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Project Summary

Project 1983-319-00 - New Marking and Monitoring Technologies
Project Number:
1983-319-00
Title:
New Marking and Monitoring Technologies
Summary:
This project addresses how to expand the current fish-tracking technologies to enable the fisheries community to successfully carry out the actions, research, and monitoring activities outlined in the 2000 and 2004 BiOp, 2004 UPA, Fish and Wildlife Program, and 2003 systemwide passage summary. The goal of the project is to satisfy these needs by developing interrogation systems that will collect data on migrating juvenile and adult salmonids through mainstem Columbia River Basin (CRB) dams including juvenile salmon transiting surface-bypass systems and all life-stages transiting small streams. These fish-tracking technologies are then used to assess the effectiveness of management actions and strategies for recovery of ESA-listed fish populations. For example, development of PIT-tag systems that will work in large streams or even rivers are essential for determining the effectiveness of all types of restoration programs on stock recovery supported by BPA. In addition, these system would help delineate the different types of interactions between hatchery and wild stocks in the field.
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Govt - Federal)
Starting FY:
2004
Ending FY:
2018
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Basinwide - 100.00%
Purpose:
Hydrosystem
Emphasis:
RM and E
Focal Species:
All Anadromous Fish
All Anadromous Salmonids
Bass, Largemouth
Bass, Smallmouth
Chinook - All Populations
Chinook - Snake River Fall ESU (threatened)
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer ESU (threatened)
Chinook - Upper Columbia River Summer/Fall ESU
Coho - Lower Columbia River ESU (threatened)
Coho - Unspecified Population
Cutthroat Trout, Coastal - Resident Populations
Freshwater Mussels
Lamprey, Western Brook
OBSOLETE-Carp, Common
OBSOLETE-Catfish
OBSOLETE-Crappie, Black
OBSOLETE-Crappie, White
OBSOLETE-Perch, Yellow
OBSOLETE-Pikeminnow, Northern
OBSOLETE-Walleye
Sockeye - All Populations
Sockeye - Snake River ESU (endangered)
Steelhead - All Populations
Steelhead - Middle Columbia River DPS (threatened)
Steelhead - Snake River DPS (threatened)
Sturgeon, White - All Populations except Kootenai R. DPS
Trout, Bull (threatened)
Whitefish, Mountain
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None

Photo of spillway at Bonneville Dam.

Figure Name: Figure 1

Document ID: P113811

Document: Evaluation of Antenna Designs for a Spillway PIT-Tag Detection System at Bonneville Dam: Abridged Report

Page Number: 3

Project: 1983-319-00

Contract: 40335

Photos of two tile shielding arrangements tested. Left: strips of ferrite tiles that match the ribs under the spillbay gate.

Figure Name: Figure 4a

Document ID: P113811

Document: Evaluation of Antenna Designs for a Spillway PIT-Tag Detection System at Bonneville Dam: Abridged Report

Page Number: 7

Project: 1983-319-00

Contract: 40335

Photos of two tile shielding arrangements tested. Right: full sheet of ferrite tiles.

Figure Name: Figure 4b

Document ID: P113811

Document: Evaluation of Antenna Designs for a Spillway PIT-Tag Detection System at Bonneville Dam: Abridged Report

Page Number: 7

Project: 1983-319-00

Contract: 40335

Photo shows the 5-ft-wide antenna at the outer edge of the gate. It shows how far out it extends and the gap.

Figure Name: Figure 5

Document ID: P113811

Document: Evaluation of Antenna Designs for a Spillway PIT-Tag Detection System at Bonneville Dam: Abridged Report

Page Number: 8

Project: 1983-319-00

Contract: 40335

Photo of contoured antenna showing smaller gap at the spillbay gate edge, as well its tight fit along the bottom of the spillbay gate.

Figure Name: Figure 7

Document ID: P113811

Document: Evaluation of Antenna Designs for a Spillway PIT-Tag Detection System at Bonneville Dam: Abridged Report

Page Number: 10

Project: 1983-319-00

Contract: 40335

Photo of the hanging vertical antenna.

Figure Name: Figure 8a

Document ID: P113811

Document: Evaluation of Antenna Designs for a Spillway PIT-Tag Detection System at Bonneville Dam: Abridged Report

Page Number: 11

Project: 1983-319-00

Contract: 40335

Photo of the 52-degree intermediate angled antenna.

Figure Name: Figure 8b

Document ID: P113811

Document: Evaluation of Antenna Designs for a Spillway PIT-Tag Detection System at Bonneville Dam: Abridged Report

Page Number: 11

Project: 1983-319-00

Contract: 40335

Diagram from USACE showing water velocities for a TSW system and general location and water conditions in site where ogee system would be located. USACE estimates water velocities of ~65-90 ft/s.

Figure Name: Figure 12

Document ID: P113811

Document: Evaluation of Antenna Designs for a Spillway PIT-Tag Detection System at Bonneville Dam: Abridged Report

Page Number: 15

Project: 1983-319-00

Contract: 40335


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

Expense SOY Budget Working Budget Contracted Amount Modified Contract Amount Expenditures *
FY2016 (Previous) $867,216 $1,167,216 $1,033,356 $1,033,356 $515,305

BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $1,167,216 $1,033,356 $1,033,356 $515,305
FY2017 (Current) $867,216 $867,216 $867,216 $867,216 $1,029,571

BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $867,216 $867,216 $867,216 $1,029,571
FY2018 (Next) $867,216 $867,216 $867,216 $867,216 $0

BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $867,216 $867,216 $867,216 $0

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Aug-2017

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2016 - FY2018)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2016 Expense $867,216 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY16 Initial Planning Budgets - Expense 05/22/2015
FY2016 Expense $300,000 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) 1983-319-00 01/04/2016
FY2017 Expense $867,216 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY17 SOY Budgets 06/02/2016
FY2018 Expense $867,216 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY18 SOY Budgets 07/17/2017

Pending Budget Decision?  No


No Project Cost Share

FY2016 0 %
FY2015 0 %
FY2014 0 %
FY2013 0 %
FY2012 0 %
FY2011 0 %
FY2010 0 %
FY2009 10 %
FY2008 12 %
FY2007 0 %
Fiscal Year Cost Share Partner Total Proposed
Contribution
Total Confirmed
Contribution

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Contracted Amount Dates
3467 REL 1 SOW Digital Angel Corporation 1983-319-00 NEW MARKING & MONITORING TECHNIQUES FOR FISH History $5,090 9/1/2000 - 8/31/2001
2760 REL 2 SOW Digital Angel Corporation 1983-319-00 NEW MARKING & MONITORING TECHNIQUES FOR FISH History $651,522 6/18/2001 - 3/31/2002
6508 SOW SMK Construction Company, Inc. 1983-319-00 ANTENNA HOUSING SHIELDS FOR PIT TAG DETECTORS History $38,287 8/1/2001 - 1/11/2002
6361 SOW Nortech Systems, Inc. 1983-319-00 UNDERWATER CONNECTORS & CABLES FOR DETECTORS History $26,000 - 11/1/2001
2760 REL 5 SOW Digital Angel Corporation 1983-319-00 NEW MARKING & MONITORING TECHNIQUES FOR FISH History $219,099 2/1/2002 - 12/31/2002
10923 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1983-319-00 NEW MARKING & MONITORING TECHNIQUES History $15,255 8/1/2002 - 9/30/2002
2760 REL 7 SOW Digital Angel Corporation 1983-319-00 NEW MARKING & MONITORING TECHNIQUES FOR FISH History $792,597 1/1/2003 - 9/30/2005
2760 REL 9 SOW Digital Angel Corporation 1983-319-00 BONNEVILLE CORNER COLLECTOR PIT-TAG DETECTION SYSTEM History $1,603,885 1/1/2003 - 9/30/2005
2760 REL 13 SOW Digital Angel Corporation PI 1983-319-00 PIT-TAG ENHANCEMENT STUDY: PHASE II History $176,500 7/1/2004 - 9/30/2005
2861 SOW International Design Technologies, Inc. 1983-319-00 ANTENNA HOUSING (24) FABRICATION FOR FISH LADDER History $742,120 10/1/2000 - 9/30/2002
2760 REL 14 SOW Digital Angel Corporation PI 1983-319-00 NEW MARKING AND MONITORING-B2CC-DIGITAL ANGEL History $799,300 10/1/2005 - 9/30/2006
BPA-005213 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - New Marking and Monitoring Technologies Active $173 10/1/2009 - 9/30/2010
BPA-005524 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - New Marking & Monitoring Technologies Active $9,687 10/1/2006 - 9/30/2007
BPA-005696 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - New Marking & Monitoring Technologies Active $3,971 10/1/2010 - 9/30/2011
BPA-006332 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - New Marking & Monitoring Tech Active $0 10/1/2011 - 9/30/2012
BPA-007292 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - New Marking & Monitoring Techniques Active $0 10/1/2012 - 9/30/2013
46273 REL 114 SOW National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 1983-319-00 EXP PIT TAG RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Issued $867,216 4/1/2016 - 3/31/2017
46273 REL 129 SOW National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 1983-319-00 EXP PIT TAG RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Issued $867,216 4/1/2017 - 3/31/2018



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):22
Completed:12
On time:12
Status Reports
Completed:63
On time:17
Avg Days Late:72

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
5289 15824, 21688, 25217 1983-319-00 NEW MARKING & MONITORING TECHNIQUES FOR FISH National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 06/2001 06/2001 Closed 4 5 0 0 0 5 100.00% 0
2760 REL 9 1983-319-00 BONNEVILLE CORNER COLLECTOR PIT-TAG DETECTION SYSTEM Digital Angel Corporation 01/2003 01/2003 History 1 5 0 0 0 5 100.00% 0
21670 25218 PI 1983-319-00 PL NEW MARKING AND MONITORING TECHNIQUES National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 12/2004 12/2004 Closed 4 6 0 0 0 6 100.00% 0
2760 REL 14 PI 1983-319-00 NEW MARKING AND MONITORING-B2CC-DIGITAL ANGEL Digital Angel Corporation 10/2005 10/2005 History 5 9 0 0 0 9 100.00% 0
BPA-005524 PIT Tags - New Marking & Monitoring Technologies Bonneville Power Administration 10/2006 10/2006 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
30329 1983-319-00 EXP DEVELOPMENT/EVALUATION FISH TRACKING TECHNOLOGIES National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 12/2006 12/2006 Closed 4 2 0 0 2 4 50.00% 0
30330 35800, 40335, 46273 REL 11, 46273 REL 41, 46273 REL 52, 46273 REL 76, 46273 REL 101, 46273 REL 114, 46273 REL 129 1983-319-00 EXP DEVELOPMENT/EVALUATION FISH TRACKING TECHNOLOGIES National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 12/2006 12/2006 Pending 41 39 6 0 31 76 59.21% 8
BPA-005213 PIT Tags - New Marking and Monitoring Technologies Bonneville Power Administration 10/2009 10/2009 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-005696 PIT Tags - New Marking & Monitoring Technologies Bonneville Power Administration 10/2010 10/2010 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-006332 PIT Tags - New Marking & Monitoring Tech Bonneville Power Administration 10/2011 10/2011 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-007292 PIT Tags - New Marking & Monitoring Techniques Bonneville Power Administration 10/2012 10/2012 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
71944 1983-319-00 EXP PIT TAG TECHNOLOGY Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 03/2016 03/2016 Closed 4 3 0 0 0 3 100.00% 0
Project Totals 63 69 6 0 33 108 69.44% 8


Review: RME / AP Category Review

2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Assessment

Assessment Number: 1983-319-00-BIOP-20101105
Project Number: 1983-319-00
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-1983-319-00
Completed Date: None
2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Rating: Supports 2008 FCRPS BiOp
Comments: BiOp Workgroup Comments: No BiOp Workgroup Comments

The BiOp RM&E Workgroups made the following determinations regarding the proposal's ability or need to support BiOp Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) RPAs. If you have questions regarding these RPA association conclusions, please contact your BPA COTR and they will help clarify, or they will arrange further discussion with the appropriate RM&E Workgroup Leads. BiOp RPA associations for the proposed work are: (52.2 55.7 55.8 55.9)
All Questionable RPA Associations ( ) and
All Deleted RPA Associations ( 53.5 54.1 54.13 54.14 54.9 55.4 55.5 )
Proponent Response:

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 1983-319-00-ISRP-20101015
Project: 1983-319-00 - New Marking and Monitoring Technologies
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-1983-319-00
Completed Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
The ISRP believes that this project has assisted in providing significant monitoring tools for listed salmonids and other stocks and species in the Columbia River Basin, and there is a continuing need for further development and evaluation of these PIT tag technologies. The project proponents have a long history of involvement that contributes to collection of valuable data and the proposed expansions of PIT tag detection systems and capabilities are welcomed. However, the ISRP has two qualifications that the project proponents need to address:

Qualification 1: The project proponents need to provide more supporting data in the proposal to back up detection efficiency test results for new systems. More detailed methods need to be provided in the proposal for each of the proposed deliverables (location maps and diagrams would help).

Qualification 2: Reporting of results and progress has been limited and the project proponents need to improve on timely release of information to a wider audience via annual reports, published research papers, and web site postings. A timeline for completion of reports, papers, and postings should be scheduled during contracting.

The ISRP does not need to review a response on these items.

Other specific ISRP comments:

1. Purpose, Significance to Regional Programs, Technical Background, and Objectives

The ubiquitous application of PIT tagging in the region explains the significance of the project to regional programs, and the proponents list the project as responding to the 2008 FCRPS BiOp (RPA 52.2, RPA 53.5, RPA 54.9, RPA 54.13, RPA 54.14, RPA 54.1, RPA 55.4, RPA 55.5, RPA 55.9, RPA 55.7, RPA 55.8), the 2010 Draft Columbia River Basin Monitoring, Evaluation, Research and Reporting Plan, the 2004 UPA, and the Fish and Wildlife Program. Instead of just a list, the proponents could improve the proposal by providing a brief explanation of how the project relates to each of these programs and plans.

The proponents have a long history of PIT tag technology development as shown by the technical background of the project. However, the proposal offers little evidence of how the technical background relates to the cutting edge of fish-tracking technologies.

The objectives of expanding PIT tag detection capabilities in the Columbia River Basin are clearly explained and supported with a list of deliverables and supporting work elements.

2. History: Accomplishments, Results, and Adaptive Management

The proponents include a list of significant accomplishments including successful development of a full flow PIT tag system at McNary Dam, development and successful testing of a flat plate detector at the B2 corner collector, development of detection systems for many Columbia River Basin tributaries, and assistance with improvements in the PIT tag (e.g., the ISO tag and the new 9 mm tag). However, the proponents do not include details on these accomplishments or provide summary results but rather note that results of the project are implemented by others in the region such as project #200100300 involving installation and evaluation of PIT tag technologies. It does appear that project #198331900 helps make useful and relevant data collection possible. The proposal contains several examples of a philosophy of flexibility and advance planning when proposed technologies fail to perform adequately. This strategy is quite useful for this research and development project.

Reporting of results and progress has been limited, and the project needs to improve on timely release of information to a wider audience via annual reports, published research papers, and web site postings. A timeline for completion of reports, papers, and postings should be scheduled during contracting.

The PIT tag is central to many of the major RME projects, and management decisions are frequently based on data from those projects. However, there is no specific description(s) of how the project has adapted by developing new technologies to improve precision of detecting pit-tagged fish. Examples of this type of adaptive management could be provided.

3. Project Relationships, Emerging Limiting Factors, and Tailored Questions for Type of Work (Hatchery, RME, Tagging)

The project directly interacts with the PITAGIS Project (#199008000) and Installation and Evaluation of Established PIT-tag Technologies (#200100300). More information is needed on how the project is coordinated with the USACE and others developing PIT tag detection systems. Is there unnecessary overlap and duplication of work?

The proponents do not believe that emerging limiting factors, such as climate change, will have a direct effect on their work, but limiting factors regarding new applications for PIT tag detector arrays are very well described. That is what this project is about.

This is an RME tagging project with a long history of mostly successful projects, which have improved the PIT tag systems, and RME data collected. However, under the study design section, the proponents state that they do not do RME. This needs clarification.

4. Deliverables, Work Elements, Metrics, and Methods

The deliverables are linked effectively to the overall objective with metrics and methods clearly associated. Some standards of performance are vague such as stating that a new configuration could “potentially increase detection rates significantly.” Inclusion of informed numerical targets for performance would be useful. In addition, when such targets are mentioned, such as a precision level of plus/minus 3%, some justification or history of use of the target would be useful.

More detailed methods need to be provided for each of the proposed deliverables (location maps and diagrams would help). Metrics for evaluation of effectiveness of project deliverables need to be developed.
First Round ISRP Date: 10/18/2010
First Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
First Round ISRP Comment:
The ISRP believes that this project has assisted in providing significant monitoring tools for listed salmonids and other stocks and species in the Columbia River Basin, and there is a continuing need for further development and evaluation of these PIT tag technologies. The project proponents have a long history of involvement that contributes to collection of valuable data and the proposed expansions of PIT tag detection systems and capabilities are welcomed. However, the ISRP has two qualifications that the project proponents need to address:
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1983-319-00-NPCC-20101217
Project: 1983-319-00 - New Marking and Monitoring Technologies
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal: RMECAT-1983-319-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 6/10/2011
Recommendation: Fund (Qualified)
Comments: Implement with condition through FY 2014: Sponsor to address ISRP qualifications in 2012 contract. Implementation beyond 2014 based on ISRP and Council review of the results report and recommendation of future work. See also presumptive path discussion in Programmatic Recommendation no. 10.
Conditions:
Council Condition #1 Programmatic Issue: RMECAT #10 PIT tags and related tags—See presumptive path discussion
Council Condition #2 Qualifications: The project proponents need to provide more supporting data in the proposal to back up detection efficiency test results for new systems. More detailed methods need to be provided in the proposal for each of the proposed deliverables (location maps and diagrams would help). Reporting of results and progress has been limited and the project proponents need to improve on timely release of information to a wider audience via annual reports, published research papers, and web site postings. A timeline for completion of reports, papers, and postings should be scheduled during contracting.
Council Condition #3 Programmatic Issue: RMECAT #6 Research projects in general—.
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 1983-319-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 1983-319-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: No Problems Exist
Cost Share Rating: None
Comment: The goal of this project is to develop and evaluate fish-tracking technologies needed to assess the effectiveness of management actions and strategies for recovery of ESA-listed fish populations. Can be used by multiple agencies with parallel responsibilities, however, as applied to primarily FCRPS projects/inquiries, is okay.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 1983-319-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 1983-319-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 1983-319-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 1983-319-00 - New Marking and Monitoring Technologies
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
This is a strong proposal with high priority application of the technology in the basin, good personnel, and an excellent track record. The project sponsors have been responsive to past ISRP reviews.

The proponents plan to explore the application of PIT tag technologies to surface bypass systems (RSWs, Bonneville corner collector, even spillways and turbines). The evaluation of the G2 transceiver for instream interrogations will require development of new antenna arrays and even new tags (A-PIT). These efforts are tied in generally to the BiOps, UPA, and systemwide passage program summary, although particular elements are not listed. Effective PIT tag systems underlie much of the salmon recovery efforts in the Columbia River Basin, and the extensive history presented in this proposal leaves no doubt of the importance of the work to answering questions about the survival of anadromous salmonids in the Columbia River Basin.

The proposal does a good job relating the technologies developed in the past to ongoing and future projects. Less information is provided about the need for the advanced technologies they propose to develop, and specifically which projects might employ these developments. That is, they are necessarily a bit ahead of many of the projects that will use new PIT tags and transceivers. The investigators should be aware of work being done by the mid-Columbia Public Utility Districts (PUDs).

The value of this long-term effort is well established. Continued improvement in tags and antennas is expected to further improve the knowledge of salmonids in the basin and the ability to carry out adaptive management. Some of this work is necessary because increased downstream passage through surface bypasses, RSWs, and spill has reduced the numbers of fish that are detected through the conventional PIT-tag interrogation systems. So development of detectors for these alternative routes is needed in order to collect the juvenile fish passage data for management actions.

The proposal provides a well-detailed listing of work elements, with a systematic, step-by-step approach that allows for periodic feedback from outside experts and changes in direction as necessitated by the results from each step.

Past work has produced a handful of publications, some of them describing older, outmoded technologies. Equipment development and testing is the primary focus of this proposal (with the product being efficient tags and antennas). However, it would be good to see more of this information get out into the primary fisheries (and electronic) literature in order to inform scientists and engineers outside of the basin about the possibilities.
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1983-319-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 1983-319-00 - New Marking and Monitoring Technologies
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments:

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
Sandra Downing Technical Contact National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Rich Zabel Supervisor National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Israel Duran Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration
Christine Petersen Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Tiffani Marsh Technical Contact National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Gordon Axel Project Lead National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Mary Nolting Administrative Contact National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Peter Lofy Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration