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Project Summary

Project 1995-004-00 - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Restoration and Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RM&E)
Project Number:
1995-004-00
Title:
Libby Reservoir Mitigation Restoration and Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RM&E)
Summary:
See contract summary,
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (MFWP) (Govt - State)
Starting FY:
1995
Ending FY:
2017
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Mountain Columbia Kootenai 100.00%
Purpose:
Habitat
Emphasis:
Restoration/Protection
Focal Species:
Bass, Largemouth
Bass, Smallmouth
Burbot
Cutthroat Trout, Westslope
Cutthroat Trout, Yellowstone
Freshwater Mussels
Kokanee
OBSOLETE-Perch, Yellow
OBSOLETE-Pike, Northern
OBSOLETE-Pikeminnow, Northern
OBSOLETE-Trout, Brown
OBSOLETE-Trout, Lake
OBSOLETE-Walleye
Other Resident
Sturgeon, White - Kootenai River DPS (endangered)
Trout, Brook
Trout, Bull (threatened)
Trout, Interior Redband
Trout, Rainbow
Whitefish, Mountain
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 0.0%   Resident: 100.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None
BiOp Association:
None

Cover photo

Figure Name: Cover

Document ID: P121452

Document: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam

Page Number: 1

Project: 1995-004-00

Contract: 48496

Kootenai River Basin (Montana, Idaho and British Columbia, Canada).

Figure Name: Figure 1

Document ID: P121452

Document: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam

Page Number: 27

Project: 1995-004-00

Contract: 48496

A photograph of the existing diversion structure, headgate on Deep Creek. The trash rack was installed as part of this project.

Figure Name: Figure 8

Document ID: P121452

Document: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam

Page Number: 190

Project: 1995-004-00

Contract: 48496

Location of the Lower Boulder Lake and Boulder Creek Restoration project area, located approximately 15 miles southwest of Eureka, Montana.

Figure Name: Figure 10

Document ID: P121452

Document: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam

Page Number: 194

Project: 1995-004-00

Contract: 48496

A photograph of the natural barrier falls on Boulder Creek located approximately 1.1 miles upstream from Koocanusa Reservoir.

Figure Name: Figure 11

Document ID: P121452

Document: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam

Page Number: 195

Project: 1995-004-00

Contract: 48496

Top photograph shows the largest of the two eroding banks within the Libby Demonstration Project prior to project implementation. The lower photograph was taken after project construction. Note the position of the stream in the upper photograph against the eroding hillside that was over 700 feet long and averaged 80 feet high.

Figure Name: Figure 3a

Document ID: P121452

Document: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam

Page Number: 157

Project: 1995-004-00

Contract: 48496

Eroding banks within the Libby Demonstration Project prior to project implementation. Courtesy of Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (MFWP).

Figure Name: Figure 3b

Document ID: P121452

Document: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam

Page Number: 157

Project: 1995-004-00

Contract: 48496

Photographs of the Deep Creek irrigation fish screen. The top photo describes the intake, fish bypass, and conveyance pipes and the hinged cover. The bottom photo shows the screen in operation at the exact moment a cutthroat trout passed over the screen.

Figure Name: Figure 9a

Document ID: P121452

Document: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam

Page Number: 191

Project: 1995-004-00

Contract: 48496

Photographs of the Deep Creek irrigation fish screen. The top photo describes the intake, fish bypass, and conveyance pipes and the hinged cover. The bottom photo shows the screen in operation at the exact moment a cutthroat trout passed over the screen.

Figure Name: Figure 9b

Document ID: P121452

Document: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam

Page Number: 191

Project: 1995-004-00

Contract: 48496

The photograph on the left shows the Montana FWP helicopter used to transport the equipment into Lower Boulder Lake. The photograph on the right was taken during the application of rotenone to Lower Boulder Lake using a venture pump system (smaller photograph insert).

Figure Name: Figure 12a

Document ID: P121452

Document: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam

Page Number: 196

Project: 1995-004-00

Contract: 48496

The photograph on the left shows the Montana FWP helicopter used to transport the equipment into Lower Boulder Lake. The photograph on the right was taken during the application of rotenone to Lower Boulder Lake using a venture pump system (smaller photograph insert).

