Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
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Project Summary

Project 1998-010-06 - Captive Broodstock Artificial Propagation
Project Number:
Captive Broodstock Artificial Propagation
Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) program measure 7.4D addresses captive brood stock studies within the Fish and Wildlife program. It acknowledges that captive brood stock programs have the potential to rapidly increase adult fish numbers, while retaining genetic diversity of severely depleted wild or naturally spawning stocks of salmon. The NPPC program measure also states that implementation of captive brood stock programs may be the most effective means of accelerating recovery of severely depleted stocks. NPPC program measure 7.4D.2 directs that the program fund captive brood stock demonstration projects identified under the coordinated habitat and production process. It also advises that adequate evaluation be conducted to understand the fitness of captive brood progeny for supplementation, evaluation of fish husbandry and fish health techniques and development of culture systems that minimize loss of fish. A similar NPPC Measure (7.3.B2) directs the implementation of high priority supplementation projects which should include monitoring and evaluation. The current Captive Broodstock Artificial Propagation project addresses the monitoring and evaluation of the Grande Ronde River Chinook captive brood stock program in cooperation with the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

Project Coordination:

The Captive Broodstock Artificial Propagation Chinook project in the Grande Ronde River is a high priority project recognized by state, federal and Tribal representatives through the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority (CBFWA). This project has been coordinated with the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). Project coordination with NMFS has resulted in sharing of NMFS facilities at the Manchester Research Station and in ODFW procuring a Section 10 permit to conduct Chinook salmon captive broodstock enhancement activities in the Grande Ronde River. In addition, the Nez Perce Tribe received its own ESA Section 10 Permit (#1149) to operate the weir on the Lostine River. The draft NMFS recovery plan, under the Endangered Species Act, acknowledges the use of captive broodstock programs to prevent population extinction and to supplement and enhance natural Chinook populations.

Attend all relevant Inter- and Intra-agency meetings as required to coordinate activities and share project information. Abide by the Nez Perce Tribe policies and procedures as required (Human Resources, Finance, Resolutions, Administrative Actions, etc.) and with all other policy personnel directions.

Project History:

The Nez Perce Tribe recommended implementation of a captive broodstock and/or conventional hatchery Chinook smolt production program in the Lostine River in 1994 in an attempt to preserve a salmon spawning aggregate that was at low levels of abundance and high risk of extirpation. Subsequently, in 1995, the Tribe cooperated with the ODFW in the planning and development of a Chinook salmon captive broodstock management plan for the Grande Ronde River.

Chinook captive broodstock program activities were initiated in 1995 with the collection of juvenile Chinook salmon from the Lostine River, Catherine Creek and upper Grande Ronde River. Fish were reared at Lookingglass Fish Hatchery until the smolt stage and then were transferred to temporary facilities at Bonneville Hatchery and to the Manchester Research Station. This allowed the ability to evaluate freshwater and saltwater captive broodstock rearing strategies. Chinook salmon parr were also collected in 1996 from the Lostine River and Catherine Creek and in 1997 through 2006 juvenile Chinook were collected from all three streams. Therefore funding is required for continued monitoring and evaluation of the spring Chinook captive broodstock program in 2007 and beyond.
Proponent Orgs:
Nez Perce Tribe (Tribe)
Starting FY:
Ending FY:
Province Subbasin %
Blue Mountain Grande Ronde 100.00%
Focal Species:
All Anadromous Salmonids
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer ESU
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
BiOp Association:

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Summary of Budgets

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To see more detailed project budget information, please visit the "Project Budget" page

No Decided Budget Transfers

Pending Budget Decision?  No

Actual Project Cost Share

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The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Closed, Complete, History, Issued.
* "Total Contracted Amount" column includes contracted amount from both capital and expense components of the contract.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Total Contracted Amount Dates
4523 SOW Nez Perce Tribe 1998-10-6 CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK ARTIFICIAL PROPAGATION History $607,369 1/1/1998 - 12/31/2005
333 REL 37 SOW Nez Perce Tribe 1998-10-6 CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK ARTIFICIAL PROPAGATION Closed $101,679 1/1/2000 - 12/31/2000
25807 SOW Nez Perce Tribe 1998 010 06 CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK ARTIFICIAL PROPAGATION History $157,288 1/1/2006 - 12/31/2006

Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):2
On time:2
Status Reports
On time:5
Avg Days Early:1

                Count of Contract Deliverables
Earliest Contract Subsequent Contracts Title Contractor Earliest Start Latest End Latest Status Accepted Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
4523 25807, 30543, 35881, 40616, 45338 2007-404-00 EXP NPT OR SPR CHINOOK CAPTIVE PROP Nez Perce Tribe 01/01/1998 12/31/2010 Closed 22 99 1 0 2 102 98.04% 0
Project Totals 22 99 1 0 2 102 98.04% 0

The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1998-010-06-NPCC-20090924
Project: 1998-010-06 - Captive Broodstock Artificial Propagation
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments: ISRP fundable in part (qualified). No additional parr collection, as per ISRP recommendation, and to continue and complete the captive propagation experiment Budget reduction reflects the removal of the work element task titled - Collect 300 Naturally Produced Chinook Salmon Parr / cohort / stock. Other budget reductions not specific. Project to be implemented as proposed with reduced scope, other than what is specified.

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 1998-010-06-ISRP-20060831
Project: 1998-010-06 - Captive Broodstock Artificial Propagation
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria - In Part (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
Fundable in Part to continue and complete the captive propagation experiment. Along with 199801001, the project has already continued to collect parr beyond the time frame that was initially envisioned. Additional parr collections do not seem justified. This project should be limited to raising the parr they now have collected, and completing the envisioned experiment.

Qualification is that the design of the analysis be capable of quantifying the demographic effect of natural spawning by captive propagated and supplementation adults on natural production in the next generation.

Proposal 199801006 is a component, along with 199801001, of a captive propagation project for spring Chinook in the Grande Ronde subbasin. 199801006 is involved with monitoring the natural parr that are collected and then reared at hatcheries/facilities maintained by Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and NOAA Fisheries. Sponsors of 199801001 operate acclimation facilities on Catherine Creek, Lostine River, and the upper Grande Ronde.

In the preliminary review the ISRP requested a response that clarified the tasks performed by the sponsor under this proposal, and the tasks performed by other co-managers.

The authors' response clearly laid out the various organizations involved and summarized them nicely in Table 1. 2006 Field Activities Schedule and Table 2. 2006 Technical Oversight Team Meeting Schedule. They also explained the split in M&E activities at Bonneville and at Manchester. The ISRP thanks the sponsor for succinctly providing this information.

The ISRP also requested a summary of the data on returning adult hatchery progeny of the captive reared parents collected as natural parr. The sponsors provided this information for the Lostine River site. The authors' response was good in one sense - that it gave substantial details about the adult return data. In the Lostine River there has been an increase in the numbers of returning adults of all types: natural, captive propagation, and supplementation.

From this brief summary it is not possible to attribute the increase in natural adults (the ultimate goal of both the captive propagation and supplementation) to either artificial production program. The ISRP urges that the analysis of data be designed to rigorously evaluate the contribution of artificial production to natural production in the next generation. There is a need to develop information on the parentage of the "naturally produced returning adults." Were they the product of wild x wild, wild x hatchery (and which type), or hatchery x hatchery (and which type) matings in the wild? The DNA pedigree analysis should provide the way to determine that, but it not clear what is to really be done. Because that information is the key to determining the real level of success of the supplementation experiment underway, that methodology could/should be explained in detail.
Documentation Links:

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 1998-010-06-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 1998-010-06
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: No Problems Exist
Cost Share Rating: None
Comment: Implements the captive broodstock project through the collection of juvenile salmon from the wild and maintaining them in captivity; assume mitigates for FCRPS.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 1998-010-06-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 1998-010-06
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Project Relationships: This project Merged To 2007-404-00 effective on 7/2/2007
Relationship Description: Work and budgets from projects 1998-010-01, 1998-010-06 and (half of) 1996-067-00 is moved into project 2007-404-00.

Name Role Organization
James Harbeck Project Lead Nez Perce Tribe
Kenneth Kirkman (Inactive) Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Jay Hesse Supervisor Nez Perce Tribe