Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
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Project Summary

Project 2010-030-00 - Project to provided VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead MPG
Project Number:
2010-030-00
Title:
Project to provided VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead MPG
Summary:
Improved tracking of the Upper Yakima and Naches population distributions is the primary focus of this objective. Redd surveying efforts led by the USFWS and WDFW have been conducted in the Naches watershed since 2004. These surveys have focused primarily on the tributaries of the Naches and have significantly expanded our knowledge of this population’s spawning distribution but more effort is needed for mainstem spawning locations. The mainstem Naches in its entirety, and portions of the Yakima are areas that presumably support some level of steelhead spawning activity. These areas have been extremely difficult to survey due to lack of resources and/or inability to detect redds due to survey conditions. As a result, spawning activity in the mainstem Naches and Yakima River are not well understood. More precisely put, little to nothing is known regarding the downstream extension and potential spatial/temporal overlap between the Naches and Upper Yakima populations. We are proposing a three year radio telemetry study (Work Task 1A) to improve tracking of the Upper Yakima and Naches distributions and increase our understanding of mainstem spawners and their respective role within Yakima steelhead population dynamics. This is a recommended RM&E activity outlined in the chapter 7 of the 2009 Yakima Steelhead Recovery Plan. The study will also contribute valuable information needed for other Work Tasks. In addition to the radio telemetry study, spawner surveys will be expanded in the Naches (Work Task 1B) and Upper Yakima watersheds (Work Task 5B) for status and trend monitoring of spatial structure and MSA occupancy post telemetry era.
We propose to conduct a three year radio telemetry project in the Yakima River Basin (upstream of Prosser Dam). We will use methods similar to those described in Karp et al. (2009). Key issues the study would address would include:
1) Ground truth and refine GSI based population-specific abundance estimates.
2) Address uncertainties regarding the extent, distribution, and contribution of mainstem spawners.
3) Estimate the proportion of steelhead from each population that overwinters in the mainstem Yakima River versus tributaries.
4) Estimate survival to spawning rates for steelhead that overwinter in the mainstem versus tributaries of the Yakima River.
5) Describe prespawn migration patterns of steelhead.
6) Determine the timing and spawning distribution in each population.
7) Estimate the number of redds constructed per female.
8) Estimate the survival to kelting rates for each population.

**********BELOW IS THE COPIED NARRATIVE FROM THE OTHER PROJECT, USE FOR REFERENCE/EXAMPLE***********************************

A unique well coordinated standardized monitoring and evaluation program(s) exists in the Upper Columbia River Basin. Monitoring and evaluation programs are funded by a combination of federal (BPA, BOR, USFWS), State, Tribal, and regional (PUDs) entities. WDFW will be the research lead for the project and obtain all necessary environmental compliance permits for the project. Colville Confederated Tribes will be the primary contractor for the Okanogan Basin. While all these various program contribute data to estimate VSP parameters for steelhead and spring Chinook salmon, these programs also share common deficiencies related to precision and accuracy of the abundance estimates. Existing M & E activities combined with recent advances in PIT tag technology provide an opportunity to improve the quality of the data generated in order to make proper management decisions concerning ESA listed species. The overall objectives of the project are to: 1) evaluate precision and accuracy of the smolt monitoring methodology for both steelhead and spring Chinook , 2) estimate the proportion of hatchery steelhead in each primary population, 3) estimate the precision of redd counts for both steelhead and spring Chinook and 4) evaluate the accuracy of the steelhead spawning ground survey design. We also intend to conduct a steelhead radio telemetry study to independently validate estimates generated from PIT tags and to estimate steelhead population characteristics (overwinter survival, number of redds per female). These tasks address in part or fully the critical uncertainties identified under Supplementation in the Columbia River Basin Research Plan (2006-03) and steelhead population characteristics (abundance, productivity, and ratio of hatchery fish) under the Fish and Wildlife Program. Additionally, all of the studies in this proposal are directly consistent with RPAs for the FCRPS BiOp.

Additionally, in collaboration with PTAGIS managers and other researchers (e.g., Chris Jordan, NMFS; Pat Connolly, USGS) we will develop a request for proposals (i.e., subcontract) for the development of an automated process that would not only assist, but standardize how data from in-stream PIT tag arrays is analyzed. Because many PIT tag arrays are already online with
Proposer:
Proponent Orgs:
Yakama Confederated Tribes (Tribe)
Starting FY:
2011
Ending FY:
2020
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Columbia Plateau Yakima 100.00%
Purpose:
Programmatic
Emphasis:
RM and E
Focal Species:
Chinook - Mid-Columbia River Spring ESU
Coho - Unspecified Population
Cutthroat Trout, Westslope
Lamprey, Pacific
Steelhead - Middle Columbia River DPS
Trout, Interior Redband
Trout, Rainbow
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None

Map of the Yakima River Basin including PIT tag interrogation sites, proposed future interrogation sites, and streams targeted for O. mykiss tagging.

Figure Name: Figure 1

Document ID: P123255

Document: Resident/Anadromous O. mykiss Interactions Studies in the Upper Yakima Basin, Washington

Page Number: 10

Project: 2010-030-00

Contract: 50628

Map showing the relative location of tributary index monitoring sites.

Figure Name: Figure 2

Document ID: P123255

Document: Resident/Anadromous O. mykiss Interactions Studies in the Upper Yakima Basin, Washington

Page Number: 15

Project: 2010-030-00

Contract: 50628


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

To see more detailed project budget information, please visit the "Project Budget" page

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2019 - FY2021)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2019 Expense $2,107 From: General - Within Year PIT Tag Readers 12/20/2018
FY2019 Expense $538,000 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) Dec 28th SOY FY19 Transfers 12/28/2018
FY2019 Expense $15,000 To: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) 2010-030-00 FY19 07/18/2019
FY2020 Expense $538,000 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY20 SOY 06/05/2019

Pending Budget Decision?  No


Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2020
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.
Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
2015 (Draft)
2014 $129,000 18 %
2013 $108,720 16 %
2012 $0 0 %
2011 $48,000 7 %

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
* "Total Contracted Amount" column includes contracted amount from both capital and expense components of the contract.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Total Contracted Amount Dates
BPA-005546 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Active $17,211 10/1/2010 - 9/30/2011
BPA-006179 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Active $24,238 10/1/2011 - 9/30/2012
BPA-006948 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Active $26,317 10/1/2012 - 9/30/2013
BPA-007745 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Active $26,271 10/1/2013 - 9/30/2014
BPA-008149 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Active $33,605 10/1/2014 - 9/30/2015
BPA-008940 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Active $35,099 10/1/2015 - 9/30/2016
BPA-009541 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Active $35,267 10/1/2016 - 9/30/2017
BPA-010027 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Active $36,247 10/1/2017 - 9/30/2018
BPA-010777 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags/Readers - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Active $39,615 10/1/2018 - 9/30/2019
56662 REL 186 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 2010-030-00 EXP PROJECT TO PROVIDE VSP ESTIMATE Issued $251,997 4/1/2019 - 3/31/2020
74314 REL 63 SOW Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 2010-030-00 EXP PROJECT TO PROVIDE VSP ESTIMATE Issued $226,654 4/1/2019 - 3/31/2020
CR-336096 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 2010-030-00 EXP PROJECT TO PROVIDE VSP ESTIMATE Pending $251,997 4/1/2020 - 3/31/2021
CR-336097 SOW Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 2010-030-00 EXP PROJECT TO PROVIDE VSP ESTIMATE WDFW Pending $226,654 4/1/2020 - 3/31/2021



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):20
Completed:17
On time:17
Status Reports
Completed:88
On time:56
Avg Days Late:6

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
BPA-005546 PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2010 10/2010 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
52040 55510, 56662 REL 9, 56662 REL 46, 56662 REL 67, 56662 REL 87, 56662 REL 133, 56662 REL 158, 56662 REL 186 2010-030-00 EXP YN PROVIDE VSP ESTIMATE Yakama Confederated Tribes 10/2010 10/2010 Pending 36 88 11 0 2 101 98.02% 0
50628 54906, 59895, 64137, 66986, 70353, 75719, 74314 REL 31, 74314 REL 63 2010-030-00 EXP WDFW PROJECT TO PROVIDE VSP ESTIMATE Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 11/2010 11/2010 Pending 40 73 9 0 0 82 100.00% 1
BPA-006179 PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2011 10/2011 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
46273 REL 39 46273 REL 65, 46273 REL 84 2010-030-00 EXP NOAA ANALYSIS TO PROVIDE VSP ESTIMATE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 03/2012 03/2012 Closed 12 13 0 0 0 13 100.00% 0
BPA-006948 PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2012 10/2012 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-007745 PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2013 10/2013 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008149 PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2014 10/2014 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008940 PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2015 10/2015 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-009541 PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2016 10/2016 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-010027 PIT Tags - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2017 10/2017 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-010777 PIT Tags/Readers - VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2018 10/2018 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Project Totals 88 174 20 0 2 196 98.98% 1


The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: Fast Track ISRP Review 2010

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2010-030-00-ISRP-20100622
Project: 2010-030-00 - Project to provided VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead MPG
Review: Fast Track ISRP Review 2010
Completed Date: None
First Round ISRP Date: 2/24/2010
First Round ISRP Rating: Response Requested
First Round ISRP Comment:
This proposal addresses several key uncertainties relative to population structure of Yakima River steelhead/rainbow population but this proposal lacked some details about methods - specifically, sample sizes, specific study locations, and the division of labor among cooperators. A revised proposal narrative providing this information is necessary to conduct a complete scientific review. The following modifications of the proposal are necessary for the ISRP to complete its review:

1) More information is required on the relationship of this project to ongoing efforts. A very clear description of how this project addresses specific RPA commitments is required. Some discussion of the relationship to the ISEMP work that is taking place in neighboring subbasins and to steelhead recovery efforts in the adjacent Wenatchee subbasin also should be added.
2) Information should be provided to specifically indicate how this project addresses gaps not addressed by project #19956325. Inclusion of a more detailed presentation of the results generated by project #19956325 to date would provide a much stronger justification for this project that is provided in the current proposal.
3) An indication of the number of samples to be collected for each work element, and some rationale as to why the project proponents feel this number of samples will be adequate, should be included in the proposal.
4) Provide more detail on the design and methods of the radio telemetry study for adult steelhead (Biological Objective 1).
5) Include more detail on the proposed GSI work including study design, number of samples and genetic markers types.
6) Provide a clear indication of the allocation of responsibilities among the organizations participating in this study.

1. Technical Justification, Program Significance and Consistency, and Project Relationships
The justification for this project is framed in terms of existing recovery programs for steelhead in the Yakima River subbasin, but it needs to be more tightly linked to RPAs in the BiOp. It appears that this project generally responds to BiOp RPA 50 and 62, but the description of how this project will contribute to these RPAs is insufficient.

Quite a few projects are listed as being related to this one but only in the most general way. A more thorough description of how this project will coordinate and share data, especially with project #199506325 should be included. The proposal also does not acknowledge the ISEMP work that is taking place in neighboring subbasins. It would have been helpful to discuss how this project relates to steelhead recovery efforts in the adjacent Wenatchee subbasin.

2. Project History and Results
This is a new project, but it proposes to build on work that has been previously conducted in the Yakima watershed or is ongoing, especially project #199506325. A more thorough review of the results from project #199506325 would have given a more complete indication of the “gaps” in the current effort and provided a more compelling justification for this project.

3. Objectives, Work Elements, and Methods
The proposal provides a reasonable description of the work that will be done for some of the objectives; however, there is insufficient information provided on a number of work elements to enable technical review. Failure to specify sampling effort for many of the work elements is a common issue. The number of fish to be fitted with radio transmitters, the numbers to be PIT-tagged, or the number of samples to be obtained for genetic analysis are often not provided in the proposal and when provided, little indication is given as to why this level of sampling effort is sufficient to answer the questions being asked. This deficiency makes it difficult for the ISRP to evaluate the adequacy of the sampling protocols. Obtaining adequate samples in a river system as large as the Yakima presents some daunting challenges. An indication of the number of samples to be collected for each work element, and some rationale as to why the project proponents feel this number of samples will be adequate, should be included in the proposal. For example, under work task 2B (calculate entrainment rates) it is stated that a pilot study will use acoustic tags and arrays to increase the precision of irrigation canal entrainment, but there are no details given regarding where this would take place or a ballpark figure of the number of acoustically tagged steelhead that will be needed.

The Work Elements in Biological Objective 1 (Determine spatial distribution and major (MSA) and minor (MiSA) spawning areas of steelhead spawning populations in the Yakima MPG (RPA 50.6, 62.5)) require some additional elaboration. The radio telemetry study design and specific methods to be used are not well described. For example the proponents state that "We propose to conduct a three year radio telemetry project in the Yakima River Basin (upstream of Prosser Dam). We will use methods similar to those described in Karp et al. (2009)." A thorough description of these methods in the proposal, or at least a link to this document, is needed. It also is not clear why it was decided that 450 - 500 adult steelhead would be tagged. As noted above, some rationale as to why this number of tags was considered appropriate for this task should have been presented. Also, given that the average number of adult steelhead returning to the Yakima in recent years is 1,764 fish, this number of tags represents a significant proportion of the total population. As these fish are part of an ESA-listed ESU, it seems that there might be some concern about handling this many fish. No indication was given as to whether or not the required permits had been obtained for this activity. Also, an indication of how frequently ground surveys for acoustic tags (Work Element 1a) will be conducted should be included.

The work proposed for GSI was also not described in sufficient detail to enable a thorough technical review. The discussion of GSI in the proposal is pretty generic. In addition to the problem noted above regarding a lack of specificity and justification on numbers of samples, more detail on marker types (microsats or SNPs) and details of the sampling design needs to be included in the proposal. Also, the Anderson et al (2008) and Kalanowski (2007) papers cited in the text are not included in the citations.

Finally, it was unclear which organization would have the responsibility for the various aspects of field data collection or data analyses. Section I (key personnel) gives a list of the project staff members but does not identify their involvement in the various work elements of this project. More detail should be included regarding the division of labor.
Documentation Links:
Review: RME / AP Category Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2010-030-00-NPCC-20110627
Project: 2010-030-00 - Project to provided VSP Estimates for Yakima Steelhead MPG
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal: RMECAT-2010-030-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 6/10/2011
Recommendation: Fund (Qualified)
Comments: See Programmatic issue #2. Also see Fast Track April-May 2010 Council decision.
Conditions:
Council Condition #1 Programmatic Issue: RMECAT #2 Habitat effectiveness monitoring and evaluation—1
Council Condition #2 Per Fast Track April-May 2010 Council decision - The Council recommends this project for implementation. This recommendation is based on the condition that the capacity issue is resolved in contracting. In addition, the linkages to other projects are to be addressed in a form of an addendum as part of the RM&E/Artificial Production Category Review.

2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Assessment

Assessment Number: 2010-030-00-BIOP-20101105
Project Number: 2010-030-00
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2010-030-00
Completed Date: None
2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Rating: Supports 2008 FCRPS BiOp
Comments: BiOp Workgroup Comments: No BiOp Workgroup Comments

The BiOp RM&E Workgroups made the following determinations regarding the proposal's ability or need to support BiOp Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) RPAs. If you have questions regarding these RPA association conclusions, please contact your BPA COTR and they will help clarify, or they will arrange further discussion with the appropriate RM&E Workgroup Leads. BiOp RPA associations for the proposed work are: (50.3 50.6 )
All Questionable RPA Associations ( ) and
All Deleted RPA Associations ( 56.3 62.5 63.1)
Proponent Response:

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
Dave Fast Supervisor Yakama Confederated Tribes
Gabriel Temple Technical Contact Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW)
Andrew Murdoch Technical Contact Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW)
Chris Frederiksen Project Lead Yakama Confederated Tribes
Joanne Fernandez (Inactive) Administrative Contact Yakama Confederated Tribes
Russell Scranton Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Claire McClory Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
Michele Palmer Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
Kelly Hope Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration