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Project Summary

Project 2003-039-00 - Monitor and Evaluate (M&E) Reproductive Success and Survival in Wenatchee River
Project Number:
2003-039-00
Title:
Monitor and Evaluate (M&E) Reproductive Success and Survival in Wenatchee River
Summary:
This project will quantitatively evaluate the relative reproductive success of naturally spawning hatchery and natural origin spring Chinook salmon in the Wenatchee River. Hatcheries are one of the main tools that have been used to mitigate for salmon losses caused by the construction and operation of the Columbia River hydropower system. In addition to harvest augmentation, hatcheries have recently been used in attempts to protect stocks from extinction and to enhance natural production (supplementation). Surprisingly, little is known about how much the investment in hatcheries benefits or harms natural production. We propose to take advantage of recent technological advances in genetics to empirically monitor the reproductive success of hatchery and natural spring Chinook salmon using a DNA-based pedigree approach. Specifically, we will (1) directly measure the relative reproductive success of hatchery and natural-origin Chinook salmon in both natural and hatchery settings, (2) determine the degree to which any differences in reproductive success between hatchery and natural Chinook salmon can be explained by measurable biological characteristics such as run timing or size, and (3) estimate the relative fitness of hatchery-lineage Chinook salmon after they have experienced an entire generation in the natural environment. The project is intended to last until 2012 in order to evaluate two entire spring Chinook salmon generations.

This project is a collaboration between NOAA-Fisheries (Northwest Fisheries Science Center) and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. The combined budget total will be in alignment with the approved budget for the project. Results and progress will be reported on jointly. For example, a joint authored, single annual report will be generated for the contract period.

This project is an extension of the Chinook salmon supplementation and monitoring program in the Wenatchee River operated by WDFW and funded by Chelan County PUD.
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) (Govt - State)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Govt - Federal)
Starting FY:
2003
Ending FY:
2017
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Columbia Cascade Wenatchee 100.00%
Purpose:
Artificial Production
Emphasis:
RM and E
Focal Species:
Chinook - All Populations
Chinook - Upper Columbia River Spring ESU (endangered)
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None

Map of Wenatchee River Basin and spring Chinook spawning tributaries.

Figure Name: Figure 1

Document ID: P121605

Document: Monitoring the reproductive success of naturally spawning hatchery and natural spring Chinook salmon in the Wenatchee River

Page Number: 8

Project: 2003-039-00

Contract: 52093

Vicinity map of upper Wenatchee River Basin and selected reaches where microhabitat data was collected on redds constructed by hatchery and naturally produced spring Chinook salmon.

Figure Name: Figure 2

Document ID: P121605

Document: Monitoring the reproductive success of naturally spawning hatchery and natural spring Chinook salmon in the Wenatchee River

Page Number: 34

Project: 2003-039-00

Contract: 52093

Map of Chiwawa River and delineated channel types where spawning site and redd microhabitat variables were collected.

Figure Name: Figure 3

Document ID: P121605

Document: Monitoring the reproductive success of naturally spawning hatchery and natural spring Chinook salmon in the Wenatchee River

Page Number: 49

Project: 2003-039-00

Contract: 52093


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

Expense SOY Budget Working Budget Contracted Amount Modified Contract Amount Expenditures *
FY2016 (Previous) $496,743 $496,743 $496,743 $496,743 $491,564

BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $496,743 $496,743 $496,743 $491,564
FY2017 (Current) $496,743 $496,743 $496,734 $496,734 $347,279

BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $496,743 $496,734 $496,734 $347,279
FY2018 (Next) $0 $0 $0 $0

BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $0 $0 $0 $0

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-May-2017

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2016 - FY2018)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2016 Expense $496,743 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY16 Initial Planning Budgets - Expense 05/22/2015
FY2017 Expense $496,743 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY17 SOY Budgets 06/02/2016

Pending Budget Decision?  No


Project Cost Share:

FY2016 0 %
FY2015 33 %
FY2014 32 %
FY2013 30 %
FY2012 27 %
FY2011 27 %
FY2010 34 %
FY2009 33 %
FY2008 34 %
FY2007 30 %
Fiscal Year Cost Share Partner Total Proposed
Contribution
Total Confirmed
Contribution
FY2015 Chelan County PUD #1 $162,262
FY2015 Grant County PUD $87,373

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Contracted Amount Dates
BPA-003667 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Active $9,082 10/1/2007 - 9/30/2008
BPA-004338 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Active $10,829 10/1/2008 - 9/30/2009
BPA-004995 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Active $8,759 10/1/2009 - 9/30/2010
BPA-005722 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Active $8,606 10/1/2010 - 9/30/2011
BPA-006389 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Active $7,954 10/1/2011 - 9/30/2012
BPA-007029 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Active $9,333 10/1/2012 - 9/30/2013
BPA-007801 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Active $3,706 10/1/2013 - 9/30/2014
46273 REL 95 SOW National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2003-039-00 EXP NOAA-MONITOR REPRO SS Issued $221,969 4/1/2015 - 3/31/2016
BPA-008399 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Active $3,755 10/1/2014 - 9/30/2015
BPA-008920 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Active $3,800 10/1/2015 - 9/30/2016
75168 SOW Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 2003-039-00 EXP WDFW-MONITOR RSS WENATCHEE RVR. Issued $284,318 3/1/2017 - 2/28/2018
BPA-009532 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Active $3,811 10/1/2016 - 9/30/2017



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):23
Completed:21
On time:21
Status Reports
Completed:102
On time:64
Avg Days Late:2

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
16501 21391, 26495, 32138, 37118, 41346, 46489, 52093, 56538, 61576, 64892, 68529, 71862, 75168 2003-039-00 MONITOR REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS IN WENATCHEE RIVER Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 02/2004 02/2004 Issued 52 107 0 0 3 110 97.27% 3
16575 26531, 32041, 37030, 41826, 46273 REL 1, 46273 REL 23, 46273 REL 43, 46273 REL 64, 46273 REL 83, 46273 REL 95, 46273 REL 110 PI 200303900 MONITOR REPRO IN WENAT/TUC/KAL National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 02/2004 02/2004 Pending 50 67 2 0 1 70 98.57% 7
BPA-003667 PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Bonneville Power Administration 10/2007 10/2007 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-004338 PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Bonneville Power Administration 10/2008 10/2008 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-004995 PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Bonneville Power Administration 10/2009 10/2009 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-005722 PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Bonneville Power Administration 10/2010 10/2010 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-006389 PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Bonneville Power Administration 10/2011 10/2011 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-007029 PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Bonneville Power Administration 10/2012 10/2012 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-007801 PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Bonneville Power Administration 10/2013 10/2013 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008399 PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Bonneville Power Administration 10/2014 10/2014 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008920 PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Bonneville Power Administration 10/2015 10/2015 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-009532 PIT Tags - Monitor Repro in Wenat/Tuc/Kal Bonneville Power Administration 10/2016 10/2016 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Project Totals 102 174 2 0 4 180 97.78% 10


Review: RME / AP Category Review

2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Assessment

Assessment Number: 2003-039-00-BIOP-20101105
Project Number: 2003-039-00
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2003-039-00
Completed Date: None
2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Rating: Supports 2008 FCRPS BiOp
Comments: BiOp Workgroup Comments: No BiOp Workgroup comments

The BiOp RM&E Workgroups made the following determinations regarding the proposal's ability or need to support BiOp Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) RPAs. If you have questions regarding these RPA association conclusions, please contact your BPA COTR and they will help clarify, or they will arrange further discussion with the appropriate RM&E Workgroup Leads. BiOp RPA associations for the proposed work are: ( 62.5 64.1 64.2 52.1 52.2 53.2 53.3 54.1 54.12 54.5 54.6 54.7 54.8 55.1 55.2 52.1 52.2 53.2 53.3 )
All Questionable RPA Associations ( ) and
All Deleted RPA Associations (50.6 56.1 59.1 59.2 59.3 59.4 59.5 )
Proponent Response:

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2003-039-00-ISRP-20101015
Project: 2003-039-00 - Monitor and Evaluate (M&E) Reproductive Success and Survival in Wenatchee River
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2003-039-00
Completed Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
This project is a study of the relative reproductive success of naturally spawning hatchery and natural spring Chinook salmon in the Wenatchee River above Tumwater Dam. The study was initiated in 2003 in response to the 2000 BiOp RPA 182.

The project is called for in the 2008 BiOp, is consistent to the Fish and Wildlife Program research and monitoring plans, and the Wenatchee subbasin plan. The reporting of results and adaptive management implications was succinct and thorough in a much-needed ongoing project of significance to the Columbia Basin on issues of supplementation and hatchery straying. The study design is appropriate and appears to be logistically feasible (that is, they can catch the adults and juveniles to obtain genotypic data for executing the parentage analysis).

This investigation concludes that hatchery spring Chinook salmon in this watershed have substantially reduced reproductive success relative to natural-origin individuals. Reproductive success increases as fish move upstream in the watershed. Most hatchery fish spawn lower in the watershed, near where they are released. It is not entirely clear whether the reduced success of hatchery-origin adults is a consequence of their hatchery background or their choice of spawning location.

The proponents have answered the fundamental question that they originally set out to address. The initial findings raise mechanistic questions, which are amendable to further exploration. The proponents plan to run this investigation for two complete generations, through 2018 with last brood in 2013, to expand on the initial findings and gain insight into mechanistic explanations of the observations.

1. Purpose, Significance to Regional Programs, Technical Background, and Objectives

The significance to regional programs, technical background and problem description, and objectives are all well described and appropriate for the investigation.

2. History: Accomplishments, Results, and Adaptive Management

Financial Performance and History - adequate response

Deliverable Performance - Based on Pisces reports, the project has delivered fine responses.

Major Accomplishments - The project has achieved the objective of evaluating the RRS of hatchery versus natural spring Chinook in the Wenatchee River subbasin. The hatchery fish have about 50% of the fitness of natural fish. Initial investigation of potential explanatory variables suggest spawning location, age, size, and spawning date influence the difference in performance between hatchery and natural parents.

Adaptive Management - The findings have contributed to the development of hatchery fish exclusion at Tumwater Dam, a revised HGMP reflecting limits on the genotype of fish passed upstream to spawn, and ongoing efforts to develop Parental Based Tagging (PBT) to reduce or eliminate the need for broodstock collection weirs in tributaries.

3. Project Relationships, Emerging Limiting Factors, and Tailored Questions for Type of Work (Hatchery, RME, Tagging)

Adequate responses are given for project relationships, emerging limiting factors, and tailored tagging questions.

There are no emerging limiting factors that would reduce the likelihood of success of the investigation.

4. Deliverables, Work Elements, Metrics, and Methods

The objectives of the investigation are appropriate for the topic – RRS of hatchery salmon and evaluation of supplementation. The deliverables, work elements, metrics, and methods are all acceptable. The proponents have a commendable track record of publication in peer-reviewed literature and have solved logistic and technical issues that have arisen during the course of the project.
First Round ISRP Date: 10/18/2010
First Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
First Round ISRP Comment:
This project is a study of the relative reproductive success of naturally spawning hatchery and natural spring Chinook salmon in the Wenatchee River above Tumwater Dam. The study was initiated in 2003 in response to the 2000 BiOp RPA 182.

The project is called for in the 2008 BiOp, is consistent to the Fish and Wildlife Program research and monitoring plans, and the Wenatchee subbasin plan. The reporting of results and adaptive management implications was succinct and thorough in a much-needed ongoing project of significance to the Columbia Basin on issues of supplementation and hatchery straying. The study design is appropriate and appears to be logistically feasible (that is, they can catch the adults and juveniles to obtain genotypic data for executing the parentage analysis).

This investigation concludes that hatchery spring Chinook salmon in this watershed have substantially reduced reproductive success relative to natural-origin individuals. Reproductive success increases as fish move upstream in the watershed. Most hatchery fish spawn lower in the watershed, near where they are released. It is not entirely clear whether the reduced success of hatchery-origin adults is a consequence of their hatchery background or their choice of spawning location.

The proponents have answered the fundamental question that they originally set out to address. The initial findings raise mechanistic questions, which are amendable to further exploration. The proponents plan to run this investigation for two complete generations, through 2018 with last brood in 2013, to expand on the initial findings and gain insight into mechanistic explanations of the observations.

1. Purpose, Significance to Regional Programs, Technical Background, and Objectives

The significance to regional programs, technical background and problem description, and objectives are all well described and appropriate for the investigation.

2. History: Accomplishments, Results, and Adaptive Management

Financial Performance and History - adequate response

Deliverable Performance - Based on Pisces reports, the project has delivered fine responses.

Major Accomplishments - The project has achieved the objective of evaluating the RRS of hatchery versus natural spring Chinook in the Wenatchee River subbasin. The hatchery fish have about 50% of the fitness of natural fish. Initial investigation of potential explanatory variables suggest spawning location, age, size, and spawning date influence the difference in performance between hatchery and natural parents.

Adaptive Management - The findings have contributed to the development of hatchery fish exclusion at Tumwater Dam, a revised HGMP reflecting limits on the genotype of fish passed upstream to spawn, and ongoing efforts to develop Parental Based Tagging (PBT) to reduce or eliminate the need for broodstock collection weirs in tributaries.

3. Project Relationships, Emerging Limiting Factors, and Tailored Questions for Type of Work (Hatchery, RME, Tagging)

Adequate responses are given for project relationships, emerging limiting factors, and tailored tagging questions.

There are no emerging limiting factors that would reduce the likelihood of success of the investigation.

4. Deliverables, Work Elements, Metrics, and Methods

The objectives of the investigation are appropriate for the topic – RRS of hatchery salmon and evaluation of supplementation. The deliverables, work elements, metrics, and methods are all acceptable. The proponents have a commendable track record of publication in peer-reviewed literature and have solved logistic and technical issues that have arisen during the course of the project.
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2003-039-00-NPCC-20110125
Project: 2003-039-00 - Monitor and Evaluate (M&E) Reproductive Success and Survival in Wenatchee River
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal: RMECAT-2003-039-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 6/10/2011
Recommendation: Fund (Qualified)
Comments: Implement with condition through FY 2014: Implementation beyond 2014 based on ISRP and Council review of the results report and/or outcome of a regional hatchery effects evaluation process.
Conditions:
Council Condition #1 Programmatic Issue: RMECAT #4 Hatchery Effectiveness—.
Council Condition #2 Programmatic Issue: RMECAT #6 Research projects in general—.
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 2003-039-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 2003-039-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: Problems May Exist
Cost Share Rating: 3 - Does not appear reasonable
Comment: M&E of the relative reproductive success and survival of naturally spawning hatchery and natural origin spring Chinook salmon in the Wenatchee River watershed above Tumwater Dam; fishery/hatchery managers, others authorized/required; need confirmation that cost share sufficient.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 2003-039-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 2003-039-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2003-039-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 2003-039-00 - Monitor and Evaluate (M&E) Reproductive Success and Survival in Wenatchee River
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
This is a well-written proposal that was a pleasure to review. This kind of project is high priority and critical to conduct prior to larger scale implementation of supplementation projects. This project continues quantitative evaluation of the relative reproductive success of naturally spawning hatchery- and natural- origin spring Chinook salmon in the Wenatchee River watershed.

The statement on the need for this project, "All major reviews of hatchery programs have hatchery risks, including the relative reproductive success of hatchery fish, as a critical uncertainty for salmon recovery" says it all. The need for this work was also identified clearly in the subbasin plan.

The project objectives fit, except objective 2 on causes for differences, which could be considered more of an academic question, but still of great interest. Methods are appropriate and described in considerable detail. The proposal shows evidence of collaboration with related experiments in the basin and with other researchers.

The proposal includes a good summary of progress to date (2 years) and interesting unveiling of problems in sampling (hatchery progeny assignment) and proposed solutions (modeling and sampling) and study refinements (adaptive management of the experiment and the management actions already evident).
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2003-039-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 2003-039-00 - Monitor and Evaluate (M&E) Reproductive Success and Survival in Wenatchee River
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund Pending Available Funds
Comments: Tier 2. Fund at a level consistent with ISRP comments, as funds become available.

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
Michael Ford Project Lead National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Andrew Murdoch Project Lead Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW)
Peter Lofy Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration
McLain Johnson Supervisor Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW)
Roy Beaty Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
GREGORY SMITH Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
Maureen Kavanagh Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Mark Strom Supervisor National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Brenda Aguirre Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration