Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program
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Project Summary

Project 2008-471-00 - Upper Columbia Nutrient Supplementation

Please Note: This project is the product of one or more merges and/or splits from other projects. Historical data automatically included here are limited to the current project and previous generation (the “parent” projects) only. The Project Relationships section details the nature of the relationships between this project and the previous generation. To learn about the complete ancestry of this project, please review the Project Relationships section on the Project Summary page of each parent project.

Project Number:
Upper Columbia Nutrient Supplementation
Pacific salmonid populations have declined dramatically across the Columbia River Basin. These population declines are often due to cumulative effects of multiple factors affecting production in freshwater and marine environments. An important result of these population declines is the concurrent nutrient, productivity, and ecosystem function losses associated with significantly reduced marine derived nutrient (MDN) loading rates from the loss of salmon carcass. Anadromous salmon carcasses provide significant amounts of MDN, which historically provided the bases for primary productivity in stream systems, especially in the interior areas which are naturally oligotrophic. Lower MDN loading from diminished salmon runs results in negative feedback through reduced juvenile rearing capacity for Pacific salmon systems. Recent research has indicated that MDN loading rates as low as 6-15% of historical levels currently exist among anadromous salmon spawning streams in the Pacific Northwest.
This project will quantify and evaluate nutrient status and availability in the Methow River Basin, a Subbasin of the Upper Columbia River watershed area in north central Washington, in response to diminished anadromous salmon runs. More specifically, this project is conducting a rigorous multi-trophic level sampling program to quantify and evaluate baseline water quality and nutrient availability, primary secondary and tertiary productivity rates including algal, periphyton, benthic macroinvertebrate and fish communities . A stratified random sampling design was used to select study sites in each of the upper, middle, and lower reaches of the study area (Twisp River). The goal is to develop a comprehensive pre- and any post-treatment (experimental nutrient addition) biological assessment. Finally, this project provides the necessary adaptive management framework to determine if nutrient limitation and/or imbalance currently exist and to generate empirically-based recommendations and prescriptions for restoring limnological conditions needed to increase natural production of anadromous salmonids in the study area (Twisp River).
Proponent Orgs:
Yakama Confederated Tribes (Tribe)
Starting FY:
Ending FY:
Province Subbasin %
Columbia Cascade Wenatchee 100.00%
RM and E
Focal Species:
Chinook - Upper Columbia River Spring ESU
Chinook - Upper Columbia River Summer/Fall ESU
Coho - Unspecified Population
Cutthroat Trout, Westslope
Steelhead - Upper Columbia River DPS
Trout, Bull
Whitefish, Mountain
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 100.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 0.0%

Description: Page: 10 Figure 2: Twisp River Watershed, Study Area, and Sampling Sites (TR1 THROUGH TR6).

Project: 2008-471-00

Document: P125770

Dimensions: 1320 x 1020

Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

To see more detailed project budget information, please visit the "Project Budget" page

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2019 - FY2021)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2019 Expense $0 From: Fish Accord - LRT - Yakama Accord Extensions (Yakama Tribe) 10/1/2018 10/01/2018
FY2020 Expense $0 From: Fish Accord - LRT - Yakama Accord Extensions (Yakama Tribe) 10/1/2018 10/01/2018
FY2021 Expense $0 From: Fish Accord - LRT - Yakama Accord Extensions (Yakama Tribe) 10/1/2018 10/01/2018

Pending Budget Decision?  No

Actual Project Cost Share

Current Fiscal Year — 2020
Cost Share Partner Total Proposed Contribution Total Confirmed Contribution
There are no project cost share contributions to show.
Previous Fiscal Years
Fiscal Year Total Contributions % of Budget
2015 (Draft)
2014 $20,000 4%
2013 $10,000 5%


The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
* "Total Contracted Amount" column includes contracted amount from both capital and expense components of the contract.
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Total Contracted Amount Dates
BPA-005921 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upper Columbia Nutrient Supp. Active $9,663 10/1/2010 - 9/30/2011
BPA-006398 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upper Columbia Nutrient Supp. Active $1,920 10/1/2011 - 9/30/2012
BPA-007035 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upper Columbia Nutrient Supp. Active $2,175 10/1/2012 - 9/30/2013
BPA-008923 Bonneville Power Administration PIT Tags - Upper Columbia Nutrient Supp. FY16 Active $189 10/1/2015 - 9/30/2016

Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):5
On time:4
Status Reports
On time:16
Avg Days Late:13

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
41807 47984, 52183, 56576, 56662 REL 16, 56662 REL 55 2008-471-00 EXP YN MOA UPPER COLUMBIA NUTRIENT SUPPLEMENTATION Yakama Confederated Tribes 04/2009 04/2009 Closed 29 46 0 0 3 49 93.88% 1
BPA-005921 PIT Tags - Upper Columbia Nutrient Supp. Bonneville Power Administration 10/2010 10/2010 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-006398 PIT Tags - Upper Columbia Nutrient Supp. Bonneville Power Administration 10/2011 10/2011 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-007035 PIT Tags - Upper Columbia Nutrient Supp. Bonneville Power Administration 10/2012 10/2012 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008923 PIT Tags - Upper Columbia Nutrient Supp. FY16 Bonneville Power Administration 10/2015 10/2015 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Project Totals 29 46 0 0 3 49 93.88% 1

The table content is updated frequently and thus contains more recent information than what was in the original proposal reviewed by ISRP and Council.

Review: Fish Accord ISRP Review

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2008-471-00-ISRP-20100323
Project: 2008-471-00 - Upper Columbia Nutrient Supplementation
Review: Fish Accord ISRP Review
Completed Date: None
First Round ISRP Date: 7/10/2009
First Round ISRP Rating: Response Requested
First Round ISRP Comment:
This proposal includes some methods that are not appropriate and does not provide sufficient detail in other areas to enable an evaluation of scientific merit. The ISRP requests a response to the following items:
1. Provide more detail on the process that will be used to determine nutrient limitation. How will the information on nutrient concentration, trophic processes, etc. be used to determine whether there is a nutrient deficiency and, if so, what element is constraining production? Consider the use of nutrient diffusing substrates to augment this portion of the study. Additional background information on current carcass abundance in the system also would be useful.
2. Consider enhancing the methods to be used for measuring primary production. At a minimum, total periphyton biomass should be measured along with the measure of chlorophyll content. A measure of whole-system metabolism would considerably improve this aspect of the study.
3. The invertebrate sampling protocols are not fully described and in some cases appear to be inappropriate to answer the questions being asked. Indicate how the Hess samples will be processed and approximately how many samples will be taken, given the significant costs inevitably associated with sample processing. Why is there no measure of invertebrate density and biomass included? How will the information on invertebrate community composition be related to nutrient status and productivity? Fully describe how the Hess samples and kick-net samples will complement each other.
4. More fully describe the methods to be used in evaluating juvenile fish populations. Will density and biomass be measured? If so, how will these population attributes be measured?
5. Describe how adult abundance and smolt production will be measured at the Methow study sites. Without this information, determining the effect of nutrient addition on the productivity on salmon and steelhead will be either very difficult or impossible.
6. Describe how potential density-dependent effects of fish population response to food limitation will be addressed. How will the effects of water temperature, flow, and changes in other habitat attributes be accounted for when assessing the responses to nutrient addition?
7. Consider the application of a bioenergetics model to identify appropriate hypotheses and design experiments.
8. Include a more detailed description of the adaptive management process that will be used in moving this study forward.
9. Describe how the evaluation will deal with the presence of and confounding effects of hatchery fish and the role of hatchery fish carcasses in the study design and evaluation, including the identification of their marine-derived nutrient contribution.
Documentation Links:
Review: RME / AP Category Review

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2008-471-00-NPCC-20110427
Project: 2008-471-00 - Upper Columbia Nutrient Supplementation
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal: RMECAT-2008-471-00
Proposal State: Pending BPA Response
Approved Date: 6/10/2011
Recommendation: Fund (In Part)
Comments: Implement with condition through FY 2014: Sponsor to address ISRP qualifications (as noted in May 12, 2010 Council decision). Implementation beyond 2014 based on ISRP and Council review of the results report and recommendation of future work.
Council Condition #1 This recommendation was made by the Council at its meeting on May 12, 2010. Based on the ISRP review (ISRP document 2010-8) the Council recommends that Bonneville fund the pre-treatment activities and that the implementation of the nutrient enrichment portion of the study plan be dependant upon favorable scientific review of an updated study plan.
Council Condition #2 Programmatic Issue: RMECAT #6 Research projects in general—.

2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Assessment

Assessment Number: 2008-471-00-BIOP-20101105
Project Number: 2008-471-00
Review: RME / AP Category Review
Proposal Number: RMECAT-2008-471-00
Completed Date: None
2008 FCRPS BiOp Workgroup Rating: Response Requested
Comments: BiOp Workgroup Comments:
Although the monitoring does not pose a conflict with RPA needs; resulting actions in out-years to test hypothesis may detrimentally impact ongoing ISEMP studies in the Entiat and other UC watershed stream reaches. Further coordination with ISEMP staff on control and treatment reaches needs to be identified if this work is implemented in the UC. (Please Respond as to how you are coordinating with the ISEMP studies)

Please identify:
1. Why your data is "not electronically available"; and
2. What data sets will not be "electronically available" for various deliverables. Please specify the deliverable that is not electronically available. (Note a data set includes the raw data collected and additional data on analysis). For example if there is a deliverable for population adult abundance or habitat, we expect your raw and synthesized data to be made available electronically.
- Your response may help BPA identify funding needs for data repositories or identify an existing data warehouse that your data could be stored.

The BiOp RM&E Workgroups made the following determinations regarding the proposal's ability or need to support BiOp Research, Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) RPAs. If you have questions regarding these RPA association conclusions, please contact your BPA COTR and they will help clarify, or they will arrange further discussion with the appropriate RM&E Workgroup Leads. BiOp RPA associations for the proposed work are: (56.1 56.2)
All Questionable RPA Associations ( ) and
All Deleted RPA Associations ( )
Proponent Response:

I have already met with the ISEMP coordiantor (Pamela Nelle) about these issues. At this point there is no ISEMP work being done in the Twisp River, the only immediate planned study tribuatary for this project. I will continue to coordiate with ISEMP on all matters concerning project impacts.

Data is not currently stored online, but will be available electronicly.

Project Relationships: This project Merged From 2008-405-00 effective on 11/20/2008
Relationship Description: FA-LRT-YAKAMA moveto 200847100

This project Merged From 2008-412-00 effective on 11/20/2008
Relationship Description: FA-LRT-YAKAMA moveto 200847100

This project Merged From 2008-456-00 effective on 11/20/2008
Relationship Description: FA-LRT-YAKAMA moveto 200847100

This project Merged From 2008-457-00 effective on 11/20/2008
Relationship Description: FA-LRT-YAKAMA moveto 200847100

Name Role Organization
John Jorgensen (Inactive) Project Lead Yakama Confederated Tribes
Lee Carlson Supervisor Yakama Confederated Tribes
Debbie Azure Administrative Contact Yakama Confederated Tribes
Paul Ward (Inactive) Supervisor Yakama Confederated Tribes
Peter Lofy Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration
Roy Beaty (Inactive) Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Jennifer Lord Interested Party Bonneville Power Administration
Teresa Fish (Inactive) Technical Contact Yakama Confederated Tribes
Lisa Renan (Inactive) Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration