Viewing of Implementation Metrics
Viewing of Environmental Metrics

Primary Focal Species Work Statement Elements
Chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) - All Populations
  • 1 instance of WE 114 Identify and Select Projects
  • 3 instances of WE 175 Produce Design
  • 5 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Chum (Oncorhynchus keta) - Columbia River ESU (Threatened)
  • 1 instance of WE 114 Identify and Select Projects
  • 2 instances of WE 175 Produce Design
  • 5 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch) - Lower Columbia River ESU (Threatened)
  • 1 instance of WE 114 Identify and Select Projects
  • 3 instances of WE 175 Produce Design
  • 5 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Cutthroat Trout, Coastal (Oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii) - All Anadromous Populations
  • 5 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) - All Populations
  • 1 instance of WE 114 Identify and Select Projects
  • 1 instance of WE 175 Produce Design
  • 5 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) - All Populations
  • 1 instance of WE 114 Identify and Select Projects
  • 3 instances of WE 175 Produce Design
  • 5 instances of WE 157 Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data
Lamprey, Pacific (Entosphenus tridentata)
  • 2 instances of WE 175 Produce Design
Sturgeon, White (A. transmontanus) - Lower Columbia River
  • 1 instance of WE 175 Produce Design

Sort WE ID WE Title NEPA NOAA USFWS NHPA Has Provisions Inadvertent Discovery Completed
A 185 Periodic Status Reports for BPA 10/01/2017
B 165 Environmental Compliance Work 10/01/2017
C 119 Project Management and Administration 10/01/2017
D 132 Produce FY 2017 Annual Report 10/01/2017
E 132 Produce FY 2018 Annual Report 10/01/2017
F 132 Submit RME 2017 Report via Monitoring Contract 10/01/2017
G 132 Submit RME 2018 Report via Monitoring Contract 10/01/2017
H 202 BiOp RPA Report for CY2017 via Monitoring Contract
I 202 BiOp RPA Report for CY2018 via Monitoring Contract
J 114 LA CENTER BRIDGE & MULTNOMAH CHANNEL--Preliminary Scores 10/01/2017
K 175 ***CCR-41958;**CCR-40982--STEIGERWALD-- Produce Final Designs and Construction Contractor Procurement 01/30/2019
L 157 STEIGERWALD-- Collect PRE-Construction AEMR Level 3 data 10/01/2017
M 157 WALLOOSKEE-YOUNGS-- Collect POST-Construction AEMR Level 3 data 10/01/2017
N 157 LA CENTER WETLANDS Restoration site-- Collect POST-Construction AEMR Level 3 data 10/01/2017
O 157 WAHKEENA and MULTNOMAH CREEKS -- Collect POST-Construction AEMR Level 3 data 10/01/2017
P 157 HORSETAIL CREEK -- Collect POST-Construction AEMR Level 3 data 10/01/2017
Q 175 *CCR-40166: LA CENTER WETLANDS Phase 2 - Feasibility Assessment
R 175 *CCR-40166: MULTNOMAH CHANNEL Natural Area - Feasibillity Assessment