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Project Summary

Project 1996-020-00 - Comparative Survival Study (CSS)
Project Number:
1996-020-00
Title:
Comparative Survival Study (CSS)
Summary:
The Comparative Survival Rate Study (CSS) is starting the 12th year of a long term PIT tag study to develop smolt-to-adult survival indices for spring and summer stream type Chinook and summer steelhead originating above Lower Granite Dam to evaluate smolt migration mitigation measures and actions (such as flow augmentation, spill, and transportation) for the recovery of listed salmon stocks. The objective is to build a long-term database monitoring smolt-to-adult return rates and passage characteristics of specific wild and hatchery groups of spring/summer Chinook and steelhead throughout the Columbia River Basin. Marked fish utilized in the CSS may be from groups PIT tagged specifically for this program or may be from marked groups planned for other research studies. Wherever possible the CSS will make use of mark groups for other research to meet CSS requirements in order to reduce costs and handling of fish. The CSS proposes to begin PIT tagging of hatchery steelhead in the Snake River basin in 2007. The addition of PIT- tagged hatchery steelhead to the CSS was recommended by the Pacific Northwest Power Planning Council’s Independent Scientific Review Panel during its review of the CSS in 1998, but funding for that PIT-tagging was never made available. As part of our cost-saving coordination efforts, the CSS has obtained the committal of Scott Marshall, the Lower Snake River Compensation Program (LSRCP) coordinator for USFWS, to fund the PIT tagging of 50,000 hatchery steelhead at Magic Valley and Hagerman hatcheries as part of a larger CSS effort, provided funding for hatchery steelhead at other hatcheries in the Snake River basin is begun under the CSS contract. All PIT-tagging of hatchery steelhead would be proportional to production release sizes. This cost-sharing of the PIT-tagging of hatchery steelhead will reduce the overall cost to BPA for the addition of hatchery steelhead to the CSS in 2007 to 2009 (e.g., 125,000 PIT tags for hatchery steelhead split between 50,000 tags funded by LSRCP and 75,000 tags funded by BPA). The objective of developing smolt-to-adult survival indices was first recommended in the PATH (Plan for Analyzing and Testing Hypotheses) process that was carried out by the regional, state, federal and tribal salmon managers with the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC). The PATH recommendations address the question, “can transportation of fish to below Bonneville Dam compensate for the effect of the hydro system on juvenile survival rates of the Snake River spring and summer Chinook salmon during their downstream migration?” Based on the PATH recommendations, the CSS was designed to address the following: (1) estimate smolt-to-adult survival rate (SAR) for transported wild and hatchery stream type Chinook and steelhead; (2) determine if SAR rates are significantly different from the interim SAR hydro goal; (3) compare SARs of transported and downriver indicator stocks; and (4) estimate transport/control ratio and in-river survival rates for wild and hatchery yearling Chinook and steelhead concurrently over a number of years in order to span a range of environmental conditions. An interagency CSS Oversight and Analysis Committee was established to participate in the study design and planning, and to oversee the conduct and analysis of this multi-agency CSS. Analyses include comparing smolt-to-adult survival rates for Snake River basin wild and hatchery Chinook and steelhead that were transported with those that migrated in-river to below Bonneville Dam (BON). Estimates of smolt-to-adult survival rates will be made from Lower Granite Dam (LGR) back to Lower Granite Dam, from hatchery back to the hatchery, and between dams with available adult detectors [BON, McNary (MCN), Ice Harbor (IHR), and LGR]. These survival rates may be used in the evaluations of smolt mitigation measures such as flow augmentation, spill, and transportation for the recovery of listed salmon stocks. In addition to the CSS study objectives described above, the proposed experimental design for hatchery steelhead will allow the region to meet three additional key LSRCP, FWS, and NOAA Fisheries objectives: (1) it will allow estimation of the total number of LSRCP hatchery steelhead returns to the Columbia River using PIT tags in conjunction with CWTs; (2) it will allow the evaluation of the success (SARs) to the LSRCP project area of various stocks from differing release locations; and (3) it will provide timing and survival data for B run (and A run) steelhead from Bonneville to McNary for use in evaluating fishing impacts, which is a critical element in managing the Zone 6 fishery under the ESA (previous analysis indicates little difference between survival of wild and hatchery B run steelhead through this area). These are very important aspects of the LSRCP’s Federal ESA responsibilities and Tribal trust responsibilities and is the reason why the LSRCP program is urging participatio
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission (Govt - State)
US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) (Govt - Federal)
Fish Passage Center (Non-Profit)
Starting FY:
2004
Ending FY:
2036
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Basinwide - 100.00%
Purpose:
Programmatic
Emphasis:
RM and E
Focal Species:
All Anadromous Fish
All Anadromous Salmonids
Chinook - All Populations
Chinook - Lower Columbia River ESU
Chinook - Mid-Columbia River Spring ESU
Chinook - Snake River Fall ESU
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer ESU
Chinook - Upper Columbia River Spring ESU
Sockeye - All Populations
Steelhead - All Populations
Steelhead - Snake River DPS
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None

No photos have been uploaded yet for this Project.

Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

To see more detailed project budget information, please visit the "Project Budget" page

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2022 - FY2024)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2022 Expense $1,531,950 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) SOY Transfers Over $1M 06/04/2021
FY2022 Expense $258,518 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) SMP to CSS 05/20/2022
FY2023 Expense $1,531,950 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY23 SOY Budget Upload 06/01/2022
FY2023 Expense $160,000 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) Cloned from: SMP to CSS 06/06/2022
FY2023 Expense $98,518 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) Budget Transfers (BCR #89, #90) 10/7/2022 10/07/2022
FY2023 Expense $953,588 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) Budget Transfers (1996-020-00) 11/2/2022 11/02/2022

Pending Budget Decision?  No


Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2023   DRAFT
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Closed, Complete, History, Issued.
* "Total Contracted Amount" column includes contracted amount from both capital and expense components of the contract.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Total Contracted Amount Dates
677 REL 2 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 COMPARATIVE SURVIVAL STUDY OF HATCHERY PIT TAGGED Terminated $261,876 12/1/2000 - 11/30/2001
17 REL 2 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 COMPARATIVE SURVIVAL RATE STUDY OF CHINOOK Terminated $70,614 1/1/2001 - 12/31/2001
4125 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 COMPARATIVE SURVIVAL STUDY Closed $602,394 3/23/2001 - 11/30/2004
4698 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 COMPARATIVE SURVIVAL RATE STUDY OF HATCHERY PIT Closed $215,783 5/1/2001 - 11/30/2004
6203 SOW Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Foundation 1996-020-00 COMPARATIVE SURVIVAL RATE STUDY (CSS)-COMM SUPPORT Closed $154,806 8/13/2001 - 12/31/2004
20505 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) PI 1996-020-00 CSS HATCHERY PIT TAGGED CHINOOK Closed $63,565 12/1/2004 - 11/30/2005
20620 REL 1 SOW Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Foundation PI 199602000 CSS COMMUNICATIONS SUPPORT Closed $174,957 12/1/2004 - 2/29/2008
21822 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission PI 199602000 CSS PSMFC COMPONENT Closed $194,338 12/1/2004 - 11/30/2005
25634 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT Closed $349,986 12/1/2005 - 2/29/2008
25264 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 EXP CSS PIT TAG SP/SU CHIN/HATCHERIES USFW COMPONENT Closed $270,823 12/1/2005 - 6/30/2008
BPA-005599 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - CSS Active $552,340 10/1/2006 - 9/30/2007
BPA-003718 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - CSS Spring/Summer Chinook Active $462,286 10/1/2007 - 9/30/2008
37369 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT Closed $120,556 3/1/2008 - 11/30/2008
20620 REL 16 SOW Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Foundation 1996-020-00 EXP CSS CBFWA COMMUNICATIONS SUPPORT Closed $37,090 3/1/2008 - 11/30/2008
BPA-004153 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - FY09 - CSS Active $547,060 10/1/2008 - 9/30/2009
40338 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 199602000 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT 09 Closed $241,634 12/1/2008 - 11/30/2009
40849 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 199602000 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT 09 Closed $186,199 12/1/2008 - 11/30/2009
20620 REL 19 SOW Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Foundation 1996-020-00 CSS COMMUNICATION SUPPORT CBFWA 09 Closed $80,715 12/1/2008 - 11/30/2009
BPA-004961 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - FY10 - CSS Active $559,061 10/1/2009 - 9/30/2010
20620 REL 21 SOW Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Foundation 199602000 EXP CSS COMMUNICATION SUPPORT CBFWA 10 Closed $99,539 12/1/2009 - 11/30/2010
45472 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 199602000 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT FY10 Closed $315,801 12/1/2009 - 11/30/2010
45423 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 199602000 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT FY10 Closed $185,626 12/1/2009 - 11/30/2010
BPA-005684 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - CSS Active $589,834 10/1/2010 - 9/30/2011
50554 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 199602000 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT FY11 Closed $346,097 12/1/2010 - 11/30/2011
50816 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 199602000 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT FY11 Closed $178,723 12/1/2010 - 11/30/2011
20620 REL 25 SOW Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Foundation 199602000 EXP CSS COMMUNICATION SUPPORT CBFWA 11 Closed $164,987 12/1/2010 - 11/30/2011
BPA-006291 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - FY12 - CSS Active $536,246 10/1/2011 - 9/30/2012
55164 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT FY12 Closed $347,426 12/1/2011 - 11/30/2012
55511 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT FY12 Closed $200,516 12/1/2011 - 11/30/2012
20620 REL 28 SOW Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Foundation 1996-020-00 EXP CSS COMMUNICATION SUPPORT CBFWA 12 Closed $173,163 12/1/2011 - 11/30/2012
BPA-006945 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - FY13 - CSS Active $584,620 10/1/2012 - 9/30/2013
59584 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT FY13 Closed $345,799 12/1/2012 - 11/30/2013
20620 REL 31 SOW Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Foundation 1996-020-00 EXP CSS COMMUNICATION SUPPORT CBFWA 13 Closed $137,581 12/1/2012 - 11/30/2013
59707 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT FY13 Closed $201,736 12/1/2012 - 11/30/2013
BPA-007731 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - FY14 - CSS Active $581,451 10/1/2013 - 9/30/2014
63203 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT FY14 Closed $474,424 12/1/2013 - 11/30/2014
63277 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT FY14 Closed $202,082 12/1/2013 - 11/30/2014
BPA-008373 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - FY15 - CSS Active $660,851 10/1/2014 - 9/30/2015
67386 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT FY15 Closed $531,034 12/1/2014 - 11/30/2015
67515 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT FY15 Closed $185,263 12/1/2014 - 11/30/2015
BPA-008899 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - FY16 - CSS Active $982,378 10/1/2015 - 9/30/2016
70904 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT FY16 Closed $167,926 12/1/2015 - 11/30/2016
70923 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT FY16 Closed $686,237 12/1/2015 - 11/30/2016
BPA-009528 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - FY17 - CSS Active $750,724 10/1/2016 - 9/30/2017
74406 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT FY17 Closed $562,168 12/1/2016 - 11/30/2017
74407 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT FY17 Issued $167,316 12/1/2016 - 11/30/2017
BPA-010184 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - FY18 - CSS Active $724,558 10/1/2017 - 9/30/2018
77804 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT FY18 Issued $214,881 12/1/2017 - 11/30/2018
77836 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT FY18 Issued $593,998 12/1/2017 - 11/30/2018
BPA-010728 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - FY19 - CSS Active $355,014 10/1/2018 - 9/30/2019
78040 REL 11 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT FY19 Issued $593,662 12/1/2018 - 11/30/2019
80999 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT Issued $214,881 12/1/2018 - 11/30/2019
BPA-011595 Bonneville Power Administration FY20 Internal Services/PIT tags Active $1,060,991 10/1/2019 - 9/30/2020
78040 REL 22 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT 2020 Issued $599,645 12/1/2019 - 11/30/2020
83861 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT 2020 Issued $214,881 12/1/2019 - 11/30/2020
BPA-012070 Bonneville Power Administration FY21 PIT Tags Active $707,021 10/1/2020 - 9/30/2021
78040 REL 33 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT 2021 Issued $610,048 12/1/2020 - 11/30/2021
86795 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT 2021 Closed $214,881 12/1/2020 - 11/30/2021
BPA-012813 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - FY22 CSS Active $816,756 10/1/2021 - 9/30/2022
78040 REL 44 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT 2022 Issued $610,048 12/1/2021 - 11/30/2022
89328 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT 2022 Issued $214,881 12/1/2021 - 11/30/2022
BPA-013275 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - FY23 CSS Active $877,404 10/1/2022 - 9/30/2023
CR-357622 SOW Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 1996-020-00 EXP PSMFC CSS COMPONENT 2023 Approved $1,581,808 12/1/2022 - 11/30/2023
CR-358165 SOW US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 1996-020-00 EXP USFWS CSS COMPONENT 2023 Approved $215,279 12/1/2022 - 11/30/2023



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):42
Completed:23
On time:19
Status Reports
Completed:171
On time:70
Avg Days Late:4

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
4125 21822, 25634, 37369, 40338, 45472, 50554, 55164, 59584, 63203, 67386, 70923, 74406, 77836, 78040 REL 11, 78040 REL 22, 78040 REL 33, 78040 REL 44 1996-020-00 COMPARATIVE SURVIVAL STUDY Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 03/2001 03/2001 Approved 70 485 31 0 0 516 100.00% 1
4698 20505, 25264, 40849, 45423, 50816, 55511, 59707, 63277, 67515, 70904, 74407, 77804, 80999, 83861, 86795, 89328 1996-020-00 COMPARATIVE SURVIVAL RATE STUDY OF HATCHERY PIT US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) 05/2001 05/2001 Approved 67 93 2 0 1 96 98.96% 0
6203 20620 REL 1, 20620 REL 16, 20620 REL 19, 20620 REL 21, 20620 REL 25, 20620 REL 28, 20620 REL 31 1996-020-00 COMPARATIVE SURVIVAL RATE STUDY (CSS)-COMM SUPPORT Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Foundation 08/2001 08/2001 Closed 34 50 0 0 0 50 100.00% 0
BPA-005599 PIT Tags - CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2006 10/2006 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-003718 PIT Tags - CSS Spring/Summer Chinook Bonneville Power Administration 10/2007 10/2007 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-004153 PIT Tags - FY09 - CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2008 10/2008 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-004961 PIT Tags - FY10 - CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2009 10/2009 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
BPA-005684 PIT Tags - CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2010 10/2010 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-006291 PIT Tags - FY12 - CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2011 10/2011 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-006945 PIT Tags - FY13 - CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2012 10/2012 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-007731 PIT Tags - FY14 - CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2013 10/2013 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008373 PIT Tags - FY15 - CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2014 10/2014 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008899 PIT Tags - FY16 - CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2015 10/2015 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-009528 PIT Tags - FY17 - CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2016 10/2016 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-010184 PIT Tags - FY18 - CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2017 10/2017 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-010728 PIT Tags - FY19 - CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2018 10/2018 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-011595 FY20 Internal Services/PIT tags Bonneville Power Administration 10/2019 10/2019 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-012070 FY21 PIT Tags Bonneville Power Administration 10/2020 10/2020 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-012813 PIT Tags - FY22 CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2021 10/2021 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-013275 PIT Tags - FY23 CSS Bonneville Power Administration 10/2022 10/2022 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Project Totals 171 628 33 0 1 662 99.85% 2


The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: 2019-2021 Mainstem/Program Support

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1996-020-00-NPCC-20210312
Project: 1996-020-00 - Comparative Survival Study (CSS)
Review: 2019-2021 Mainstem/Program Support
Proposal: NPCC19-1996-020-00
Proposal State: Pending Council Recommendation
Approved Date: 8/25/2019
Recommendation: Implement
Comments: Continue implementation through next review cycle. Sponsor to coordinate efforts with other projects determining smolt survival and SARs to address ISRP programmatic on examining the strengths, weaknesses, and causes of variability in SAR estimates.

[Background: See https:/www.nwcouncil.org/fish-and-wildlife/fish-and-wildlife-program/project-reviews-and-recommendations/mainstem-review]

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 1996-020-00-ISRP-20190404
Project: 1996-020-00 - Comparative Survival Study (CSS)
Review: 2019-2021 Mainstem/Program Support
Proposal Number: NPCC19-1996-020-00
Completed Date: None
First Round ISRP Date: 4/4/2019
First Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
First Round ISRP Comment:

Comment:

The project produces high quality products, is responsive to feedback, and is a critical resource for the Basin. The ISRP encourages this project, which uses PIT tags, and the Statistical Support for Salmonid Survival Studies project, which uses coded wire tags (CWT), to examine differences in SAR results (see Programmatic Comments).

1. Objectives, Significance to Regional Programs, and Technical Background

This is a long-running project to measure survival of smolts as they traverse the hydrosystem and subsequent SARs. Many projects in the basin rely on and coordinate with the CSS to provide tagged fish for specific projects. The overall objective is to link stages of salmon life cycle to factors influencing survival and to identify how these factors affect smolt-to-adult return rates. This project has an observational study design and the data are intended to apply to management questions including hydropower operations, hatchery evaluations, and habitat management

It is unclear how successful efforts have been to identify opportunities to coordinate marking activities. What are the barriers to more coordination and cooperation for tagging?

2. Results and Adaptive Management

Data and analyses from the project have influenced passage operations related to smolt transportation and spill for fish passage. Adaptive management is occurring in the sense that project life-cycle analyses are being used to compare EIS alternatives. It is not clear how the CSS is made aware of the data needs for adaptive management programs elsewhere in the basin. If there are data gaps that are critical for adaptive management, perhaps the CSS should be part of the planning group looking forward, if one does not already exist.

3. Methods: Project Relationships, Work Types, and Deliverables

The proposal mentions strengthening data and analyses on several fronts that could involve other projects related to delayed and latent mortality, hydropower effects on SARS, tributary productivity related to SARs, additional populations, density dependence in downstream passage, and more. The question of whether there are any plans to include lamprey and sturgeon in life cycle studies is of interest in the region.

Work products are reviewed on an annual basis by the ISAB and are high quality. The CSS is very responsive to the ISAB's suggestions for revisions to their project.

Documentation Links:
Review: RME / AP Category Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1996-020-00-NPCC-20110124
Project: 1996-020-00 - Comparative Survival Study (CSS)
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal: RMECAT-1996-020-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 6/10/2011
Recommendation: Fund (Qualified)
Comments: Implement through FY 2016. See presumptive path discussion in Programmatic Recommendation no. 10.
Conditions:
Council Condition #1 Programmatic Issue: RMECAT #10 PIT tags and related tags—See presumptive path discussion

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 1996-020-00-ISRP-20101015
Project: 1996-020-00 - Comparative Survival Study (CSS)
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-1996-020-00
Completed Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
Qualification: This project should continue to undergo regular ISAB review.

This project continues to perform its basic functions and produce annual reports and specific products to address a wide range of management questions. The annual report and many of these products are reviewed separately by the ISAB. The CSS estimates survival rates over the smolt-to-adult portion of the life cycle of spring and summer Chinook salmon and steelhead. The resulting data set has become increasingly valuable as data for more years has been added to address passage questions. Although this project undergoes frequent ISAB review, a more complete proposal than the one presented is necessary for a scientific evaluation by the ISRP. Having a more completely documented proposal form with scientific methodologies outlined is also important as a public record for the Fish and Wildlife Program. It would be beneficial to provide more details in the proposal including a project history with significant accomplishments, a detailed technical background section and information on metrics and methods. The proposal contains many typographic errors. Fortunately, most CSS products do not have this deficiency.
First Round ISRP Date: 10/18/2010
First Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
First Round ISRP Comment:

Qualification: This project should continue to undergo regular ISAB review. This project continues to perform its basic functions and produce annual reports and specific products to address a wide range of management questions. The annual report and many of these products are reviewed separately by the ISAB. The CSS estimates survival rates over the smolt-to-adult portion of the life cycle of spring and summer Chinook salmon and steelhead. The resulting data set has become increasingly valuable as data for more years has been added to address passage questions. Although this project undergoes frequent ISAB review, a more complete proposal than the one presented is necessary for a scientific evaluation by the ISRP. Having a more completely documented proposal form with scientific methodologies outlined is also important as a public record for the Fish and Wildlife Program. It would be beneficial to provide more details in the proposal including a project history with significant accomplishments, a detailed technical background section and information on metrics and methods. The proposal contains many typographic errors. Fortunately, most CSS products do not have this deficiency.

Documentation Links:

2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Assessment

Assessment Number: 1996-020-00-BIOP-20101105
Project Number: 1996-020-00
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-1996-020-00
Completed Date: None
2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Rating: Response Requested
Comments: BiOp Workgroup Comments: For compliance with RPA 50.7: This RPA action is for hatchery fish marking only. Confirm that the scope of work proposed is for 100% marking of fish (visible or non visible) from the hatchery supported. If this project is marking fish for the hatchery, please specify the hatchery name and populations affected. If marking is conducted under another project or program, please let us know the name of that project/program.


The BiOp RM&E Workgroups made the following determinations regarding the proposal's ability or need to support BiOp Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) RPAs. If you have questions regarding these RPA association conclusions, please contact your BPA COTR and they will help clarify, or they will arrange further discussion with the appropriate RM&E Workgroup Leads. BiOp RPA associations for the proposed work are: ( 50.3 50.5 50.6 50.7 52.2 53.2 53.3 54.12 54.6 55.1 )
All Questionable RPA Associations (50.7) and
All Deleted RPA Associations (50.1 54.1 54.5 54.7 54.8 55.2 56.1)
Proponent Response:

The CSS, SMP and FPC projects are integrated with each other.  A flow chart illustrating the operational interaction of these three projects has been included in the ISRP response to the Smolt Monitoring Project by Non-Federal Agencies. The same  flow chart has been included in this response by reference. 100% marking of hatchery production groups of steelehad and spring chinook utilized in this study does not occur in the CSS. Mark group size for the CSS study is determined by the number of marks required to achieve desired confidence intervals on the parameters estimated in the study objectives and study design. Coordination and collaboration with other marking efforts in the region is and has been an objective of the CSS and SMP studies. FPC personnel invest a significant amount each year in achieving that objective.

  1. 1.      The ISRP understands that this project, FPC and CSS are all working together, but an explanation is requested. The ISRP would like to see a description and a diagram, or flow chart, illustrating how the elements are working together.

 

The Smolt Monitoring by Non-Federal Entities, # 198712700, and the Comparative Survival Study, #199602000, (CSS) and the Fish Passage Center, #199403300, are all joint projects of the regional state, federal and tribal fishery managers. As joint projects of the regional fishery managers, the contracts are administrated by the Pacific States Marine Fishery Commission (PSMFC). These regional fishery managers collaborate together on the design and plan for implementation of the Smolt Monitoring Program (SMP) and the Comparative Survival Study. The Fish Passage Center is charged with the implementation, oversight and reporting of these two regional monitoring programs according to the direction and decisions of the regional fishery managers. The regional fishery managers have established two technical committees that oversee these two monitoring projects. The Comparative Survival Study Oversight Committee oversees the CSS study, and the Fish Passage Advisory Committee oversees the Smolt Monitoring Program.  These two committees are comprised of technical representatives of the state, federal and tribal fishery managers. Since the beginning of the two monitoring projects, the regional fishery managers have charged the FPC with specific tasks regarding the implementation of the two monitoring projects as follows:

v  The CSS and SMP must be coordinated and complement each other. Mark groups for CSS and SMP must be coordinated to maximize efficiency and reduce costs. Mark groups for the two monitoring projects must be coordinated with other marking efforts through the region.

v  All CSS and SMP data must be available to the region through the FPC web site.

v  All CSS and SMP analyses must be available through the FPC web site.

v  The two monitoring projects should be managed to provide continuity and consistent time series data sets to support analyses and passage management decisions over a long time series.

v  The two monitoring projects must be coordinated with the project operators, the Corps of Engineers and the Public Utility Districts.

v  The FPC is responsible for coordinating all state and federal handling permits necessary for the implementation of the CSS and SMP. 

v  The development of budgets and work statements for the monitoring projects according to determinations of the state, federal and tribal fishery agencies.

v  The FPC Annual Report will report the results and analyses of the SMP for that year along with river operations, project research activities, fish migration characteristics, hatchery releases and adult passage.

The FPC is charged with the coordinated implementation of the two monitoring projects, jointly overseen by the regional fishery managers.

 

FPC Flow Chart

 

 The following tables from the CSS Annual Report for 2010 specifically identify mark groups and coordiantion with other groups.

The following tables, taken from the draft CSS Annual Report for 2010, illustrate the mark group coordination implemented by the FPC. The FPC coordinates, Comparative Survival Study and Smolt Monitoring Program marking needs with other regional marking for research and monitoring. The FPC objective is to maximize efficiency and multiple applications of available mark groups. This provides a benefit across the region by maximizing the information generated from regional marking efforts.

 

 

 

 

 

Table 1.1.  Snake River hatchery groups marked during 2010 that have all or part of their PIT tags provided by the CSS.  Many groups have tags cooperatively provided the CSS and other entities.  The hatchery, species, tag funding sources and tag totals are shown for each.  Through cooperative efforts pre-assignments are carried out by either the CSS or the other associated agencies.

 

 

 

PIT Tag Funding Source

 

Hatchery

Species

IDFG / LSRCP

CSS

IPC

ODFW / LSRCP

USFWS

WDFW / LSRCP

Total PIT tags

Rapid River

Chinook

 

32,000

20,000

 

 

 

52,000

McCall's

Chinook

20,000

32,000

 

 

 

 

52,000

Clearwater

Chinook

51,000

21,800

 

 

 

 

72,800

Pahsimeroi

Chinook

 

6,400

15,000

 

 

 

21,400

Sawtooth

Chinook

15,000

6,400

 

 

 

 

21,400

Magic Valley

Steelhead

24,600

10,400

 

 

 

 

35,000

Hagerman

Steelhead

19,000

8,100

 

 

 

 

27,100

Niagara Springs

Steelhead

 

22,300

6,000

 

 

 

28,300

Clearwater

Steelhead

16,800

7,000

 

 

 

 

23,800

Lookingglass  (Imnaha AP)

Chinook

 

21,000

 

 

 

 

21,000

Lookingglass  (Catherine AP)

Chinook

 

21,000

 

 

 

 

21,000

Irrigon               (Grande Ronde, Imnaha)

Steelhead

 

14,000

 

31,400

 

 

14,000

Dworshak

Chinook

 

52,000

 

 

 

 

52,000

Dworshak

Steelhead

 

9,000

 

 

19,900

 

9,000

Lyon's Ferry (Cottonwood AP)

Steelhead

 

2,000

 

 

 

6,000

2,000

 Grand Total

 

146,400

265,400

41,000

31,400

19,900

6,000

452,800

Agencies are Idaho Fish and Game (IDFG), Idaho Power Company (IPC), Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW), and Lower Snake River Compensation Plan (LSRCP)

 

 

 

Table 1.2.  Wild fish marked in 2010 that have all or part of their PIT tags provided by the CSS.  Many groups have tags cooperatively provided the CSS and other studies.  The location of marking, species, tag funding sources and tag totals are shown for each.  Through cooperative efforts pre-assignments are carried out by the CSS on these groups except for the Chiwawa Trap and Lower Wenatchee Trap (i.e. Upper Columbia Basin).

 

 

PIT Tag Funding Source

 

Location

Wild Species

SMP

CSS

IDFG

ODFW

Total PIT tags

Clearwater/Salmon tributaries

Ch./St.

 

24,000

40,000

 

64,000

Snake & Salmon Traps

Ch./St.

23,400

7,000

 

 

30,400

Clearwater Trap

Ch./St.

 

5,200

 

 

5,200

Grande Ronde Trap

Ch.

9,000

1,400

 

 

10,400

Grande Ronde tributaries

Ch.

 

2,200

 

2,500

4,700

Chiwawa Trap, Lower Wenatchee Trap

Ch./St.

 

30,000

 

 

30,000

 Grand Total

 

32,400

69,800

40,000

2,500

144,700

Agencies are Smolt Monitoring Program (SMP), Idaho Fish and Game (IDFG), and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW).  Ch = wild Chinook and St = wild steelhead.  PIT tags are provided for both wild Chinook and wild steelhead at some locations but the actual numbers captured and tagged by species is not known until after the outmigration is complete.

 

 

 

Table 1.3.  Groups marked in 2010 that do not include PIT tags provided by the CSS but are included in the study.  The CSS does random pre-assignments for some groups.  The location of marking/hatchery, species, primary marking agency and tag totals are shown for each.

 

 

PIT Tag Marking Agency

Location/Hatchery

Species

CTUIR

SBT

NPT

ODFW

COE

USFWS

YINN

SMP

 Wild Groups

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lookingglass Creek (Grande Ronde basin)

Ch./St.

3,500*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

East Fork Salmon,            West Fork Yankee Rivers       (Salmon basin)

Ch./St.

 

1,300*

 

 

 

 

 

 

Imnaha Trap                    (Imnaha basin)

Ch./St.

 

 

15,000**

 

 

 

 

 

John Day River

Ch./St.

 

 

 

~9,300

 

 

 

 

Trout Creek             (Deschutes basin)

St.

 

 

 

~1,300

 

 

 

 

 Hatchery Groups

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Snake River

Sockeye

 

 

 

 

63,600?

 

 

 

Carson

Chinook

 

 

 

 

 

15,000

 

 

Cle Elum

Chinook

 

 

 

 

 

 

40,000

 

Leavenworth

Chinook

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,000

Warm Springs

Chinook

 

 

 

 

 

15,000

 

 

  Grand Total

 

3,500

1,300

15,000

~10,600

63,600

30,000

40,000

15,000

*  The CSS pre-assigns these groups through cooperative efforts with the primary marking agency

** Pre-assigned by NPT

?  Pre-assigned by COE

Agencies are: Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR), Shoshone-Bannock Tribes (SBT), Nez Perce Tribe (NPT), Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), Corps of Engineers (COE), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), Yakima Indian Nation (YINN), and Smolt Monitoring Program (SMP).  Ch = wild Chinook and St = wild steelhead,  PIT tags are provided for both wild Chinook and wild steelhead at some locations but the actual numbers captured and tagged by species is not known until after the outmigration is complete.

 

Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 1996-020-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 1996-020-00 - Comparative Survival Study (CSS)
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Under Review
Comments: Funding in 07 to produce a ten-year retrospective report for ISAB and Council review and for tagging consistent with tagging in FY06.

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 1996-020-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 1996-020-00 - Comparative Survival Study (CSS)
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
The response by the project sponsors was adequate, and they agreed with all ISRP comments and recommendations that were mostly taken from the recent ISAB review report (ISAB 2006-3). One of the major recommendations in that report was that the 10-year ongoing Comparative Survival Study (CSS) project lacked a holistic perspective and needed a summary report providing an in-depth description of methods and detailed analyses and interpretation of the data in a retrospective style. The CSS project responded that they would produce such a report in 2007. As most of the comments and recommendations in this review will be addressed in that report, it is critical that the ISRP/ISAB be involved in review of that report when it is released.

The ISRP agreed with critics who express concern that two downriver sites (Carson Hatchery and John Day River) are probably insufficient to give accurate upriver-downriver comparisons of SARs. This concern is bolstered by the variability among upriver hatcheries shown by the CSS data. For this upriver-downriver comparison to be generally accepted, it seems prudent to add more downriver sites in the future. In response, the CSS will add another downriver site in the Warms Springs River for wild Chinook tagging for 2007 to complement the ongoing tagging in the John Day River. This is a positive action, however, additional downriver hatchery sites are even more important to add because at this time, five upriver hatcheries are being used as tagging sites and only one downriver. There needs to be better hatchery to hatchery comparisons, and adding several lower river hatcheries which show a range in return rates will provide a more realistic comparison in survival rates.

If additional downriver tagging sites are to be added to the CSS, the project sponsors indicate that more funding must be made available, and the ISRP agrees that the budget will need to be adjusted accordingly.

Reporting of results by the project has been good with Annual Reports to BPA for each year of the project. There is potential for production of peer reviewed papers considering project results and this should be considered in the near future.
Documentation Links:

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 1996-020-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 1996-020-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: No Problems Exist
Cost Share Rating: None
Comment: Comparative survival study work. (Query: is LSRCP the cost-share?)

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 1996-020-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 1996-020-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
Michele DeHart Project Lead Fish Passage Center
Rosemary Mazaika (Inactive) Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration
Tracy Hauser Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Christine Petersen Project SME Bonneville Power Administration
Catherine Clark Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration
Andrea Houts Technical Contact US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)
Lindsey O'Halloran Administrative Contact Fish Passage Center
John Powell Interested Party Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG)