Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
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Project Summary

Project 2007-404-00 - Spring Chinook Captive Propagation-Oregon

Please Note: This project is the product of one or more merges and/or splits from other projects. Historical data automatically included here are limited to the current project and previous generation (the “parent” projects) only. The Project Relationships section details the nature of the relationships between this project and the previous generation. To learn about the complete ancestry of this project, please review the Project Relationships section on the Project Summary page of each parent project.

Project Number:
2007-404-00
Title:
Spring Chinook Captive Propagation-Oregon
Summary:
The Grande Ronde Basin Spring Chinook Salmon Captive Broodstock Program was designed to prevent extinction of the Chinook salmon populations in Catherine Creek, the upper Grande Ronde River, and Lostine River, in the Grande Ronde Basin. The Program is a collaborative effort among the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Nez Perce Tribe (NPT), Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR), and NOAA Fisheries and is co-managed by these agencies. All agencies participate in the Technical Oversight Team, which oversees the operation of the program.

The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife has the largest role in this program, in that it is directly involved in all aspects of the Program from collection through rearing to spawning. ODFW Fish Research personnel coordinate and conduct most activities of the program. With assistance from the co-managers, they collect the parr collected from the program streams and the eyed eggs collected from the upper Grande Ronde River females spawned in the conventional Hatchery Program at Lookingglass Fish Hatchery. ODFW Fish Research also collects data during all handling events and manages the master Captive Broodstock database, which is accessible to all co-managers. The natural parr and eyed eggs are reared to smoltification at Wallowa Fish Hatchery. At smoltification, they are transferred to Bonneville Fish Hatchery for rearing to maturation and spawning. In the past, a portion of the fish were transferred to Manchester Research station (NOAA Fisheries) but with the Program winding down, sufficient space is available at Bonneville Fish Hatchery to rear all program salmon. ODFW is also responsible for transporting the fish between facilities and for pathology analyses and prophylactic treatments. The F1 generation of the Captive Broodstock are initially incubated at Oxbow Fish hatchery and are then moved to Lookingglass Fish Hatchery, where they are hatched and reared to smoltification, at which time, they are transported to acclimation facilities located on the natal streams of their parents for release to complete their life cycle in nature. No F1 activities by ODFW are funded by BPA (but some F1 activities by NPT and CTUIR are funded by BPA). ODFW represents the Captive Broodstock Program at meetings of the Chinook Salmon Captive Propagation Technical Oversight Committee.

The Nez Perce Tribe is mostly involved in activities with the Lostine River stock but also helps with the other stocks, as needed. NPT has assisted with parr collections in the Lostine River but those collections were terminated in 2006, after we collected the BY 2005 parr. They also assists with all fish handling activities through spawning at Bonneville Fish Hatchery. NPT operates the Lostine River Acclimation Facility, which is used to acclimate the smolts to the stream to which they should return as adults to spawn in nature. NPT also operates an adult weir on the Lostine River to monitor abundance and migration timing of adult salmon returning to this stream. NPT is also the lead for the sperm cryopreservation activities, which insures that we will have sufficient sperm to fertilize all eggs, even if sufficient live males are not available.

The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation is mostly involved with the Catherine Creek and upper Grande Ronde River stocks but also help with the Lostine River stick, as needed. CTUIR has assisted with parr collections in Catherine Creek and the upper Grande Ronde River (Catherine Creek collections were terminated in 2006, after we collected the BY 2005 parr - collections of upper Grande Ronde River parr will continue for at least one more year). They also assists with all fish handling activities through spawning at Bonneville Fish Hatchery. CTUIR operates the Catherine Creek and upper Grande Ronde River acclimation facilities, which are used to acclimate the smolts to the stream to which they should return as adults to spawn in nature. CTUIR also operates adult weirs on Catherine Creek and the upper Grande Ronde River to monitor abundance and migration timing of adult salmon returning to these streams.

The role of NOAA Fisheries in the Captive Broodstock Program is to rear the salmon from smoltification to maturation in saltwater at the Manchester Research Station. NOAA Fisheries personnel have also assisted with parr collections and spawning and other handling events at Bonneville Fish Hatchery, as needed.
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (Govt - State)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Govt - Federal)
Starting FY:
2007
Ending FY:
2032
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Blue Mountain Grande Ronde 100.00%
Purpose:
Artificial Production
Emphasis:
Supplementation
Focal Species:
Chinook - Snake River Fall ESU
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer ESU
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None

Aerial photo MRS and EPA Region X Laboratory on Clam Bay.

Figure Name: Figure 1

Document ID: P123922

Document: Manchester Grande Ronde River Spring/Summer Chinook Captive Broodstock Project, 2010

Page Number: 9

Project: 2007-404-00

Contract: 46273 REL 17

Seawater rearing tanks in main ESA rearing building.

Figure Name: Figure 2a

Document ID: P123922

Document: Manchester Grande Ronde River Spring/Summer Chinook Captive Broodstock Project, 2010

Page Number: 11

Project: 2007-404-00

Contract: 46273 REL 17

Seawater rearing tanks in main ESA rearing building.

Figure Name: Figure 2b

Document ID: P123922

Document: Manchester Grande Ronde River Spring/Summer Chinook Captive Broodstock Project, 2010

Page Number: 11

Project: 2007-404-00

Contract: 46273 REL 17

Protective netting over Chinook salmon in main ESA rearing building.

Figure Name: Figure 3

Document ID: P123922

Document: Manchester Grande Ronde River Spring/Summer Chinook Captive Broodstock Project, 2010

Page Number: 13

Project: 2007-404-00

Contract: 46273 REL 17

Ultrasound evaluation of maturity status of Chinook salmon.

Figure Name: Figure 4

Document ID: P123922

Document: Manchester Grande Ronde River Spring/Summer Chinook Captive Broodstock Project, 2010

Page Number: 17

Project: 2007-404-00

Contract: 46273 REL 17

Administering antibiotic injection to Grande Ronde stock Chinook salmon.

Figure Name: Figure 5

Document ID: P123922

Document: Manchester Grande Ronde River Spring/Summer Chinook Captive Broodstock Project, 2010

Page Number: 18

Project: 2007-404-00

Contract: 46273 REL 17


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

Expense SOY Budget Working Budget Contracted Amount Modified Contract Amount Expenditures *
FY2017 (Previous) $68,319 $68,319 $61,787 $61,787 $33,310

BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $68,319 $61,787 $61,787 $33,310
FY2018 (Current) $68,319 $343,519 $343,519 $343,519 $233,565

General - Within Year $275,200 $275,200 $275,200 $187,113
BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $68,319 $68,319 $68,319 $46,451
FY2019 (Next) $68,319 $68,319 $68,319 $68,319 $0

BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $68,319 $68,319 $68,319 $0

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Aug-2018

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2017 - FY2019)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2017 Expense $68,319 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY17 SOY Budgets 06/02/2016
FY2018 Expense $68,319 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY18 SOY Budgets 07/17/2017
FY2018 Expense $275,200 From: General - Within Year Dec FY18 Transfers 12/13/2017
FY2019 Expense $68,319 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY19 Q1 Flat 07/30/2018

Pending Budget Decision?  No


Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2018
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.
Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
2015 (Draft)
2014
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009 $15,000 1 %
2008 $109,467 8 %
2007 $137,186 9 %

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Contracted Amount Dates
29185 SOW Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife 199801001 EXP GRANDE RONDE BASIN CAPTIVE SPR CHINOOK SALMON History $621,760 10/1/2006 - 9/30/2007
BPA-005576 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - OR Spring Chinook Captive Propogation Active $22,285 10/1/2006 - 9/30/2007
30543 SOW Nez Perce Tribe 1998 010 06 CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK ARTIFICIAL PROPAGATION History $165,320 1/1/2007 - 12/31/2007
BPA-003422 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - OR SPR Chinook Captive Broodstock Active $9,627 10/1/2007 - 9/30/2008
BPA-004319 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - OR Spring Chinook Captive Prop Active $9,566 10/1/2008 - 9/30/2009
44711 SOW Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife 2007-404-00 EXP UGR SAFETY NET PROGRAM History $24,278 10/1/2009 - 9/30/2010
BPA-004886 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Spring Chinook Captive Propogation-Oregon Active $9,134 10/1/2009 - 9/30/2010
70624 SOW Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife 2007-404-00 EXP OR SPR CHINOOK CAPTIVE PROP Issued $78,320 10/1/2015 - 9/30/2016
74313 REL 11 SOW Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife 2007-404-00 EXP CAPTIVE BROOD FACILITY O&M Issued $68,319 10/1/2017 - 9/30/2018
74313 REL 19 SOW Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife 2007-404-00 SN FACILITIES BON. FH ROOF REPLACEMENT Issued $275,200 1/15/2018 - 9/30/2018
74313 REL 32 SOW Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife 2007-404-00 EXP OR SPRING CHINOOK CAPTIVE PROP Signature $68,319 10/1/2018 - 9/30/2019



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):29
Completed:19
On time:19
Status Reports
Completed:134
On time:71
Avg Days Late:4

Historical from: 1998-010-06
Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
4523 25807, 30543, 35881, 40616, 45338 1998-10-6 CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK ARTIFICIAL PROPAGATION Nez Perce Tribe 01/1998 01/1998 Closed 22 99 1 0 2 102 98.04% 0
Project Totals 166 418 23 0 24 465 94.84% 1


Historical from: 1998-010-01
Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
4023 25122, 29185, 35730, 40096, 44712, 50510, 54961, 60120, 63090, 67006, 70624 1998-010-01 GRANDE RONDE BASIN SPRING CHINOOK SALMON CAPTIVE Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife 03/2001 03/2001 Issued 47 186 14 0 17 217 92.17% 0
Project Totals 166 418 23 0 24 465 94.84% 1


Historical from: 1996-067-00
Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
4662 20494, 25270, 30168, 35458, 35459, 40337, 39994, 45326, 45023, 46273 REL 17 1996-067 MANCHESTER SPRING CHINOOK CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 04/2001 04/2001 Closed 60 69 4 0 4 77 94.81% 0
Project Totals 166 418 23 0 24 465 94.84% 1


Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
BPA-005576 PIT Tags - OR Spring Chinook Captive Propogation Bonneville Power Administration 10/2006 10/2006 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-003422 PIT Tags - OR SPR Chinook Captive Broodstock Bonneville Power Administration 10/2007 10/2007 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-004319 PIT Tags - OR Spring Chinook Captive Prop Bonneville Power Administration 10/2008 10/2008 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-004886 PIT Tags - Spring Chinook Captive Propogation-Oregon Bonneville Power Administration 10/2009 10/2009 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
44711 50524, 55089, 60082, 62872, 66947, 70499, 74079, 74313 REL 11, 74313 REL 32 2007-404-00 EXP UGR SAFETY NET PROGRAM Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife 10/2009 10/2009 Signature 35 63 1 0 1 65 98.46% 1
74313 REL 19 2007-404-00 SN FACILITIES BON. FH ROOF REPLACEMENT Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife 01/2018 01/2018 Issued 2 1 3 0 0 4 100.00% 0
Project Totals 166 418 23 0 24 465 94.84% 1


Review: RME / AP Category Review

2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Assessment

Assessment Number: 2007-404-00-BIOP-20101105
Project Number: 2007-404-00
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2007-404-00
Completed Date: None
2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Rating: Supports 2008 FCRPS BiOp
Comments: BiOp Workgroup Comments: No BiOp Workgroup Comments

The BiOp RM&E Workgroups made the following determinations regarding the proposal's ability or need to support BiOp Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) RPAs. If you have questions regarding these RPA association conclusions, please contact your BPA COTR and they will help clarify, or they will arrange further discussion with the appropriate RM&E Workgroup Leads. BiOp RPA associations for the proposed work are: ( 50.7 62.5 63.1 64.2)
All Questionable RPA Associations (50.7) and
All Deleted RPA Associations (50.6)
Proponent Response:

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2007-404-00-ISRP-20101015
Project: 2007-404-00 - Spring Chinook Captive Propagation-Oregon
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2007-404-00
Completed Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
Qualification: A collaborative synthesis report with Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG) and NOAA evaluating and comparing the captive rearing strategies should be prepared and jointly reviewed by the ISAB and ISRP.

The comparison of captive rearing methods (strategies) – Salmon River rearing and releasing adults, Grande Ronde rearing to adults/spawning and producing smolts for release – is one of the few adaptive management experiments in the basin. A report comparing the methods and evaluating the efficacy of the strategy and methods is needed. The report should be evaluated by the ISAB and ISRP as a report to the Council on an independent conclusion on the scope of the benefit (and cost) of using this approach to rescue populations that have extremely small numbers of spawning adults.

1. Purpose, Significance to Regional Programs, Technical Background, and Objectives

The Captive Broodstock Program was designed to prevent extinction of the Chinook salmon populations in three Grande Ronde Basin streams. The Catherine Creek and the Lostine River populations have increased to a level where they can be phased out and will end with the 2010 spawning season. The program in the upper Grande Ronde River is being transitioned to a Safety Net Program, which will rear salmon to be used in years when insufficient numbers of adults return for the conventional hatchery programs.

Captive broodstock projects for Snake River spring/summer Chinook salmon are supported by recommendations in the Snake River Salmon Recovery Team, NMFS draft recovery plan, and the Council’s Fish and Wildlife Program. This project addresses some objectives identified in the 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program.

2. History: Accomplishments, Results, and Adaptive Management

The primary accomplishment for the Captive Broodstock Program was the successful rearing and spawning of natural parr (and later eggs) to produce smolts for release in select Oregon watersheds. The Catherine Creek and Lostine River populations have increased and have reached the Program’s goal of a consistent return of >150 adults spawning in nature. As a result, the Captive Broodstock Program for these two populations has come to an end. Data to assess any contribution the captive broodstock program had to this increase in abundance awaits future analysis. The last of the fish from these two populations will be spawned in 2010. Details on accomplishments and significant findings about the program were not provided in the proposal but some findings were described in the presentation. It was not clear whether the adult spawning goal of 150 fish was hatchery fish, hatchery/wild crosses, or natural origin fish. The ISRP has emphasized the need to provide performance expectations for the abundance of both hatchery- and natural-origin adults in supplementation programs.

The Upper Grande Ronde River population has not quite reached the Program’s goal for abundance. Some years it has had an extremely high abundance of salmon spawning in nature (>500), while in other years the abundance has been well under 100 adults. Therefore, ODFW and the Umatilla Tribe have begun a Safety Net Program for the Upper Grande Ronde River Chinook salmon population. This program will take 300 eyed eggs from the Upper Grande Ronde River Conventional Hatchery Program (equal numbers of eggs from all females) and rear them in captivity to maturation. If they are unable to collect a sufficient number of returning adults for the Conventional Hatchery Program for a given spawn year, they will spawn the Safety Net adults and use their offspring to supplement the Conventional Program production. If the Safety Net Program adults are not needed, they will be released and allowed to spawn naturally in Upper Grande Ronde River tributaries that do not currently contain Chinook salmon.

The program has adapted to emerging problems that have arisen, such as BKD.

3. Project Relationships, Emerging Limiting Factors, and Tailored Questions for Type of Work (Hatchery, RME, Tagging)

The project is reportedly integrated with other hatchery, habitat, and research projects in the Grande Ronde Basin. The project has followed previous recommendations to phase out the program when natural production goals were achieved. The proposal noted that excess fish from the Captive Broodstock Program may be released into suitable under-seeded streams (Wallowa River (9 RK 64-76), Hurricane Creek (RK 0-8), Bear Creek (RK 0-14) and Prairie Creek (RK 0-8) in the Wallowa River drainage; Sheep Creek (RK 0-8) in the Upper Grande Ronde River drainage). These supplementation activities should be evaluated in the final report. The project should demonstrate collaboration with other groups working in the watershed.

4. Deliverables, Work Elements, Metrics, and Methods

Portions of the deliverables were attributed to captive rearing and others to safety net. It was not clear to the ISRP how Accord safety net tasks are being separated from ongoing captive rearing tasks.

The final report should provide a comprehensive review of the Captive Broodstock Program, including but not limited to numbers of parr/eggs collected, their survival to smolt stage, and subsequent return as adults. The report should evaluate whether increased abundance in Catherine Creek and the Lostine River can be attributed to the captive brood stock program and what fraction was related to natural production. Density-dependent effects should be evaluated and discussed in light of supplementation activities and the potential for ongoing habitat restoration to increase the capacity of streams to support salmon. Comparisons with reference streams (Minam and Wenaha) should be made if possible. Efforts by other projects in the watershed should be incorporated into the final report as necessary to provide a comprehensive review of Chinook salmon population dynamics, supplementation effects, and habitat restoration.
First Round ISRP Date: 10/18/2010
First Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
First Round ISRP Comment:
Qualification: A collaborative synthesis report with Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG) and NOAA evaluating and comparing the captive rearing strategies should be prepared and jointly reviewed by the ISAB and ISRP.

The comparison of captive rearing methods (strategies) – Salmon River rearing and releasing adults, Grande Ronde rearing to adults/spawning and producing smolts for release – is one of the few adaptive management experiments in the basin. A report comparing the methods and evaluating the efficacy of the strategy and methods is needed. The report should be evaluated by the ISAB and ISRP as a report to the Council on an independent conclusion on the scope of the benefit (and cost) of using this approach to rescue populations that have extremely small numbers of spawning adults.

1. Purpose, Significance to Regional Programs, Technical Background, and Objectives

The Captive Broodstock Program was designed to prevent extinction of the Chinook salmon populations in three Grande Ronde Basin streams. The Catherine Creek and the Lostine River populations have increased to a level where they can be phased out and will end with the 2010 spawning season. The program in the upper Grande Ronde River is being transitioned to a Safety Net Program, which will rear salmon to be used in years when insufficient numbers of adults return for the conventional hatchery programs.

Captive broodstock projects for Snake River spring/summer Chinook salmon are supported by recommendations in the Snake River Salmon Recovery Team, NMFS draft recovery plan, and the Council’s Fish and Wildlife Program. This project addresses some objectives identified in the 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program.

2. History: Accomplishments, Results, and Adaptive Management

The primary accomplishment for the Captive Broodstock Program was the successful rearing and spawning of natural parr (and later eggs) to produce smolts for release in select Oregon watersheds. The Catherine Creek and Lostine River populations have increased and have reached the Program’s goal of a consistent return of >150 adults spawning in nature. As a result, the Captive Broodstock Program for these two populations has come to an end. Data to assess any contribution the captive broodstock program had to this increase in abundance awaits future analysis. The last of the fish from these two populations will be spawned in 2010. Details on accomplishments and significant findings about the program were not provided in the proposal but some findings were described in the presentation. It was not clear whether the adult spawning goal of 150 fish was hatchery fish, hatchery/wild crosses, or natural origin fish. The ISRP has emphasized the need to provide performance expectations for the abundance of both hatchery- and natural-origin adults in supplementation programs.

The Upper Grande Ronde River population has not quite reached the Program’s goal for abundance. Some years it has had an extremely high abundance of salmon spawning in nature (>500), while in other years the abundance has been well under 100 adults. Therefore, ODFW and the Umatilla Tribe have begun a Safety Net Program for the Upper Grande Ronde River Chinook salmon population. This program will take 300 eyed eggs from the Upper Grande Ronde River Conventional Hatchery Program (equal numbers of eggs from all females) and rear them in captivity to maturation. If they are unable to collect a sufficient number of returning adults for the Conventional Hatchery Program for a given spawn year, they will spawn the Safety Net adults and use their offspring to supplement the Conventional Program production. If the Safety Net Program adults are not needed, they will be released and allowed to spawn naturally in Upper Grande Ronde River tributaries that do not currently contain Chinook salmon.

The program has adapted to emerging problems that have arisen, such as BKD.

3. Project Relationships, Emerging Limiting Factors, and Tailored Questions for Type of Work (Hatchery, RME, Tagging)

The project is reportedly integrated with other hatchery, habitat, and research projects in the Grande Ronde Basin. The project has followed previous recommendations to phase out the program when natural production goals were achieved. The proposal noted that excess fish from the Captive Broodstock Program may be released into suitable under-seeded streams (Wallowa River (9 RK 64-76), Hurricane Creek (RK 0-8), Bear Creek (RK 0-14) and Prairie Creek (RK 0-8) in the Wallowa River drainage; Sheep Creek (RK 0-8) in the Upper Grande Ronde River drainage). These supplementation activities should be evaluated in the final report. The project should demonstrate collaboration with other groups working in the watershed.

4. Deliverables, Work Elements, Metrics, and Methods

Portions of the deliverables were attributed to captive rearing and others to safety net. It was not clear to the ISRP how Accord safety net tasks are being separated from ongoing captive rearing tasks.

The final report should provide a comprehensive review of the Captive Broodstock Program, including but not limited to numbers of parr/eggs collected, their survival to smolt stage, and subsequent return as adults. The report should evaluate whether increased abundance in Catherine Creek and the Lostine River can be attributed to the captive brood stock program and what fraction was related to natural production. Density-dependent effects should be evaluated and discussed in light of supplementation activities and the potential for ongoing habitat restoration to increase the capacity of streams to support salmon. Comparisons with reference streams (Minam and Wenaha) should be made if possible. Efforts by other projects in the watershed should be incorporated into the final report as necessary to provide a comprehensive review of Chinook salmon population dynamics, supplementation effects, and habitat restoration.
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2007-404-00-NPCC-20110125
Project: 2007-404-00 - Spring Chinook Captive Propagation-Oregon
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal: RMECAT-2007-404-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 6/10/2011
Recommendation: Fund
Comments: Implement through FY 2014. Project is winding down. To address ISRP qualifications, Bonneville will work with sponsors to complete a joint summary captive propagation report.
Conditions:
Council Condition #1 Qualification: A collaborative synthesis report with Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG) and NOAA evaluating and comparing the captive rearing strategies should be prepared and jointly reviewed by the ISAB and ISRP
Council Condition #2 Programmatic Issue: RMECAT #6 Research projects in general—.
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 1998-010-06-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 1998-010-06
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: No Problems Exist
Cost Share Rating: None
Comment: Implements the captive broodstock project through the collection of juvenile salmon from the wild and maintaining them in captivity; assume mitigates for FCRPS.
Assessment Number: 1998-010-01-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 1998-010-01
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: No Problems Exist
Cost Share Rating: None
Comment: LSRCP hatchery operation & research; research has application beyond LSRCP.
Assessment Number: 1996-067-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 1996-067-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: Problems May Exist
Cost Share Rating: 3 - Does not appear reasonable
Comment: Marine rearing facility O&M for captive broodstock for SR spring/summer chinook; broad support for regional recovery efforts; other entities authorized/required, query whether cost-share sufficient.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 2007-404-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 2007-404-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None
Assessment Number: 1998-010-06-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 1998-010-06
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None
Assessment Number: 1998-010-01-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 1998-010-01
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None
Assessment Number: 1996-067-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 1996-067-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 1998-010-06-ISRP-20060831
Project: 1998-010-06 - Captive Broodstock Artificial Propagation
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria - In Part (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
Fundable in Part to continue and complete the captive propagation experiment. Along with 199801001, the project has already continued to collect parr beyond the time frame that was initially envisioned. Additional parr collections do not seem justified. This project should be limited to raising the parr they now have collected, and completing the envisioned experiment.

Qualification is that the design of the analysis be capable of quantifying the demographic effect of natural spawning by captive propagated and supplementation adults on natural production in the next generation.

Proposal 199801006 is a component, along with 199801001, of a captive propagation project for spring Chinook in the Grande Ronde subbasin. 199801006 is involved with monitoring the natural parr that are collected and then reared at hatcheries/facilities maintained by Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and NOAA Fisheries. Sponsors of 199801001 operate acclimation facilities on Catherine Creek, Lostine River, and the upper Grande Ronde.

In the preliminary review the ISRP requested a response that clarified the tasks performed by the sponsor under this proposal, and the tasks performed by other co-managers.

The authors' response clearly laid out the various organizations involved and summarized them nicely in Table 1. 2006 Field Activities Schedule and Table 2. 2006 Technical Oversight Team Meeting Schedule. They also explained the split in M&E activities at Bonneville and at Manchester. The ISRP thanks the sponsor for succinctly providing this information.

The ISRP also requested a summary of the data on returning adult hatchery progeny of the captive reared parents collected as natural parr. The sponsors provided this information for the Lostine River site. The authors' response was good in one sense - that it gave substantial details about the adult return data. In the Lostine River there has been an increase in the numbers of returning adults of all types: natural, captive propagation, and supplementation.

From this brief summary it is not possible to attribute the increase in natural adults (the ultimate goal of both the captive propagation and supplementation) to either artificial production program. The ISRP urges that the analysis of data be designed to rigorously evaluate the contribution of artificial production to natural production in the next generation. There is a need to develop information on the parentage of the "naturally produced returning adults." Were they the product of wild x wild, wild x hatchery (and which type), or hatchery x hatchery (and which type) matings in the wild? The DNA pedigree analysis should provide the way to determine that, but it not clear what is to really be done. Because that information is the key to determining the real level of success of the supplementation experiment underway, that methodology could/should be explained in detail.
Documentation Links:
Assessment Number: 1998-010-01-ISRP-20060831
Project: 1998-010-01 - Grande Ronde Captive Brood O&M
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria - In Part (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
Fundable-in-part to continue and complete the captive propagation experiment. The project has already continued to collect parr beyond the timeframe that was initially envisioned. Additional parr collections do not seem justified. This project should be limited to raising the parr they now have collected, and completing the envisioned experiment.

The ISRP recommendation is Qualified in that the design of the final analysis needs to be capable of quantifying the demographic effect of natural spawning by captive propagated and supplementation adults on natural production in the next generation.

Several concerns were raised in the preliminary ISRP review. First it was not clear from the proposal that an increase in the abundance of natural-origin adult Chinook is a goal of this project, and the ISRP response stated that the ISRP believes it should be. Second, the proposal implies that a sustained production of wild fish is a goal; however, since the 150,000 smolts with an SAR of 0.1% is a goal from fish production, the ISRP response stated that "it is not clear how these fish are being called wild Chinook salmon," and that "the critical benefit to the focal species would be an increase in the numbers of natural-origin adults in the treatment stream, not just increases in the numbers of hatchery-origin adults."

The preliminary ISRP review then asked the sponsors to address four questions. The following is an assessment of the quality of their responses.

1. Identify the method by which they will determine the demographic benefit to the focal species - in terms of an increase in the numbers of natural-origin adults.

Their response was very thorough: "We are using a variety of approaches to assess the natural-origin demographic benefit provided by natural spawning hatchery fish, including: comparing demographic trends … comparing pre- and post-treatment smolts produced per parent in all three treatment streams."

2. Outline the 19-year experiment identified in the December 19, 2003 document and clarify when juvenile (parr) collections are no longer needed to support that experiment.

They did that, but explained "we continued to collect parr because we had not met our goal of a consistent return of 150 adults spawning in nature and had problems with the experimental component that required more brood years of parr collection for captive rearing (see below)." Given that this is an experiment, this seems unjustified. We emphasize that a demographic benefit from this program is yet to be demonstrated. On that basis, we encourage the co-managers to seriously consider the option of phasing out the captive propagation program in the Lostine system, per the discussion in the response to the ISRP.

3. If that timeframe is already passed provide justification for additional collections.

The response, "We had not achieved our threshold annual goal of a consistent return of 150 adults spawning in nature in the Catherine Creek and Grande Ronde River populations at the time we collected the 1999 brood year parr (Table 1)."

Sponsors have passed the timeframe for collecting parr for their experimental evaluation of captive propagation and continue to collect parr, albeit at a reduced number. The rational for continuing the collections is that the target populations have not yet reached the abundance thresholds decided upon by the co-managers. A decision on the efficacy of the captive propagation technology will be decided in 2014 after the data collection and analysis from the 19-year experimental phase is concluded. Further, the ISRP encourages the timely reporting of the demographic response of the target populations as the data becomes available.

4. Identify the timeframe for providing a reasonable demographic benefit to the focal species or the technology would be judged ineffective.

Their response was straightforward: "We plan to follow the schedule of the 19 year experiment to determine whether the Captive Broodstock program can increase the number of natural spawners." That is encouraging.

The authors, however, did add the following:
"At that time, we will have adequate data to assess relative reproductive success of the Captive Broodstock F1 generation, trends in total population abundance, recruits:spawner ratios, total adults spawning in nature and abundance of natural origin adults and compare these within streams in pre- vs. post-supplementation comparisons and with unsupplemented reference streams. The evaluation of the reproductive success of the Captive Broodstock offspring will also be done genetically by identifying the F2 generation on the spawning grounds. We will also measure and compare variables such as survival, size and age at maturation, sex ratio, migration and spawn timing, and spawning distribution."

The ISRP concern is that the DNA pedigree analysis should provide the way to conduct the evaluation - but it not sufficiently clear what is to really be done. Because that information is the key to determining the real level of success of the captive propagation experiment underway, that methodology could/should be explained in detail.
Documentation Links:
Assessment Number: 1996-067-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 1996-067-00 - Manchester Spring Chinook Capt
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
The ISRP recommends "Fundable (Qualified)" with the qualification being that this project needs to be funded only if the Grande Ronde and Salmon River Chinook captive propagation proposals are funded.

The technical and scientific background summarizes the problem facing managers trying to prevent extirpation of depleted animal populations, including Pacific salmon. The ISRP takes exception, however, to the first sentence of paragraph two on page 3: "Captive propagation of animals to maximize their survival and reproductive potential has won acceptance in endangered species restoration (Gipps ....)." In fact there is not a single species the ISRP is aware of that has been brought into captivity because the remaining numbers were so low that extinction was imminent, that has been returned to a self-sustaining status in the wild. Captive propagation remains a highly controversial avenue to pursue and should be regarded as experimental and untested.

Project personnel prepared a generally thorough description of the project's history, providing very succinct and useful summary of the number of smolts from each population that were transferred to Manchester, the ages at which they matured, and the percent survival. It would be good to break this table down by sex as well. Questions remain, however, regarding the continuing need for and desirability of the project. Data presented to justify the project concern the number of fish produced in the program. The real assessment of the project is the character of the contribution to the viability of these stocks. The summary shows success in raising and spawning the affected fish, but there does not seem to be any information available to document the project's impact on the viability of these fish populations.

The objectives were specific work elements. The ISRP believes it appropriate that this project have objectives similar to the 1998010006/1998010001 and 199700100 the Oregon and Idaho project for which they are rearing fish: prevent extirpation of listed ESU or independent populations of Chinook salmon, and contribute to the restoration of self-sustaining natural populations. The benefits are difficult to assess because the goal is to maintain or enhance the viability of the impacted stocks. The fish propagation goals are defined and measurable.

Some benefit may accrue in the short-term for a threatened stock, but the techniques used here are inconsistent with recovery of threatened species in the long-term.

The captive rearing at Manchester is unlikely to have major impacts on non-focal species, particularly since the effluent from the culture system is treated with ozone before discharge to Puget Sound. The most likely sources of impacts would be disease, possibly eutrophication of receiving waters, and interaction with escaped fish. These should be taken care of by the shore-based tank system.
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1998-010-06-NPCC-20090924
Project: 1998-010-06 - Captive Broodstock Artificial Propagation
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments: ISRP fundable in part (qualified). No additional parr collection, as per ISRP recommendation, and to continue and complete the captive propagation experiment Budget reduction reflects the removal of the work element task titled - Collect 300 Naturally Produced Chinook Salmon Parr / cohort / stock. Other budget reductions not specific. Project to be implemented as proposed with reduced scope, other than what is specified.
Assessment Number: 1998-010-01-NPCC-20090924
Project: 1998-010-01 - Grande Ronde Captive Brood O&M
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments: ISRP fundable in part (qualified). No additional parr collection, as per ISRP recommendation, and to continue and complete the captive propagation experiment Budget reduction reflects the removal of the work element task titled - Collect 300 Naturally Produced Chinook Salmon Parr / cohort / stock. Other budget reductions not specific. Project to be implemented as proposed with reduced scope, other than what is specified.
Assessment Number: 1996-067-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 1996-067-00 - Manchester Spring Chinook Capt
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments:

Project Relationships: This project Merged From 1998-010-06 effective on 7/2/2007
Relationship Description: Work and budgets from projects 1998-010-01, 1998-010-06 and (half of) 1996-067-00 is moved into project 2007-404-00.

This project Merged From 1998-010-01 effective on 7/2/2007
Relationship Description: Work and budgets from projects 1998-010-01, 1998-010-06 and (half of) 1996-067-00 is moved into project 2007-404-00.

This project Split From 1996-067-00 effective on 7/2/2007
Relationship Description: Work and budgets from project 1996-067-00 is split equally to projects 2007-403-00 and 2007-404-00.


Name Role Organization
Timothy Hoffnagle (Inactive) Project Lead Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
James Harbeck Project Lead Nez Perce Tribe
Paul Krueger (Inactive) Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration
Sally Gee Interested Party Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Richard (ODFW) Carmichael (Inactive) Supervisor Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Kevin Cannell Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
James Ruzycki Supervisor Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Israel Duran Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration
Jamie Cleveland Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Suzy Lambert Project Lead Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife