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Project Summary

Project 2008-518-00 - Upstream Migration Timing
Project Number:
2008-518-00
Title:
Upstream Migration Timing
Summary:
This project was originally assigned the number 2007-014-00, which was changed to 2008-518-00 as a result of Accords.

This project will use Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags and, though another MOA project (Bonneville GSI), Genetic Stock Identification (GSI) to better assess Chinook, steelhead, and sockeye salmon adult migratory timing and survival through the Columbia River hydrosystem. Adults will annually be sampled at the Bonneville Dam Adult Fish Facility for scales, length, and tag and biological information in conjunction with existing Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission monitoring programs. Adults will also be PIT tagged and non-lethally sampled for genetic material. Upstream PIT tag detections will be used to track tagged and sampled fish through the hydrosystem and, in some cases, into the tributaries. GSI will identify the stock of many of these PIT tagged fish, allowing stock-specific upstream migration timing and mortality to be calculated. We also plan to use the PIT tag data to estimate stray rates and fall back, where possible on a stock-specific basis.
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) (Tribe)
Starting FY:
2008
Ending FY:
2032
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Mainstem - 100.00%
Purpose:
Programmatic
Emphasis:
RM and E
Focal Species:
Chinook - All Populations
Chinook - Deschutes River Summer/Fall ESU
Chinook - Mid-Columbia River Spring ESU
Chinook - Snake River Fall ESU
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer ESU
Chinook - Upper Columbia River Spring ESU
Chinook - Upper Columbia River Summer/Fall ESU
Sockeye - All Populations
Sockeye - Deschutes Subbasin
Sockeye - Lake Wenatchee ESU
Sockeye - Okanogan River ESU
Sockeye - Snake River ESU
Steelhead - All Populations
Steelhead - Middle Columbia River DPS
Steelhead - Snake River DPS
Steelhead - Upper Columbia River DPS
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None
BiOp Association:
None

Description: Page: 12 Figure 5: New sampling tank, flume, and PIT tag detection installed at the Bonneville Dam Adult Fish Facility in July 2011.

Project: 2008-518-00

Document: P123246

Dimensions: 1280 x 960


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

To see more detailed project budget information, please visit the "Project Budget" page

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2020 - FY2022)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2020 Expense $309,331 From: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC Accord Extensions (CRITFC) 10/4/2018 10/04/2018
FY2020 Expense $20,505 From: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC Fish Accord Transfers - CTRITFC 2/26 02/26/2020
FY2020 Expense $20,406 From: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC Fish Accord Transfers - CTRITFC 2/26 02/26/2020
FY2020 Expense $11,869 From: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC PIT Tags 04/03/2020
FY2021 Expense $313,198 From: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC Accord Extensions (CRITFC) 10/4/2018 10/04/2018
FY2022 Expense $313,198 From: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC Accord Extensions (CRITFC) 10/4/2018 10/04/2018
FY2022 Expense $11,869 To: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC Accord Transfers (CRITFC, CTUIR, YN) 4/21/2021 04/21/2021

Pending Budget Decision?  No


Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2021   DRAFT
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.
Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
2020 $384,000 (Draft) 51% (Draft)
2019 $340,000 49%
2018 $225,000 39%
2017 $225,000 39%
2016 $200,000 33%
2015 $100,000 24%
2014 $100,000 22%
2013 $100,000 22%
2012 $100,000 30%
2011 $100,000 30%
2010 $100,000 47%
2009 $127,561 33%
2008

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Closed, Complete, History, Issued.
* "Total Contracted Amount" column includes contracted amount from both capital and expense components of the contract.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Total Contracted Amount Dates
BPA-004512 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Active $18,329 4/1/2009 - 9/30/2009
42909 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 200851800 EXP UPSTREAM MIGRATION TIMING Closed $342,055 7/1/2009 - 9/30/2011
BPA-005001 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Active $15,606 10/1/2009 - 9/30/2010
BPA-005459 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Active $18,674 10/1/2010 - 9/30/2011
52254 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 2008-518-00 EXP UPSTREAM MIGRATION TIMING Closed $209,694 4/1/2011 - 3/31/2012
BPA-006400 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Active $10,664 10/1/2011 - 9/30/2012
56276 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 2008-518-00 EXP UPSTREAM MIGRATION TIMING Closed $226,452 4/1/2012 - 3/31/2013
BPA-006895 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Active $14,890 10/1/2012 - 9/30/2013
60523 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 2008-518-00 EXP UPSTREAM MIGRATION TIMING FY13 Closed $348,393 4/1/2013 - 3/31/2014
BPA-007744 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Active $12,223 10/1/2013 - 9/30/2014
64561 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 2008-518-00 EXP UPSTREAM MIGRATION TIMING Closed $348,872 4/1/2014 - 4/30/2015
BPA-008435 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Active $15,019 10/1/2014 - 9/30/2015
68573 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 2008-518-00 EXP UPSTREAM MIGRATION TIMING Closed $307,111 4/1/2015 - 3/31/2016
BPA-008954 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Active $11,242 10/1/2015 - 9/30/2016
72197 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 2008-518-00 EXP UPSTREAM MIGRATION TIMING Closed $391,846 4/1/2016 - 5/31/2017
BPA-009572 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Active $13,351 10/1/2016 - 9/30/2017
76151 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 2008-518-00 EXP UPSTREAM MIGRATION TIMING Closed $333,463 6/1/2017 - 5/31/2018
BPA-010195 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Active $7,631 10/1/2017 - 9/30/2018
73354 REL 8 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 2008-518-00 EXP UPSTREAM MIGRATION TIMING Closed $340,179 6/1/2018 - 5/31/2019
BPA-010775 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Active $0 10/1/2018 - 9/30/2019
73354 REL 26 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 2008-518-00 EXP UPSTREAM MIGRATION TIMING Closed $360,699 6/1/2019 - 5/31/2020
BPA-011606 Bonneville Power Administration FY20 Internal Services/PIT tags Active $18,804 10/1/2019 - 9/30/2020
73354 REL 44 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 2008-518-00 EXP UPSTREAM MIGRATION TIMING Issued $343,329 6/1/2020 - 5/31/2021
BPA-012092 Bonneville Power Administration FY21 Pit Tags Active $13,860 10/1/2020 - 9/30/2021
73354 REL 61 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 2008-518-00 EXP UPSTREAM MIGRATION TIMING Issued $299,338 6/1/2021 - 5/31/2022



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):11
Completed:9
On time:9
Status Reports
Completed:51
On time:31
Avg Days Late:0

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
BPA-004512 PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Bonneville Power Administration 04/2009 04/2009 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
42909 52254, 56276, 60523, 64561, 68573, 72197, 76151, 73354 REL 8, 73354 REL 26, 73354 REL 44, 73354 REL 61 200851800 EXP UPSTREAM MIGRATION TIMING Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 07/2009 07/2009 Issued 51 82 0 0 6 88 93.18% 0
BPA-005001 PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Bonneville Power Administration 10/2009 10/2009 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-005459 PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Bonneville Power Administration 10/2010 10/2010 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-006400 PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Bonneville Power Administration 10/2011 10/2011 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-006895 PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Bonneville Power Administration 10/2012 10/2012 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-007744 PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Bonneville Power Administration 10/2013 10/2013 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008435 PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Bonneville Power Administration 10/2014 10/2014 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008954 PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Bonneville Power Administration 10/2015 10/2015 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-009572 PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Bonneville Power Administration 10/2016 10/2016 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-010195 PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Bonneville Power Administration 10/2017 10/2017 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
BPA-010775 PIT Tags - Upstream Migration Timing Bonneville Power Administration 10/2018 10/2018 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-011606 FY20 Internal Services/PIT tags Bonneville Power Administration 10/2019 10/2019 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-012092 FY21 Pit Tags Bonneville Power Administration 10/2020 10/2020 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Project Totals 51 82 0 0 6 88 93.18% 1


The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: 2019-2021 Mainstem/Program Support

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2008-518-00-NPCC-20210312
Project: 2008-518-00 - Upstream Migration Timing
Review: 2019-2021 Mainstem/Program Support
Proposal: NPCC19-2008-518-00
Proposal State: Pending Council Recommendation
Approved Date: 8/25/2019
Recommendation: Implement
Comments: Continue to implement with the following condition: Sponsor to submit a plan to Council by January 30, 2020 to address ISRP qualifications (old and new), including unanswered questions regarding the adequacy of the sample size and whether the project provides a reasonable representative of the sample of the run. This project provides important information to the region by sampling adult salmon and steelhead. Given that the data are used to inform management decisions, it is critical that the project address these issues.

[Background: See https:/www.nwcouncil.org/fish-and-wildlife/fish-and-wildlife-program/project-reviews-and-recommendations/mainstem-review]

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2008-518-00-ISRP-20190404
Project: 2008-518-00 - Upstream Migration Timing
Review: 2019-2021 Mainstem/Program Support
Proposal Number: NPCC19-2008-518-00
Completed Date: None
First Round ISRP Date: 4/4/2019
First Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
First Round ISRP Comment:

Qualifications:

The ISRP recommends that the proponents describe their responses to the ISRP's qualifications, information requests, and additional questions contained in this review in their upcoming annual report covering FY 2019 accomplishments.

The 2010 ISRP review (2010-44b) contained the following statement, "In future years the methodology should be used to address specific hypotheses, with detailed descriptions of study plans, statistical methods, desired levels of precision, and necessary sample sizes." These concerns have not been addressed in this proposal.

1.      The proponents should identify a plan of action for incorporating suggestions from the 2010 ISRP review to use methodology to address specific hypotheses with detailed descriptions of study plans, statistical methods, desired levels of precision, and necessary sample sizes.

2.      The proponents should identify a plan of action to determine if samples are representative, and if not, identify the impact of using information from these samples for decision making.

3.      An explanation of the adaptive management process being used by the project to review and possibly modify its actions is also needed.

Comment:

The ISRP encourages the region to investigate the adequacy and likelihood for obtaining representative samples.

1. Objectives, Significance to Regional Programs, and Technical Background

This project tracks samples of returning adult salmon as they move up the hydrosystem above Bonneville Dam. The project helps address critical uncertainties listed in the 2017 Research Plan by collecting data that allow estimation of upstream mortality as fish move through the hydrosystem and into tributaries. Estimation of migration rates between sites and dam passage times helps to monitor fish reactions due to changing river conditions. The data collected by the project also allow estimation of fallback at dams, stray rates, and the weekly portion of the steelhead run that is B-run. PIT tagged returning adults at Bonneville Dam allows comparison of these fish with data from fish tagged as juveniles.

Many projects use this information as the record of spawners returning to their native streams.

2. Results and Adaptive Management

The project reports seem a bit dated, but presumably the information is available in almost real time for use in the Basin by managers. More explanation is needed on this. An explanation of the adaptive management process being used by the project to review and possibly modify its actions is also needed.

Tracking adults PIT tagged at Bonneville Dam, when combined with use of GSI to identify origin of fish, allows determination of migration timing, stray rates, and upstream survival on a stock-specific basis. The proposal describes situations where the data from this project raised concerns about operations for detection of upstream migrants resulting in alterations in dam operations.

Approximately 48,000 fish have been tracked over the project's lifetime. Results have been summarized by year, species, and objective in annual reports from 2009 to 2018. The total number of fish tracked by year and the number by species are quite variable. An evaluation of the adequacy of the sample size is necessary to determine if the number of fish sampled per year and per species is appropriate. Without an evaluation, it is unknown if the number sampled is appropriate for the multiple objectives of the project. For example, the estimated minimum fallback rates for fall Chinook in 2016 are quite variable from dam to dam with Priest Rapids at 28% while some other dams had an estimated rate of 0%.

The proposal states that a "reasonably representative sample of the run" is obtained. Evidence of this assertion is required. Knowing the extent of bias in the sample is necessary if results are to be useful.

It is unclear if there are critical gaps in knowledge of upstream migration. For example, how is harvest information integrated into the findings? Also, are the impacts of technological change being anticipated? For example, if full parental genotypes can be tracked will the amount of data overwhelm this project? Responsibility for monitoring technological change should be identified.

3. Methods: Project Relationships, Work Types, and Deliverables

Methods are appropriate. The proposal clearly identifies the connection between objectives and deliverables.

It is stated in the proposal that the ability to obtain a representative sample is affected by regulations on the operation of Bonneville Dam Adult Fish Facility. Efforts to determine the effects of having non-representative samples should begin immediately, so the impact of these restrictions on conclusions arising from this project's data can be evaluated.

The project has a good publication record with many project references and citations presented. However, while the proposal states the contract has a good record of delivering annual reports it also states that reports are delivered within 18 months of the end of sampling which seems to be an excessive delay. The proponents are encouraged to provide results before beginning work the following year to provide an immediate opportunity for adaptive management.

Documentation Links:
Review: RME / AP Category Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2008-518-00-NPCC-20110113
Project: 2008-518-00 - Upstream Migration Timing
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal: RMECAT-2008-518-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 6/10/2011
Recommendation: Fund (Qualified)
Comments: Implement with condition through FY 2016: Sponsor to address ISRP questions in 2012 contract. See presumptive path discussion in Programmatic Recommendation no. 10.
Conditions:
Council Condition #1 Programmatic Issue: RMECAT #10 PIT tags and related tags—See presumptive path discussion
Council Condition #2 Analytical methods need to be better explained for Deliverable 2 (Compare stock composition estimated by GSI with those estimated using PIT tags). Methodology should address specific hypotheses, with detailed description of study plans, statistical methods, desired levels of precision, and necessary sample sizes. Future proposals should summarize results to date and also, outline anticipated future applications of the methodology and the expected benefits using experience gained by the first several years of data collection. With regard to genetic typing methodology: How well and on what scale does it differentiate between different stocks within each species? What is the turn-around time for genetic typing; is it potentially possible that stock-specific migration information might be available on a near-real-time basis? How will PIT-tag recoveries and GSI results be combined to estimate straying rates: what is the quantitative approach?

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2008-518-00-ISRP-20101015
Project: 2008-518-00 - Upstream Migration Timing
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2008-518-00
Completed Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
This project uses the extensive PIT-tag detection infrastructure now in place at mainstem dams and at many other locations in the Columbia River Basin to track adult salmon and steelhead through (and beyond) the hydropower system. This well-tested tagging technology is used in conjunction with a new technology (genetic typing) to determine the migration behavior (speed of migration, straying, fallback) and survival of adult salmon and steelhead belonging to specific stocks.

On balance, this is a well-justified project. The data obtained could help fill crucial data gaps and be useful in many applications. In addition, PIT tagging is less invasive and stressful than other methods, such as radio tagging, that have been used for tracking of adult salmonids. Information on the upstream movement of PIT-tagged fish can be provided to all interested parties on the PTAGIS web site.

The proposal could be strengthened in several aspects. It describes analytical methods and anticipated applications of the methodology only in general terms. In future years the methodology should be used to address specific hypotheses, with detailed description of study plans, statistical methods, desired levels of precision, and necessary sample sizes.

No information is provided on the specificity and reliability of the genetic typing methodology. How well and on what scale does it differentiate between different stocks within each species? What is the turn-around time for genetic typing; is it potentially possible that stock-specific migration information might be available on a near-real-time basis?

How will PIT-tag recoveries and GSI results be combined to estimate straying rates: what is the quantitative approach?

In the present proposal, Deliverable 1 (Determine stock specific run timing for Chinook and sockeye salmon and steelhead passing Bonneville Dam) and Deliverable 3 (Improvements to the Bonneville Dam Adult Fish Facility) are somewhat broadly but clearly explained. Deliverable 2 (Compare stock composition estimated by GSI with those estimated using PIT tags) should, however, be more fully elaborated: analytical methods have not been adequately explained.

Because the project was recently initiated (2009), few results are available at this time. Future proposals should summarize results to date and also, using experience gained by the first several years of data collection, outline anticipated future applications of the methodology and the expected benefits.
First Round ISRP Date: 10/18/2010
First Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
First Round ISRP Comment:
This project uses the extensive PIT-tag detection infrastructure now in place at mainstem dams and at many other locations in the Columbia River Basin to track adult salmon and steelhead through (and beyond) the hydropower system. This well-tested tagging technology is used in conjunction with a new technology (genetic typing) to determine the migration behavior (speed of migration, straying, fallback) and survival of adult salmon and steelhead belonging to specific stocks.

On balance, this is a well-justified project. The data obtained could help fill crucial data gaps and be useful in many applications. In addition, PIT tagging is less invasive and stressful than other methods, such as radio tagging, that have been used for tracking of adult salmonids. Information on the upstream movement of PIT-tagged fish can be provided to all interested parties on the PTAGIS web site.

The proposal could be strengthened in several aspects. It describes analytical methods and anticipated applications of the methodology only in general terms. In future years the methodology should be used to address specific hypotheses, with detailed description of study plans, statistical methods, desired levels of precision, and necessary sample sizes.

No information is provided on the specificity and reliability of the genetic typing methodology. How well and on what scale does it differentiate between different stocks within each species? What is the turn-around time for genetic typing; is it potentially possible that stock-specific migration information might be available on a near-real-time basis?

How will PIT-tag recoveries and GSI results be combined to estimate straying rates: what is the quantitative approach?

In the present proposal, Deliverable 1 (Determine stock specific run timing for Chinook and sockeye salmon and steelhead passing Bonneville Dam) and Deliverable 3 (Improvements to the Bonneville Dam Adult Fish Facility) are somewhat broadly but clearly explained. Deliverable 2 (Compare stock composition estimated by GSI with those estimated using PIT tags) should, however, be more fully elaborated: analytical methods have not been adequately explained.

Because the project was recently initiated (2009), few results are available at this time. Future proposals should summarize results to date and also, using experience gained by the first several years of data collection, outline anticipated future applications of the methodology and the expected benefits.
Documentation Links:

2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Assessment

Assessment Number: 2008-518-00-BIOP-20101105
Project Number: 2008-518-00
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2008-518-00
Completed Date: None
2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Rating: Supports 2008 FCRPS BiOp
Comments: BiOp Workgroup Comments: No BiOp Workgroup Comments

The BiOp RM&E Workgroups made the following determinations regarding the proposal's ability or need to support BiOp Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) RPAs. If you have questions regarding these RPA association conclusions, please contact your BPA COTR and they will help clarify, or they will arrange further discussion with the appropriate RM&E Workgroup Leads. BiOp RPA associations for the proposed work are: ( )
All Questionable RPA Associations ( ) and
All Deleted RPA Associations (50.1 50.2 52.3 52.4 52.7 52.8 62.1)
Proponent Response:

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
Jeffrey Fryer Project Lead Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)
John Whiteaker Interested Party Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)
Shawn Narum Interested Party Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)
Christine Petersen Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Douglas Hatch Supervisor Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)
Chris Roe Administrative Contact Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)
Christine Golightly Interested Party Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)
Christine Petersen Project SME Bonneville Power Administration