Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
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Project Summary

Project 2008-506-00 - Smolt Monitoring Video Feasibility Project
Project Number:
2008-506-00
Title:
Smolt Monitoring Video Feasibility Project
Summary:
This feasibility project, which began with Fish Passage Center funding in 2006, will assess whether video technology can be used to reduce smolt handling in the regions smolt monitoring program. The project will install a window and box adjacent to the Bonneville Dam fish passage channel just upstream of the separator at the juvenile fish facility. Inside the box will be a video camera while lighting will be provided from above. Video will be recorded on a digital video recorder and video files brought back to CRITFC for review. We will assess this video to determine whether fish can be counted, speciated, and fish condition quantified. If necessary, in-season adjustments will be made to the lighting to improve video quality. We also plan to test whether we can get good pictures of PIT tagged fish through the use of software which can imprint a PIT tag signal on the video image. It is unlikely that equipment will be in place until the bulk of the 2009 smolt migration has passed. Therefore, the evaluation process is anticipated to extend into the 2010 smolt migration.
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) (Tribe)
Starting FY:
2008
Ending FY:
2032
Stage:
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Mainstem - 100.00%
Purpose:
Programmatic
Emphasis:
RM and E
Focal Species:
Chinook - All Populations
Chinook - Upper Columbia River Summer/Fall ESU
Coho - Lower Columbia River ESU
Coho - Unspecified Population
Sockeye - All Populations
Steelhead - All Populations
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None
BiOp Association:
None

Description: Page: 10 Figure 2: The box holding the camera.

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 874 x 775

Description: Page: 10 Figure 3: Camera, mounting system, and window.

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 766 x 574

Description: Page: 11 Figure 4: Capture system consisting of power supply, computer, and DVR in black waterproof box under the viewing window.

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 1223 x 919

Description: Page: 18 Figure 6: Video image captured by the high speed video system at Bonneville Dam October 26, 2011. The algae by late summer was impossible to remove without dewatering.

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 640 x 480

Description: Page: 20 Figure 8: Juvenile fall Chinook passing through the video system after PIT tagging at the Hanford Reach. Note the pipe running through the PIT tag detector antenna.

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 1000 x 750

Description: Page: 21 Figure 9: Turbulence in counting box first installed at McNary Dam. Note the additional pieces of acrylic at the bottom of the box.

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 1301 x 974

Description: Page: 22 Figure 10: Video and PIT tag detection equipment set up at McNary Dam, including three lights, three cameras, and the 10 cmy acrylic tube running through the PIT tag antenna.

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 1299 x 961

Description: Page: 23 Figure 11: McNary Dam video installation 2011. The pipe running straight up from in front of the video box is the pressure release pipe.

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 860 x 1159

Description: Page: 25 Figure 12a: Images of PIT tagged Hanford Reach in the McNary Dam juvenile bypass. Quad views show two side views plus a top view (A-E, G, J).

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 640 x 480

Description: Page: 25 Figure 12b: Images of PIT tagged Hanford Reach in the McNary Dam juvenile bypass. Quad views show two side views plus a top view (A-E, G, J).

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 640 x 480

Description: Page: 25 Figure 12c: Images of PIT tagged Hanford Reach in the McNary Dam juvenile bypass. Quad views show two side views plus a top view (A-E, G, J).

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 640 x 480

Description: Page: 25 Figure 12d: Images of PIT tagged Hanford Reach in the McNary Dam juvenile bypass. Quad views show two side views plus a top view (A-E, G, J).

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 640 x 480

Description: Page: 26 Figure 12e: Images of PIT tagged Hanford Reach in the McNary Dam juvenile bypass. Quad views show two side views plus a top view (A-E, G, J).

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 640 x 480

Description: Page: 26 Figure 12f: Images of PIT tagged Hanford Reach in the McNary Dam juvenile bypass. Quad views show two side views plus a top view (A-E, G, J).

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 640 x 480

Description: Page: 26 Figure 12g: Images of PIT tagged Hanford Reach in the McNary Dam juvenile bypass. Quad views show two side views plus a top view (A-E, G, J).

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 640 x 480

Description: Page: 26 Figure 12h: Images of PIT tagged Hanford Reach in the McNary Dam juvenile bypass. Quad views show two side views plus a top view (A-E, G, J).

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 640 x 480

Description: Page: 27 Figure 12i: Images of PIT tagged Hanford Reach in the McNary Dam juvenile bypass. Quad views show two side views plus a top view (A-E, G, J).

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 640 x 480

Description: Page: 27 Figure 12j: Images of PIT tagged Hanford Reach in the McNary Dam juvenile bypass. Quad views show two side views plus a top view (A-E, G, J).

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 640 x 480

Description: Page: 29 Figure 13: A site at the Bonneville Dam smolt facility after partial dewatering near PIT tag antennas 81 and 82 that fish pass through where video counting would be feasible.

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 855 x 642

Description: Page: 30 Figure 14: Flumes at the McNary Dam smolt facilities where a video system with PIT tag detection could be feasible.

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 1090 x 818

Description: Page: 31 Figure 15: Flume emptying into the holding tanks for smolt transportation at McNary Dam where a video PIT tag system may be possible to install.

Project: 2008-506-00

Document: P125298

Dimensions: 623 x 831


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

To see more detailed project budget information, please visit the "Project Budget" page

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2020 - FY2022)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2020 Expense $0 From: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC Accord Extensions (CRITFC) 10/4/2018 10/04/2018
FY2021 Expense $0 From: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC Accord Extensions (CRITFC) 10/4/2018 10/04/2018
FY2022 Expense $0 From: Fish Accord - LRT - CRITFC Accord Extensions (CRITFC) 10/4/2018 10/04/2018

Pending Budget Decision?  No


Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2021
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.
Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
2012
2011
2010 $2,000 7%
2009 $2,000 4%
2008

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Closed, Complete, History, Issued.
* "Total Contracted Amount" column includes contracted amount from both capital and expense components of the contract.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Total Contracted Amount Dates
41225 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 200850600 EXP SMOLT MONITORING VIDEO FEASIBILITY PROJECT History $52,321 3/1/2009 - 2/28/2010
46478 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 200850600 EXP SMOLT VIDEO MONITORING History $25,963 3/1/2010 - 2/28/2011
51457 SOW Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 200850600 EXP SMOLT VIDEO MONITORING History $54,217 3/1/2011 - 2/29/2012



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):3
Completed:3
On time:3
Status Reports
Completed:12
On time:9
Avg Days Early:1

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
41225 46478, 51457 200850600 EXP SMOLT MONITORING VIDEO FEASIBILITY PROJECT Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) 03/2009 03/2009 History 12 22 0 0 1 23 95.65% 0
Project Totals 12 22 0 0 1 23 95.65% 0


The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: RME / AP Category Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2008-506-00-NPCC-20110428
Project: 2008-506-00 - Smolt Monitoring Video Feasibility Project
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal: RMECAT-2008-506-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 6/10/2011
Recommendation: Close Out
Comments: Close out. Project is complete and is closing out.

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2008-506-00-ISRP-20101015
Project: 2008-506-00 - Smolt Monitoring Video Feasibility Project
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2008-506-00
Completed Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Rating: Does Not Meet Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
This feasibility study began in 2008 and has made relatively little progress to date. At present, video quality is inadequate to meet the project’s objectives. Limited results indicate that species identification and condition of smolts cannot be determined by this technique. This application seems more suited to smaller situations such as tributaries. Application at large mainstem dams is highly uncertain. The technical background in the proposal is insufficient to determine scientific merit.

1. Purpose, Significance to Regional Programs, Technical Background, and Objectives

This project’s objectives for improved monitoring of smolt runs are consistent with the 2009 Fish and Wildlife Program objectives and the 2008 FCRPS BiOp for “monitoring to document fish condition, and adverse fish passage conditions at all dams with bypass systems.” It would be highly beneficial if a system could be developed and widely applied to provide information on species-specific abundance and condition of smolts. Such a development would be useful in monitoring as well as in the evaluation of changes in passage designs and conditions at dams and other passage structures and for evaluating fish condition under different spill scenarios.

2. History: Accomplishments, Results, and Adaptive Management

There have been a few minimal accomplishments since 2008, mainly some preliminary videos of fish in the fish passage channel just upstream of the separator at the juvenile fish facility. The entire project is adaptive, in that it is largely a trial and error effort to develop the methodologies for enumerating and identifying smolts to species. This is a large order to fill; its accomplishment would have many potential applications, but it is not at all certain that it is feasible. The proponents do not provide substantive evidence that it will work or is close to being successful.

3. Project Relationships, Emerging Limiting Factors, and Tailored Questions for Type of Work (Hatchery, RME, Tagging)

Other than one other study evidently related to this one on Bonneville Dam, there does not seem to be very much else ongoing in this area with regard to smolts. More video work is based on adults. Based on preliminary results prepared by the proponents, there are some legitimate questions as to how effective such a system can be for smolt enumeration on a large, multi-species system such as the Columbia. This approach for species-specific abundance applications seems much more suited to smaller systems with one primary migratory species, such as some Atlantic salmon rivers. It also may have applications for fish behavior work, where individuals can be focused on and total numbers to be enumerated is not the issue.

4. Deliverables, Work Elements, Metrics, and Methods

Although this is primarily a research engineering project, engineering specifications, designs, etc., were not provided. No information was provided on statistical or other metrics and methods used to analyze video data and data quality or validate project feasibility. Because of the multi-year request for this proposed study, some specific intermediate project milestones or deliverables should be clearly identified if this project is continued. For example, by a given year, it should be determined whether and under what conditions visibility is adequate for evaluating numbers, species, and condition of fish, and what specific kinds of physical conditions at the counting site (e.g., width of counting chamber, lighting, water clarity, etc.) are needed.
First Round ISRP Date: 10/18/2010
First Round ISRP Rating: Does Not Meet Scientific Review Criteria
First Round ISRP Comment:
This feasibility study began in 2008 and has made relatively little progress to date. At present, video quality is inadequate to meet the project’s objectives. Limited results indicate that species identification and condition of smolts cannot be determined by this technique. This application seems more suited to smaller situations such as tributaries. Application at large mainstem dams is highly uncertain. The technical background in the proposal is insufficient to determine scientific merit.

1. Purpose, Significance to Regional Programs, Technical Background, and Objectives

This project’s objectives for improved monitoring of smolt runs are consistent with the 2009 Fish and Wildlife Program objectives and the 2008 FCRPS BiOp for “monitoring to document fish condition, and adverse fish passage conditions at all dams with bypass systems.” It would be highly beneficial if a system could be developed and widely applied to provide information on species-specific abundance and condition of smolts. Such a development would be useful in monitoring as well as in the evaluation of changes in passage designs and conditions at dams and other passage structures and for evaluating fish condition under different spill scenarios.

2. History: Accomplishments, Results, and Adaptive Management

There have been a few minimal accomplishments since 2008, mainly some preliminary videos of fish in the fish passage channel just upstream of the separator at the juvenile fish facility. The entire project is adaptive, in that it is largely a trial and error effort to develop the methodologies for enumerating and identifying smolts to species. This is a large order to fill; its accomplishment would have many potential applications, but it is not at all certain that it is feasible. The proponents do not provide substantive evidence that it will work or is close to being successful.

3. Project Relationships, Emerging Limiting Factors, and Tailored Questions for Type of Work (Hatchery, RME, Tagging)

Other than one other study evidently related to this one on Bonneville Dam, there does not seem to be very much else ongoing in this area with regard to smolts. More video work is based on adults. Based on preliminary results prepared by the proponents, there are some legitimate questions as to how effective such a system can be for smolt enumeration on a large, multi-species system such as the Columbia. This approach for species-specific abundance applications seems much more suited to smaller systems with one primary migratory species, such as some Atlantic salmon rivers. It also may have applications for fish behavior work, where individuals can be focused on and total numbers to be enumerated is not the issue.

4. Deliverables, Work Elements, Metrics, and Methods

Although this is primarily a research engineering project, engineering specifications, designs, etc., were not provided. No information was provided on statistical or other metrics and methods used to analyze video data and data quality or validate project feasibility. Because of the multi-year request for this proposed study, some specific intermediate project milestones or deliverables should be clearly identified if this project is continued. For example, by a given year, it should be determined whether and under what conditions visibility is adequate for evaluating numbers, species, and condition of fish, and what specific kinds of physical conditions at the counting site (e.g., width of counting chamber, lighting, water clarity, etc.) are needed.
Documentation Links:

2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Assessment

Assessment Number: 2008-506-00-BIOP-20101105
Project Number: 2008-506-00
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2008-506-00
Completed Date: None
2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Rating: Supports 2008 FCRPS BiOp
Comments: BiOp Workgroup Comments: No BiOp Workgroup Comments

The BiOp RM&E Workgroups made the following determinations regarding the proposal's ability or need to support BiOp Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) RPAs. If you have questions regarding these RPA association conclusions, please contact your BPA COTR and they will help clarify, or they will arrange further discussion with the appropriate RM&E Workgroup Leads. BiOp RPA associations for the proposed work are: ( )
All Questionable RPA Associations ( ) and
All Deleted RPA Associations (53.1 53.2 53.3)
Proponent Response:

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
John Whiteaker Interested Party Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)
Dolores Rodriguez Administrative Contact Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)
Jeffrey Fryer Project Lead Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC)
Barbara Shields (Inactive) Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
Rosemary Mazaika Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration
Susan Offerdal (Inactive) Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration