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Project Summary

Project 2000-019-00 - Tucannon River Spring Chinook Captive Brood
Project Number:
2000-019-00
Title:
Tucannon River Spring Chinook Captive Brood
Summary:
Project Scope
The purpose of this project is to quickly rebuild the number of spring Chinook salmon that return to the Tucannon River. If successful, this project will delay or prevent extinction of the Tucannon River spring Chinook salmon (listed as "Threatened" under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)).

Project Location
The captive broodstock program will occur at three Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) locations (Lyons Ferry Hatchery (LFH), Tucannon Fish Hatchery (TFH), and Curl Lake Acclimation Pond (AP)). LFH is located at rkm 95 on the Snake River between Lower Monumental and Little Goose Dams and is used for spawning and rearing of the captive broodstock. Tucannon Fish Hatchery (rkm 58) and Curl Lake AP (rkm 66) are both located on the Tucannon River and are used for rearing and volitional release of captive broodstock progeny.

Relationship to the Columbia River Fish and Wildlife Program
This proposed captive broodstock project is supported by various measures in the Northwest Power Planning Council's (Council) Fish and Wildlife Program. Further, the project has been supported by the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority (CBFWA) and the Independent Scientific Review Panel (ISRP) for funding, and has been agreed to by the co-managers and NOAA Fisheries. The project will support the native run of Tucannon River spring Chinook salmon in its native habitat (2.2A), and will contribute to the rebuilding of the Snake River spring Chinook salmon run (4.1A). As stated under the Council's salmon and steelhead rebuilding principles (4.1A); 1) priority should be given to activities that aim to rebuild weak upriver populations, including populations listed under the ESA, 2) this project will be linked to habitat restoration activities (Tucannon River Model Watershed Program, State of Washington's Governor's Salmon Recovery), and 3) that while additional production facilities are not recommended by the Council, the current facilities (with slight additions/modifications) used for the hatchery supplementation program will be able to satisfy the needs of the fish and achieve the goals.

Further, WDFW and the co-managers believe this to be an emergency case (7.4C, 7.4C.1), where unless intervention takes place quickly, the population may be beyond recovery. While captive broodstock programs can be risky (genetic integrity, catastrophic facility failures, etc.), they also have the potential to rapidly increase adult fish numbers back to a particular location. Implementation of a captive broodstock program may be the most effective means of accelerating recovery of this depleted stock, and if held in captivity for no more than a single generation, as clearly stated in the Tucannon River Master Plan, genetic integrity and adaptability should be preserved (7.4D).

Coordination
This project will be performed in coordination with the Nez Perce Tribe (NPT), the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR), the Lower Snake River Compensation Plan (LSRCP) under the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), and NOAA Fisheries. The USFWS provided early support by funding the operation costs, planning, and some capital construction between 1998 and summer of 2000. NOAA Fisheries has given their approval of the project under the ESA Section 10 permitting process (Permit #1129, issued 25 July, 2000).
WDFW will participate in coordination meetings (as referenced in the Tucannon Master Plan) to make the best possible decision to maximize the program benefits. Both NPT and CTUIR are kept up to date of the progress of the program though monthly reports and during Lyons Ferry Hatchery Complex AOP meetings. NOAA Fisheries, USFWS, and Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) will be informed of the program's progress through annual reports and presentations during the year at various scientific forums/discussions.

WDFW will act as the lead agency in compiling and widely distributing the results and reports throughout the Columbia and Snake River basins to all interested parties.

Project Goals
The goal of this captive broodstock program is for the short-term; preservation and rebuilding of this critically depressed run of ESA listed spring Chinook salmon in the Tucannon River. In a broader context, this program will (in the short term) assist in increasing the total number of spring Chinook that return to the Snake River Basin, and help preserve a genetically and geographically distinct population of spring Chinook within the river.

The specific goal of this captive broodstock program is to rear spring Chinook salmon juveniles to adults. The project will then spawn these captive adults, rear their progeny, and release up to 150,000 progeny smolts into the Tucannon River to produce 500-600 returning adult spring Chinook to the Tucannon River from return years 2005-2010.
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) (Govt - State)
Starting FY:
2001
Ending FY:
2011
BPA PM:
Stage:
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Columbia Plateau Tucannon 100.00%
Purpose:
Artificial Production
Emphasis:
Supplementation
Focal Species:
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer ESU (threatened)
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None

No photos have been uploaded yet for this project.

Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

Expense SOY Budget Working Budget Contracted Amount Modified Contract Amount Expenditures *
FY2017 (Previous) $0 $0 $0 $0

FY2018 (Current) $0 $0 $0 $0

FY2019 (Next) $0 $0 $0 $0

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Oct-2017

No Decided Budget Transfers

Pending Budget Decision?  No


No Project Cost Share

FY2010 0 %
FY2009 0 %
FY2008 0 %
FY2007 0 %
Fiscal Year Cost Share Partner Total Proposed
Contribution
Total Confirmed
Contribution

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Contracted Amount Dates
4285 SOW Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 2000-019-00 TUCANNON R. CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK PROGRAM History $364,828 4/2/2001 - 9/30/2004
19754 SOW Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 2000-019-00 TUCANNON RIVER SPRING CHINOOK CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK History $116,558 10/1/2004 - 9/30/2005
24827 SOW Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 2000-019-00 EXP TUCANNON R SPRING CHINOOK CAPTIVE BROOD History $109,656 10/1/2005 - 9/30/2006
30131 SOW Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 2000-019-00 EXP TUCANNON SPRING CHINOOK CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK History $118,492 10/1/2006 - 9/30/2007
35140 SOW Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 2000-019-00 EXP TUCANNON SPRING CHINOOK CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK History $97,191 10/1/2007 - 9/30/2008
BPA-003533 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Tucannon R Spg Chinook Cap Brood Active $1,816 10/1/2007 - 9/30/2008
40744 SOW Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 2000-019-00 EXP TUCANNON SPRING CHINOOK CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK History $58,000 10/1/2008 - 9/30/2009
BPA-005584 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Tucannon R Spg Chinook Cap Brood Active $1,937 10/1/2006 - 9/30/2007



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):5
Completed:5
On time:5
Status Reports
Completed:17
On time:13
Avg Days Early:5

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
4285 19754, 24827, 30131, 35140, 40744 2000-019-00 TUCANNON R. CAPTIVE BROODSTOCK PROGRAM Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 04/2001 04/2001 History 17 64 0 0 1 65 98.46% 0
BPA-005584 PIT Tags - Tucannon R Spg Chinook Cap Brood Bonneville Power Administration 10/2006 10/2006 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-003533 PIT Tags - Tucannon R Spg Chinook Cap Brood Bonneville Power Administration 10/2007 10/2007 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Project Totals 17 64 0 0 1 65 98.46% 0


Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 2000-019-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 2000-019-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: No Problems Exist
Cost Share Rating: None
Comment: Captive broodstock in mitigation for FCRPS.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 2000-019-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 2000-019-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2000-019-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 2000-019-00 - Tucannon River Spring Chinook Captive Brood
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
Sponsors of the Tucannon captive propagation proposal are in the final stages of this effort and requesting funding only for rearing and release of the final cohort and monitoring the returns from several years of releases. On this basis, the ISRP concluded in their preliminary review that funding was appropriate contingent upon responding to a number of questions raised in reviewing the proposal. The sponsors responded with adequate information for the ISRP to recommend the project as fundable.

The sponsors identified six items in the ISRP review and provided answers to them:
1. Who and what projects are analyzing the genetic data sponsors are collecting as part of their monitoring program?

The sponsors identified the genetics laboratory and staff performing the analysis and provided titles of two initial reports. These reports should be made available to the Columbia River Basin scientific and management community electronically to foster information transfer. There appear to be two goals for the genotyping effort. One is to evaluate the natural spawning reproductive success of the smolts produced from captive-reared parents, the second to evaluate whether the captive program has influenced the genetic diversity in the natural population. Conducting the analysis for the first objective is straightforward. Conducting the analysis for the second objective was not explained, and it is not clear how the planned sampling will be used to complete this task. The geneticists and laboratory are well suited to execute the investigations. The ISRP understands that only tissue collections, not genotyping or analysis, are being conducted under this project at this time.

2. How does this project interface with each of the projects listed under Relationship to other Projects?

The sponsors identified two groups of projects that interface this project: other Columbia River Basin captive propagation projects and Tucannon subbasin habitat restoration projects. The brief response to this query was not particularly informative. The captive propagation projects meet regularly under the auspices of the BPA Captive Brood Technical Oversight Committee. It would have been beneficial to identify for the ISRP some guidance and adaptive changes in the captive propagation approaches as a consequences of this interaction. The sponsors for this project interact with habitat projects in the Tucannon for subbasin planning processes, and acknowledge the necessity of environmental conditions for the success of spring Chinook restoration. Unfortunately, no examples of how either effort has informed the decisions of the other are provided.

3. No mention is made of the number of smolts retained to produce the captive stock, or the actual survival of the stock…

The sponsors provided a suitable reply.

4. Captive brood derived smolts should have started returning in 2005. This data was not in the proposal and should be included in a response to the ISRP…

The sponsors provide the data, and indicate that returns appeared low. It would have been helpful if the sponsors had indicated the projected range of adult returns that they had anticipated.

5. The fish that return must also spawn successfully and produce parr and smolts for the program to benefit the species. This concept of objectives beyond production of smolts and return of hatchery adults should be reflected in an overarching project-level objective…

The sponsors identify that they are using the objectives established in the Three-Step Review. That acknowledged; they should ensure that their objectives embrace the successful production of natural fish from the smolts produced by captive broodstock.

6. Monitoring and evaluation methods need to be in greater detail…

The sponsors provide a suitable reply. The analysis will provide a comparison of captive brood, supplementation, and natural fish. Since a reference location is not identified, the analysis is unlikely to answer the question of whether a demographic benefit accrued from the captive brood program.
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2000-019-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 2000-019-00 - Tucannon River Spring Chinook Captive Brood
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments:

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
Peter Lofy Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Mark Schuck Supervisor Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW)
Michael Gallinat (Inactive) Project Lead Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW)
Jamie Cleveland Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration