Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
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Project Summary

Project 2010-035-00 - Abundance, Productivity and Life History of Fifteenmile Creek Winter Steelhead
Project Number:
2010-035-00
Title:
Abundance, Productivity and Life History of Fifteenmile Creek Winter Steelhead
Summary:
PROJECT TITLE:
Abundance, productivity and life history of Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead (201003500)

The Fifteenmile Creek Winter steelhead population is considered the most inland winter race of steelhead in the Columbia River Basin. This population has been identified as a “must have viable” by the ICTRT reaching viable status is essential for achieving DPS delisting. The ICTRT, Recovery Plan, and the FCRPS BiOp have all identified this population as high priority for improving precision and accuracy of abundance, productivity, diversity and spatial structure information. This proposal is designed to be implemented by ODFW to establish a comprehensive monitoring and evaluation program for abundance, productivity, and life history of steelhead in the Fifteenmile Creek population, which is ESA listed as a component of the Mid-C steelhead DPS. This work is critical to gaining a better understanding of the status of the population and DPS, monitoring and adapting recovery actions, and improving the knowledge of steelhead critical habitat. This project is designed to provide information for the following key performance metrics: recruits-per-spawner; age structure, hatchery fraction; adult life history characteristics; juvenile life history characteristics; smolt abundance; smolt migration survival; smolt-to-adult survival; smolts-per-spawner; spawner distribution; relationship of adult abundance estimates from redd counts and weir counts. The work proposed includes: 1) installation and operation a weir, adult trap, and underwater video cameras to: assess adult escapement; estimate productivity as adult recruits per spawner; determine the proportion of returns that are hatchery origin strays; determine adult life history patterns; 2) operate a screw trap to: estimate juvenile (smolts and presmolts) abundance: mark smolts for survival and migration characteristics assessment; 3) conduct spawning surveys to determine spawner distribution and for redd based escapement estimates; 4) install and operate PIT tag interrogation sites to monitor movement. Data analyses will integrate life stage specific survival and life history information to derive and assess the key performance metrics. The information generated from this project will not only significantly improve the quality of the viability status assessments but will also serve as a basis for evaluating long term changes in productivity that result from tributary habitat improvement. To augment the aforementioned objectives, NOAA fisheries will install PIT tag detection arrays at the confluences of Fivemile and Eightmile Creeks, and Fifteenmile and Ramsey Creeks under a separate BPA contract. This project is a long term endeavor that will span multiple steelhead generations.
Proposer:
Proponent Orgs:
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (Govt - State)
Starting FY:
2010
Ending FY:
2019
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Columbia Gorge Fifteenmile 100.00%
Purpose:
Programmatic
Emphasis:
RM and E
Focal Species:
Chinook - Mid-Columbia River Spring ESU
Cutthroat Trout, Coastal - Resident Populations
Lamprey, Pacific
Steelhead - Middle Columbia River DPS
Trout, Rainbow
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None

Image showing resistance panel weir with live-box and kelt traps (next to left bank and at right side of resistance weir panels).

Figure Name: Figure 3

Document ID: P123748

Document: ABUNDANCE, PRODUCTIVITY, AND LIFE HISTORY OF FIFTEENMILE CREEK STEELHEAD

Page Number: 46

Project: 2010-035-00

Contract: 54132

Image showing the installation of PIT antennae in Eightmile Creek directly upstream of its confluence with Fivemile Creek.

Figure Name: Figure 4a

Document ID: P123748

Document: ABUNDANCE, PRODUCTIVITY, AND LIFE HISTORY OF FIFTEENMILE CREEK STEELHEAD

Page Number: 47

Project: 2010-035-00

Contract: 54132

Map of the Fifteenmile Creek steelhead population showing geographic areas that are currently in protected status, reaches identified for proposed protection management actions (priority 1 and priority 2), and reaches with high, moderate, low and very low restoration benefit from all (priority 1 and priority 2) proposed restoration actions. Restoration benefits are only shown for the Fifteenmile Creek watershed because no effectiveness modeling was completed for the other watersheds in the population. (Oregon Mid-C Steelhead Recovery Plan)

Figure Name: Figure 1

Document ID: P123748

Document: ABUNDANCE, PRODUCTIVITY, AND LIFE HISTORY OF FIFTEENMILE CREEK STEELHEAD

Page Number: 44

Project: 2010-035-00

Contract: 54132

Resistance panel weir trap installed in Fifteenmile Creek. This image shows the original position of the live-box. The live-box was subsequently moved to the far side of the creek to improve capture efficiency.

Figure Name: Figure 2

Document ID: P123748

Document: ABUNDANCE, PRODUCTIVITY, AND LIFE HISTORY OF FIFTEENMILE CREEK STEELHEAD

Page Number: 45

Project: 2010-035-00

Contract: 54132

Image showing the installation of PIT antennae in Fivemile Creek directly upstream of its confluence with Eightmile Creek.

Figure Name: Figure 4b

Document ID: P123748

Document: ABUNDANCE, PRODUCTIVITY, AND LIFE HISTORY OF FIFTEENMILE CREEK STEELHEAD

Page Number: 47

Project: 2010-035-00

Contract: 54132

Image showing the installation of PIT antennae in Ramsey creek directly upstream of its confluence with Fifteenmile Creek.

Figure Name: Figure 4c

Document ID: P123748

Document: ABUNDANCE, PRODUCTIVITY, AND LIFE HISTORY OF FIFTEENMILE CREEK STEELHEAD

Page Number: 47

Project: 2010-035-00

Contract: 54132

Image showing the installation of PIT antennae in Fifteenmile Creek directly upstream of its confluence with Ramsey Creek.

Figure Name: Figure 4d

Document ID: P123748

Document: ABUNDANCE, PRODUCTIVITY, AND LIFE HISTORY OF FIFTEENMILE CREEK STEELHEAD

Page Number: 47

Project: 2010-035-00

Contract: 54132


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

Expense SOY Budget Working Budget Contracted Amount Modified Contract Amount Expenditures *
FY2018 (Previous) $110,000 $110,000 $105,000 $105,000 $162,805

BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $110,000 $105,000 $105,000 $162,805
FY2019 (Current) $0 $0 $0 $29,071

BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $0 $0 $0 $29,071
FY2020 (Next) $0 $0 $0 $0

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Mar-2019

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2018 - FY2020)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2018 Expense $110,000 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY18 SOY Upload 07/21/2017
FY2019 Expense $0 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) Nov 21st FY19 SOY Upload 11/23/2018

Pending Budget Decision?  No


Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2019   DRAFT
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.
Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
2011
2010

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
* "Total Contracted Amount" column includes contracted amount from both capital and expense components of the contract.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Total Contracted Amount Dates
BPA-005279 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Active $4,819 10/1/2010 - 9/30/2011
BPA-006402 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Active $15,488 10/1/2011 - 9/30/2012
BPA-007037 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Active $5,600 10/1/2012 - 9/30/2013
BPA-007746 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Active $4,633 10/1/2013 - 9/30/2014
BPA-008407 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Active $3,755 10/1/2014 - 9/30/2015
BPA-009113 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Active $3,800 10/1/2015 - 9/30/2016
BPA-009601 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Active $0 10/1/2016 - 9/30/2017
74313 REL 23 SOW Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife 2010-035-00 EXP ABUNDANCE, PROD & LIFE HISTORY 15 MILE CRK Issued $105,000 2/1/2018 - 1/31/2019



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):7
Completed:7
On time:7
Status Reports
Completed:35
On time:18
Avg Days Late:3

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
48860 54132, 60980, 64449, 71633, 75058, 74313 REL 23 2010-035-00 EXP ABUNDANCE, PROD AND LIFE HIST OF 15MILE WINTER SH Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife 08/2010 08/2010 Issued 35 74 0 0 0 74 100.00% 0
BPA-005279 PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2010 10/2010 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-006402 PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2011 10/2011 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-007037 PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2012 10/2012 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-007746 PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2013 10/2013 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008407 PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2014 10/2014 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-009113 PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2015 10/2015 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-009601 PIT Tags - Fifteenmile Creek Steelhead Bonneville Power Administration 10/2016 10/2016 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Project Totals 35 74 0 0 0 74 100.00% 0


The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: Fast Track ISRP Review 2010

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2010-035-00-ISRP-20100622
Project: 2010-035-00 - Abundance, Productivity and Life History of Fifteenmile Creek Winter Steelhead
Review: Fast Track ISRP Review 2010
Completed Date: None
First Round ISRP Date: 2/24/2010
First Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
First Round ISRP Comment:
This is essential work that is fundamental to stock management and monitoring. The ISRP comments are intended to improve on this already promising approach. In summary:

• Consider alternative smolt and adult capture and sampling techniques following a thorough review of the history
• Use the recruitment results that will be generated to evaluate previous habitat work and also test some hypotheses related to the biology—several options are suggested.
• Eventually include AHA/EDT and recruitment simulation model testing and ground-truthing and begin planning for this early in the project.


1. Technical Justification, Program Significance and Consistency, and Project Relationships
The proponents have done a good job at establishing clear justification for this project. The linkage with RPAs was well documented. The project will significantly improve the basic understanding of this easternmost run of winter steelhead, now on the endangered species list. ODFW is also conducting many other studies in the vicinity, and knowledge sharing will be taking place.

The proposed data acquisition is essential for comprehensive population monitoring and management of this unique winter-run steelhead population, and, eventually, for evaluation of extensive watershed improvements already completed and planned. The program is entirely consistent with a well-designed population and watershed monitoring program, and will serve as an intensively monitored watershed and index site for Oregon and the Columbia Basin. The results will serve several watershed and Basin projects, as listed, and assist in stock status determinations over the broad area, as well as ground truthing of habitat and population dynamics models, in the future. Some suggestions, recommendations, and considerations as the project moves forward are included below.

2. Project History and Results
This is a new project, but earlier work has been conducted in the area (including 15 years of habitat restoration work). It will be very useful to compare results of adult returns over the weir with redd counts and assess how accurately past (pre-project) redd counts may have actually indexed adult abundance. A summary of current knowledge of stock status and abundance (smolts and adults) would have benefited reviewers and planners, and should prove useful to future plans and comparisons.

3. Objectives, Work Elements, and Methods
There were two basic objectives: (1) determine life cycle survival and performance metric (smolt abundance, smolts/redd, SAR), and (2) determine spawner abundance and spawner distribution (now have 60 miles of known spawning habitat). The work elements and methods seemed fairly complete, and protocols were adequately outlined. It was clear to the reviewers what major activities will be undertaken. In gaining the most benefit of this information for management purposes, it would be useful to specifically consider the following issues:

1. In most cases, it will be adequate to estimate screw trap efficiencies once per week. However, during times of high flows (depending on general watershed runoff characteristics and interannual flow variations), it may not be adequate. Peak smolt emigrations often coincide with high water periods, and inappropriate estimates of trap efficiency applied to catches at those critical times may generate much greater overall errors in some abundance estimates than at other times. It is safe to say that poor efficiency estimates during two days at the peak of the outmigration may be worse than two weeks during a slow time. For that reason, it would be worth developing a general protocol for estimating trap efficiencies that is at a minimum once per week but that is at shorter intervals for high flow/peak migration times. This should not be too difficult to do. It may require a bit more personnel at the peak times.

2. Although the proponents did not discuss the value of any hypothesis testing and the smolt run, they may have thought about the desirability of evaluating some specific aspects of the run itself and effects on SARs. For example, they might hypothesize that larger or older smolts might return at higher rates than smaller smolts or that smolts in the middle portion of the run might perform better than those near the beginning and end. It would necessitate measuring and weighing PIT tagged smolts. Smolt condition might also play a role, not just Fulton's condition index but fat reserves. It might be useful to evaluate if the non-invasive "fat meter" (from work in Ireland) now available for use can be sensitive enough to detect the fat reserves of smolts, which might be linked to their survival.

3. Similarly, it is possible to develop several testable hypotheses about factors affecting the timing of the smolt emigration, including discharge, turbidity, lunar cycle, water temperature, and such. USGS gauging stations are in the basin and this data (water discharge, turbidity, etc.) could be used to relate to smolt emigrations, adult counts at the weir, and redd counts.

Several other suggestions or alternatives should be considered. Researchers have considered nearly all aspects of parr, smolt, and adult steelhead monitoring but hopefully have also considered alternative techniques for several aspects, and should be encouraged to review/visit sites with similar experiences (e.g., Keogh River, B.C., Snow Ck. WA). Adult monitoring by video alone will not permit sufficient biological sampling (e.g., scales, weight, condition, fecundity, etc. would not be available).

An alternative may be partial live capture (traps) supplemented by resistivity or video counter(s). Radio tagging may be preferred to PIT tagging of adults to determine watershed distribution, proportionate composition within tributaries (given the overall estimate or count), and migratory behavior, which would also elucidate more on discreet habitat utilization and importance. Note that marked adults may be recaptured as kelts in their downstream migration, further confirming population estimates and/or counts. Likewise, full smolt enumeration and sampling (~15%, checked regularly) is preferably to RSTs. The latter provide unreliable M-R estimates with broad confidence levels. Steelhead trout, like Atlantic salmon smolts, are known to exhibit trap avoidance behavior as well as residualism, confounding M-R estimates. If using RSTs, separate mark and recapture sites are recommended, with minimal handling at the marking site, biological sampling at the recovery site. Sampling for age structure must be stratified by age and migration timing. There was little or no discussion of steelhead recruitment analyses, but the reference list indicated some awareness, although some key references on winter steelhead recruitment were missing.

EDT and AHA models (which utilize EDT) may eventually be testable at this site as data accumulates. Preparations for these and related analyses (e.g., recruitment models) should begin as operation and maintenance of field work and trapping evolves.

4. M&E
The M & E component was paramount and well defined; however, an attempt to evaluate habitat improvement activities conducted over the last 15 years should be considered (e.g., EDT model predictions and smolt yield, or smolts per spawner), and in relation to locations of redds, or habitat parameters.
Documentation Links:
Review: RME / AP Category Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2010-035-00-NPCC-20110627
Project: 2010-035-00 - Abundance, Productivity and Life History of Fifteenmile Creek Winter Steelhead
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal: RMECAT-2010-035-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 6/10/2011
Recommendation: Fund (Qualified)
Comments: See Programmatic Issue #2.
Conditions:
Council Condition #1 Programmatic Issue: RMECAT #2 Habitat effectiveness monitoring and evaluation—.

2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Assessment

Assessment Number: 2010-035-00-BIOP-20101105
Project Number: 2010-035-00
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2010-035-00
Completed Date: None
2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Rating: Supports 2008 FCRPS BiOp
Comments: BiOp Workgroup Comments: No BiOp Workgroup Comments

The BiOp RM&E Workgroups made the following determinations regarding the proposal's ability or need to support BiOp Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) RPAs. If you have questions regarding these RPA association conclusions, please contact your BPA COTR and they will help clarify, or they will arrange further discussion with the appropriate RM&E Workgroup Leads. BiOp RPA associations for the proposed work are: (50.6)
All Questionable RPA Associations (0) and
All Deleted RPA Associations (0)
Proponent Response:

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
James Ruzycki Project Lead Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Richard (ODFW) Carmichael (Inactive) Technical Contact Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Derrek Faber Technical Contact Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Amy Mai Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
Elisabeth Bowers Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
Tom Nelson Interested Party Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Philip Simpson Interested Party Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Zachary Gustafson Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration
Jesse Wilson Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
John Skidmore Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration