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Project Summary

Project 2002-031-00 - Growth Modulation in Salmon Supplementation
Project Number:
2002-031-00
Title:
Growth Modulation in Salmon Supplementation
Summary:
This project will estimate precocious maturation in wild Yakima spring chinook for comparison to the hatchery fish, monitor yearling precocious maturation in the hatchery population, experimentally control precocious maturation in the hatchery population, and implement growth modulation studies to reduce precocious male maturation. Our goal is to develop rearing protocols to produce fish with morphological, physiological, and life-history attributes similar to naturally reared cohorts.
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Govt - Federal)
University of Washington (Edu)
Starting FY:
2002
Ending FY:
2017
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Columbia Plateau Yakima 100.00%
Purpose:
Artificial Production
Emphasis:
RM and E
Focal Species:
Chinook - All Populations
Chinook - Mid-Columbia River Spring ESU
Chinook - Snake River Fall ESU (threatened)
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer ESU (threatened)
Chinook - Upper Columbia River Spring ESU (endangered)
Chinook - Upper Columbia River Summer/Fall ESU
Sockeye - All Populations
Sockeye - Snake River ESU (endangered)
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None

Map of the Yakima River Basin, Washington. Returning adult Spring Chinook salmon broodstock are collected in the autumn at the Adult collection facility at Roza Dam. Offspring are reared for approximately 17 months at the Cle Elum Supplementation and Research Facility. Smolts (and Minijacks) are released from Easton, Jack Creek (Teanaway River) and Clark Flat Acclimation sites in the spring. Outmigrating wild and hatchery smolts and minijacks are enumerated and sampled at the Chandler smolt by-pass facility at Prosser Dam.

Figure Name: Figure 2

Document ID: P121529

Document: Growth Rate Modulation in Spring Chinook Salmon Supplementation

Page Number: 10

Project: 2002-031-00

Contract: 46804


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

Expense SOY Budget Working Budget Contracted Amount Modified Contract Amount Expenditures *
FY2016 (Previous) $357,248 $357,248 $357,248 $357,248 $347,709

BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $357,248 $357,248 $357,248 $347,709
FY2017 (Current) $357,248 $357,248 $357,248 $357,248 $279,953

BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $357,248 $357,248 $357,248 $279,953
FY2018 (Next) $0 $0 $0 $0

BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) $0 $0 $0 $0

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-May-2017

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2016 - FY2018)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2016 Expense $357,248 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY16 Initial Planning Budgets - Expense 05/22/2015
FY2017 Expense $357,248 From: BiOp FCRPS 2008 (non-Accord) FY17 SOY Budgets 06/02/2016

Pending Budget Decision?  No


Project Cost Share:

FY2016 0 %
FY2015 54 %
FY2014 53 %
FY2013 52 %
FY2012 49 %
FY2011 51 %
FY2010 51 %
FY2009 53 %
FY2008 49 %
FY2007 46 %
Fiscal Year Cost Share Partner Total Proposed
Contribution
Total Confirmed
Contribution
FY2015 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration $417,553

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Contracted Amount Dates
46273 REL 105 SOW National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2002-031-00 EXP GROWTH MOD - NOAA Issued $353,881 7/1/2015 - 6/30/2016
46273 REL 118 SOW National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2002-031-00 EXP GROWTH MOD - NOAA Issued $357,248 7/1/2016 - 6/30/2017
46273 REL 135 SOW National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2002-031-00 EXP GROWTH MOD - NOAA Issued $357,248 7/1/2017 - 6/30/2018



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):25
Completed:20
On time:17
Status Reports
Completed:87
On time:66
Avg Days Early:5

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
9556 17450, 27660, 32746, 37841, 42547, 46273 REL 9, 46273 REL 26, 46273 REL 46, 46273 REL 66, 46273 REL 86, 46273 REL 105, 46273 REL 118, 46273 REL 135 2002-031-00 GROWTH RATE MODULATION IN SPRING CHINOOK SALMON SUP National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 06/2002 06/2002 Issued 47 150 10 0 15 175 91.43% 1
17513 27591, 33210, 37892, 42471, 46804, 53041, 57195, 61266, 65316 2002-031-00 SPRING CHINOOK GROWTH RATE MODULATION Umatilla Confederated Tribes (CTUIR) 06/2004 06/2004 Pending 40 93 2 0 11 106 89.62% 1
Project Totals 87 243 12 0 26 281 90.75% 2


Review: RME / AP Category Review

2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Assessment

Assessment Number: 2002-031-00-BIOP-20101105
Project Number: 2002-031-00
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2002-031-00
Completed Date: None
2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Rating: Response Requested
Comments: BiOp Workgroup Comments: Please identify:
1. Why your data is "not electronically available"; and
2. What data sets will not be "electronically available" for various deliverables. Please specify the deliverable that is not electronically available. (Note a data set includes the raw data collected and additional data on analysis). For example if there is a deliverable for population adult abundance or habitat, we expect your raw and synthesized data to be made available electronically.
- Your response may help BPA identify funding needs for data repositories or identify an existing data warehouse that your data could be stored.

The BiOp RM&E Workgroups made the following determinations regarding the proposal's ability or need to support BiOp Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) RPAs. If you have questions regarding these RPA association conclusions, please contact your BPA COTR and they will help clarify, or they will arrange further discussion with the appropriate RM&E Workgroup Leads. BiOp RPA associations for the proposed work are: ( )
All Questionable RPA Associations ( ) and
All Deleted RPA Associations (64.2 65.2)
Proponent Response:

The two principal types of data compiled by this research project are smolt development physiological profiles (growth hormone levels, size, gill ATPase enzyme levels) and age-2 early male maturation (minijack) rates (11-ketotestosterone steroid levels) from fish reared either in laboratory based studies or production hatcheries.  There are no repositories for this type of data beyond the peer review literature.  This project has a strong record of publishing our findings in the peer reviewed literature.  However, there is some delay of perhaps years for multi-year studies in the collection of the samples, running of the laboratory assays, analyzing and interpreting the data.  Shorter term results can always be found in the BPA annual reports on line.  Neither of these repositories were listed as options in Taurus.   As this study has revealed, up to half of the male fish produced in some Chinook hatcheries are not smolts, but minijack maturing males. Minijack rates may be a useful metric for hatcheries to know, however to our knowledge, no hatchery program keeps track of this parameter.   Finally, in past and proposed work from this project different production rearing treatments were partially pit-tagged.  Survival and adult return data from those studies is available in Pit-taggis.  Thus, there is some indirect repository of data in that format.

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2002-031-00-ISRP-20101015
Project: 2002-031-00 - Growth Modulation in Salmon Supplementation
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2002-031-00
Completed Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Date: 12/17/2010
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
The project is providing a major benefit to fish and wildlife simply by bringing the high frequency of minijack age 2 maturing males to light. It is a result of fish culture practice that not only biases SAR estimation but also is probably a source of domestication selection. The project scientists are well positioned to understand the problem physiologically and to evaluate fish-culture practices.

1. Purpose, Significance to Regional Programs, Technical Background, and Objectives

There are very compelling ties to regional programs and to the Council’s Fish and Wildlife Program – the proponents have identified a major problem with Chinook supplementation and offer the prospect of adaptive change of practices:

Objective 1) Improve survival and reduce fitness loss in Columbia River URB Fall Chinook salmon.

Objective 2) Refine rearing protocols to reduce minijack rates and optimize smolt development in URB Fall Chinook salmon.

Objective 3) Continue long-term minijack monitoring in Spring Chinook salmon from the Yakima River Supplementation Program.


2. History: Accomplishments, Results, and Adaptive Management

The project scientists are an experienced team with a strong record of publishing results. They have demonstrated an insidious problem and clearly describe past and future adaptive changes to fish culture practices that have occurred or will occur as a result of this research.

3. Project Relationships, Emerging Limiting Factors, and Tailored Questions for Type of Work (Hatchery, RME, Tagging)

The proposal explains how the research will affect other activities in the region, as well as serve as a model for other regions. The proponents also broach the subject of climate change and how that may contribute to the minijack problem in this and other systems.

4. Deliverables, Work Elements, Metrics, and Methods

The proposal does a great job of describing deliverables (as well as reviewing their past progress and difficulties in meeting past deliverable due dates). That candor is refreshing! The level of detail explaining methodology (both experimental and analytical) was outstanding
First Round ISRP Date: 10/18/2010
First Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
First Round ISRP Comment:
The project is providing a major benefit to fish and wildlife simply by bringing the high frequency of minijack age 2 maturing males to light. It is a result of fish culture practice that not only biases SAR estimation but also is probably a source of domestication selection. The project scientists are well positioned to understand the problem physiologically and to evaluate fish-culture practices.

1. Purpose, Significance to Regional Programs, Technical Background, and Objectives

There are very compelling ties to regional programs and to the Council’s Fish and Wildlife Program – the proponents have identified a major problem with Chinook supplementation and offer the prospect of adaptive change of practices:

Objective 1) Improve survival and reduce fitness loss in Columbia River URB Fall Chinook salmon.

Objective 2) Refine rearing protocols to reduce minijack rates and optimize smolt development in URB Fall Chinook salmon.

Objective 3) Continue long-term minijack monitoring in Spring Chinook salmon from the Yakima River Supplementation Program.


2. History: Accomplishments, Results, and Adaptive Management

The project scientists are an experienced team with a strong record of publishing results. They have demonstrated an insidious problem and clearly describe past and future adaptive changes to fish culture practices that have occurred or will occur as a result of this research.

3. Project Relationships, Emerging Limiting Factors, and Tailored Questions for Type of Work (Hatchery, RME, Tagging)

The proposal explains how the research will affect other activities in the region, as well as serve as a model for other regions. The proponents also broach the subject of climate change and how that may contribute to the minijack problem in this and other systems.

4. Deliverables, Work Elements, Metrics, and Methods

The proposal does a great job of describing deliverables (as well as reviewing their past progress and difficulties in meeting past deliverable due dates). That candor is refreshing! The level of detail explaining methodology (both experimental and analytical) was outstanding
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2002-031-00-NPCC-20101108
Project: 2002-031-00 - Growth Modulation in Salmon Supplementation
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal: RMECAT-2002-031-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 6/10/2011
Recommendation: Fund (Qualified)
Comments: Implement through FY 2013. Implementation beyond FY 2013 based on ISRP and Council review of the results report and/or outcome of a regional hatchery effects evaluation process.
Conditions:
Council Condition #1 Programmatic Issue: RMECAT #4 Hatchery Effectiveness—.
Council Condition #2 Programmatic Issue: RMECAT #4 Hatchery Effectiveness—.
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 2002-031-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 2002-031-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: Problems May Exist
Cost Share Rating: 2 - May be reasonable
Comment: RM&E to address early (too) male maturation in supplementation programs (help improve SAR); fishery managers, other hydro operators authorized/required; need cost share or other remedy. Upon review, COTR provided corrections including cost-share that sponsor had erroneously not included. Rating changed from "3.0" to "2.2."

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 2002-031-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 2002-031-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2002-031-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 2002-031-00 - Growth Modulation in Salmon Supplementation
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
This is an excellent proposal, but this project may be nearing the point of toning down the actual collection of more research data and instead developing recommendations for protocol development and implementation of existing findings. Along these lines, the work element to look at rearing practices should be emphasized.

The results of this study have broad applicability.

Technical and scientific background: The technical and scientific background for this proposal is outstanding. It gives the reader an excellent basis to understand the rest of the proposal -- not only what is proposed, but why as well.

Rationale and significance to subbasin plans and regional programs: This proposal is clearly associated with reforms to artificial production in the basin, as evidenced by this quote: "Now, the focus is on reducing or eliminating deleterious effects of hatcheries on naturally rearing fish and redesigning and adjusting hatchery programs to rear fish that are qualitatively and qualitatively similar to wild fish, not to simply rear more fish in hatcheries."

Relationships to other projects: The proposal provides excellent detail in regards to specific projects, particularly to hatchery-rearing practices throughout the basin.

Project history: The proposal includes an excellent summary of the project history over the past five years, including listing important findings with excellent and informative figures. This is an interesting project at both the academic and practical levels.

Objectives: Although the specific objectives are well defined by tasks, an overarching objective of improving our understanding of the influences of artificial culture on the life history trajectories of salmon would be appropriate.

Tasks (work elements) and methods: Methods are extremely well explained, including nice conceptual diagrams.

Monitoring and evaluation: Evaluation has been provided in the past, and will likely continue in the future, to provide important insights into altering artificial production to make it compatible with populations of natural salmon.

Facilities, equipment, and personnel: Facilities have already been shown to be more than adequate.

Information transfer: Publication record is excellent, that is likely best outlet, although direct input into other programs would be good.

Benefits to focal and non-focal species: The project should provide benefits to both natural and hatchery populations of the focal species. There should be no adverse effect beyond interactions during data collections.
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2002-031-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 2002-031-00 - Growth Modulation in Salmon Supplementation
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments:

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
Walton Dickhoff Project Lead National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Donald Larsen Project Lead National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Peter Lofy Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration
Graham Young Project Lead University of Washington
Cecilia Brown Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration