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Project Summary

Project 2000-027-00 - Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation
Project Number:
2000-027-00
Title:
Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation
Summary:
The Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project was purchased in November 2000 to compensate, in part, for the loss of fish and wildlife resources in the Columbia and Snake River Basins. The 31,781-acre Project is located eleven miles east of Juntura, Oregon and is adjacent to the Malheur River. The Project includes 6,385 deeded acres owned by the Burns Paiute Tribe, 4,154 acres leased from the Department of State Lands, and 21,242 acres leased from the BLM. The Project is comprised of meadow, wetland, and shrub-steppe habitats and stretches for seven miles along the Malheur River.
Proposer:
None
Proponent Orgs:
Burns-Paiute Tribe (Tribe)
Starting FY:
2000
Ending FY:
2017
Stage:
Implementation - Project Status Report
Area:
Province Subbasin %
Middle Snake Malheur 100.00%
Purpose:
Habitat
Emphasis:
Restoration/Protection
Focal Species:
Bass, Largemouth
Bass, Smallmouth
Chinook - All Populations
Chinook - Snake River Fall ESU (threatened)
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer
Chinook - Snake River Spring/Summer ESU (threatened)
Freshwater Mussels
OBSOLETE-Catfish
OBSOLETE-Crappie, Black
OBSOLETE-Crappie, White
OBSOLETE-Perch, Yellow
OBSOLETE-Pikeminnow, Northern
Other Resident
Steelhead - All Populations
Trout, Brook
Trout, Bull (threatened)
Trout, Interior Redband
Trout, Rainbow
Whitefish, Mountain
Wildlife
Species Benefit:
Anadromous: 0.0%   Resident: 0.0%   Wildlife: 100.0%
Special:
None
BiOp Association:
None

Cover photo

Figure Name: Cover

Document ID: P119237

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project 2010 Annual Report

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 45458

Location of the Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project.

Figure Name: Figure 1

Document ID: P119237

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project 2010 Annual Report

Page Number: 3

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 45458

Project and surrounding area land ownership.

Figure Name: Figure 2

Document ID: P119237

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project 2010 Annual Report

Page Number: 4

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 45458

Haying of grass (green), alfalfa (red), and water control structure (green star).

Figure Name: Figure 3

Document ID: P119237

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project 2010 Annual Report

Page Number: 7

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 45458

Fence Removal.

Figure Name: Figure 4

Document ID: P119237

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project 2010 Annual Report

Page Number: 9

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 45458

Cattle Grazing.

Figure Name: Figure 5

Document ID: P119237

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project 2010 Annual Report

Page Number: 9

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 45458

Rush Skeleton Weed Locations.

Figure Name: Figure 6

Document ID: P119237

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project 2010 Annual Report

Page Number: 11

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 45458

Native grass planting locations.

Figure Name: Figure 7

Document ID: P119237

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project 2010 Annual Report

Page Number: 11

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 45458

Location of swim-in traps

Figure Name: Figure 11

Document ID: P119237

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project 2010 Annual Report

Page Number: 19

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 45458

M #2 Upstream - 2011

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 2a

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 44

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #2 Downstream - 2011

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 2b

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 44

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #3 Upstream - 2011

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 3a

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 44

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #3 Downstream - 2011

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 3b

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 44

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #4 Upstream

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 4a

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 45

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #4 Downstream

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 4b

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 45

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #5 Upstream

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 5a

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 45

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #5 Downstream

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 5b

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 45

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #6 Upstream

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 6a

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 45

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #6 Downstream

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 6b

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 45

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #7 Upstream

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 7a

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 46

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #7 Downstream

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 7b

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 46

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #8 Upstream

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 8a

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 46

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #8 Downstream

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 8b

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 46

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #9 Upstream

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 9a

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 46

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #9 Downstream

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 9b

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 46

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

Cover photo

Figure Name: Cover

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 1

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

Location of the Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project.

Figure Name: Figure 1

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 4

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

Project and surrounding area land ownership.

Figure Name: Figure 2

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 5

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

Areas hayed in 2011 (red).

Figure Name: Figure 3

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 8

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

Cattle Grazing.

Figure Name: Figure 4

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 10

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

Areas affected by fire in 2011.

Figure Name: Figure 5

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 10

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

Rush Skeleton Weed Locations.

Figure Name: Figure 6

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 12

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

Grass planting locations native grass (red), triticale (green), rye (blue).

Figure Name: Figure 7

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 13

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

Location of swim-in traps.

Figure Name: Figure 10

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 20

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

Stream Photo Locations

Figure Name: Appendix C-Figure 1a

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 43

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

Stream Photo Locations

Figure Name: Appendix C-Figure 1b

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 43

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #1 Upstream - 2011

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 1a

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 44

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547

M #1 Downstream - 2011

Figure Name: Appendix C-Photo 1b

Document ID: P124455

Document: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Project; 1/11 - 12/11

Page Number: 44

Project: 2000-027-00

Contract: 50547


Summary of Budgets

To view all expenditures for all fiscal years, click "Project Exp. by FY"

Expense SOY Budget Working Budget Contracted Amount Modified Contract Amount Expenditures *
FY2016 (Previous) $358,305 $378,895 $378,895 $378,895 $330,059

General $358,305 $358,305 $358,305 $312,123
General - Within Year $20,590 $20,590 $20,590 $17,936
FY2017 (Current) $358,305 $358,305 $358,305 $358,305 $193,945

General $358,305 $358,305 $358,305 $193,945
FY2018 (Next) $0 $0 $0 $0

General $0 $0 $0 $0

* Expenditures data includes accruals and are based on data through 30-Apr-2017

Decided Budget Transfers  (FY2016 - FY2018)

Acct FY Acct Type Amount Fund Budget Decision Date
FY2016 Expense $358,305 From: General FY16 Initial Planning Budgets - Expense 05/22/2015
FY2016 Expense $20,590 From: General - Within Year June 23 2016 06/23/2016
FY2017 Expense $358,305 From: General FY17 SOY Budgets 06/02/2016

Pending Budget Decision?  No


No Project Cost Share

FY2016 0 %
FY2015 0 %
FY2014 4 %
FY2013 8 %
FY2012 10 %
FY2011 4 %
FY2010 18 %
FY2009 32 %
FY2008 58 %
FY2007 28 %
Fiscal Year Cost Share Partner Total Proposed
Contribution
Total Confirmed
Contribution

Contracts

The table below contains contracts with the following statuses: Active, Complete, History, Issued.
Capital Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Contracted Amount Dates
BPA-007286 Bonneville Power Administration 200002700 - 2001 - Malheur River Land Acquisition Active $0 10/1/2000 - 9/30/2001
Expense Contracts:
Number Contractor Name Title Status Contracted Amount Dates
BPA-008047 Bonneville Power Administration TBL task order Active $0 10/1/2013 - 9/30/2014
BPA-008248 Bonneville Power Administration TBL task order Active $0 10/1/2014 - 9/30/2015
74624 SOW Burns-Paiute Tribe 2000-027-00 EXP MALHEUR RIVER WILDLIFE MITIGATION Issued $358,305 1/1/2017 - 12/31/2017



Annual Progress Reports
Expected (since FY2004):19
Completed:17
On time:17
Status Reports
Completed:52
On time:42
Avg Days Early:4

Earliest Subsequent           Accepted Count of Contract Deliverables
Contract Contract(s) Title Contractor Start End Status Reports Complete Green Yellow Red Total % Green and Complete Canceled
BPA-007286 200002700 - 2001 - Malheur River Land Acquisition Bonneville Power Administration 10/2000 10/2000 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4050 20864, 25901, 31011, 36159, 40839, 45458, 50547, 55222, 59433, 63747, 67695, 71145, 74624 2000-027-00 ACQUISITION OF MALHEUR WILDLIFE MITIGATION SITE Burns-Paiute Tribe 03/2001 03/2001 Issued 47 194 25 0 21 240 91.25% 0
BPA-008047 TBL task order Bonneville Power Administration 10/2013 10/2013 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BPA-008248 TBL task order Bonneville Power Administration 10/2014 10/2014 Active 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
66332 2000-027-00 EXP MALHEUR RIVER INSTREAM IRRIGATION REHAB Burns-Paiute Tribe 08/2014 08/2014 Closed 5 7 0 0 1 8 87.50% 0
Project Totals 52 201 25 0 22 248 91.13% 0


Review: Wildlife Category Review

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2000-027-00-ISRP-20090618
Project: 2000-027-00 - Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation
Review: Wildlife Category Review
Completed Date: 5/19/2009
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria (Qualified)
Final Round ISRP Comment:
The sponsors have provided most of the detail to support approval of the scientific merit of the proposal. The material provides a better understanding of the management objectives of the Burns Paiute Tribe for this land parcel. Consistency in staffing will contribute to effective adaptive management in this challenging environment. The ISRP qualifies the recommendation with the suggestion that in two to three years there is a review of monitoring progress.

For the most part, the response was helpful in framing the various work elements. One answer that is lacking is to the question concerning what proportion of funds is for O&M and what is for future acquisition.

The four-year rotation is an excellent plan, but it is also important to consider when in the year grazing occurs and for how long. To shift plant populations and create patchiness with grazing will probably result in overuse of key perennial forage species and may also be detrimental to livestock gain. If possible, yearlings would do a better job of this than pairs. Small burns could give these same results faster. With off-stream water and salt, most cattle should be discouraged from loafing in riparian areas unless the weather is hot and this is the only shade.

Wet meadows and hayfields would be easier and less costly to manage if they are in native grasses that do not require regular haying or periodic replanting. Grazing will keep these plants in a vegetative stage that produces good quality winter forage.

Vegetation data taken during the HEP survey can be statistically analyzed independently from the HEP analysis and used to monitor vegetation changes, if enough sites are sampled and they are measured more frequently than the five-year HEP interval. Line intercepts and plots are preferred over step point sampling for less common species. These are quick methods amenable to statistical analysis, as is the ISRP recommendation for more photo-points that could be accomplished with very minor budget increases.

The ISRP suggests that a review occurs in the next two to three years to evaluate monitoring progress.
First Round ISRP Date: 3/26/2009
First Round ISRP Rating: Response Requested
First Round ISRP Comment:
The project has good potential for benefiting fish and wildlife but does not adequately describe activities or present a convincing case that objectives can be accomplished. The relationship between O&M and acquisition should be stated. The response should better organize objectives and justify and explain work element and methods. Using livestock grazing and haying to improve fish and wildlife habitat should be explained in more detail. Monitoring efforts are commendable, although some suggestions are offered below. Lessons learned from events such as “failed” seedings should be related, so that others might benefit from your experience. The ISRP requests a response that includes more data summaries and descriptions of activities to evaluate mitigation activities (e.g., weed management). HEP is appropriate for crediting, but the science is outdated for effectiveness monitoring. Metrics for M&E should be provided and justified in a response.

1. Technical Justification, Program Significance and Consistency, and Project Relationships
As noted in a previous review, the logic for the project is that multiple fish and wildlife species could benefit from these restoration activities. The proposal includes cultural justification that complements the biological justification. The project has good potential for benefiting fish and wildlife but does not adequately describe activities or present a convincing case that objectives can be accomplished. A response that better justifies work elements and monitoring and evaluation is needed. More details are provided below.

The proposal states that this is an ongoing project to manage 6385 deeded acres of various habitats along the Malheur River. Later the proposal states that this is an acquisition project. The sponsors should clearly state what type of project is proposed and if both, make that connection obvious.

2. Project History and Results
The proposal provides an interesting chronological history summarizing work activities and cost for the restoration actions that have taken place over the last eight years. The results are explained in qualitative terms. It would be helpful to explain which efforts have been perceived as most successful and why, and which have required the most maintenance or adaptive management. It was useful to see the results of the 2006-2008 wildlife surveys, although there are insufficient results yet to be able to determine whether the restoration actions are having the desired effects. Evaluations of lessons learned from past events such as plantings failing, haying not completed, and no amphibians trapped despite activities such as irrigating to keep wetlands full, should be provided.

Some objectives are repeated in number or in repeated wording. It is not clear that using salt to attract cattle away from riparian areas without fences will be adequate to protect the riparian habitat. Opportunities for off-stream watering should be explored. Using livestock grazing and haying as management tools where the goal is to improve fish and wildlife habitat should be explained in more detail in a response. Establishment of a long-term grazing policy as part of a management plan should be a priority.

It was not clear why only nine photopoints were selected for long-term photo documentation of stream and riparian condition. Justification should be provided in a response. The 5-year aquatic habitat surveys in "critical streams" and 10-year surveys in secondary priority streams are probably too infrequent to document restoration-associated changes. The ISRP recommends at least 3-year survey intervals or more frequent surveys in case a large natural disturbance event (wildfire, flood, or multi-year drought) occurs. The annual temperature monitoring and fish survey plans appear adequate. The wildlife surveys, also conducted yearly, are well described, and project personnel are qualified for the work. We applaud the use of the Weed Information Management System as part of the weed control activity.

The ISRP discourages use of HEP to determine vegetation trends or to evaluate if habitat needs of each target species are improving. HEP is appropriate for crediting, but the science is outdated for effectiveness monitoring. Metrics for M&E should be provided and justified in a response.
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2000-027-00-NPCC-20091217
Project: 2000-027-00 - Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation
Review: Wildlife Category Review
Approved Date: 5/31/2009
Recommendation: Fund
Comments: Programmatic issue # 2-3 and # 7. Sponsor to provide adaptive management report to ISRP by FY 2013. See ISRP recommendations.
Conditions:
Council Condition #1 Programmatic Issue: Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) - interaction between wildlife crediting and monitoring
Council Condition #2 Programmatic Issue: Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) participation funding
Council Condition #3 Programmatic Issue: Management Plans - Multiple uses of wildlife conservation lands
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review

Legal Assessment (In-Lieu)

Assessment Number: 2000-027-00-INLIEU-20090521
Project Number: 2000-027-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 10/6/2006
In Lieu Rating: No Problems Exist
Cost Share Rating: None
Comment: O&M on BPA-funded wildlife mitigation site; assume requested funds consistent with terms of MOA.

Capital Assessment

Assessment Number: 2000-027-00-CAPITAL-20090618
Project Number: 2000-027-00
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 2/27/2007
Capital Rating: Does Not Qualify for Capital Funding
Capital Asset Category: None
Comment: None

Independent Scientific Review Panel Assessment

Assessment Number: 2000-027-00-ISRP-20060831
Project: 2000-027-00 - Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Completed Date: 8/31/2006
Final Round ISRP Date: None
Final Round ISRP Rating: Meets Scientific Review Criteria
Final Round ISRP Comment:
The logical need for the project is explained. Multiple fish and wildlife species could benefit from these restoration activities. The proposal demonstrates significance of the project to the Malheur subbasin and includes cultural justification that complements the biological justification. The project history is clearly recounted.

The sponsors provided a response to the ISRP review that better explains provisions for monitoring and evaluation. This continues to be an issue identified in past ISRP reviews. The ISRP review asked for more details concerning monitoring and evaluation including: 1) benefits to fish and wildlife including an evaluation of how persistent the benefits will be, 2) possible adverse effects on non-focal species, 3) short and long-term success of habitat manipulation. The ISRP encourages more adaptive management as the project proceeds. The sponsors have provided additional information that responds to ISRP questions and concerns in a very effective manner. It is clear that extensive monitoring is planned and personnel are available to effectively evaluate the project.

Relationship and collaboration with other projects are noted as well as outreach and educational activities. However, some methods to share successes and lessons learned with others involved in similar monitoring and restoration activities should be identified.

Most objectives seem appropriate given the detail presented. The presentation of work elements was not very detailed in the proposal, but the response effectively provided justification for the methods chosen.

The facilities, equipment, and personnel are reasonable, and their description is well written. Personnel appear quite adequate now that additional resource personnel have been identified to assist with setting up and evaluating the monitoring program.
Documentation Links:

Council Recommendation

Assessment Number: 2000-027-00-NPCC-20090924
Project: 2000-027-00 - Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation
Review: FY07-09 Solicitation Review
Approved Date: 10/23/2006
Recommendation: Fund
Comments: Interim funding pending wildlife o&m review.

Project Relationships: None

Name Role Organization
Kyle Heinrick (Inactive) Technical Contact Burns-Paiute Tribe
Maria Clark Administrative Contact Burns-Paiute Tribe
Paul Krueger (Inactive) Supervisor Bonneville Power Administration
Paul Ashley (Inactive) Technical Contact Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission
Jonathan Goodman Env. Compliance Lead Bonneville Power Administration
Siena Lopez-Johnston Project Manager Bonneville Power Administration
Erica Maltz Supervisor Burns-Paiute Tribe