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Project Summary

Project 1995-063-35 - Klickitat River Monitoring and Evaluation-Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP)
Project Number:
1995-063-35
Title:
Klickitat River Monitoring and Evaluation-Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP)
Summary:
This M&E project continues efforts to gather baseline information on habitat quantity and quality, and demographics, life history and abundance of Klickitat spring chinook, steelhead, and other species of interest. Methods of detecting indices of increasing natural production for these stocks are being developed, as well as methods of detecting a realized increase in natural production. Data Systems Manager is collaborated through YKFP Klickitat Data & Management Project.
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
Yakama Confederated Tribes (Tribe)
Starting FY:
1995
Ending FY:
2032
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Columbia Gorge Klickitat 100.00%
Purpose:
Artificial Production
Emphasis:
RM and E
Focal Species:
Bass, Smallmouth
Catfish
Chinook - All Populations
Chinook - Mid-Columbia River Spring ESU
Coho - Unspecified Population
Cutthroat Trout, Westslope
Freshwater Mussels
Lamprey, Pacific
Other Anadromous
Pikeminnow, Northern
Steelhead - Middle Columbia River DPS
Trout, Brook
Trout, Bull
Trout, Rainbow
Walleye
Whitefish, Mountain
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None
BiOp Association:
FCRPS 2008 – view list of FCRPS 2008 BiOp Actions

RPA 50.6 Review/modify existing fish pop status monitoring projects,
RPA 50.6 Review/modify existing fish pop status monitoring projects,
RPA 50.6 Review/modify existing fish pop status monitoring projects,
RPA 50.6 Review/modify existing fish pop status monitoring projects,
RPA 50.6 Review/modify existing fish pop status monitoring projects,
RPA 50.6 Review/modify existing fish pop status monitoring projects,
RPA 50.6 Review/modify existing fish pop status monitoring projects,
RPA 50.6 Review/modify existing fish pop status monitoring projects,
RPA 50.6 Review/modify existing fish pop status monitoring projects,
RPA 50.6 Review/modify existing fish pop status monitoring projects,
RPA 50.6 Review/modify existing fish pop status monitoring projects,
RPA 50.7 Fund marking of hatchery releases from AA funded facilities,
RPA 50.7 Fund marking of hatchery releases from AA funded facilities,
RPA 50.7 Fund marking of hatchery releases from AA funded facilities,
RPA 50.7 Fund marking of hatchery releases from AA funded facilities,
RPA 50.7 Fund marking of hatchery releases from AA funded facilities,
RPA 50.7 Fund marking of hatchery releases from AA funded facilities,
RPA 50.7 Fund marking of hatchery releases from AA funded facilities,
RPA 50.7 Fund marking of hatchery releases from AA funded facilities,
RPA 50.7 Fund marking of hatchery releases from AA funded facilities,
RPA 50.7 Fund marking of hatchery releases from AA funded facilities,
RPA 50.7 Fund marking of hatchery releases from AA funded facilities,
RPA 62.5 Investigate feasibility of genetic stock id techniques

Description: Page: 8 Figure 1: Observed spring Chinook spawning distribution in the Klickitat subbasin in 2009.

Project(s): 1995-063-35

Document: P119626

Dimensions: 997 x 1290

Description: Page: 10 Figure 2: Observed fall Chinook spawning distribution in the Klickitat subbasin in 2009.

Project(s): 1995-063-35

Document: P119626

Dimensions: 996 x 1289

Description: Page: 11 Figure 3: Observed coho spawning distribution in the Klickitat subbasin in 2009-10.

Project(s): 1995-063-35

Document: P119626

Dimensions: 975 x 1262

Description: Page: 13 Figure 4: Observed steelhead spawning distribution in the Klickitat subbasin in 2009.

Project(s): 1995-063-35

Document: P119626

Dimensions: 975 x 1262

Description: Page: 28 Figure 5: Map of PIT tagging sites in the White Creek watershed.

Project(s): 1995-063-35

Document: P119626

Dimensions: 975 x 1262

Description: Page: 51 Figure F1: Locations of Klickitat subbasin sediment sampling sites.

Project(s): 1995-063-35

Document: P119626

Dimensions: 813 x 1052

Description: Page: 65 Figure G1: Locations of Klickitat subbasin temperature and water quality monitoring sites.

Project(s): 1995-063-35

Document: P119626

Dimensions: 812 x 1051

Description: Page: 98 Figure J1: Map of fixed radio telemetry stations in the Klickitat subbasin.

Project(s): 1995-063-35

Document: P119626

Dimensions: 960 x 1242

Description: Page: 105 Figure K1: The smolt monitoring site at RM 3.0 under lower flow conditions during the site visit conducted on April 6, 2009. Note the four trees on the far bank, as a reference mark for comparison with Figure 2.

Project(s): 1995-063-35

Document: P119626

Dimensions: 1086 x 814

Description: Page: 106 Figure K2: Transducer mount (lower right) deployed in the Klickitat River (RM 3.0), June 4-5, 2009. River discharge is approximately 2700 cfs, and some surface turbulence is evident at this level of discharge.

Project(s): 1995-063-35

Document: P119626

Dimensions: 1027 x 770

Description: Page: 106 Figure K3: Transducer and dual-axis rotator attached to the transducer mount prior to deployment, June 4-5, 2009.

Project(s): 1995-063-35

Document: P119626

Dimensions: 1027 x 770

Description: Page: 107 Figure K5: Transducer mount deployed for smolt monitoring at the Klickitat River sampling site on June 4-5, 2009.

Project(s): 1995-063-35

Document: P119626

Dimensions: 1084 x 814

Description: Page: 109 Figure K8: This riffle, approximately 50 m upstream of the sampling site, was the likely source of entrained air (i.e., ‘noise’) that precluded hydroacoustic sampling of smolt at the Klickitat River sampling site.

Project(s): 1995-063-35

Document: P119626

Dimensions: 1027 x 768


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

To see more detailed project budget information, please visit the "Project Budget" page

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2023 - FY2025)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2023 Expense $1,618,838 From: Fish Accord - LRT - Yakama Yakama Tribe (YN) 2023-2025 Accord Extension 09/30/2022
FY2023 Expense $3,480 From: Fish Accord - LRT - Yakama Accord Transfers (YN) 3/8/2023 03/09/2023
FY2023 Expense $3,480 To: Fish Accord - LRT - Yakama Accord Transfers (YN) 3/8/2023 03/09/2023
FY2024 Expense $1,659,309 From: Fish Accord - LRT - Yakama Yakama Tribe (YN) 2023-2025 Accord Extension 09/30/2022
FY2025 Expense $1,700,792 From: Fish Accord - LRT - Yakama Yakama Tribe (YN) 2023-2025 Accord Extension 09/30/2022

Pending Budget Decision?  No


Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2024
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.
Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
2023 (Draft)
2022
2021
2020
2019 $61,500 5%
2018 $60,121 4%
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
2011
2010 $7,320 1%
2009 $117,740 11%
2008 $0 0%
2007 $0 0%

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Closed, Complete, History, Issued.
* "Total Contracted Amount" column includes contracted amount from both capital and expense components of the contract.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Total Contracted Amount Dates
5934 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 YAKIMA/KLICKITAT PROJECT - M&E Closed $820,161 4/1/2001 - 4/30/2003
14033 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 YKFP KLICKITAT MONITORING & EVALUATION Closed $453,153 5/1/2003 - 4/30/2004
17757 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 YKFP / KLICKITAT ONLY MONITORING AND EVALUATION Closed $545,773 5/1/2004 - 4/30/2005
22506 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 YKFP / KLICKITAT MONITORING AND EVALUATION Closed $534,523 5/1/2005 - 4/30/2006
27800 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 YN YKFP / KLICKITAT MONITORING AND EVALUATION Closed $535,323 5/1/2006 - 4/30/2007
BPA-003717 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Klickitat Fishery YKFP M & E Active $9,687 10/1/2006 - 9/30/2007
34960 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YN YKFP / KLICKITAT MONITORING AND EVALUATI Closed $505,860 5/1/2007 - 4/30/2008
BPA-004407 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Klickitat Fishery YKFP M&E Active $13,805 10/1/2007 - 9/30/2008
37986 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP KLICKITAT MONITORING & EVALUATION Closed $682,367 5/1/2008 - 4/30/2009
BPA-004546 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Klickitat Fishery YKFP M&E Active $90,244 10/1/2008 - 9/30/2009
42481 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP_ KLICKITAT MONITORING AND EVALUATION Closed $1,988,457 5/1/2009 - 4/30/2011
BPA-005694 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Active $78,051 10/1/2009 - 9/30/2010
BPA-005695 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Active $61,790 10/1/2010 - 9/30/2011
53312 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP_ KLICKITAT MONITORING AND EVALUATION Closed $2,614,446 5/1/2011 - 4/30/2013
BPA-005948 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Active $57,225 10/1/2011 - 9/30/2012
BPA-007024 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Active $48,996 10/1/2012 - 9/30/2013
56662 REL 19 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP KLICKITAT RIVER MONITORING AND EVALUATION Closed $1,312,657 5/1/2013 - 4/30/2014
BPA-007730 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Active $48,800 10/1/2013 - 9/30/2014
56662 REL 56 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 YKFP / KLICKITAT ONLY MONITORING AND EVALUATION Closed $1,243,813 5/1/2014 - 4/30/2015
BPA-008388 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Active $45,520 10/1/2014 - 9/30/2015
56662 REL 82 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP/KLICKITAT ONLY MONITORING AND EVALUATION Closed $1,111,588 5/1/2015 - 4/30/2016
BPA-008913 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Active $60,355 10/1/2015 - 9/30/2016
56662 REL 106 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP/KLICKITAT ONLY MONITORING & EVALUATION Closed $1,311,496 5/1/2016 - 4/30/2017
BPA-009558 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Active $59,742 10/1/2016 - 9/30/2017
56662 REL 134 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP/KLICKITAT ONLY MONITORING & EVALUATION Closed $1,400,081 5/1/2017 - 4/30/2018
BPA-010148 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Active $65,510 10/1/2017 - 9/30/2018
56662 REL 162 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP/KLICKITAT ONLY MONITORING & EVALUATION Closed $1,370,373 5/1/2018 - 4/30/2019
BPA-010727 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Active $0 10/1/2018 - 9/30/2019
56662 REL 188 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP/KLICKITAT ONLY MONITORING & EVALUATION Closed $1,177,211 5/1/2019 - 4/30/2020
BPA-011594 Bonneville Power Administration FY20 Internal Services/PIT tags Active $120,987 10/1/2019 - 9/30/2020
56662 REL 213 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP/KLICKITAT ONLY MONITORING & EVALUATION Issued $1,579,113 5/1/2020 - 4/30/2021
BPA-012069 Bonneville Power Administration FY21 PIT Tags Active $5,940 10/1/2020 - 9/30/2021
56662 REL 239 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP/KLICKITAT ONLY M&E Issued $1,592,904 5/1/2021 - 4/30/2022
BPA-012894 Bonneville Power Administration FY22 PIT tags Active $27,000 10/1/2021 - 9/30/2022
56662 REL 264 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP/KLICKITAT ONLY M&E Issued $1,591,838 5/1/2022 - 4/30/2023
BPA-013247 Bonneville Power Administration FY23 PIT tags Active $61,199 10/1/2022 - 9/30/2023
56662 REL 288 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP/KLICKITAT ONLY MONITORING & EVALUATION Issued $1,554,617 5/1/2023 - 4/30/2024
BPA-013813 Bonneville Power Administration FY24 PIT Tags Active $71,400 10/1/2023 - 9/30/2024
CR-369016 SOW Yakama Confederated Tribes 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP/KLICKITAT ONLY MONITORING & EVALUATION Pending $0 5/1/2024 - 4/30/2025



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):30
Completed:16
On time:16
Status Reports
Completed:88
On time:32
Avg Days Late:23

                Count of Contract Deliverables
Earliest Contract Subsequent Contracts Title Contractor Earliest Start Latest End Latest Status Accepted Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
5934 14033, 17757, 22506, 27800, 34960, 37986, 42481, 53312, 56662 REL 19, 56662 REL 56, 56662 REL 82, 56662 REL 106, 56662 REL 134, 56662 REL 162, 56662 REL 188, 56662 REL 213, 56662 REL 239, 56662 REL 264, 56662 REL 288, CR-369016 1995-063-35 EXP YKFP/KLICKITAT ONLY MONITORING & EVALUATION Yakama Confederated Tribes 04/01/2001 04/30/2025 Pending 87 387 21 0 19 427 95.55% 3
BPA-3717 PIT Tags - Klickitat Fishery YKFP M & E Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2006 09/30/2007 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-4407 PIT Tags - Klickitat Fishery YKFP M&E Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2007 09/30/2008 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-4546 PIT Tags - Klickitat Fishery YKFP M&E Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2008 09/30/2009 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-5694 PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2009 09/30/2010 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-5695 PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2010 09/30/2011 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-5948 PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2011 09/30/2012 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-7024 PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2012 09/30/2013 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-7730 PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2013 09/30/2014 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-8388 PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2014 09/30/2015 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-8913 PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2015 09/30/2016 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-9558 PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2016 09/30/2017 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-10148 PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2017 09/30/2018 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-10727 PIT Tags - Klickitat River M&E Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2018 09/30/2019 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-11594 FY20 Internal Services/PIT tags Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2019 09/30/2020 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-12069 FY21 PIT Tags Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2020 09/30/2021 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-12894 FY22 PIT tags Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2021 09/30/2022 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-13247 FY23 PIT tags Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2022 09/30/2023 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-13813 FY24 PIT Tags Bonneville Power Administration 10/01/2023 09/30/2024 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Project Totals 87 387 21 0 19 427 95.55% 3


The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: 2022 Anadromous Fish Habitat & Hatchery Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1995-063-35-NPCC-20230310
Project: 1995-063-35 - Klickitat River Monitoring and Evaluation-Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP)
Review: 2022 Anadromous Fish Habitat & Hatchery Review
Approved Date: 4/15/2022
Recommendation: Implement with Conditions
Comments: Implement as recommended by the Council decision on April 10, 2019, associated with Project #1988-115-35 for the Klickitat River Spring Chinook Master Plan (closely related and part of Project #1997-013-35). Bonneville and Sponsor to consider conditions (#1 limiting factors, #2 mortality, #3 populations, #4 effects and #5 monitoring) and address in project documentation if appropriate. This project supports monitoring and evaluation for production for hatchery mitigation authorized under the Mitchell Act for the Klickitat River Spring Chinook Master Plan. See Policy Issues I.b., II.a. and II.b

[Background: See https://www.nwcouncil.org/2021-2022-anadromous-habitat-and-hatchery-review/]

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 1995-063-35-ISRP-20230308
Project: 1995-063-35 - Klickitat River Monitoring and Evaluation-Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP)
Review: 2022 Anadromous Fish Habitat & Hatchery Review
Completed Date: 3/14/2023
Final Round ISRP Date: 2/10/2022
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:

The proponents provide a reasonably detailed proposal for monitoring and evaluation in the Klickitat Basin. The proposal is further supported by two technical reports that were completed in 2021. M&E shows that the overall program is not meeting the goals for spring Chinook salmon and steelhead.

The ISRP recommends that the proponents provide information on the following five issues. Several of these recommendations were previously made by ISRP (2018-10), but responses to the recommendations were not clearly presented in the proposal. In future annual reports and work plans, the proponents need to provide information to address the following Conditions:

  1. Limiting factors. The proponents should synthesize and further evaluate existing data in an attempt to identify the life stage(s) that are limiting survival and abundance of steelhead and spring Chinook salmon. For example, to the extent possible, estimate smolts per spawner as a means to evaluate changes in productivity associated with habitat restoration activities in the watershed and environmental variables. Also, continue to monitor survival at sea as a means to separate ocean effects on survival from freshwater effects. Adult returns per spawner should be evaluated as a means to track productivity over the entire life cycle. Importantly, all metrics should be evaluated within a density dependence framework (e.g., smolts per spawner and adults per spawner in relation to spawner density) because high density often leads to reduced growth and survival. These relationships should be used to further evaluate status and trends in relation to habitat actions. For example, to what extent are the low returns in recent years of naturally-produced spring Chinook salmon due to factors in freshwater, the mainstem river, versus the ocean? 

  2. Investigation of in-river mortality. As noted by ISRP (2018-10), a key unknown is the cause(s) of high mortality of PIT tagged smolts between the Klickitat River and Bonneville Dam. This high mortality is a significant factor constraining population growth, and it should be further investigated as a means to identify and potentially repair factors adversely affecting survival. 

  3. Population estimates. The 95% confidence intervals for the summer steelhead population estimates are sometimes exceptionally large, reaching about 100% of the reported population estimate in some years. The methodology relies upon recaptures by sport fishermen, which could lead to less accurate or biased results. Please discuss this issue, methods used for the steelhead population estimates, and potential to improve these methods in the next annual report. 

  4. Effects of hatchery releases. The proponents should evaluate the potential effects of hatchery coho and fall Chinook salmon releases on natural production of steelhead and spring Chinook salmon. These releases are substantial and could affect the rebuilding of the targeted steelhead and spring Chinook salmon. If this evaluation has been previously conducted, please provide a reference. This potential interaction may or may not be responsible for the poor survival of smolts between the mouth of the Klickitat River and Bonneville Dam noted in #2 above, but it could be if the emigrant smolts and presmolts are not of sufficient condition or size, or if seasonal timing of emigration is altered because of the interaction. 

  5. Monitoring. Habitat conditions were inventoried using a Rapid Aquatic Habitat Assessment Protocol developed by YKFP staff. How often is this habitat survey conducted? It seems repeated surveys every five years or so would be beneficial to track habitat conditions, especially in reaches undergoing restoration.

Some monitoring of salmon production in tributaries was described, such as from electrofishing and PIT tags. Please describe the strategy, approach, and extent to which this M&E project is monitoring salmonid trends and their response to habitat actions in the tributaries in addition to mainstem habitats.

The ISRP anticipated that this M&E project would provide some monitoring of within- hatchery production and survival, and would further address issues raised in previous ISRP reviews (2018-4, 2018-10). We now understand that within-hatchery monitoring is covered by Mitchell Act funding, and so this BPA project proposal did not address within-hatchery performance issues. These responsibilities should be clarified in future proposals as a means to inform reviewers that hatchery M&E is being conducted by another project. The ISRP emphasizes that it is critical to evaluate whole programs rather than subsets of programs.

Q1: Clearly defined objectives and outcomes

The primary goal of the YKFP Klickitat Monitoring and Evaluation Project is to provide status and trends monitoring information for native anadromous salmonid populations and their habitat, while also collecting data to evaluate effectiveness of hatchery and habitat actions and answer key questions or uncertainties in the Klickitat subbasin. Specific objectives include providing annual abundance estimates of returning adults and outmigrating juveniles (via adult and smolt trapping in the lower Klickitat River); monitoring spatial distribution and relative abundance of spawning adults (via redd surveys) and juvenile rearing (via stream electrofishing and PIT tagging); evaluating genetic diversity and relationships between stocks of different origins, life histories, and run timing; and monitoring physical habitat parameters and ecosystem response to habitat actions.

While the goal statement is clear, the objectives would be much clearer if recast in the requested SMART Objective format: (1) Specific and clearly defined, (2) Measurable (quantifiable), 3) Achievable and testable, (4) Relevant and applicable to the Program with benefits to fish and wildlife, and (5) Time-bound with clear milestones and end dates. As is, the objectives lack measurable expected outcomes (e.g., target confidence interval levels of estimates) and timelines (e.g., annual periodicity of assessments). These are important aspects to declare so that adequacy of methods and sample size can be assessed and then possibly modified as needed to meet targets. Furthermore, metrics should include smolts per spawner in relation to spawner density.

Objectives 2 and 4 are vague as to what species of outmigrating and rearing “juveniles” are to be monitored. In addition to spring Chinook salmon and steelhead, it would be good to see that natural production of coho salmon and fall Chinook salmon are being monitored.

Non-salmonids, whitefish, and lamprey do not appear to be targets for monitoring other than when they are considered to be predators of juvenile salmon and steelhead. The proponents should consider adding an objective to include some or all of these other fish species to better understand the changes in productive capacity of the Klickitat River system, not simply changes in a few species.

Q2: Methods

The proponents adequately summarize some methods used to monitor fish populations and referenced two recent technical reports that provided more detail. Additionally, the methods to examine habitat are referenced. The proposal does not address monitoring within hatchery facilities, which is covered by Mitchell Act funding and not BPA funding. Thus, the ISRP does not evaluate hatchery M&E during this review, including the proponents' response to ISRP comments during the 2018 Master Plan step review.

Methods associated with several objectives are not provided, that is, monitoring methods for spatial distribution and habitat use of rearing juveniles (via stream electrofishing, tagging, and PIT tags), survival and smolt-to-adult return rates of spring Chinook salmon and steelhead (via PIT tagging), and predation patterns in the lower Klickitat subbasin (via predator population surveys and juvenile salmonid survival). Furthermore, the 95% confidence intervals for the summer steelhead population estimates sometimes are exceptionally large. The methodology relies upon recaptures by sport fishermen. Could this approach lead to less accurate or biased results?

Q3: Provisions for M&E

The YKFP Klickitat M&E project reportedly provides monitoring and evaluation data for related projects that are implementing hatchery and habitat actions, and it is involved in the development of actions and strategies as well as evaluating effectiveness and reporting information. Information on run size, preliminary productivity and survival data, and genetic characteristics and stock identification facilitate the Klickitat Master Planning process for anadromous fish production. Data on spatial distribution, relative abundance of spawning adults and rearing juveniles, and habitat conditions have reportedly informed local habitat projects and prioritization of habitat actions.

As noted in previous ISRP reviews (e.g., 2018-4, 2018-10), more information is needed on (1) mini-jack production by the hatchery and methods to reduce mini-jacks, and (2) high mortality of PIT-tagged fish from the Klickitat River to Bonneville Dam. Identification of factors causing this high mortality could lead to solutions to improve survival and abundance.

The ISRP expected that the high confidence intervals for the steelhead population estimates would be directly addressed during the adjustment process for the M&E program, but this issue is not discussed. Also, little is offered by the proponents to understand what level of self-evaluation of quality and quantity is done other than stating that: “The Klickitat M&E project receives routine evaluation via review with YKFP and BPA staff at quarterly meetings and at the annual Columbia Gorge Fisheries and Watershed Science Conference.” No examples of project changes and maturation are given so that the project adjustment process could be understood.

The proponents provide an excellent evaluation as to how climate change could affect their monitoring activities (e.g., effect of increased turbidity on redd surveys; increased variability may necessitate increased frequency and intensity of monitoring).

Q4: Results – benefits to fish and wildlife

The proponents provide an excellent summary of wild and hatchery salmon and steelhead population dynamics in the Klickitat Basin. This summary is supported by two reports completed in 2021. This information is critical for documenting the status and response of the populations to restoration actions. As noted in previous reviews, the survival of smolts from the Klickitat River to Bonneville Dam continues to be low, indicating an opportunity to improve survival if the short-term mortality sources (such as predation) can be identified.

The proponents note that habitat conditions were inventoried using a Rapid Aquatic Habitat Assessment Protocol developed by YKFP staff, and they provide a reference to past reports. In addition, temperature was continuously monitored via thermographs at 36 sites in the subbasin, and links to the findings are provided.

The proposal identifies the exceptionally low returns of naturally-produced spring Chinook during 2017 to 2020. The M&E program should strive to identify contribution of each life stage to the low returns, e.g., spawner to smolts, smolt migration in the mainstem Columbia River, or ocean residence. Unfortunately, the low returns of spring Chinook salmon in recent years has constrained mark/recapture population estimates because most sampled Chinook salmon were taken for the hatchery broodstock.

Documentation Links:
Review: RME / AP Category Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1995-063-35-NPCC-20110502
Project: 1995-063-35 - Klickitat River Monitoring and Evaluation-Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP)
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal: RMECAT-1995-063-35
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 6/10/2011
Recommendation: Under Review
Comments: Implement through outcome of Step Review process per August 13, 2008 Council decision. Implementation subject to regional hatchery effects evaluation process described in programmatic recommendation #4.
Publish Date: 09/08/2011 BPA Response: Agree
BPA agrees to implement through outcome of Step Review process.
Conditions:
Council Condition #1 Programmatic Issue: RMECAT #4 Hatchery Effectiveness—subject to regional hatchery effects evaluation process
BPA Response to Council Condition #1: <no comment>

2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Assessment

Assessment Number: 1995-063-35-BIOP-20101105
Project Number: 1995-063-35
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-1995-063-35
Completed Date: None
2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Rating: Response Requested
Comments: BiOp Workgroup Comments: For compliance with RPA 50.7: This RPA action is for hatchery fish marking only. Confirm that the scope of work proposed is for 100% marking of fish (visible or non visible) from the hatchery supported. If this project is marking fish for the hatchery, please specify the hatchery name and populations affected. If marking is conducted under another project or program, please let us know the name of that project/program.

The BiOp RM&E Workgroups made the following determinations regarding the proposal's ability or need to support BiOp Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) RPAs. If you have questions regarding these RPA association conclusions, please contact your BPA COTR and they will help clarify, or they will arrange further discussion with the appropriate RM&E Workgroup Leads. BiOp RPA associations for the proposed work are: (50.6 50.7 62.5 )
All Questionable RPA Associations (50.7) and
All Deleted RPA Associations ( 56.1 63.2)
Proponent Response:

No hatchery fish marking occurs under this project.  Hatchery fish marking in this project's area occurs under WDFW Mitchell Act projects at Klickitat Hatchery, Skamania Hatchery, and Washougal Hatchery.

Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1995-063-35-NPCC-20090924
Project: 1995-063-35 - Klickitat River Monitoring and Evaluation-Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP)
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments: Dependent upon step review. See project 198811535.

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 1995-063-35-ISRP-20060831
Project: 1995-063-35 - Klickitat River Monitoring and Evaluation-Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP)
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria - In Part (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
Fundable in Part to complete the Step One review including revision of the Master Plan to reflect due consideration of other alternatives.

Funding is qualified, in that the completed Master Plan needs to include a "no artificial production" alternative modeled to achieve the plan's objectives for steelhead and spring Chinook in the upper Klickitat subbasin. Modeling should provide some type of evidence (model, habitat data, EDT modeling, etc.) that shows the likelihood of achieving upper Klickitat basin objectives with and without supplementation. Also, modeling should evaluate the potential of a passive natural rebuilding approach over an appropriate response period, perhaps 10-12 years (~ 3 generations), that if not successful could retrigger consideration of the hatchery supplementation program proposed. A habitat-based model might predict the numbers of wild recruits necessary to fully seed the upper part of the watershed - even EDT could do that and would therefore indicate whether supplementation is needed to achieve the upper basin objectives.

The ISRP is supportive of the Master Plan's vision of separating lower river fall Chinook and coho hatchery and harvest operations from the upper river rebuilding objectives for steelhead and spring Chinook.

This project is designed to monitor and evaluate fisheries enhancement projects; however, it is not clear that data being collected directly relate to this objective. The response states that the utility of the habitat monitoring data is its use for various planning and management purposes such as "ongoing land use throughout the subbasin (e.g., timber harvest, road construction and use, agriculture)." It is not clear that all data being collected relate to fisheries enhancement projects. Nevertheless, our subbasin visits and the sponsor's annual plans show that data, including fish population data, are being gathered. It is also clear from previous presentations how they are incorporated into EDT and how EDT is utilized. The Master Plan does not currently reflect this information and needs to describe how it is being used to direct management actions.

The sponsors identify that the data is used in EDT and AHA modeling of habitat and fish populations, and has been used to develop target large woody debris levels for streams and riparian management and that temperature data were used in Total Maximum Daily Load analysis. The ISRP also commented that employing standard protocols such as the Timber, Fish, and Wildlife protocol to gather field data might not be worthwhile because the data would be unsuitable when not collected for a specific purpose. The sponsors indicate that this is baseline data that can assist in formulation of management alternatives. In the Master Plan Three-Step Review, the sponsors should provide additional depth of discussion of the M&E for fish and habitat monitoring, especially since in comments on 198811535 sponsors note that "current data and methods do not allow accurate assessment of steelhead escapement and stock composition for the Klickitat subbasin."
Documentation Links:

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 1995-063-35-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 1995-063-35
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: Problems May Exist
Cost Share Rating: 3 - Does not appear reasonable
Comment: Multiple M&E activities, including stream surveys, telemetry, population counts and analysis; multiple other entities authorized/required; need confirmation that cost share is sufficient.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 1995-063-35-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 1995-063-35
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
Adrienne Wilson Administrative Contact Yakama Confederated Tribes
Dave Fast (Inactive) Technical Contact Yakama Confederated Tribes
Bill Sharp Supervisor Yakama Confederated Tribes
Joe Zendt Project Lead Yakama Confederated Tribes
Peter Lofy Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration
Jennifer Lord Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
Victoria Bohlen Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Martin Allen Project SME Bonneville Power Administration
Morgan Tynan Administrative Contact Yakama Confederated Tribes
Jesse Wilson Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
Nicolas Romero Project Lead Yakama Confederated Tribes
Carolyn Sharp Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration