Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
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Project Summary

Project 2001-053-00 - Reintroduction of Chum in Duncan Creek
Project Number:
Reintroduction of Chum in Duncan Creek
Duncan Creek was a historically important spawning area for chum salmon, estimated returns of 500 adults annually. In 1963, a dam and culvert were placed near the mouth of the creek; returns rapidly declined and by 1969 chum salmon were extirpated. A three-pronged approach is being used to reestablish a self-sustaining chum salmon population in Duncan Creek. First, the original dam structure was replaced in 2000 to provide dual usage of the area, a lake from June 1 through October 15 and a pre-impoundment configuration providing access to and from salmonid spawning grounds (creek and spawning channels) from October 16 to May 31. Second, spawning channels were constructed in fall of 2001. Channels are located in historical chum salmon spawning areas with natural springs/seeps providing the water. Third, beginning fall of 2001, and occurring annually since, chum salmon brood stock have been collected from nearby spawning areas and used in supplementation programs at Duncan Creek. Three methods of reintroduction are being evaluated. The first is natural straying from adjacent spawning populations. The second is direct adult supplementation into the spawning channels above monitoring weirs. The third is fed-fry supplementation releases via artificial propagation. An intensive and comprehensive monitoring and evaluation program is associated with the supplementation program. Fry resulting from supplementation methods are marked allowing statistical comparison of adult returns and fry-to-adult survival rates between the two artificial reintroduction methods. The success of this habitat as a spawning refugia is evaluated by egg-to-fry and fry-to-adult survival rates and monitoring a variety of physical parameters in the channels. This proposal seeks to continue brood stock collection for supplementation, and if deemed necessary a salvage operation, and the monitoring and evaluation associated with these activities. Results from this project will provide the background and framework to successfully implement other chum salmon reintroduction projects in the Lower Columbia River domain.
Proponent Orgs:
Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission (Govt - State)
Starting FY:
Ending FY:
Province Subbasin %
Lower Columbia Columbia Lower 100.00%
Artificial Production
RM and E
Focal Species:
Chum - Columbia River ESU
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
BiOp Association:
FCRPS 2008 – view list of FCRPS 2008 BiOp Actions

RPA 42.9 CR Chum-Fund program to re-introduce in Duncan Creek,
RPA 42.10 CR Chum-Fund projects in tributaries below BON

No photos have been uploaded yet for this Project.

Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

To see more detailed project budget information, please visit the "Project Budget" page

No Decided Budget Transfers

Pending Budget Decision?  No

Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2023
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.
Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
2011 $0 0%
2010 $70,000 30%
2009 $70,000 31%
2008 $70,000 27%
2007 $66,389 22%


The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Closed, Complete, History, Issued.
* "Total Contracted Amount" column includes contracted amount from both capital and expense components of the contract.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Total Contracted Amount Dates
6388 REL 1 SOW Applied Archaeological Research DUNCAN CREEK CULTURAL RESOURCES SURVEY History $6,661 8/24/2001 - 12/30/2001
7373 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 2001-053-00 RE-INTRO OF LOWER COLUMBIA R. CHUM SALMON INTO DUNCA History $1,110,780 9/17/2001 - 9/30/2004
20932 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission PI 2001-053-00 DUNCAN CREEK CHUM History $237,524 10/1/2004 - 9/30/2005
24226 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 200105300 EXP DUNCAN CREEK CHUM History $532,420 10/1/2005 - 9/30/2007
35064 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 200105300 EXP DUNCAN CREEK CHUM SOW 08 History $187,186 10/1/2007 - 10/31/2008
39075 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 200105300 EXP DUNCAN CREEK CHUM SOW 09 History $155,976 10/1/2008 - 12/31/2009
44313 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 2001-053-00 EXP DUNCAN CREEK CHUM SOW 2010 History $145,165 10/1/2009 - 9/30/2010

Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):6
On time:1
Status Reports
On time:16
Avg Days Late:5

                Count of Contract Deliverables
Earliest Contract Subsequent Contracts Title Contractor Earliest Start Latest End Latest Status Accepted Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
7373 20932, 24226, 35064, 39075, 44313 2001-053-00 EXP DUNCAN CREEK CHUM SOW 2010 Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 09/17/2001 09/30/2010 History 23 131 0 0 19 150 87.33% 1
Project Totals 23 131 0 0 19 150 87.33% 1

The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2001-053-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 2001-053-00 - Reintroduction of Chum in Duncan Creek
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments: Budget reductions not specific. Project to be implemented as proposed with reduced scope.

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2001-053-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 2001-053-00 - Reintroduction of Chum in Duncan Creek
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
This project meets the ISRP review criteria. This project would benefit by being framed in the context of providing information beyond the project itself. This project has a reasonable likelihood of success. However, benefits are unknown at this time. Whether chum will use the reconstructed Duncan creek is not yet clear. If the reconstructed creek is not suitable this will benefit management for the species by reducing uncertainty about one restoration strategy. It might also indicate some major changes with the ecosystem have resulted in reduced habitat quality for chum.

The proposal provides a good history of spending and results, highlighting major accomplishments, which is appreciated. To date, the success with returning hatchery fish looks poor. The population estimates in table 5 and table 6 have some numbers that need to be reconciled. Returns to the Duncan creek trap (2) is not encouraging. Equally of concern is the lack of any recovered adults from releases of hatchery juveniles.

This project is justified in terms of its duration for about 12 years. A mid-term results review, however, will be needed to justify ongoing funding.
Documentation Links:

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 2001-053-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 2001-053-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: No Problems Exist
Cost Share Rating: None
Comment: Reintroduction in mitigation for FCRPS mainstem impacts.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 2001-053-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 2001-053-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Project Relationships: This project Merged To 2008-710-00 effective on 6/10/2010
Relationship Description: Starting in FY11, work and budgets from projects 1999-003-01 (Part of budget will stay with 1999-003-01), 2001-053-00 and 2008-710-00 are combined into 2008-710-00.

Name Role Organization
Todd Hillson Project Lead Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW)
Pam Kahut Administrative Contact Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission
John Baugher (Inactive) Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Rosemary Mazaika (Inactive) Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration