Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
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Project Summary

Project 2008-004-00 - Sea Lion Non-Lethal Hazing
Project Number:
2008-004-00
Title:
Sea Lion Non-Lethal Hazing
Summary:
Sea lion presence below Bonneville Dam was rare and their consumption of salmonids was not a major concern prior to the 2000 Biological Opinion for Operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) (NMFS 2000). Since 2001, the ACOE have been documenting sea lion abundance and estimating predation rates using visual observations within a quarter mile of the dam. Estimated predation rates have ranged from 0.4 to 4.7 percent of the spring season salmonids migrating annually (Stansell 2004, Tackley et al 2008). This equates to 1,010 to 4,466 spring Chinook (O. tshawytscha) and steelhead (O. mykiss) being caught and consumed within the visual observation area adjacent to the dam (Tackley et al 2008). NOAA (NOAA 2008b) concluded that:
“collectively California sea lions at Bonneville Dam are having a significant negative impact on ESA listed salmon and steelhead species based on information in the record and in particular on the following factors:
• The predation is measurable, growing, and could continue to increase if not addressed;
• The level of adult salmonids mortality is sufficiently large to have a measurable effect on the numbers of listed adult salmonids contributing to the productivity of the affected ESUs,/DPSs; and,
• The mortality rate for listed salmonids is comparable to mortality rates from other sources that have led to corrective action under the ESA.”

Deterrent activities using non-lethal hazing were initiated in 2005 by the state, federal and tribal agencies and have been ineffective at eliminating the fish predation problem (Norberg et al. 2005, Wright et al. 2007, Brown et al. 2007) but were shown to modify sea lion behavior (Tackley et al. 2008). This result prompted the states to seek lethal removal authority for sea lions under Section 120 of the Marine Mammal Protection Act (NOAA 2007a). NOAA Fisheries accepted the application, convened a Pinniped Fisheries Interaction Task Force which, concluded that predation at this rate was a significant negative impact on ESA listed salmonids and recommended that NOAA approve the states request to remove identifiable problem animals in November 2007 (NOAA 2007b). NOAA Fisheries reviewed the report along with pertinent information in their environmental assessment and granted the states authority to remove problem sea lions on March 18, 2008 (NOAA 2008a). This determination included a list of individually identifiable problem sea lions that could be removed and criteria to add sea lions to the list. Generally the criteria for problem animals includes being individually identifiable, has been observed consuming salmonids, and has been subjected to non-lethal hazing. Removal has currently been suspended while the decision is being litigated.

Currently, the only quantitative measure of sea lion predation in the Columbia River is the ACOE limited observation area below Bonneville Dam, however, the amount of predation in the lower 150 miles is unknown and estimated through modeling at 13,000 in 2007 (http://wdfw.wa.gov/wlm/sealions/sec_120_appl.pdf). Boat-based hazing activities in 2007, reported that approximately one-quarter of all hazing events involved a predation observation (Brown et al. 2007). Boat hazers reported a total of 1,494 hazing events and salmonid predation was observed in every site within the study area (Navigation Marker 85 to Bonneville Dam approximately 6 miles). This confirmed that substantial sea lion predation is occurring beyond of the observation limit (area viewable from the tailrace deck of the Dam) of the ACOE’s enumeration program and necessitates the need for a technique to estimate sea lion predation. The Pinniped Fisheries Interaction Task Force expressed the desire for more data on sea lion abundance, distribution, and predation in the Columbia River (NOAA 2007b).
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) (Tribe)
Starting FY:
2008
Ending FY:
2032
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Lower Columbia Columbia Lower 100.00%
Purpose:
Predation
Emphasis:
RM and E
Focal Species:
Chinook - All Populations
Chinook - Lower Columbia River ESU
Chinook - Mid-Columbia River Spring ESU
Chinook - Snake River Fall ESU
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer ESU
Chinook - Upper Columbia River Spring ESU
Chinook - Upper Columbia River Summer/Fall ESU
Coho - Unspecified Population
Lamprey, Pacific
Sockeye - All Populations
Steelhead - All Populations
Steelhead - Lower Columbia River DPS
Steelhead - Middle Columbia River DPS
Steelhead - Snake River DPS
Steelhead - Upper Columbia River DPS
Sturgeon, Green
Sturgeon, White - Lower Columbia River
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 0.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 100.0%
Special:
None

The upper left image is a Steller sea lion image as it is captured on our video system. The upper right, followed by lower left, then lower right are varying stages of zoom on that original image.

Figure Name: Figure 1a

Document ID: P124223

Document: Sea Lion Monitoring and Non-Lethal Hazing

Page Number: 7

Project: 2008-004-00

Contract: 51210

The upper left image is a Steller sea lion image as it is captured on our video system. The upper right, followed by lower left, then lower right are varying stages of zoom on that original image.

Figure Name: Figure 1b

Document ID: P124223

Document: Sea Lion Monitoring and Non-Lethal Hazing

Page Number: 7

Project: 2008-004-00

Contract: 51210

The upper left image is a Steller sea lion image as it is captured on our video system. The upper right, followed by lower left, then lower right are varying stages of zoom on that original image.

Figure Name: Figure 1c

Document ID: P124223

Document: Sea Lion Monitoring and Non-Lethal Hazing

Page Number: 7

Project: 2008-004-00

Contract: 51210

The upper left image is a Steller sea lion image as it is captured on our video system. The upper right, followed by lower left, then lower right are varying stages of zoom on that original image.

Figure Name: Figure 1d

Document ID: P124223

Document: Sea Lion Monitoring and Non-Lethal Hazing

Page Number: 7

Project: 2008-004-00

Contract: 51210

The upper image is of an unknown species of sea lion captured at a distance and the lower image is zoomed in.

Figure Name: Figure 2a

Document ID: P124223

Document: Sea Lion Monitoring and Non-Lethal Hazing

Page Number: 8

Project: 2008-004-00

Contract: 51210

The upper image is of an unknown species of sea lion captured at a distance and the lower image is zoomed in.

Figure Name: Figure 2b

Document ID: P124223

Document: Sea Lion Monitoring and Non-Lethal Hazing

Page Number: 8

Project: 2008-004-00

Contract: 51210


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

Expense SOY Budget Working Budget Contracted Amount Modified Contract Amount Expenditures *
FY2018 (Previous) $239,682 $262,041 $262,041 $262,041 $224,490

Post 2018 – CRITFC $239,682 $239,682 $239,682 $205,335
Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC $22,359 $22,359 $22,359 $19,155
FY2019 (Current) $255,292 $255,292 $255,292 $9,586

Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC $255,292 $255,292 $255,292 $9,586
FY2020 (Next) $245,878 $245,878 $0 $0 $0

Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC $245,878 $0 $0 $0

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Oct-2018

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2018 - FY2020)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2018 Expense $243,681 From: Post 2018 – CRITFC FY18 Initial Planning Budgets (WS, CTUIR, YN, CRITFC, CCT, ID) 2/10/2017 02/13/2017
FY2018 Expense $3,999 To: Post 2018 – CRITFC CRITFC Establish FY18 budget for 2009-022-00 Accord Administration 07/26/2017
FY2018 Expense $22,359 From: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC Accord Budget Transfers (CRITFC) 10/4/2017 10/04/2017
FY2019 Expense $245,878 From: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC Accord Extensions (CRITFC) 10/4/2018 10/04/2018
FY2019 Expense $9,414 From: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC Accord Budget Transfers (CRITFC) 11/6/2018 11/06/2018
FY2020 Expense $245,878 From: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC Accord Extensions (CRITFC) 10/4/2018 10/04/2018

Pending Budget Decision?  No


Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2019   DRAFT
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.
Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
2018 $2,000 1 %
2017 $2,000 1 %
2016 $7,000 3 %
2015 $10,000 4 %
2014 $10,000 3 %
2013 $15,000 10 %
2012 $25,000 12 %
2011 $30,000 14 %
2010 $12,000 7 %
2009
2008

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Contracted Amount Dates
77802 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 2008-004-00 EXP SEA LION NON-LETHAL HAZING & MONITORING (CRITFC) Issued $262,041 1/1/2018 - 12/31/2018
CR-327244 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 2008-004-00 EXP SEA LION NON-LETHAL HAZING & MONITORING (CRITFC) Review $255,292 1/1/2019 - 12/31/2019



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):11
Completed:11
On time:11
Status Reports
Completed:43
On time:32
Avg Days Early:4

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
37475 40706, 45692, 51210, 55351, 59809, 63757, 67740, 71018, 74235, 77802 2008-004-00 EXP SEA LION PREDATION RATE/ NON-LETHAL HAZING Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 04/2008 04/2008 Review 43 94 7 0 1 102 99.02% 0
Project Totals 43 94 7 0 1 102 99.02% 0


The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: Fish Accord ISRP Review

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2008-004-00-ISRP-20100323
Project: 2008-004-00 - Sea Lion Non-Lethal Hazing
Review: Fish Accord ISRP Review
Completed Date: None
First Round ISRP Date: 12/12/2008
First Round ISRP Rating: Response Requested
First Round ISRP Comment:
The proposal is insufficient for technical review. The ISRP finds that none of the proposed project objectives have been technically justified (see comments in sections B-D, below).

The ISRP recommends the elimination of the proposed non-lethal hazing of sea lions (Objective 1) as a stand-alone objective. The ongoing cooperative hazing activities have not been justified by any documented positive results of reducing predation on salmonids. However, the effects of non-lethal hazing on feeding behavior of sea lions could be studied through responses of acoustic tagged individuals and therefore, could be incorporated as an element of Objective 3 – see below.

The ISRP also recommends eliminating the video monitoring portion of the proposal (Objective 2). The rationale for the proposed video monitoring to estimate sea lion predation is weak (i.e., the study design is incomplete and metrics undefined), and to attempt estimates outside the current observation area below Bonneville Dam (~150 river km) may take years to develop with a high risk of failure in collecting quantitative data.

However, the proposed acoustic telemetry project (Objective 3) is a good idea, and the ISRP encourages further development of this part of the proposal. To accomplish this, a much more detailed study design is needed, including methods and monitoring protocols for acoustic tagged sea lions, and some specific statements of how the resulting data will be applied towards management of this predation problem (see comments in section F, below).
Documentation Links:
Review: RME / AP Category Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2008-004-00-NPCC-20110427
Project: 2008-004-00 - Sea Lion Non-Lethal Hazing
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal: RMECAT-2008-004-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 6/10/2011
Recommendation: Fund (Qualified)
Comments: Implement through FY 2016 per August 12, 2009 Council decision.
Conditions:
Council Condition #1 Recommendation was made by the Council at its meeting on August 12, 2009. Based on the ISRP review (ISRP document 2009-21), and the confidence that the sponsor understands the need to address the items raised by the ISRP in the implementation of this project, the Council supports this project for implementation.

2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Assessment

Assessment Number: 2008-004-00-BIOP-20101105
Project Number: 2008-004-00
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2008-004-00
Completed Date: None
2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Rating: Supports 2008 FCRPS BiOp
Comments: BiOp Workgroup Comments: No BiOp Workgroup Comments

The BiOp RM&E Workgroups made the following determinations regarding the proposal's ability or need to support BiOp Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) RPAs. If you have questions regarding these RPA association conclusions, please contact your BPA COTR and they will help clarify, or they will arrange further discussion with the appropriate RM&E Workgroup Leads. BiOp RPA associations for the proposed work are: (69.1 69.2 69.3)
All Questionable RPA Associations ( ) and
All Deleted RPA Associations ( )
Proponent Response:
Review: Fish Accord Review

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
Douglas Hatch Project Lead Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)
Anne Creason Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Christine Golightly Interested Party Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)
John Whiteaker Technical Contact Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)
Daniel Gambetta Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration
Zachary Penney Supervisor Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)
Chris Roe Administrative Contact Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)