Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
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Project Summary

Project 2007-246-00 - Restoration of Bull Trout Passage at Albeni Falls Dam
Project Number:
2007-246-00
Title:
Restoration of Bull Trout Passage at Albeni Falls Dam
Summary:
Bull trout in the Columbia River Basin were listed as Threatened by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) in 1998 (USFWS 2000). Bull trout populations are threatened by habitat degradation and fragmentation, past fisheries management practices, poor water quality, and blockage of migratory corridors. Pend Oreille River and Lake is a core area within the Northeast Washington Recovery Unit of the Columbia Basin bull trout population (USFWS 2002a, 2002b). Recovery of Pend Oreille bull trout is limited by the fact that dams on the mainstem Pend Oreille River (Albeni Falls and Box Canyon dams) have blocked migration of bull trout between Lake Pend Oreille and spawning/rearing areas (USFWS 2002a, 2002b). Albeni Falls Dam is a federal facility under the responsibility of the action agencies (US Army Corps of Engineers, Bonneville Power Administration, and Bureau of Reclamation). Albeni Falls Dam created two types of problems for bull trout in the Pend Oreille Basin. First, bull trout from natal tributaries above the dam, that either became entrained or had elected to volitionally pass below the dam, were unable to return to spawn in their natal tributaries. (Source populations could include bull trout spawning in the Priest River, inlet tributaries of Pend Oreille Lake, or tributaries of the Clark Fork River below or above Cabinet Gorge Dam.) Second, adfluvial bull trout that formerly spawned in tributaries below the dam and migrated upstream to a cold water refuge in Lake Pend Oreille, Idaho were no longer able to do so.

The goal of this project is to provide temporary upstream passage for bull trout at Albeni Falls Dam on the Pend Oreille River. We propose to collect bull trout below the dam using boat electrofishing. Any bull trout captured will be biopsied via hole punch and their DNA sent to the USFWS lab in Abernathy, Washington for rapid analysis within 48 hours. Each DNA sample will be compared to DNA from other bull trout populations in the Priest River drainage, Pend Oreille Lake tributaries, and Clark Fork drainage and an assignment will be made as to its probable region of origin. Prior to release each fish will be implanted with a combination radio-acoustic transmitter to ascertain if the spawning tributary it selected was the same as its assigned tributary. A system of stationary radio receiving stations and airplane/truck/boat surveys will be used to monitor the movement of the tagged fish. This project provides direct on-the-ground benefits for endangered bull trout in the Pend Oreille Basin because it will allow fish, whose migration corridor has been blocked by a dam without fish passage, to return to their natal streams and contribute their genes (which would otherwise have been lost) to the spawning population.
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
Kalispel Tribe (Tribe)
Starting FY:
2007
Ending FY:
2032
BPA PM:
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Intermountain Pend Oreille 100.00%
Purpose:
Habitat
Emphasis:
Restoration/Protection
Focal Species:
Bass, Largemouth
Bass, Smallmouth
Catfish
Crappie, Black
Cutthroat Trout, Westslope
Kokanee
Other Resident
Perch, Yellow
Pike, Northern
Pikeminnow, Northern
Trout, Brook
Trout, Brown
Trout, Bull
Trout, Lake
Trout, Rainbow
Walleye
Whitefish, Mountain
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 0.0%   Resident: 100.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%
Special:
None
BiOp Association:
None

No photos have been uploaded yet for this project.

Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

Expense SOY Budget Working Budget Contracted Amount Modified Contract Amount Expenditures *
FY2018 (Previous) $487,361 $487,361 $487,361 $487,361 $466,919

Fish Accord - Kalispel $487,361 $487,361 $487,361 $466,919
FY2019 (Current) $499,545 $599,542 $0 $0 $35,121

Fish Accord - Kalispel $599,542 $0 $0 $35,121
FY2020 (Next) $612,034 $612,034 $0 $0 $0

Fish Accord - Kalispel $612,034 $0 $0 $0

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 31-Oct-2018

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2018 - FY2020)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2018 Expense $410,000 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Fish Accord Review (Kalispel MOA) 07/12/2012
FY2018 Expense $10,250 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Kalispel Tribe (correction to Kalispel MOA-Attachment A) 07/12/2012
FY2018 Expense $65,474 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Fish Accord project COLA (Kalispel MOA) 07/13/2012
FY2018 Expense $1,637 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Fish Accord project COLA (Kalispel MOA) 07/13/2012
FY2018 Expense $438 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Accord Budget Transfers (Kalispel) 12/14/2015 12/16/2015
FY2018 Expense $438 To: Fish Accord - Kalispel Accord Budget Transfers (Kalispel) 12/14/2015 12/16/2015
FY2018 Expense $14,645 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Accord Budget Transfers (Kalispel) 12/14/2015 12/16/2015
FY2018 Expense $14,645 To: Fish Accord - Kalispel Accord Budget Transfers (Kalispel) 12/14/2015 12/16/2015
FY2018 Expense $31,305 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Accord Budget Transfers (Kalispel) 12/14/2015 12/16/2015
FY2018 Expense $31,305 To: Fish Accord - Kalispel Accord Budget Transfers (Kalispel) 12/14/2015 12/16/2015
FY2019 Expense $410,000 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Fish Accord Review (Kalispel MOA) 07/12/2012
FY2019 Expense $10,250 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Kalispel Tribe (correction to Kalispel MOA-Attachment A) 07/12/2012
FY2019 Expense $77,361 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Fish Accord project COLA (Kalispel MOA) 07/13/2012
FY2019 Expense $1,934 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Fish Accord project COLA (Kalispel MOA) 07/13/2012
FY2019 Expense $9,095 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Accord Budget transfers (Kalispel) 10/18/2018 10/19/2018
FY2019 Expense $90,902 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Accord Budget transfers (Kalispel) 10/18/2018 10/19/2018
FY2020 Expense $410,000 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Fish Accord Review (Kalispel MOA) 07/12/2012
FY2020 Expense $10,250 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Kalispel Tribe (correction to Kalispel MOA-Attachment A) 07/12/2012
FY2020 Expense $89,545 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Fish Accord project COLA (Kalispel MOA) 07/13/2012
FY2020 Expense $2,239 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Fish Accord project COLA (Kalispel MOA) 07/13/2012
FY2020 Expense $100,000 From: Fish Accord - Kalispel Accord Budget transfers (Kalispel) 10/18/2018 10/19/2018

Pending Budget Decision?  No


Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2019   DRAFT
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.
Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
2018 $83,000 15 %
2017 $83,000 15 %
2016 $83,000 15 %
2015 $243,000 35 %
2014 $83,000 11 %
2013 $45,000 9 %
2012 $90,000 18 %
2011 $47,800 11 %
2010 $47,800 11 %
2009 $47,800 13 %
2008 $75,000 20 %
2007 $63,865 13 %

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Contracted Amount Dates
BPA-005603 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Restoration of Bull Trout Pass Active $196 10/1/2006 - 9/30/2007
BPA-004055 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Restoration of Bull Trout Pass Active $182 10/1/2007 - 9/30/2008
BPA-004333 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Restoration of Bull Trout Pass Active $180 10/1/2008 - 9/30/2009
BPA-008417 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Restoration of Bull Trout Pass Active $455 10/1/2014 - 9/30/2015
56065 REL 14 SOW Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 2007-246-00 EXP PNNL RESTORATION OF BULL TROUT PASS Issued $97,482 5/1/2015 - 4/30/2016
56065 REL 21 SOW Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 2007-246-00 EXP RESTORATION OF BULL TROUT PASS Issued $76,519 5/1/2017 - 4/30/2018
74488 REL 9 SOW Kalispel Tribe 2007-246-00 EXP RESTORATION OF BULL TROUT PASS Issued $413,947 5/1/2018 - 4/30/2019
56065 REL 24 SOW Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 2007-246-00 EXP PNNL RESTORATION OF BULL TROUT PASS Issued $73,414 5/1/2018 - 4/30/2019



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):24
Completed:22
On time:22
Status Reports
Completed:112
On time:88
Avg Days Early:4

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
BPA-005603 PIT Tags - Restoration of Bull Trout Pass Bonneville Power Administration 10/2006 10/2006 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32732 37624, 42473, 47330, 52107, 56905, 60779, 64984, 68608, 72418, 75844, 74488 REL 9 2007-246-00 EXP RESTORATION OF BULL TROUT PASS Kalispel Tribe 05/2007 05/2007 Issued 57 160 16 0 7 183 96.17% 0
26934 REL 9 26934 REL 16, 26934 REL 22, 26934 REL 29, 26934 REL 34, 56065 REL 1, 56065 REL 6, 56065 REL 10, 56065 REL 14, 56065 REL 18, 56065 REL 21, 56065 REL 24 2007-246-00 RESTORATION OF BULL TROUT Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 05/2007 05/2007 Issued 55 91 7 0 2 100 98.00% 0
BPA-004055 PIT Tags - Restoration of Bull Trout Pass Bonneville Power Administration 10/2007 10/2007 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-004333 PIT Tags - Restoration of Bull Trout Pass Bonneville Power Administration 10/2008 10/2008 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008417 PIT Tags - Restoration of Bull Trout Pass Bonneville Power Administration 10/2014 10/2014 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Project Totals 112 251 23 0 9 283 96.82% 0


The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: Resident Fish, Regional Coordination, and Data Management Category Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2007-246-00-NPCC-20120313
Project: 2007-246-00 - Restoration of Bull Trout Passage at Albeni Falls Dam
Review: Resident Fish, Regional Coordination, and Data Management Category Review
Proposal: RESCAT-2007-246-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 2/26/2014
Recommendation: Implement with Conditions
Comments: Implement through FY2017.

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2007-246-00-ISRP-20120215
Project: 2007-246-00 - Restoration of Bull Trout Passage at Albeni Falls Dam
Review: Resident Fish, Regional Coordination, and Data Management Category Review
Proposal Number: RESCAT-2007-246-00
Completed Date: 4/17/2012
Final Round ISRP Date: 4/3/2012
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
First Round ISRP Date: 2/8/2012
First Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
First Round ISRP Comment:

The FERC relicensing process identified that permanent fish passage was required for the POR dams including Albeni Falls, especially for bull trout (ESA Threatened). The trap and transport mode has been implemented as a temporary measure and includes some rather clever monitoring that combines genetics and radio-tracking to measure success/benefits, but also to continue learning about life history and biology of the bull trout.

The genetics information to be gathered for the Westslope cutthroat trout will be important for identifying components of the river's metapopulation and to provide basic information to inform future management decisions and actions. Lessons learned by trap and haul work on this major river system will have application to numerous areas in the Columbia River Basin with similar problems for bull trout and west slope cutthroat trout. As the sponsors note at least four dams are required to provide fish passage within their new FERC licenses

 The sponsors should be urged to make sure their monitoring program covers the possibility that bull trout released in the reservoir may be using tributaries in addition to the streams where their PIT tag receivers are located. The ISRP learned from the presentation that 2011 data suggested more straying from natal steams than anticipated.

 

1. Purpose: Significance to Regional Programs, Technical Background, and Objectives

The technical background is appropriate to justify the need and the basis for the proposed activities. Both objectives are consistent and tiered to priority actions in the Pend Oreille Subbasin Plan.

 The project is clearly significant to regional programs. Lessons learned by trap and haul work on this major river system will have application to numerous areas in the CRB with similar problems for bull trout and west slope cutthroat trout. As the sponsors note at least 4 dams are required to provide fish passage within their new FERC licenses.

The technical background is succinct and clearly outlines the problems and achievements to date by the sponsors and others. A concern is the fate of the offspring of the fish that are trapped and hauled. It seems that if the entrainment-passage problem is not resolved within their life span they are destined for difficult passage downstream unless they remain in the reservoir. Obviously further work, outside the scope of this particular proposal, is required.

The objectives are well described and are straightforward.

2. History: Accomplishments, Results, and Adaptive Management (ISRP Review of Results)

The narrative describes the history of actions, accomplishments, and results of previous RME.

Results have been very useful and are providing basic data needed for conservation of these two species.

 

3. Project Relationships, Emerging Limiting Factors, and Tailored Questions for Type of Work (hatchery, RME, tagging)

The sponsors give a good balanced account of the possible effects of climate change. They are likely overly optimistic about the potential for pike removal.

Tagging methods are well described although details such as dummy surgery results are not given. Statistical methods are not given, but at this preliminary stage in the investigation numbers are small and likely not large enough for detailed analyses.

4. Deliverables, Work Elements, Metrics, and Methods

Deliverables and Work Elements are appropriate for the objectives.

The metrics and methods for the temporary, manual passage of bull trout is a good way to test with tracking methods the hypothesis that passed fish migrate to probable source tributaries based on their genetic source assignments.

  • DELV-7: Assignment of Archived Westslope Cutthroat Trout Samples from Pend Oreille River Below Albeni Falls Dam and Priest River

Archiving samples collected from the Pend Oreille River below Albeni Falls Dam and the Priest River will fill key data gaps associated with entrainment, life histories, migration, and tributary productivity and importance. It would have been useful to include more background on the catalog to get a sense of the project’s contribution to it.

  • DELV-6: Genetic Analysis and Cataloging of Westslope Cutthroat Trout Genetic Samples

The sponsors provide a non-specific description of how genetic samples will be analyzed by mentioning possibly using microsatellite DNA, SNPs, or geochemical markers. More specificity would have been useful for meaningful scientific review.

Revision of the major geospatial database for the project is a step forward. The new Geospatial Enabled Database Management System (GEDMS) could not be accessed using the links provided in the proposal (see also review of 199700400 - Resident Fish above Chief Joseph and Grand Coulee Dams).

4a. Specific comments on protocols and methods described in MonitoringMethods.org

The proposal uses protocols submitted into MonitoringMethods.org - Temporary Fish Passage at Albeni Falls Dam and Westslope Cutthroat Trout Genetic Inventory.

Additional justification for collecting a maximum of 10 fish per 100 meters of stream length by backpack electrofishing would have been useful.

Monitoring sites for bull trout PIT tags are 8 tributaries that are potential spawning sites. Presumably there are no other potential streams that would contribute to monitoring the degree of straying. This raises the question of the design of the PIT tag monitoring and the geospatial issue.

Modified by Dal Marsters on 4/17/2012 2:53:23 PM.
Documentation Links:
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2007-246-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 2007-246-00 - Restoration of Bull Trout Passage at Albeni Falls Dam
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments: ISRP fundable in part (qualified):Fund consistent with ISRP comments - fund pilot test of electrofishing, do not fund genetic assessment.

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2007-246-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 2007-246-00 - Restoration of Bull Trout Passage at Albeni Falls Dam
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria - In Part (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
Fundable to conduct a pilot test of the electrofishing approach, with subsequent electrofishing and trap and haul of bull trout around Albeni Falls Dam contingent on the success of that pilot test. Not Fundable to conduct a genetic rapid assessment of tributary assignment or radio-tagging and tracking of spawning bull trout.

This project proposed collecting bull trout by electrofishing and trapping below Albeni Falls Dam, and then transporting the fish for release above this or other upstream, impassable dams to contribute to depleted spawning populations.

In the preliminary review the ISRP questioned whether the project was timed appropriately since the sponsors indicated the dam operators were conducting a feasibility study of options to pass bull trout around Albeni Falls Dam. The ISRP also had several concerns about the genetic assessment of the likely spawning tributary of the migrants captured below Albeni Falls Dam, and the evaluation of migration by tracking radio-tagged fish.

In response the sponsors clarified that the feasibility studies were complete, and that trap and haul was one option being considered by the dam operators and regulators. The sponsors suggested that the trap and haul should begin immediately, providing near-term benefits to fish, while the managers determine the long-term solution. The ISRP found the argument convincing.

Albeni Falls Dam is a major bull trout migration barrier and therefore impacts fluvial and adfluvial populations. Passage is needed to preserve these two life histories. The problem is similar to bull trout passage difficulties in the Lower Clark Fork River.

So, is this potentially the right (or at least a workable) approach? Is it designed to at least figure this out? The short answer is yes for the first, but no for the second.

The ISRP believes that at this time the idea of volitional migration following assisted dam passage is sufficient without the genetic assignment to natal streams coupled with radio-telemetry. That each population sampled above the dam has a differing constellation of msDNA alleles is not improbable. In fact, it would be surprising if it were not the case given the population sizes and the high variation in msDNA.

It is not clear to the ISRP whether the genetic samples and assignment methods are sophisticated enough to assign the natal river with sufficient accuracy (what level is this accuracy set at?) to warrant this kind of approach and not create a mis-assignment error that is detrimental to the population. Detrimental because the fish were passed above more than one dam owing to the natal stream assignment.

Collecting bull trout below the dam is an equipment (floating trap [screw trap?]) and labor (60 + hours of electrofishing) intensive effort. Work on the Lower Clark Fork suggests it can be accomplished.

Ultimately, it is necessary to demonstrate that it has helped the population(s). Is the population stabilized? Is it growing? Is it still shrinking? And which of the tributary populations are contributing (or failing to contribute) to improved abundance. That fish can be collected, genotyped, and tracked to a spawning location is an interesting observation, but not really a biological end-point.

In the proposal there are also related trap improvement efforts (cold water, natal stream water) to be tested. Pheromone release has worked for other adfluvial species.

The sponsors could begin by testing electrofishing for one year to determine if the effort yields 40 + adults. If that is successful then initiate the trapping trials. Monitoring needs to determine if there are increases to population sizes in the tributaries and increases in down stream migrants, regardless of where they spawned.
Documentation Links:

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 2007-246-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 2007-246-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: No Problems Exist
Cost Share Rating: None
Comment: Albeni Falls & bull trout.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 2007-246-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 2007-246-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
David Geist (Inactive) Supervisor Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Dennis Dauble (Inactive) Supervisor Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Janie Vickerman Administrative Contact Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Jason Olson Project Lead Kalispel Tribe
Dorothy Welch Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
Brian Bellgraph Project Lead Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Paul Krueger (Inactive) Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration
Joe Maroney Interested Party Kalispel Tribe
Jolene Seymour Administrative Contact Kalispel Tribe
Jason Connor Project Lead Kalispel Tribe
Jennifer Snyder Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration
Martin Allen Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Virgil Watts III Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration