Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
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Project Summary

Project 1998-017-00 - Gravel Push-Up Dam Removal Low
Project Number:
Gravel Push-Up Dam Removal Low
We will replace problematic irrigation diversions and culverts in the Lower North Fork and Mid-mainstem John Day Watersheds with fish-friendly structures that ensure fish passage and improve riparian habitat while efficiently meeting landmanagers' needs.
Proponent Orgs:
Monument Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) (SWCD)
Starting FY:
Ending FY:
Province Subbasin %
Columbia Plateau John Day 100.00%
Focal Species:
All Anadromous Fish
Bass, Smallmouth
Carp, Common
Cutthroat Trout, Westslope
Freshwater Mussels
Pikeminnow, Northern
Trout, Brook
Trout, Bull
Trout, Interior Redband
Trout, Rainbow
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
BiOp Association:

Description: Page: 3 Photo 1: Pre-project photo of push-up dam

Project(s): 1998-017-00

Document: P103100

Dimensions: 463 x 307

Description: Page: 3 Photo 2: Flashboard dam in place

Project(s): 1998-017-00

Document: P103100

Dimensions: 460 x 305

Description: Page: 3 Photo 3: Screen in use with flashboard dam removed

Project(s): 1998-017-00

Document: P103100

Dimensions: 472 x 313

Description: Page: 3 Photo 4: Intake Screen Manifold

Project(s): 1998-017-00

Document: P103100

Dimensions: 461 x 305

Description: Page: 4 Photo 5: Screen in river at upper Stubblefield site

Project(s): 1998-017-00

Document: P103100

Dimensions: 488 x 324

Description: Page: 4 Photo 6: Pipe connecting intake to pump

Project(s): 1998-017-00

Document: P103100

Dimensions: 488 x 324

Description: Page: 4 Photo 7: No caption provided.

Project(s): 1998-017-00

Document: P103100

Dimensions: 476 x 317

Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

To see more detailed project budget information, please visit the "Project Budget" page

No Decided Budget Transfers

Pending Budget Decision?  No

Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2024
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
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Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
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The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Closed, Complete, History, Issued.
* "Total Contracted Amount" column includes contracted amount from both capital and expense components of the contract.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Total Contracted Amount Dates
6257 SOW Monument Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) 1998-017-00 GRAVEL PUSH-UP DAM REMOVAL History $97,717 8/15/2001 - 12/31/2005
26818 SOW Monument Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) 1998-017-00 EXP GRAVEL PUSH-UP DAM REMOVAL History $16,527 1/1/2006 - 12/31/2006

Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):2
On time:2
Status Reports
On time:1
Avg Days Late:167

                Count of Contract Deliverables
Earliest Contract Subsequent Contracts Title Contractor Earliest Start Latest End Latest Status Accepted Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
6257 26818 1998-017-00 EXP GRAVEL PUSH-UP DAM REMOVAL Monument Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) 08/15/2001 12/31/2006 History 5 25 0 0 27 52 48.08% 0
Project Totals 5 25 0 0 27 52 48.08% 0

The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1998-017-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 1998-017-00 - Gravel Push-Up Dam Removal Low
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments: This work will be funded as part of project 199801800.

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 1998-017-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 1998-017-00 - Gravel Push-Up Dam Removal Low
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
This well-written project proposal describes activities to improve habitat connectivity and riparian habitat conditions in selected tributaries to the North Fork and Mid-mainstem of the John Day River by replacing between 18 and 25 problematic irrigation diversions, culverts, and other artificial structures with fish-friendly structures. The culverts were identified through a prioritization process. The focal species include Mid-Columbia Summer Steelhead, redband trout, specific life histories of Mid-Columbia Spring Chinook, and Pacific Lamprey.

This is a solid proposal that demonstrates its activities are linked to priority needs from regional and subbasin planning documents and that is making steady progress toward achieving its objectives. Much of the proposal and planned work is straightforward with simple monitoring planned to document that anticipated results are actually achieved.

No termination date is identified for the project even though sponsor comments indicate that approximately 10-13 years work will be needed to address passage issues in the John Day Basin. Even though such a termination date is uncertain and is some years out, a termination date should be identified for projects, rather than leaving them open-ended.

The ISRP has a programmatic concern on all projects proposing culvert replacement.
1. Prioritization of specific culvert?
2. How much habitat is made available?
3. What is the "quality" of the habitat?
This project has addressed these concerns within its proposal.

Technical and scientific justification: Fixing fish passage barriers is the focus of this project. Primary barriers are culverts and push-up dams. Excellent descriptions of problems with push-up dams and culverts at the specific watershed sites to be addressed by this project are included in the proposal. These are effectively illustrated with maps, graphs, and photographs of problem areas and fish-friendly alternatives.

Push-up dams and old makeshift diversion dams are to be replaced with removable flashboard dams and/or rock step-pool weirs, while poorly-installed culverts and other problematic road crossings (collapsed log bridges, etc) will be replaced with properly-sized culverts, bottomless arch culverts or small bridges. Funding is requested for $1,328,764 over the 3-year project period.

Priority areas are consistent with those identified in the John Day Subbasin Plan. Fish passage has been identified in the subbasin plan as a high-priority limiting factor.

Relationship of activities under this project to the Fish and Wildlife Program and to the subbasin plan is clear. The actions in this project are directly tied to specific priority restoration strategies in the subbasin plan. The proposal also discusses relationship to the draft recovery plan (not yet released) for Mid-Columbia steelhead. Project actions relate to RPA 149 in the 2000 BiOp.

Relationships to other projects: Examples are given of other projects this group works with: ODFW fish screens, multi-agency riparian habitat restoration, Oregon Water Trust irrigation efficiency projects, other SWCD upland conservation. The project will build on previous passage work of these SWCDs and others.

Project history: To date, this project has replaced 15 problematic irrigation diversions with fish friendly alternatives, with another 8 scheduled for replacement in 2006 (Map G). This represents over 60% of the problematic diversions in the initial project area. As initially developed, the project focused on eliminating push-up dams on the lower mainstem of the North Fork John Day. In 2003, sponsors started to emphasize works in tributaries, as low-flow passage barriers typically have much more impact in small streams that do provide summer habitat to salmonids.

Objectives: Five project objectives are clearly specified with quantitative measures of progress. Brief but clear descriptions of the intent of each objective are included. Timelines are not included.

Tasks (work elements) and methods: Work elements are specifically described. Methods have previously demonstrated effectiveness. Note is made of the need for voluntary cooperation of landowners, and that this may limit project success. However, a history of positive working relationships of the SWCD and landowners make failure unlikely.

Monitoring and evaluation: The project includes basic monitoring of effectiveness of actions -- habitat response to project implementation. Population response monitoring is done by other projects (ODFW, NOAA/BOR). Work elements are included for project effectiveness monitoring to collect data on: site changes (photopoints) and stream temperature. Monitoring, data collection, and analysis are done in collaboration with Monument SWCD. Primary use of project-generated monitoring is to assess effectiveness and guide project implementation.

The project also includes a monitoring component, which aims to 1) document the changes at project sites over time through photo monitoring, and 2) determine whether in fact push-up dams result in warming of downstream flows. Photo documentation has show gradual riparian recovery at the sites of old push-up dams. The temperature monitoring that has been collected has documented that specific types of push-up dams (in particular, ones that create long artificial side-channels in summer low flow conditions) can elevate water temperatures. Other types of push up dams do not have as clear a temperature signal.

Facilities, equipment, and personnel: Facilities are reasonable. A history of collaboration among SWCDs and among SWCDs and landowners make these groups uniquely qualified to implement these types of projects on private lands.

Information transfer: Project results to be reported in SWCD newsletters, reports and other publications of the SWCDs and watershed councils, local and regional media. If monitoring shows broadly applicable results, sponsors intend to summarize in more broadly distributed reports.
Documentation Links:

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 1998-017-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 1998-017-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: Problems May Exist
Cost Share Rating: 3 - Does not appear reasonable
Comment: Fish screening or other passage alternatives for private irrigation facilities/push up dams in creeks; irrigators authorized/required to perform; are BPA funds being used to provide screens or other facilities that are required/have been ordered to replace/upgrade their screens?

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 1998-017-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 1998-017-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Project Relationships: This project Merged To 1998-018-00 effective on 2/26/2007
Relationship Description: Move work and budgets to 1998-018-00 to improve fish passage and riparian habitat for species with limited productivity.

Name Role Organization
Alex Conley (Inactive) Project Lead Monument Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD)
Jamie Cleveland Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration