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Project Summary

Project 2000-014-00 - Evaluate Population Dynamics and Habitat Use of Lampreys in Cedar Creek, Washington
Project Number:
2000-014-00
Title:
Evaluate Population Dynamics and Habitat Use of Lampreys in Cedar Creek, Washington
Summary:
Project Title: Evaluate Habitat use and population dynamics of lamprey in Cedar Creek

Project Background Section:

Three lamprey species (Lampetra tridentata, L. ayresi, and L. richardsoni) occur in the Columbia River basin (Kan 1975). Pacific lampreys (L. tridentata) in the basin have declined to only a remnant of their pre-1940s populations (Close et al. 1995) and the status of the river lamprey (L. ayresi) and the western brook lamprey (L. richardsoni) is unknown. The ecological, economic, and cultural significance of these species, especially the Pacific lamprey, is grossly underestimated (Kan 1975; Close et al. 1995). Though biological and ecological information for these species is available (e. g. Pletcher 1963; Beamish 1980; Richards 1980; Beamish and Levings 1991), few studies have been conducted within the Columbia River basin (Kan 1975; Hammond 1979; Close 2001). Actions are currently being considered for the recovery of Pacific lamprey populations (Close et al. 1995).

Identifying the biological factors that are limiting lamprey success in the Columbia River basin is critical for their recovery. Availability and accessibility of suitable spawning and rearing habitat may affect the amount of recruitment that occurs within a basin (Houde 1987; Potter et al. 1986). Factors such as food base, disease, competition, and predation also need to be examined. Moreover, studying lamprey population dynamics is essential for developing and evaluating management plans (Van Den Avyle 1993). Population assessments allow for the description of fluctuations in abundance and measure responses to environmental disturbances. Such knowledge may eventually allow the use of mathematical models to predict future trends relative to alternative management strategies.

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Columbia River Fisheries Program Office (CRFPO), has received funding from Bonneville Power Administration to monitor adult and juvenile lamprey in Cedar Creek since 2000 to describe life-histories and investigate factors affecting lamprey. Cedar Creek is a third-order tributary to the Lewis River, whose 89.3 square km drainage includes diverse stream types and habitat conditions. Fish access to Cedar Creek is not directly inhibited by dams on the mainstem Columbia River; however, the indirect effects that hydropower facilities, particularly Bonneville, may have are unclear. For example, they may 1) block upstream spawning migration forcing fish into tribs below Bonneville; or 2) change historical flow (e.g., freshets) in the mainstem and influence behavior. Pacific lamprey, western brook lamprey (Stone et al. 2001, 2002; Pirtle et al. 2003; Lê et al. 2004; Luzier & Silver 2005) and possibly river lamprey (Dan Rawding, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, personal communication) are found in Cedar Creek.

Activities of the CRFPO in the Cedar Creek project have focused on larval, juvenile and adult lamprey. Activities for juvenile lamprey have included monitoring the abundance and timing of movement of individuals by operating a rotary screw trap (Stone et al. 2001, 2002; Pirtle et al. 2003; Lê et al. 2004, Luzier and Silver 2005), investigating the distribution and habitat use of larvae (Stone and Barndt 2005), and assessing the susceptibility of larvae to electrofishing, as well as our ability to predict which larvae will transform (Stone et al. in press). Activities focused on adults have included describing timing and habitat used by spawning Pacific lamprey (Stone submitted), and collecting individuals to describe their biological characteristics and estimate abundance. In addition to providing essential information describing lamprey inhabiting Cedar Creek, these activities are assisting in the evaluation of methods that may be applicable to studies of lamprey in other areas of the Columbia River basin.
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) (Govt - Federal)
Starting FY:
2000
Ending FY:
2011
Stage:
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Lower Columbia Lewis 100.00%
Purpose:
Habitat
Emphasis:
RM and E
Focal Species:
Lamprey, Pacific
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None
BiOp Association:
None

Pot traps used for retention study of Pacific lamprey adults in Cedar Creek, WA, 2005.

Figure Name: Figure 4a

Document ID: 00020682-1

Document: Evaluate Habitat Use and Population Dynamics of Lampreys in Cedar Creek

Page Number: 15

Project: 2000-014-00

Contract: 20682

Pot traps used for retention study of Pacific lamprey adults in Cedar Creek, WA, 2005.

Figure Name: Figure 4b

Document ID: 00020682-1

Document: Evaluate Habitat Use and Population Dynamics of Lampreys in Cedar Creek

Page Number: 15

Project: 2000-014-00

Contract: 20682

Locations of Pacific and Western brook lamprey nests on Cedar and Chelatchie Creeks, WA 2005. Pacific lamprey nests occurred on Cedar Creek, Western brook lamprey nests occurred on Chelatchie Creek.

Figure Name: Figure 6

Document ID: 00020682-1

Document: Evaluate Habitat Use and Population Dynamics of Lampreys in Cedar Creek

Page Number: 20

Project: 2000-014-00

Contract: 20682


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

Expense SOY Budget Working Budget Contracted Amount Modified Contract Amount Expenditures *
FY2016 (Previous) $0 $0 $0 $0

FY2017 (Current) $0 $0 $0 $0

FY2018 (Next) $0 $0 $0 $0

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Mar-2017

No Decided Budget Transfers

Pending Budget Decision?  No


No Project Cost Share

FY2009 0 %
FY2008 0 %
FY2007 0 %
Fiscal Year Cost Share Partner Total Proposed
Contribution
Total Confirmed
Contribution

No Current Contracts




Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):3
Completed:3
On time:3
Status Reports
Completed:12
On time:9
Avg Days Late:12

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
4672 20682, 25570, 32816 2000-014-00 EVALUATE LAMPREY HAB/POP IN CEDAR CREEK US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 04/2001 04/2001 Closed 12 26 0 0 6 32 81.25% 0
Project Totals 12 26 0 0 6 32 81.25% 0


Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 2000-014-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 2000-014-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: Problems May Exist
Cost Share Rating: 3 - Does not appear reasonable
Comment: RME/basic lamprey population analysis; fishery managers, other hydro operators also authorized or required to evaluate; query whether cost share is sufficient.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 2000-014-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 2000-014-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2000-014-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 2000-014-00 - Evaluate Population Dynamics and Habitat Use of Lampreys in Cedar Creek, Washington
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
The sponsors have successfully addressed the ISRP's concerns and the project should be funded. They provide an excellent summary of past accomplishments that clearly demonstrates the need for the proposed work, and did a good job of reporting results of previous work The following sentences, extracted from the rewritten proposal, provide good rationale for supporting the revised project: "Continuing this work allows managers to maintain one of the longer time series of information on lamprey in the CRB. Finally, the results of the work in Cedar Creek (i.e. capture efficiency) are applicable to and can help guide sampling efforts and assessments in other CRB tributaries"

The sponsors identify significant problems with current sampling techniques for estimating larval abundance and propose to develop a rigorous protocol for estimating abundance that could be applicable across the basin. The objectives are clearer and more focused than in the original proposal. The additional information on sampling sites, methods, and collaboration resulted in a much clearer explanation of the work. The sponsors satisfactorily addressed the ISRP's question about metadata.

This project is clearly one of the more well-organized and productive lamprey projects in the Columbia River Basin. Continuing work at this location is important because it is the only lamprey sampling site located below the mainstem dams, providing the opportunity to compare trends in abundance of lamprey populations not affected by mainstem dams with those occurring above the dams.

Programmatic Comments of the ISRP were not addressed, although it appears that the sponsors were not made aware of them. The primary comment is the ISRP's recommendation for an oversight group to assign responsibilities among the lamprey projects being funded, and to assure that most efficient use is made of funds to enable application of results among tributaries across the Columbia Basin. This proposal discusses the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority's Lamprey Technical Working Group as a mechanism for identifying and prioritizing critical uncertainties associated with restoration of lamprey in the Columbia Basin. The ISRP and the sponsor's response point to the need for oversight of efforts with lamprey studies to eliminate unnecessary duplication of effort.
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2000-014-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 2000-014-00 - Evaluate Population Dynamics and Habitat Use of Lampreys in Cedar Creek, Washington
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund Pending Available Funds
Comments: Tier 2. Fund at a level consistent with ISRP comments during contracting, when funds become available.

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
Deborah Docherty Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Christina Wang (Inactive) Project Lead US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)
Timothy Whitesel (Inactive) Supervisor US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)