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Project Summary

Project 2005-001-00 - Tidal Freshwater Monitoring
Project Number:
2005-001-00
Title:
Tidal Freshwater Monitoring
Summary:
This study will 1) provide basic data on the migration characteristics and ecology of yearling and subyearling salmonids in tidal freshwater habitats in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta in the lower Columbia River ; and 2) assess feasibility to apply acoustic telemetry technology for action effectiveness research and quantify residence times and migration pathways in shallow, tidal freshwater habitats. The Sandy River delta and vicinity was chosen as the study area because it is in the tidal freshwater area of interest (RM 110-146), there is a major habitat restoration project ongoing there with potential for significant restoration of shallow water habitat for juvenile salmonids, the area was mandated in the Action Agencies’ Implementation Plan for the Updated Proposed Action, and it is likely to be included in the forthcoming 2007 Biological Opinion because of relatively high mortality rates below Bonneville Dam. Research on juvenile salmonid ecology in tidal freshwater is also called for in the Northwest Power and Conservation Council’s Lower Columbia Subbasin Plan and draft Research Plan. We propose to use a shallow (0-2 m) beach seine to sample fish within three of the most common shallow tidal freshwater habitats: river confluence floodplain, shallows, and mainstem island. This is not a pilot study for an estuary-wide research, monitoring, and evaluation program. The study will perform status and trends monitoring and uncertainties research on yearling and subyearling salmonids in tidal freshwater and develop protocols for action effectiveness research. We will substantively coordinate and integrate our results with other relevant studies in the lower Columbia River and estuary (LCREP).
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (Govt - Federal)
Starting FY:
2005
Ending FY:
2011
Stage:
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Columbia River Estuary Columbia Estuary 50.00%
Lower Columbia Columbia Lower 50.00%
Purpose:
Habitat
Emphasis:
RM and E
Focal Species:
All Anadromous Salmonids
Chinook - All Populations
Chum - Columbia River ESU
Coho - Lower Columbia River ESU
Coho - Unspecified Population
Sockeye - All Populations
Steelhead - All Populations
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None

Description: Page: 38 Figure 1.1: Map Showing the Lower Columbia River and Estuary. The tidal freshwater portion is approximately from rkm 56 to 234. Bonneville Dam is located at rkm 234.

Project: 2005-001-00

Document: P120229

Dimensions: 937 x 915

Description: Page: 43 Figure 1.2: Map of the Lower Columbia River and Estuary Showing Hydrogeomorphic Reaches (modified from LCREP 2004). The tidal freshwater area of the river covers Reaches C through H, inclusive.

Project: 2005-001-00

Document: P120229

Dimensions: 1320 x 880

Description: Page: 46 Figure 2.1: Sampling Sites in the SRD Study Area (rkm 188–202) from 2007 Through 2010

Project: 2005-001-00

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Dimensions: 887 x 725

Description: Page: 49 Figure 2.2: Location of the SRD (bottom rectangle; rkm 188–202) and LRR (top rectangle; rkm 110–141) Study Areas in the LCRE Tidal Freshwater

Project: 2005-001-00

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Dimensions: 1029 x 788

Description: Page: 50 Figure 2.3: Stratified Sampling Universe Spanning Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the LRR (rkm 110–141). Six strata included wetland channel, off-channel, main channel, confluence, main-channel island, and off-channel island. The dots indicate the 500-m sampling units for beach seining.

Project: 2005-001-00

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Dimensions: 640 x 878

Description: Page: 82 Figure 3.1: Location of the SRD (bottom rectangle; rkm 188–202) and LRR (top rectangle; rkm 110–141) Study Areas of the LCRE

Project: 2005-001-00

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Dimensions: 1029 x 788

Description: Page: 130 Figure 6.1: Photograph of a JSATS Acoustic Tag and a PIT Tag

Project: 2005-001-00

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Dimensions: 122 x 127

Description: Page: 131 Figure 6.2: Acoustic Receiver (node) Locations During 2008. The red dots represent receiver arrays deployed for other studies that provided useful information for our study. Node 1 was located in the side channel behind Reed Island and Nodes 2–4 were placed in side channels behind a group of islands termed “delta islands.” Receiver locations during the 2007 study were similar, except Nodes 2 and 4 were placed slightly further upstream and downstream, respectively, and in shallower water than in 2008.

Project: 2005-001-00

Document: P120229

Dimensions: 1805 x 727

Description: Page: 133 Figure 6.3: JSATS Autonomous Receiver Node Locations (yellow dots) During 2010. The numbers are the node identifiers. The red dots are the locations of beach seine sites as part of other research in the SRD (see Chapter 2). Node 7087 was located at rkm 200.

Project: 2005-001-00

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Dimensions: 682 x 554

Description: Page: 149 Figure 7.1: Evolutionarily Significant Units the Columbia River Basin Listed Under the Endangered Species Act (obtained on November 19, 2010 from http://www.nwr.noaa.gov/Salmon-Recovery-Planning/ESA-Recovery-Plans/Estuary-Module.cfm.)

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Description: Page: 188 Figure B.3: Vegetation Map for Site A

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Description: Page: 189 Figure B.4: Vegetation Map for Site B

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Description: Page: 190 Figure B.5: Vegetation Map for Site C

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Description: Page: 191 Figure B.6: Vegetation Map for Site D

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Description: Page: 192 Figure B.7: Vegetation Map for Site E

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Description: Page: 193 Figure B.8: Vegetation Map for Site F

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Description: Page: 194 Figure B.9: Vegetation Map for Site H

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Description: Page: 195 Figure B.10: Vegetation Map for Site I

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Description: Page: 196 Figure B.11: Vegetation Map for Site N

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Description: Page: 199 Figure C.1a: Site A – 2008: January

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Description: Page: 199 Figure C.1b: Site A – 2008: February

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Description: Page: 199 Figure C.1c: Site A – 2008: March

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Description: Page: 200 Figure C.1d: Site A – 2008: July

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Description: Page: 200 Figure C.1g: Site A – 2008: October

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Description: Page: 200 Figure C.1h: Site A – 2008: December

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Description: Page: 201 Figure C.2a: Site A – 2009: January

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Description: Page: 201 Figure C.2c: Site A – 2009: May

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Description: Page: 201 Figure C.2d: Site A – 2009: June

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Description: Page: 201 Figure C.2e: Site A – 2009: July

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Description: Page: 202 Figure C.2f: Site A – 2009: August

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Description: Page: 202 Figure C.2g: Site A – 2009: October

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Description: Page: 202 Figure C.2h: Site A – 2009: November

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Description: Page: 202 Figure C.2i: Site A – 2009: December

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Description: Page: 202 Figure C.3a: Site A – 2010: January

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Description: Page: 202 Figure C.3b: Site A – 2010: February

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Description: Page: 203 Figure C.4a: Site B – 2008: February

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Description: Page: 203 Figure C.4b: Site B – 2008: March

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Description: Page: 203 Figure C.4c: Site B – 2008: July

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Description: Page: 203 Figure C.4d: Site B – 2008: October

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Description: Page: 203 Figure C.4e: Site B – 2008: December

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Description: Page: 203 Figure C.5a: Site B – 2009: February

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Description: Page: 204 Figure C.5b: Site B – 2009: June

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Description: Page: 204 Figure C.5c: Site B – 2009: July

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Description: Page: 204 Figure C.5d: Site B – 2009: August

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Description: Page: 204 Figure C.5f: Site B – 2009: October

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Description: Page: 204 Figure C.5g: Site B – 2009: November

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Description: Page: 205 Figure C.6a: Site B – 2010: January

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Description: Page: 205 Figure C.6b: Site B – 2010: February

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Description: Page: 205 Figure C.6c: Site B – 2010: April

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Description: Page: 205 Figure C.7a: Site C – 2008: January

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Description: Page: 205 Figure C.7b: Site C – 2008: February

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Description: Page: 205 Figure C.7c: Site C – 2008: April

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Description: Page: 206 Figure C.7d: Site C – 2008: May

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Description: Page: 206 Figure C.7e: Site C – 2008: June

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Description: Page: 206 Figure C.7f: Site C – 2008: August

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Description: Page: 206 Figure C.7g: Site C – 2008: September

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Description: Page: 206 Figure C.7h: Site C – 2008: October

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Description: Page: 207 Figure C.7i: Site C – 2008: November

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Description: Page: 207 Figure C.7j: Site C – 2008: December

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Description: Page: 207 Figure C.8a: Site C – 2009: February

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Description: Page: 207 Figure C.8b: Site C – 2009: April

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Description: Page: 207 Figure C.8c: Site C – 2009: May

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Description: Page: 208 Figure C.8d: Site C – 2009: June

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Description: Page: 208 Figure C.8e: Site C – 2009: July

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Description: Page: 208 Figure C.8f: Site C – 2009: September

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Description: Page: 208 Figure C.8g: Site C – 2009: October

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Description: Page: 208 Figure C.8h: Site C – 2009: November

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Description: Page: 209 Figure C.9a: Site C – 2010: February

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Description: Page: 209 Figure C.9b: Site C – 2010: April

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Description: Page: 209 Figure C.10a: Site D – 2008: January

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Description: Page: 209 Figure C.10b: Site D – 2008: February

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Description: Page: 209 Figure C.10c: Site D – 2008: March

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Description: Page: 210 Figure C.10d: Site D – 2008: April

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Description: Page: 210 Figure C.10e: Site D – 2008: August

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Description: Page: 210 Figure C.10f: Site D – 2008: September

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Description: Page: 210 Figure C.10g: Site D – 2008: October

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Description: Page: 210 Figure C.10h: Site D – 2008: November

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Description: Page: 210 Figure C.10i: Site D – 2008: December

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Description: Page: 211 Figure C.11a: Site D – 2009: January

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Description: Page: 211 Figure C.11b: Site D – 2009: February

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Description: Page: 211 Figure C.11c: Site D – 2009: May

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Description: Page: 211 Figure C.11d: Site D – 2009: June

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Description: Page: 211 Figure C.11e: Site D – 2009: July

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Description: Page: 212 Figure C.11f: Site D – 2009: September

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Description: Page: 212 Figure C.11g: Site D – 2009: October

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Description: Page: 212 Figure C.11h: Site D – 2009: November

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Description: Page: 212 Figure C.11i: Site D – 2009: December

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Description: Page: 212 Figure C.12a: Site D – 2010: January

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Description: Page: 212 Figure C.12b: Site D – 2010: February

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Description: Page: 213 Figure C.12c: Site D – 2010: March

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Description: Page: 213 Figure C.13a: Site E – 2008: February

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Description: Page: 213 Figure C.13b: Site E – 2008: March

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Description: Page: 213 Figure C.13c: Site E – 2008: April

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Description: Page: 213 Figure C.13d: Site E – 2008: May

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Description: Page: 213 Figure C.13e: Site E – 2008: September

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Description: Page: 213 Figure C.13f: Site E – 2008: October

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Description: Page: 214 Figure C.13g: Site E – 2008: November

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Description: Page: 214 Figure C.13h: Site E – 2008: December

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Description: Page: 214 Figure C.14a: Site E – 2009: January

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Description: Page: 214 Figure C.14b: Site E – 2009: February

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Description: Page: 214 Figure C.14c: Site E – 2009: May

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Description: Page: 214 Figure C.14d: Site E – 2009: July

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Description: Page: 215 Figure C.14e: Site E – 2009: September

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Description: Page: 215 Figure C.14f: Site E – 2009: October

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Description: Page: 215 Figure C.14g: Site E – 2009: November

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Description: Page: 215 Figure C.15a: Site E – 2010: January

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Description: Page: 215 Figure C.15b: Site E – 2010: February

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Description: Page: 215 Figure C.15c: Site E – 2010: March

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Description: Page: 216 Figure C.15d: Site E – 2010: April

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Description: Page: 216 Figure C.16a: Site F – 2009: May

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Description: Page: 216 Figure C.16b: Site F – 2009: July

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Description: Page: 216 Figure C.16d: Site F – 2009: October

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Description: Page: 217 Figure C.16e: Site F – 2009: November

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Description: Page: 217 Figure C.16f: Site F – 2009: December

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Description: Page: 217 Figure C.17a: Site F – 2010: January

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Description: Page: 217 Figure C.17b: Site F – 2010: February

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Description: Page: 217 Figure C.17c: Site F – 2010: March

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Description: Page: 218 Figure C.17d: Site F – 2010: April

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Description: Page: 218 Figure C.18a: Site H – 2009: February

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Description: Page: 218 Figure C.18b: Site H – 2009: March

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Description: Page: 218 Figure C.18c: Site H – 2009: May

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Description: Page: 218 Figure C.18d: Site H – 2009: August

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Description: Page: 219 Figure C.18e: Site H – 2009: October

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Description: Page: 219 Figure C.18f: Site H – 2009: November

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Description: Page: 219 Figure C.19a: Site H – 2010: January

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Description: Page: 220 Figure C.20a: Site I – 2009: January

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Description: Page: 220 Figure C.20b: Site I – 2009: June

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Description: Page: 220 Figure C.20c: Site I – 2009: July

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Description: Page: 220 Figure C.20d: Site I – 2009: September

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Description: Page: 221 Figure C.20e: Site I – 2009: October

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Description: Page: 221 Figure C.20f: Site I – 2009: November

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Description: Page: 221 Figure C.21a: Site I – 2010: January

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Description: Page: 221 Figure C.21b: Site I – 2010: February

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Description: Page: 222 Figure C.21d: Site I – 2010: April

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Description: Page: 222 Figure C.22a: Site N – 2009: March

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Description: Page: 222 Figure C.22b: Site N – 2009: June

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Description: Page: 222 Figure C.22c: Site N – 2009: July

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Description: Page: 222 Figure C.22d: Site N – 2009: August

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Description: Page: 223 Figure C.22e: Site N – 2009: September

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Description: Page: 223 Figure C.22f: Site N – 2009: October

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Description: Page: 223 Figure C.22g: Site N – 2009: November

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Description: Page: 223 Figure C.23: Site N – 2010: March

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Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

To see more detailed project budget information, please visit the "Project Budget" page

No Decided Budget Transfers

Pending Budget Decision?  No


Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2020
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.
Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
2010
2009 $250,000 25%
2008 $500,000 42%
2007 $500,000 53%

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
* "Total Contracted Amount" column includes contracted amount from both capital and expense components of the contract.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Total Contracted Amount Dates
58 REL 26 SOW Concannon, Kathleen A PI 200500100 ESTUARY RME PILOT PROJECT History $844 2/16/2005 - 4/30/2005



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):4
Completed:3
On time:3
Status Reports
Completed:19
On time:8
Avg Days Late:22

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
652 REL 29 652 REL 37 200500100 EXP ESTUARY RME PILOT PROJECT Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 06/2005 06/2005 Closed 3 1 0 0 1 2 50.00% 0
26934 REL 7 26934 REL 14, 26934 REL 23 200500100 ESTUARY RME TIDAL FRESHWATER HABITAT Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 02/2007 02/2007 Closed 16 22 0 0 0 22 100.00% 0
Project Totals 19 23 0 0 1 24 95.83% 0


The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2005-001-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 2005-001-00 - Tidal Freshwater Monitoring
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Do Not Fund
Comments:

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2005-001-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 2005-001-00 - Tidal Freshwater Monitoring
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria - In Part (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
The sponsors have improved their proposal and adequately addressed many of the ISRP's comments. The proposal has a new name, and the scope is reduced. This project is no longer a pilot study for RME of juvenile salmon in tidal freshwater. Now, the study involves status and trends monitoring and testing monitoring protocols. The sponsors have done a lot of preparatory work and obviously a lot of thinking has been done on the proposal. The methodological concerns have been addressed as best they can be at this time. While it is certainly important to try and find out the habitat utilization of focal species such as Snake River Chinook in tidal freshwater habitats, it is not clear, however, why the work should be done at the Sandy River delta. There is no justification for choosing this particular area as a representative tidal freshwater reaches of the Lower Columbia River.

Four habitat complexes will be sampled at six sites: river confluence floodplain (1 site), shallows (2 sites), floodplain (1 site), and mainstem island (2 sites). The catena method for classification is being developed through project #200300700. However, this work is not complete and, in the fact, the completion of the development of the method was a qualifying factor from the ISRP in the final recommendation of the latter project. The sponsors have added stream-type chinook and steelhead to the species that will be studied. They do not plan to sample channel habitats, although these may be the main habitats used by stream-type chinook and steelhead. The sponsors should seriously consider sampling channel habitats, especially since they have added stream-type Chinook and steelhead as target species.

The sponsors propose to use a beach seine to sample shallow water (0-2 m) and a trawl for mid-depth water (2-5 m). The trawling still may miss many fish as the 2-5 m band will not extend very far offshore. The sponsors seem to be defining the depth intervals they will sample based on the gear they have available. Perhaps a Kvichak trawl (or similar) can be towed in the deeper water unless the current is too strong. Some references to cross channel distributions of Chinook can be provided by the ISRP.

The connection with the Sandy River Delta Habitat Restoration project (BPA #project 199902500) is one of the strongest parts of this project, but the sponsors state in their revised proposal: "The tie in with the Sandy River restoration effort is limited at this time because restoration to date has concerned re-vegetation. If and when the tidal reconnection project happens, we will coordinate with the appropriate parties." The sponsors state the Sandy River restoration is "only" dealing with re-vegetation, but re-vegetation is supposed to have benefits to fish (e.g., through increased terrestrial insect food supply, etc) and so there is a rationale of a linkage between # 19902500 and this project. Coordination with the restoration project should happen at the outset if both studies are funded.

USACE studies in 2007 call for tagging (JSATS tags) over 15,000 juvenile salmonids. The sponsors will attempt to detect the tagged fish with listening nodes at two locations. More information on the species, life history types, and stock composition of the releases of JSATS-tagged fish, as well as release schedules, would have been useful. The sponsors mention VEMCO tags released by the Acoustic Tracking for Estimating Ocean Survival project (BPA project #200301400), but it's not clear if they can detect VEMCO tags using JSATS equipment. (Review and coordination of all acoustic telemetry studies in the Columbia Basin is needed to avoid duplication of efforts.) It will be cost-effective to take advantage of the USACE tags but the focus on detecting them for the Sandy River delta is not well defended, and the ISRP hopes that the findings are not extrapolated very widely.

The Project History section notes that the sponsors convened a conference on the lower Columbia River estuary, including the ecology of juvenile salmonids, with FY 2006 funding. The proposal would have been improved if relevant results of the conference had been summarized.

Qualifications:

1. The number of sampling sites is too small especially for a project that is essentially trying to find fish. Because so little is known about the types of habitat fish use in the tidal freshwater, the ISRP strongly recommends that the number of sites be expanded even if this requires not funding another part of the proposed work or at least delaying initiation until a better understanding of fish distribution is achieved.

2. Areas in the delta with large wood definitely should be sampled to determine if it is an important habitat for fish. The sponsors did not explain why acoustic camera surveys are necessary. Although snorkeling has its problems as a fish sampling method including limitations in murky water, it still may be a reasonably efficient means of detecting fish.

3. The ISRP strongly recommends that this project collaborate closely with projects #200300700 and #199902500.

4. The ISRP questioned use of the Latin square design; the proponents noted that they would address this concern when the project statistician returned to the office after July 24, 2006. This should be addressed before funding is approved.

5. While this project will likely provide hydrosystem managers with useful data on salmonid ecology in shallow habitats in the vicinity of Sandy River delta, it should not be viewed as a replacement for the original concept of a comprehensive RME pilot study. While the proponents state that a comprehensive (EMAP-type) project design is not feasible because of funding constraints and habitat complexity, this issue would best be determined through a competitive proposal process. The ISRP recommends issuing a new RFP for a comprehensive RME pilot study.

Not Fundable:

The sponsors do not provide sufficient justification for sampling invertebrates, and this part of the proposal is not fundable at this time. After more is known about fish habitat use invertebrate sampling may be more meaningful. Perhaps funds from this part of the work could help to augment funding for an increased number of sampling sites.
Documentation Links:

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 2005-001-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 2005-001-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: Problems May Exist
Cost Share Rating: 2 - May be reasonable
Comment: Pilot study of ecology of juvenile salmon in estuary; fishery managers/others authorized/required; need confirmation that cost share is sufficient.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 2005-001-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 2005-001-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
Gary Johnson (Inactive) Project Lead Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
John Baugher (Inactive) Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Rosemary Mazaika Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration
Michelle O'Malley Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration
Janie Vickerman Administrative Contact Pacific Northwest National Laboratory