Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
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Project Summary

Project 2008-710-00 - Chum Salmon Restoration in the tributaries below Bonneville Dam

Please Note: This project is the product of one or more merges and/or splits from other projects. Historical data automatically included here are limited to the current project and previous generation (the “parent” projects) only. The Project Relationships section details the nature of the relationships between this project and the previous generation. To learn about the complete ancestry of this project, please review the Project Relationships section on the Project Summary page of each parent project.

Project Number:
2008-710-00
Title:
Chum Salmon Restoration in the tributaries below Bonneville Dam
Summary:
Chum Salmon Restoration in the Lower Columbia River – Development of an Integrated Strategy to Implement Habitat Restoration, Reintroduction and Hatchery Supplementation in the Tributaries below Bonneville Dam. (WDFW)

WDFW’s proposed chum restoration approach for LCR chum salmon is as follows:

Step 1. determine if remnant populations of chum salmon exist in LCR tributaries.

Step 2. if such populations exist, develop stock-specific recovery plans involving habitat restoration that include the creation of spawning refugias, supplementation where necessary, and a habitat and fish monitoring and evaluation plan.

Step 3. if chum salmon have been extirpated from previously utilized streams, develop reintroduction plans that utilize appropriate genetic donor stock(s) of LCR chum salmon, and integrate habitat improvement and fry-to-adult survival evaluations.

The purpose of this proposal is to develop an integrated project for chum salmon habitat restoration and potential supplementation / reintroduction that includes the following components:

1) adaptive management of existing supplementation programs.
2) perform an updated stock status review of LCR chum salmon population structure and abundance in order to guide future implementation.
3) an assessment of priority habitat restoration and/or chum channel sites.
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) (Govt - State)
Starting FY:
2008
Ending FY:
2021
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Basinwide - 100.00%
Purpose:
Artificial Production
Emphasis:
Supplementation
Focal Species:
Chinook - Lower Columbia River ESU
Chum - Columbia River ESU
Coho - Lower Columbia River ESU
Cutthroat Trout, Coastal - All Anadromous Populations
Cutthroat Trout, Coastal - Southwest Washington/Columbia River ESU
Steelhead - Lower Columbia River DPS
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None

Description: Page: 11 Figure 1: Highlights of Duncan Creek spawning channel enhancement done in the fall of 2008.

Project: 2008-710-00

Document: P124627

Dimensions: 624 x 468

Description: Page: 16 Figure 2: Duncan Creek Dam structure from the downstream side (Columbia River) during lake lowering, 2002.

Project: 2008-710-00

Document: P124627

Dimensions: 570 x 427

Description: Page: 17 Figure 3: The new adult trap at the Duncan Creek Dam during initial installation, Fall 2008.

Project: 2008-710-00

Document: P124627

Dimensions: 1024 x 768

Description: Page: 19 Figure 5: Aerial view of Duncan Creek and the renovated spawning channels (photo taken during summer months with lake present). The blue line represents Duncan Creek’s location during fall/winter/spring when the lake is not present. The green line represents the locations of the spawning channels as they were in 2007.

Project: 2008-710-00

Document: P124627

Dimensions: 825 x 638

Description: Page: 41 Figure 15a: Photomicrographs showing the general appearance of thermally marked salmonid otoliths, from Schroder (2000).

Project: 2008-710-00

Document: P124627

Dimensions: 578 x 424

Description: Page: 41 Figure 15b: Photomicrographs showing the general appearance of thermally marked salmonid otoliths, from Schroder (2000).

Project: 2008-710-00

Document: P124627

Dimensions: 388 x 376

Description: Page: 45 Figure 18: Photomicrograph showing the thermal mark created in 2010.

Project: 2008-710-00

Document: P124627

Dimensions: 869 x 634

Description: Page: 52 Figure 21: Aerial view of Duncan Creek and the renovated spawning channels after the 2008 habitat work. Courtesy of WDFW.

Project: 2008-710-00

Document: P124627

Dimensions: 825 x 638


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

To see more detailed project budget information, please visit the "Project Budget" page

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2020 - FY2022)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2020 Expense $1,179,016 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY20 SOY 06/05/2019
FY2021 Expense $1,193,754 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY21 SOY 06/09/2020

Pending Budget Decision?  No


Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2021
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.
Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
2019 $200,000 (Draft) 15% (Draft)
2018 $100,000 (Draft) 8% (Draft)
2017 $470,000 (Draft) 29% (Draft)
2016 $130,000 (Draft) 10% (Draft)
2015 $330,000 (Draft) 13% (Draft)
2014 $190,000 (Draft) 18% (Draft)
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
* "Total Contracted Amount" column includes contracted amount from both capital and expense components of the contract.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Total Contracted Amount Dates
74314 REL 112 SOW Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 2008-710-00 EXP CHUM HABITAT RESTORE SUPPLEMENT Issued $1,179,016 7/1/2020 - 6/30/2021



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):14
Completed:7
On time:7
Status Reports
Completed:46
On time:23
Avg Days Late:5

Historical from: 2001-053-00
Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
7373 20932, 24226, 35064, 39075, 44313 2001-053-00 RE-INTRO OF LOWER COLUMBIA R. CHUM SALMON INTO DUNCA Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 09/2001 09/2001 History 23 131 0 0 19 150 87.33% 1
Project Totals 68 525 0 0 56 581 90.36% 3


Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
44293 50204, 59958, 63377, 67595, 73502, 74314 REL 14, 74314 REL 49, 74314 REL 86, 74314 REL 112 200871000 EXP BIOP CHUM RESTORATION Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 07/2009 07/2009 Issued 45 394 0 0 37 431 91.42% 2
Project Totals 68 525 0 0 56 581 90.36% 3


The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: 2019-2021 Mainstem/Program Support

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2008-710-00-ISRP-20190404
Project: 2008-710-00 - Chum Salmon Restoration in the tributaries below Bonneville Dam
Review: 2019-2021 Mainstem/Program Support
Proposal Number: NPCC19-2008-710-00
Completed Date: None
First Round ISRP Date: 4/4/2019
First Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
First Round ISRP Comment:

Comment:

This is an ambitious, well-conceived restoration project that covers a broad geographical area in the lower Columbia River. The project includes habitat, fish propagation, and monitoring components and it addresses the critical conservation need to protect and recover lower Columbia River chum salmon populations, which are ESA-listed. Recovery actions have been prioritized by the proponents and their regional partners. Monitoring and evaluation has been adequate to demonstrate that life cycle productivity (adult returns per spawner, R/S) is typically higher for fish spawning in constructed channels than for fish collected as hatchery broodstock to produce progeny for release as fed-fry, and intermediate for fish that spawn naturally in Duncan Creek. However, productivity is highly variable from year to year, and greater than 1 in only ~50% of brood years, indicating the population may not yet be self-sustainable. Overall chum salmon abundance in the ESU is variable but generally increasing since the low in 2008. The proponents have made good progress toward the overall goal of chum salmon recovery and are working with ODFW to develop a coordinated recovery effort for chum salmon in both Washington and Oregon tributary populations.

1. Objectives, Significance to Regional Programs, and Technical Background

In 1999, chum salmon in the lower Columbia River were listed as threatened under the ESA, leading to the recovery plan for chum salmon and the efforts by this restoration project. Three broad/general objectives are clearly stated and partially quantitative: (1) provide habitat restoration and chum salmon spawning channel development in Washington State tributaries of the lower Columbia River, (2) create multiple self-sustaining spawning populations (>1,000 adult returns annually) in each of three strata (Coastal, Cascade, Gorge) in the lower Columbia River and its Washington tributaries, (3) implement monitoring that provides accurate and precise estimates of data for viable salmon population (VSP) analyses and data for managing and evaluating enhancement projects. Project objectives and anticipated results closely follow applicable goals presented in the Council's Fish and Wildlife Program. Anticipated outcomes for biological objectives are not specified explicitly in the proposal, but one general expectation is to follow FCRPS prioritization criteria and HSRG guidelines to establish self-sustaining populations in each of the three strata. The proposal states that abundance targets for each population were included in Table 5 of the original proposal, but they were not shown in the current proposal. Results from ongoing chum salmon recovery efforts indicate that environmental conditions during spawning, incubation, fry migration and ocean residence can have substantial effects on productivity (R/S values), and this makes it difficult to predict when desired abundances might be achieved.

2. Results and Adaptive Management

The proposal provides a comprehensive listing of recent habitat actions. These include design and construction or rehabilitation of spawning channels, removal of non-native vegetation, inventories and assessments of prospective restoration sites, and groundwater investigations. Reintroduction efforts and the use of hatchery programs to augment natural chum populations were also described and are ongoing activities. Additionally, M&E activities are being employed to evaluate the project's habitat restoration, hatchery, reintroduction, and enhancement actions. Run reconstruction of the chum salmon populations is especially important for evaluating VSP criteria. Some objectives have already been achieved, while others are on track to be met. Results from the project will have direct applicability to the Council's 2017 Research Plan as project results directly address questions in the Tributary Habitat, Mainstem, Fish Propagation, Population Structure and Diversity, Climate Change, Human Development, and Monitoring and Evaluation Methods categories of the plan.

A number of improvements in methods have occurred in response to the project's M&E efforts. New procedures are being used to estimate population abundances in tributary and mainstem spawning locations. Methods used to collect and tag adults were changed to reduce stress and enhance the retention of tags used in capture-recapture studies. Methods to mark juveniles produced from the project were changed from strontium and otolith thermal marking to Parentage-Based Tagging (PBT) to increase sample sizes and reduce uncertainty in estimates. Additionally, environmental changes were made to the Duncan spawning channels to increase egg-to-fry survival rates. Changes to broodstock collection locations, fry release numbers, and rearing locations were made in response to project data. All these changes indicate that the program is using adaptive management to refine its actions. For completeness, the program should provide a description of its adaptive management process in its next annual report.

The lessons learned are generally specific to the project. However, the general recovery approach of identifying extant stock structure, determining the limiting factors faced by each population segment, assessing habitat and prioritizing recovery actions has broad application throughout the Basin and beyond.

Annual reports are routinely produced and made available. Project data are made available on many web-based sites, including Coordinated Assessments, Fish Passage Center, Fish Books, NOAA's Salmon Population Summary (SPS) Database, StreamNet, WDFW-JMX, WDFW Hatchery Future Brood, WDFW Salmonid Stock Inventory & SalmonScape, WDFW's Fish Ageing Database, and WDFW's website.

One of the identified threats to the success of this effort is further human development in key chum salmon spawning areas. If not already occurring, we encourage the proponents to work with others in the Basin to establish conservation easements or to use other suitable methods to protect such areas from further development.

3. Methods: Project Relationships, Work Types, and Deliverables

Given the numerous activities in the project, methods are only briefly described in the proposal and readers are referred to more detailed reports and to procedures at the Pacific Northwest Aquatic Monitoring Partnership (PNAMP) web site. Methods seem appropriate to evaluate success of the chum salmon recovery actions, but the methods were not reviewed by the ISRP in detail. The current monitoring plan is briefly described. Summaries of results to date show that monitoring has been adequate to compare trends in productivity among natural, channel, and hatchery spawners in several core populations.

The genetic identity of broodstock collected at local donor sites outside the target rivers and rationale for their use are not well explained. On the other hand, the decision to translocate all "volunteer adult returns" captured in Duncan Creek to the spawning channel seems sensible as a way to encourage local adaptation within the population.

The project includes one research project to compare the benefits of using adult spawners, releases of fed-fry, and natural straying to maintain, reintroduce, or enhance lower Columbia River chum salmon populations. Formal hypotheses and expected time lines for when this comparison might be completed should be described. However, given the high variation the proponents have documented in R/S values it seems reasonable to assume that it will take three or more generations for this assessment to be concluded.

Documentation Links:
Review: RME / AP Category Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2008-710-00-NPCC-20110113
Project: 2008-710-00 - Chum Salmon Restoration in the tributaries below Bonneville Dam
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal: RMECAT-2008-710-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 6/10/2011
Recommendation: Fund (In Part)
Comments: Implement with condition through FY 2016: Sponsor to address ISRP qualifications per August 12, 2009 Council decision.
Conditions:
Council Condition #1 August 12, 2009 Council decision: The Council supports continued efforts at the Grays River Conservation Hatchery at the proposed $35,000 funding level until these activities and other supplementation/reintroduction strategies are confirmed through the anticipated step review as outlined in Objective 7 of the project. Therefore, based on the ISRP review (ISRP document 2009-29) the Council supports the project for implementation (i.e., Objectives 1, 2, 4 and 6) with the condition that the qualifications and responses identified by the ISRP (ISRP document 2009-29) for Objectives 3 and 5 be addressed as part the anticipated Step Review associated with Objective 7. Full implementation of these objectives (i.e., Objectives 3, 5 and 7) is dependant on future reviews by the ISRP and Council.

2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Assessment

Assessment Number: 2008-710-00-BIOP-20101105
Project Number: 2008-710-00
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2008-710-00
Completed Date: None
2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Rating: Response Requested
Comments: BiOp Workgroup Comments: For compliance with RPA 50.7: This RPA action is for hatchery fish marking only. Confirm that the scope of work proposed is for 100% marking of fish (visible or non visible) from the hatchery supported. If this project is marking fish for the hatchery, please specify the hatchery name and populations affected. If marking is conducted under another project or program, please let us know the name of that project/program.

The BiOp RM&E Workgroups made the following determinations regarding the proposal's ability or need to support BiOp Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) RPAs. If you have questions regarding these RPA association conclusions, please contact your BPA COTR and they will help clarify, or they will arrange further discussion with the appropriate RM&E Workgroup Leads. BiOp RPA associations for the proposed work are: (63.1)
All Questionable RPA Associations (50.7) and
All Deleted RPA Associations ( )
Proponent Response:

Yes, 100% of hatchery-origin fish produced under this project are marked, thermal marking of the otolith, to enable monitoring of hatchery-origin fish in natural spawning areas and the assessment of status of wild populations.

This project produces hatchery-origin chum salmon fed-fry at two locations

1)  Grays River Hatchery, Coastal Strata of the lower Columbia River chum salmon ESU, Chinook/Grays River population group.

2)  Washougal Hatchery, Gorge Strata of the lower Columbia River chum salmon ESU, Bonneville population group.

In addition to marking all hatchery-origin production, 100% of the naturally produced chum salmon fry in the Duncan Creek spawning channel, progeny of adult supplementation in the spawning channel, are marked using strontium.

Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2001-053-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 2001-053-00 - Reintroduction of Chum in Duncan Creek
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments: Budget reductions not specific. Project to be implemented as proposed with reduced scope.

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2001-053-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 2001-053-00 - Reintroduction of Chum in Duncan Creek
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
This project meets the ISRP review criteria. This project would benefit by being framed in the context of providing information beyond the project itself. This project has a reasonable likelihood of success. However, benefits are unknown at this time. Whether chum will use the reconstructed Duncan creek is not yet clear. If the reconstructed creek is not suitable this will benefit management for the species by reducing uncertainty about one restoration strategy. It might also indicate some major changes with the ecosystem have resulted in reduced habitat quality for chum.

The proposal provides a good history of spending and results, highlighting major accomplishments, which is appreciated. To date, the success with returning hatchery fish looks poor. The population estimates in table 5 and table 6 have some numbers that need to be reconciled. Returns to the Duncan creek trap (2) is not encouraging. Equally of concern is the lack of any recovered adults from releases of hatchery juveniles.

This project is justified in terms of its duration for about 12 years. A mid-term results review, however, will be needed to justify ongoing funding.
Documentation Links:

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 2001-053-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 2001-053-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: No Problems Exist
Cost Share Rating: None
Comment: Reintroduction in mitigation for FCRPS mainstem impacts.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 2001-053-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 2001-053-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Project Relationships: This project Merged From 2001-053-00 effective on 6/10/2010
Relationship Description: Starting in FY11, work and budgets from projects 1999-003-01 (Part of budget will stay with 1999-003-01), 2001-053-00 and 2008-710-00 are combined into 2008-710-00.

This project Enables 1999-003-01 effective on 6/10/2010
Relationship Description: Starting in FY11, work and budgets from projects 1999-003-01 (Part of budget will stay with 1999-003-01), 2001-053-00 and 2008-710-00 are combined into 2008-710-00. 6


Name Role Organization
Steven Vigg Interested Party Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW)
Bryce Glaser Supervisor Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW)
Todd Hillson Project Lead Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW)
Christine Petersen Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
Tabatha Rood (Inactive) Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
Timothy Ludington Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Andre L'Heureux Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration
Edward Gresh Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration
Brady (USGS) Allen Project SME US Geological Survey (USGS)