Figure Name: Figure 12b

Document ID: P121452

Document: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam

Page Number: 196

Project: 1995-004-00

Contract: 48496

Photograph of a drip station used to deliver the liquid rotenone formulation to the inlet stream to Lower Boulder Lake. Similar apparatus were used on Boulder Creek.

Figure Name: Figure 13

Document ID: P121452

Document: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam

Page Number: 197

Project: 1995-004-00

Contract: 48496

Photographs of the detoxification station used on Boulder Creek located approximately 0.1 miles upstream from Koocanusa Reservoir. The upper left photo shows the water reservoir used to store water used for the water delivery system. The upper right photograph shows the inside of the electric powered auger that metered the potassium permanganate into the water delivery system. The lower two photos shows the delivery system used to gravity feed the aqueous solution to the creek.

Figure Name: Figure 14

Document ID: P121452

Document: Mitigation for the Construction and Operation of Libby Dam

Page Number: 198

Project: 1995-004-00

Contract: 48496


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

Expense SOY Budget Working Budget Contracted Amount Modified Contract Amount Expenditures *
FY2016 (Previous) $916,761 $916,761 $910,680 $910,680 $890,440

General $916,761 $910,680 $910,680 $890,440
FY2017 (Current) $916,761 $916,761 $918,935 $918,935 $394,433

General $916,761 $918,935 $918,935 $394,433
FY2018 (Next) $0 $0 $0 $0

General $0 $0 $0 $0

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Mar-2017

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2016 - FY2018)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2016 Expense $916,761 From: General FY16 Initial Planning Budgets - Expense 05/22/2015
FY2017 Expense $916,761 From: General FY17 SOY Budgets 06/02/2016

Pending Budget Decision?  No


No Project Cost Share

FY2016 0 %
FY2015 0 %
FY2014 0 %
FY2013 2 %
FY2012 1 %
FY2011 0 %
FY2010 0 %
FY2009 15 %
FY2008 15 %
FY2007 7 %
Fiscal Year Cost Share Partner Total Proposed
Contribution
Total Confirmed
Contribution

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Contracted Amount Dates
6294 SOW Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (MFWP) 1995-04-0 LIBBY MITIGATION IMPLEMENTATION History $3,307,365 6/30/2001 - 2/28/2007
23760 SOW Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (MFWP) 1995 004 00 LIBBY MITIGATION IMPLEMENTATION History $678,119 7/1/2005 - 6/30/2006
28090 SOW Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (MFWP) 1995 004 00 LIBBY RESERVOIR MITIGATION History $791,392 7/1/2006 - 6/30/2007
BPA-004325 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Plan Active $1,805 10/1/2008 - 9/30/2009
BPA-006350 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitgation Plan Active $4,878 10/1/2011 - 9/30/2012
BPA-006943 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Plan Active $9,139 10/1/2012 - 9/30/2013
BPA-007729 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Plan Active $9,019 10/1/2013 - 9/30/2014
BPA-008384 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Plan Active $9,104 10/1/2014 - 9/30/2015
BPA-008945 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Plan Active $15,288 10/1/2015 - 9/30/2016
73411 SOW Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (MFWP) 1995-004-00 EXP LIBBY RESERVOIR MITIGATION PLAN Issued $895,392 7/1/2016 - 6/30/2017
BPA-009526 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Plan Active $6,174 10/1/2016 - 9/30/2017



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):12
Completed:11
On time:11
Status Reports
Completed:45
On time:39
Avg Days Early:2

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
6294 23760, 28090, 36079, 38967, 43258, 48496, 53873, 58082, 65704, 69668, 73411 1995-04-0 LIBBY MITIGATION IMPLEMENTATION Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (MFWP) 06/2001 06/2001 Pending 45 237 10 4 20 271 91.14% 4
BPA-004325 PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Plan Bonneville Power Administration 10/2008 10/2008 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-006350 PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitgation Plan Bonneville Power Administration 10/2011 10/2011 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-006943 PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Plan Bonneville Power Administration 10/2012 10/2012 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-007729 PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Plan Bonneville Power Administration 10/2013 10/2013 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008384 PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Plan Bonneville Power Administration 10/2014 10/2014 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008945 PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Plan Bonneville Power Administration 10/2015 10/2015 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-009526 PIT Tags - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Plan Bonneville Power Administration 10/2016 10/2016 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Project Totals 45 237 10 4 20 271 91.14% 4


Review: Resident Fish, Regional Coordination, and Data Management Category Review

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 1995-004-00-ISRP-20120215
Project: 1995-004-00 - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Restoration and Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RM&E)
Review: Resident Fish, Regional Coordination, and Data Management Category Review
Proposal Number: RESCAT-1995-004-00
Completed Date: 4/13/2012
Final Round ISRP Date: 4/3/2012
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
First Round ISRP Date: 2/8/2012
First Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
First Round ISRP Comment:

Overall, the ISRP judges the project proposal and program to meet scientific criteria. The project’s actions and RME address losses due to construction and operation of Libby Dam. Libby Dam has no upstream or downstream passage, which contributes to population losses. While this project is analogous in many ways to the MFWP-sponsored project associated with Hungry Horse Dam mitigation (199101903), the ISRP judged this proposal to have a more cohesive approach and presentation. The sponsor’s in-person presentation provided additional clarity and an introductory level of progress and accomplishments touched on in the proposal. 

Similar to the HHD mitigation, the ISRP recommends to Council that following the retrospective report and review of HHD mitigation, project sponsors for Libby Dam mitigation undertake a comparable retrospective report of project history, results and accomplishments toward addressing the loss statement and mitigation plan as well as prioritizing future actions. The sponsors describe a three-phase timeline for mitigation, which will serve as a useful template for such a retrospective presentation. Currently, priority is described as “Priority for protection are those watershed which have relatively undisturbed habitats that contain strong populations of native species." The challenge for sponsors and others in the subbasin will be to categorize specific tributaries or reaches that fit this, and lesser, priorities. As part of the prioritization effort, the ISRP challenges the sponsors to consider the adequacy and effectiveness of moving toward incorporating and evaluating more passive restoration techniques where opportunities present, with Didymo suppression in the Kootenai and sediment removal in the Fisher River being exceptions.

While the ISRP requests no specific response at this time, a number of items emerged from the review for consideration by sponsors as they undertake activities and ultimately report on accomplishments.

Deliverables:

DELV-1. Mitigation effectiveness monitoring - The ISRP recommends that a retrospective analysis and report be undertaken in the future to detail protocols, accomplishments, and outcomes of the mitigation activities since project was begun (see comments above).

DELV-3. Remove non-native fish - The ISRP has previously identified the need for follow-up monitoring to examine effectiveness where non-native fish are to be suppressed/eradicated, such as in the Flathead subbasin and elsewhere. This is especially salient where a risk continues for hybridization between restored native and non-native species continues. Moreover, it appears that for WCT restoration in Boulder Creek the state’s MO12 origin trout will be used as a founder stock rather than a translocation from a more related source within the subbasin. The origin of the semi-domesticated MO12 trout is outside the Kootenai basin. The ISRP challenges the sponsors to consider the alternative approach(s).

DELV-4. Didymo research - This activity appears to be in its conceptual stage of modify nutrients and will benefit from a well-designed approach to ensure it is sensitive to response and overall utility to river managers.

DELV -7, -8, and -9 describe a variety of stream habitat activities in five streams. Evaluation of the effectiveness in terms of fish population responses for these and related projects is needed and should be part of a mitigation retrospective. Previous efforts have shown that there are significant challenges with implementation and effectiveness including major problems with voles and deer, weeds, the need to water seedings, high peak stream flows, presumably low inherent stream productivity, and erosive bed materials. There may be opportunities to consider more passive restoration.

Data Management: Detail on protocols for the data management approach are important to document. This project has collected considerable data and will continue to do so, making the adequacy of the data management approach vital to ongoing adaptive management.

Adaptive Management: There quite a few successful activities, so the restoration actions could be used for demonstrations to attract funds from other sources for the restoration of other sites. The public could be engaged or encouraged to be supportive of these activities through these demonstrations.

Publications: After all these years of research and restoration activities, the group needs to have more publications in the primary literature. Very few people or other similar projects are benefitting from what is being learned. Without peer-reviewed publications, the project is not achieving its full potential.

Modified by Dal Marsters on 4/13/2012 1:51:44 PM.
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1995-004-00-NPCC-20120313
Project: 1995-004-00 - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Restoration and Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RM&E)
Review: Resident Fish, Regional Coordination, and Data Management Category Review
Proposal: RESCAT-1995-004-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 2/26/2014
Recommendation: Implement with Conditions
Comments: Implement through 2017. Sponsor should consider developing a retrospective report as described by the ISRP, following the completion and review of the Hungry Horse Mitigation Retrospective and for the next review cycle.
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 1995-004-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 1995-004-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: Problems May Exist
Cost Share Rating: 3 - Does not appear reasonable
Comment: Multiple fish habitat and passage restoration activities; multiple other entities may be authorized/required; need confirmation of screening or other criteria to ensure BPA not funding activities others are required to perform; need confirmation that cost-share is sufficient.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 1995-004-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 1995-004-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 1995-004-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 1995-004-00 - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Restoration and Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RM&E)
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
This is a reasonably thorough proposal for continued mitigation of Libby Dam environmental impacts via stream habitat enhancement. The current and previous ISRP reviewers were concerned that the stream restoration efforts seemed to be following too much of a "hard-engineering" path. That concern was heightened by the proposal's reporting of the lower Cleveland results. These results call into question the "hard" fixes/active restoration, but the proposal continues to emphasize heavy equipment, logs, and rocks. The cutthroat trout seem to be responding to the restoration activities as a disturbance and avoiding the area. The responses adequately clarified the ISRP's questions. The rationale for assisting natural, passive restoration with "hard" construction techniques as well as riparian plantings seems reasonable. Physical data and narrative results were presented that indicated the success of creating stream habitat desired by salmonids (according to literature cited). It is reasonable to expect some time to elapse before biological responses are evident. There is a commitment to monitoring biological features (proposal) that will test for the expected biological responses in the long run. Knowing how labile (apt to change) some other physical stream improvement projects have been and the vagaries of biological expansion, the ISRP strongly supports the continued M&E as well as further stream rehabilitation.

The proposal provides generally good background, from general Libby Dam effects to specific project streams. The work is largely related to the Council's Fish and Wildlife Program and Libby Mitigation Plan, although justification might have gone broader. There is a rather good narrative of interrelationships with other projects. The objectives for the proposed work include continued stream restoration, removal of non-native salmonids with toxicants, and burbot stock assessment. The proposal provides a good history that emphasizes actual results not just tasks undertaken. Results of the recent phase of the Libby Creek Lower Cleveland restoration are given in good detail for physical and biological attributes.

The soundness of the techniques depends on the results produced. Results of the enhancement actions presented in the proposal did not provide convincing evidence that the methods are generating fish benefits, but the response helped place these in perspective. The sponsors are confident that this project will provide significant and lasting fishery benefits. They completed a project in Upper Cleveland Creek in 2002 and they are accumulating fish productivity data beginning in 2003 to test their hypothesis concerning what was necessary to increase productivity for the fish populations. Given that it is a test, it would be best if it were completed before the assumption is made that it was successful and similar methods applied elsewhere. The ISRP suggests that the test include comparison of the recruitment to adult stages from production in the treated area and in a similar but untreated area.
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1995-004-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 1995-004-00 - Libby Reservoir Mitigation Restoration and Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RM&E)
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments:

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
James Dunnigan Technical Contact Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (MFWP)
Cecilia Brown Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Paul Krueger (Inactive) Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration
Jennifer Snyder Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration
Gregory Smith Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
Matt Boyer Project Lead Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (MFWP)