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Project Summary

Project 1996-067-00 - Manchester Spring Chinook Capt
Project Number:
Manchester Spring Chinook Capt
Project GOAL

The Manchester Spring Chinook Salmon Captive Broodstock Project's primary goal is to provide a marine reared safety net population that can be used to sustain ESA-listed stocks of spring/summer Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in years when no fish return from the sea. The Project's secondary goal is to provide maturing fish to the Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG), the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR), the Nez Perce Tribe (NPT), and the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes (SBT) for use in their collaborative supplementation efforts to rebuild these ESA-listed populations in the Snake River Basin. The specific project goal for FY 2006 is produce up to 400 maturing adults each for use in the Grande Ronde and Salmon River recovey efforts


In spring 1995, IDFG and the ODFW initiated captive broodstocks as part of their conservation efforts for ESA-listed stocks of Snake River spring/summer Chinook salmon. Oregon's Snake River spring/summer Chinook salmon captive broodstock program currently focuses on three stocks captured as juveniles from the Grande Ronde River Basin. Idaho's Snake River program includes two stocks captured as eyed eggs from the Salmon River Basin. IDFG and ODFW requested that a portion of each group be reared by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries) in protective culture in seawater. In August 1996, NOAA Fisheries began a Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) funded project (Project 199606700) to rear Snake River spring/summer Chinook salmon captive broodstocks in seawater at the Manchester Research Station. State and Federal involvement in these programs is coordinated through the BPA chaired Chinook Salmon Captive Propagation Technical Oversight Committee (CSCPTOC).

The use of captive broodstock fish to restore anadromous runs of Snake River Chinook salmon is an action required to reach objectives of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC) Mountain Snake and Blue Mountain province planning documents, the artificial propagation summary for the Mainstem/Systemwide Province, and the 2000 NPCC Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. In addition, safety net captive broodstocks are among the Reasonable and Prudent Alternative (RPA 175, 176, 177) actions called for in the 2000 NOAA Fisheries Biological Opinion, and are an ESA mandated item in the NOAA Fisheries Recovery Plan for Snake River Salmon (Schmitten et al. 1995, 4.1a and 4.1b). The Oregon (Project 199604400) and Idaho (Project 199700100) components of these cooperative captive broodstock projects were recently reauthorized through the Blue Mountain and the Mountain Snake Provincial review processes. The NOAA Fisheries component (Project 199606700) was reauthorized by the NPCC in July 2003 under the Mainstem/Systemwide Provincial review process. Continuation of the marine rearing component at Manchester is vital to the overall success of these cooperative projects.

Between 1996 and 2005, NOAA Fisheries has provided seawater captive-rearing for more than 30 groups of Snake River spring/summer Chinook salmon sent to Manchester as smolts from Idaho and Oregon. Maturity of these fish in captivity between fall 1996 and 2005 has resulted in more than 4,401 prespawning adults provided to IDFG and ODFW.


It is expected that the continued marine rearing of Snake River spring/summer Chinook salmon at Manchester will continue to provide a safety net for these ESA listed stocks while habitat improvements are underway. The continued operation of geographically separate captive brood populations at Manchester, Washington; Bonneville, Oregon; and Eagle, Idaho will continue to reduce the risk of catastrophic loss of these gene pools from mechanical failure, human error, or disease. In FY 2006 the Manchester Spring Chinook Salmon Captive Broodstock Project expects of produce up to 400 Grande Ronde spring/summer Chinook salmon adults for use in Oregon' restoration actions. The project also anticipates providing up to 400 Salmon River spring/summer Chinook salmon to Idaho in FY 2006 for use in their restoration efforts.
Proponent Orgs:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Govt - Federal)
Starting FY:
Ending FY:
Province Subbasin %
Basinwide - 100.00%
Artificial Production
Focal Species:
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer ESU
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
BiOp Association:

No photos have been uploaded yet for this Project.

Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

To see more detailed project budget information, please visit the "Project Budget" page

No Decided Budget Transfers

Pending Budget Decision?  No

Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2024
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.
Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
There are no cost share summaries to display from previous years.


The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Closed, Complete, History, Issued.
* "Total Contracted Amount" column includes contracted amount from both capital and expense components of the contract.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Total Contracted Amount Dates
4662 SOW National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 1996-067 MANCHESTER SPRING CHINOOK CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK Closed $2,177,500 4/30/2001 - 11/30/2004
20494 SOW National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration PI 199606700 MANCHESTER SPRING CHINOOK CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK Closed $1,163,893 12/1/2004 - 3/15/2006

Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):1
On time:0
Status Reports
On time:0
Avg Days Late:129

                Count of Contract Deliverables
Earliest Contract Subsequent Contracts Title Contractor Earliest Start Latest End Latest Status Accepted Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
4662 20494, 25270, 30168, 35458, 35459, 40337, 39994, 45326, 45023, 46273 REL 17 2007-404-00 EXP NOAA OR SPR CHINOOK CAPTIVE PROP National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 04/30/2001 08/31/2012 Closed 60 69 4 0 4 77 94.81% 0
Project Totals 60 69 4 0 4 77 94.81% 0

The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1996-067-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 1996-067-00 - Manchester Spring Chinook Capt
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 1996-067-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 1996-067-00 - Manchester Spring Chinook Capt
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
The ISRP recommends "Fundable (Qualified)" with the qualification being that this project needs to be funded only if the Grande Ronde and Salmon River Chinook captive propagation proposals are funded.

The technical and scientific background summarizes the problem facing managers trying to prevent extirpation of depleted animal populations, including Pacific salmon. The ISRP takes exception, however, to the first sentence of paragraph two on page 3: "Captive propagation of animals to maximize their survival and reproductive potential has won acceptance in endangered species restoration (Gipps ....)." In fact there is not a single species the ISRP is aware of that has been brought into captivity because the remaining numbers were so low that extinction was imminent, that has been returned to a self-sustaining status in the wild. Captive propagation remains a highly controversial avenue to pursue and should be regarded as experimental and untested.

Project personnel prepared a generally thorough description of the project's history, providing very succinct and useful summary of the number of smolts from each population that were transferred to Manchester, the ages at which they matured, and the percent survival. It would be good to break this table down by sex as well. Questions remain, however, regarding the continuing need for and desirability of the project. Data presented to justify the project concern the number of fish produced in the program. The real assessment of the project is the character of the contribution to the viability of these stocks. The summary shows success in raising and spawning the affected fish, but there does not seem to be any information available to document the project's impact on the viability of these fish populations.

The objectives were specific work elements. The ISRP believes it appropriate that this project have objectives similar to the 1998010006/1998010001 and 199700100 the Oregon and Idaho project for which they are rearing fish: prevent extirpation of listed ESU or independent populations of Chinook salmon, and contribute to the restoration of self-sustaining natural populations. The benefits are difficult to assess because the goal is to maintain or enhance the viability of the impacted stocks. The fish propagation goals are defined and measurable.

Some benefit may accrue in the short-term for a threatened stock, but the techniques used here are inconsistent with recovery of threatened species in the long-term.

The captive rearing at Manchester is unlikely to have major impacts on non-focal species, particularly since the effluent from the culture system is treated with ozone before discharge to Puget Sound. The most likely sources of impacts would be disease, possibly eutrophication of receiving waters, and interaction with escaped fish. These should be taken care of by the shore-based tank system.
Documentation Links:

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 1996-067-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 1996-067-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: Problems May Exist
Cost Share Rating: 3 - Does not appear reasonable
Comment: Marine rearing facility O&M for captive broodstock for SR spring/summer chinook; broad support for regional recovery efforts; other entities authorized/required, query whether cost-share sufficient.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 1996-067-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 1996-067-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Project Relationships: This project Split To 2007-403-00 effective on 7/2/2007
Relationship Description: Work and budgets from project 1996-067-00 is split equally to projects 2007-403-00 and 2007-404-00.

This project Split To 2007-404-00 effective on 7/2/2007
Relationship Description: Work and budgets from project 1996-067-00 is split equally to projects 2007-403-00 and 2007-404-00.

Name Role Organization
Desmond Maynard (Inactive) Project Lead National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Gregory Baesler (Inactive) Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration